CA Deepak Rathore

High Sea Sale : If a buyer wants to sell his consignment to a third party before arrival of goods but after sailing vessel from load port, such sale is known as high sea sale. In simple words, the ownership of goods is transferred, when goods are on transit. In technical words, High Sea Sales (HSS) is a sale carried out by the carrier document consignee to another buyer while the goods are yet on high seas or after their dispatch from the port/airport of origin and before their arrival at the port/ airport of destination.

How and when to book the income:

Paragraph 11 of Accounting Standard (AS) 9, ‘Revenue Recognition’, notified under the ‘Rules’ states as follows: “11. In a transaction involving the sale of goods, performance should be regarded as being achieved when the following conditions have been fulfilled:

(i) the seller of goods has transferred to the buyer the property in the goods for a price or all significant risks and rewards of Page 4 of 15 ownership have been transferred to the buyer and the seller retains no effective control of the goods transferred to a degree usually associated with ownership; and

(ii) no significant uncertainty exists regarding the amount of the consideration that will be derived from the sale of the goods.

As per AS 9, revenue should be recognized, when property, i.e., risks and rewards in goods is transferred and certainty of payment exists. In the case of high seas sales transaction, the company transfers bill of lading document to Customer, through which all the risks and rewards are transferred. Certainty of payment also exists as all the Customer are doing regularly these type of transactions. So all the conditions of AS 9 are satisfied regarding revenue recognition on the date as and when bill of lading is transferred/endorsed to other customer and revenue should be recognized on that day only.

Important document to be verified:

  1. High sea sale agreement between the party
  2. Declaration by the buyer to bear the responsibility of custom on its letter head.
  3. Invoice of vendor and Invoice to customer is in line after adding appropriate margin

Accounting for High Sea Sale Sale and Purchase

1. In a High Sea Sale transaction, following entries should be passed

a. At the time of Import:

Purchases (Cost of product USD @ exchange rate on the date of B/L) Dr

Sundry Creditors for Purchases (Cost of product USD @ exchange rate on the date of B/L) Cr

b. At the time of making payment:

Sundry Creditors for Purchases (Cost of product USD @ exchange rate on the date of payment)   Dr

Credit Bank Account (Cost of product USD @ exchange rate on the date of payment) Cr

Debit/Credit Exchange Fluctuation Account (Difference between Purchases as per (a)and Payment (b)

c. At the time of High Sea Sales:

Customer A/c Dr   (Cost of product USD + Margin( As decided) @ exchange rate on the date of endorsement of bill of lading)

To Sales Cr (Cost of product USD + Margin( As decided)@ exchange rate on the date of endorsement of bill of lading)

d. At the time of receipt of payment from Customer:

Bank A/c Dr (Cost of product USD + Margin@ 0.5% @ exchange rate on the date of invoice)

To Customer A/c Cr (Cost of product USD + Margin@ 0.5% @ exchange rate on the date of invoice)

Debit/Credit Exchange Fluctuation Account (Difference between as per c and d)

Assumption: Margin is above 0.5% of the cost of Product

2. In a High Sea Purchase transaction, following entry should be passed:

a) Purchases Dr (Cost of product USD @ exchange rate on the date of endorsement of bill of      lading/date of invoice)

     To Sundry Creditors for Purchases Cr – OMC A/c (Cost of product USD @ exchange rate on the date of         invoice/date of endorsement of bill of lading,)

b) Sundry Creditors for Purchases- Dr – OMC A/c (Cost of product USD @ exchange rate on the date of payment)

To Bank A/c Cr (Cost of product USD @ exchange rate on the date of payment)

Debit/Credit Exchange Fluctuation Account (Difference between as per a and b )

Note = B/L Bill of lading

(For queries author can be reached at deepakrathore.8888@gmail.com)

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One response to “How to record High sea sale in the Books”

  1. piyush says:

    1. Entry (A) at the time of import… which date will be follow ?

    Invoice dated 11.02.2016, suppose material come our territory in 28.03.2016 (at this time we making high seas sale invoice to customer same date). and what exchange rate will take because at this time material on the way Exchange rate ???

    2. After high seas sale our stock showing negative stock in our books. and material clear on Bangalore port dated 12.05.2016….

    can you please explain because my stock is in negative…… financial year also change.

    What will be do.

  2. SANJEEV says:

    Is High Sea Purchase is part of Domestic purchase or Import.

  3. SANJEEV says:

    IS HIGH SEA PURCHASE IS PART OF IMPORT OR DOMESTIC PURCHASE.

  4. Samarth says:

    1. At which exchange rate we should book purchase / sales in case their is no high seas purchase (direct import) , however goods sold before crossing the terriorial water.( like HSS sales).

    Samarth.
    Muzaffarnagar.

  5. aarti says:

    Thanks for sharing. Easy to understand

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