INSOLVENCY AND BANKRUPTCY BOARD OF INDIA
DISCUSSION PAPER

27th April, 2018

Monitoring the performance of insolvency professionals under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 and the regulations made thereunder

As stated in its long title, the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 amends the laws relating to reorganisation and insolvency resolution of corporate persons, partnership firms and individuals in a time bound manner for maximisation of value of assets of such persons, to promote entrepreneurship, availability of credit and balance the interests of all the stakeholders.

2. The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (Code) provides for a class of regulated professionals, namely, Insolvency Professionals (IP), who constitute one of the four key pillars of the insolvency regime, other three being the Adjudicating Authority, the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Board), and the Information Utilities. The IPs play an important role in resolution, liquidation and bankruptcy processes of companies, LLPs, partnership firms and individuals.

3. This paper limits discussion to role of IPs in corporate insolvency resolution processes (CIRP). Section 20 of the Code requires an IP, who is acting as interim resolution professional, to make every endeavour to protect and preserve the value of the property of the corporate debtor and manage the operations of the corporate debtor as a going concern. Section 23 requires an IP, who is acting as resolution professional, to conduct the entire corporate insolvency resolution process and manage the operations of the corporate debtor during the CIRP period. The IP, either as interim resolution professional or as resolution professional, exercises powers of the Board of Directors of the corporate debtor undergoing CIRP. The specific duties and responsibilities of an IP during CIRP are detailed in the Code and regulations made thereunder.

4. Keeping in view the responsibilities of the IPs, the Code makes provision for monitoring of their performances. It empowers the Board to perform the following functions, among others:

a. monitor the performance of insolvency professional agencies, insolvency professionals and information utilities and pass any directions as may be required for compliance of the provisions of this Code and the regulations issued hereunder; [(section 196(1)(g)]

b. call for any information and records from the insolvency professional agencies, insolvency professionals and information utilities; [(section 196(1)(h)]

c. collect and maintain records relating to insolvency and bankruptcy cases and disseminate information relating to such cases; [(section 196(1)(k)]

5. In order to facilitate the Board to monitor the performance of the IPs, the Code casts obligations on them to submit certain information. The examples are:

a. The resolution professional shall forward all records relating to the conduct of the corporate insolvency resolution process and the resolution plan to the Board to be recorded on its database. [section 31(3)(b)]

b. Every insolvency professional shall submit a copy of the records of every proceeding before the Adjudicating Authority to the Board as well as to the insolvency professional agency of which he is a member. [section 208(2)(d)]

c. A professional member shall submit information, including records of ongoing and concluded engagements as an insolvency professional, in the manner and format specified by the Agency, at least twice a year. [Para 16 of the Model Bye-laws of an Insolvency Professional Agency]

6. In order to facilitate and submission of records by IPs and monitoring of their performance, the Board proposes, in consultation with the Insolvency Professional Agencies, to provide a platform for online filing of eight forms along with records at specified times as under:

a. The forms shall be filed electronically.

b. Three forms (A, B and C) shall be filed by Interim Resolution Professional. Four forms (D, E, F and G) by the Resolution Professional, and one event-specific form (H) by IRP or RP, as the case may be, depending upon the period of the event.

c. The forms shall be certified and filed by the Insolvency Professional of the respective corporate debtor undergoing CIRP by affixing DSC or after e-signing.

d. The forms shall be filed with a nominal fee.

e. The forms shall be filed within the specified time.

f. Late filing, inaccurate filing, and incomplete filing shall be construed as non­compliance with the directions of the Board.

7. The description of the eight forms are as under:

Sl. No. Form No. Description of Form Form to be
filed by
Form to be filed
within — days
i. A a. Details of Corporate Debtor (“CD”)

b. Details of Interim Resolution Professional (“IRP”)

c. Details of admission of application by NCLT

d. Details of Public announcement

Interim Resolution Professional within 7 days of the Public Announcement
ii. B a. Details of CD

b. Capital Structure of CD

c. Claim Details

d. Committee of Creditors (CoC)
Details (On the date of vacation of office of IRP)

e. Details of First Meeting of CoC

f. Cooperation of Management

Interim Resolution Professional within 7 days of the Vacation of office as Interim Resolution
Professional
iii. C a. Details of CD

b. Details of Professionals appointed: Kind of professional and their relationship

c. Cost Details

Interim Resolution Professional within 7 days of the Vacation of office as Interim Resolution
Professional
iv. D a. Details of CD

b. Details of IP appointed as Resolution Professional (“RP”)

c. Details of registered valuers
appointed

b. Information Memorandum

Resolution Professional within 7 days of submission of IM to each member of the committee
v.

 

E

 

a. Details of CD

b. Expression of Interest to invite
prospective resolution applicants

c. Identification of prospective
resolution applicants

d. Invitation of Resolution Plans
including Evaluation Matrix

e. Modification in the details of
Invitation of Resolution Plans or Evaluation Matrix, if any

f. Details of meeting of CoC where invitation of resolution plans and evaluation matrix was approved by CoC or modified by CoC

Resolution Professional

 

within 7 days of the issue of Invitation of Resolution Plans

 

6 F a. Details of CD

b. Details of Claims (as on the date of meeting where resolution plan was approved or rejected by the CoC or the date of closure of CIRP where resolution plan is neither accepted or rejected)

c. Details of CoC (as on the date of meeting where resolution plan was approved or rejected by the CoC or the date of closure of CIRP where resolution plan is neither accepted or rejected.)

d. Details of application filed with the adjudicating authority for approval of resolution plan, if applicable

e. Features of resolution plan

f. Valuation Reports

Resolution Professional within 7 days of the approval or rejection of resolution plan by the Committee of
Creditors or closure of CIRP where
resolution plan was neither accepted or rejected
7

 

G

 

a. Details of CD

b. Approval or rejection of Resolution Plan by Adjudicating Authority

c. Closure of CIRP

d. Initiation of Liquidation, if applicable

e. Details of Professionals appointed: Kind of professional and relationship

f. Data room facility

g. Cost Details

h. Percentage of cost to total funds received from the resolution plan

i. Details of CoC Meetings

j. Cooperation of Management

Resolution Professional

 

within 7 days of the approval or rejection of resolution plan by Adjudicating Authority or the closure report filed with the
Adjudicating Authority where
resolution plan was neither accepted or rejected by the committee of creditors in the
insolvency resolution period.
8 H a. Preferential Transaction

b. Undervalued Transaction

c. Extortionate Transaction

d. Fraudulent Transaction

e. Extension of Period

f. Removal of RP

g. Interim Finance

h. Applications filed with AA by IRP

i. Applications filed with AA by RP

j. Modification setting aside order of NCLT by NCLAT or High Court or Supreme Court

Interim Resolution Professional / Resolution Professional within 7 days of the occurrence of event

These forms are annexed to this paper.

8. The Board believes that public consultation enables collective choice and imparts relevance and legitimacy to decisions. Accordingly, the Board invites comments, suggestions and feedback covering modifications / additions / deletions / regrouping in the contents in Forms A to H and timing of filing.

9. The comments and suggestions may please be mailed at ea-wtm.rm@ibbi.gov.in by 12th May, 2018 in the following structure:

Date Name Email Form Clause/ Part Sub –

part

User Comment Rationale
27.04.

2018

Mr. X xyz@ gmail. com Form A

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