Case Law Details

Case Name : Torrent Power Ltd. Vs Sureshchandra V. Parekh (Mumbai, Company Law Board)
Appeal Number : C.P. NO. 71/284 of 2012
Date of Judgement/Order : 15/06/2012
Related Assessment Year :


Torrent Power Ltd.


Sureshchandra V. Parekh

Smt. Vimla yadav, MEMBER

C.P. NO. 71/284 of 2012

JUNE  15, 2012


1. In this order I am considering CP No.71/284/2012 filed by Torrent Power Ltd. against the Respondents praying that (a) the Petitioner Company be exempted from the publication, circulation or reading out at the forthcoming General Meeting, the said Notice issued by the Respondents, as the same seeks to abuse the process of law to secure needless publicity for defamatory matter and that direction be passed permanently restraining the Respondents from sending notices under Section 284 of the Act to the Petitioner Company raising the same issues; (b) Direct the Respondents and his/her family members not to indulge in misuse and abuse of the process of law, in future by serving notice under section 284 of the Act, for removal of Mr. Keki M. Mistry, Director of the Company on the same issue; (c) Grant such other reliefs as it may deem proper in the matter and (c) Cost to the Petitioner be allowed.

2. CA No.82/12 was mentioned to amend the CP to incorporate pleadings and prayers to attract the provisions of Section 188 of the Act. The respondents’ objections were heard and rejected on the ground that the objections are not tenable in law and in the facts of this case, the Applicant has rightly attracted the provisions of Section 188 of the Act which are applicable in this matter and even if the Applicant had failed to attract the correct provisions, the petition is to be considered and adjudicated upon applying the correct provisions of the Act. Hence, CA No.82/12 stands allowed and CP No.71/284/2012 stands amended to that effect incorporating the pleadings and prayers in CA No.82/12 into CP No.71/284/2012.

3. The Petitioner’s case is that the Respondents, have vide their letter dated 1st January 2012 sent a notice purportedly being a special notice within the meaning of Section 190 of the Act wherein the respondents have expressed their intention to move, immediately or at the next Annual General Meeting of the Petitioner Company the resolution as ordinary resolution for removal of Mr. Keki M, Mistry, Director of the Petitioner Company, under the provisions of Section 284 of the Act on the alleged/fictitious ground that he is involved in wrong, illegal criminal cases filed at Mumbai against the Respondents. It is pointed out that the Respondents are holding 76 Equity shares of Rs. 10/- each representing 0.00001% of its total issued and paid up share capital of the Petitioner Company, which shareholding is “insignificant holding” and is pertinently below the statutory and numerical requirements of Section 188 of the Act for any. shareholder(s) to move any such resolution at any Annual General Meeting, It was argued that u/s 188(5) of the Act the company in this matter is not bound to publish and circulate the proposed Resolution of the requisitionists. It was pointed out that the Respondents have, in the Notice stated that Housing Development Corporation Limited (HDFC) made allotment of 10 equity shares of Rs. 100/- each under folio No. N 41567 in the public issue in the year 1991. At the request of the Respondents, HDFC split the said certificate of 10 Equity shares into 10 certificates of 1 Equity share each. The Respondents have claimed that they made hand delivery of 8 Equity share certificates of 1 Equity share each and 8 Transfer Deeds which was acknowledged by HDFC on 8th October, 1992. Based on the above documents, HDFC transferred the aforesaid 9 Equity share certificates representing 8 Equity shares as per the name of buyers in the transfer deeds and issued separate folio Nos.51109 to 51116. Subsequently, HDFC also sent its Annual Reports for the above buyers under referred folios for the F.Y. 1992-93. The Respondents have further claimed that HDFC without any intimation, approval or written communication, unilaterally changed the folio Nos.51111 to 51116 as folio No.51110. The Respondents have also alleged that HDFC made corrections subsequently in the Register of Members of HDFC without any approval of the Registrar of Companies and/or Company Law Board as envisaged under the provisions of the Act and has thus committed criminal offence. In the year 1994, HDFC promoted HDFC Bank Limited (hereinafter referred to as “HDFC Bank”) and offered Equity shares of HDFC Bank to the Equity shareholders of HDFC on the basis of their holding in HDFC as on 20th June, 1994. The Respondents alleged that in view of the unilateral decision of HDFC of changing the folios, the Respondents were deprived of 700 Equity shares of HDFC Bank. The Respondents have also alleged that HDFC Bank was required to make allotment of Rs.30.92 crores shares to the members of HDFC. Instead, they allotted Equity shares of Rs.1.55 crores in favour of HDFC thereby depriving the rights of members of HDFC Limited and giving undue advantage/benefit to the promoter of the HDFC Bank, viz. HDFC Limited at the cost of the minority shareholders. The respondents have also levied various allegations against HDFC, HDFC Bank and its Directors in the said Notice.

4. It was argued that the Petitioner Company is not connected in any manner, with the disputes raised by the Respondents against HDFC and its Directors. However, in relation to the allotment of 700 Equity shares of HDFC Bank, the Respondents and HDFC have resorted to various criminal, civil and Company cases against each other before Criminal Courts, Civil Courts, Company Law Board, High Courts and Supreme Court. By filing such notice the Respondents want to harass the Company and its independent Director, Mr. Keki M. Mistry. The Respondents have filed various vexatious, unjustified and unsubstantiated litigation against HDFC, HDFC Bank and its Directors and have already wasted an enormous amount of time of various courts, fora and authorities. It was pointed out that the publication and circulation of defamatory material of the Respondents is prejudicial to the interest of the Company and results in wasteful expenditure of the shareholders’ money.

5. It was pointed out by the counsel for the petitioner that the notice is issued just because Mr. Keki M. Mistry is an independent Director of the Company who also happens to be the Vice Chairman & Managing Director of HDFC with whom the Respondents have long history of litigations. The petitioner Company is engaged in the business of generation, transmission and distribution of power, which is very vital for the infrastructural growth. The publication of such notice shall adversely affect the reputation of the Company with its suppliers and clients, without the Company being at any fault whatsoever,

6. It was further pointed out that the Respondents are in the habit of regularly issuing baseless, defamatory and unsubstantiated vexatious notices for inclusion of resolutions under the provisions of Section 284 of the Act and merely seek to abuse the process of law and seek to secure needless publicity for a defamatory matter. The counsel for the petitioner drew my attention to several criminal and other proceedings initiated by and against the respondents to point out their conduct and contended that the petition deserves to be allowed on this ground alone.

7. It was argued that to move any resolution at a general meeting of a Company must necessarily comply as a condition precedent with the requirements of Section 188 of the Act, which stipulates a minimum shareholding requirements for moving any resolution. As a result of non-compliance with the requirements of Section. 188 of the Act, the said Notice is bad in law, illegal and void ab initio.

8. The Respondents’ case is that Section 284 of the Act is not to be read with Section 188(2) of the Act. To support their contentions, the respondents relied upon the decision of the Hon’ble Gujarat High Court given vide Order dated 1-2-2010 in O. J. Appeal No.107/2009 in their case Sureshchandra V. Parekh v. HDFC Ltd., wherein last para reads as under:

“…the aforesaid discussion takes us to the impugned final directions issued by the CLB. The CLB, by the impugned direction, has restrained the appellants from giving notice(s) under Section 284 of the Act for removal of Mr. D.S. Parekh as Director of HDFC on the same issue as mentioned in their notice dated 10.4.2009 for the AGM which was to be held in 2009. It is apparent and obvious that the statements in the notices or the reasons stated in the notices for circulating the resolutions are the ground or justifications for the impugned direction by CLB and not the demand (by the appellants in the notice/resolution) per se. It is also clear, on bare perusal of the impugned direction, that the limited effect of the impugned direction would be that the appellants cannot now keep on giving notice on the same issue which was mentioned in their notice dated 10.4.2009, however, the impugned direction would not come in the way of the appellants and it does not prohibit them from giving notice, including a notice seeking removal of any director or the chairman, on any other issue. Obviously, if the solution, (which may be proposed in the notice by the appellants) do not find favour in the meeting and cannot garner sufficient votes to sail through them it would fail and sink. The CLB has not restrained the appellants from giving any notice under Section 284 of the Act in future even for removal of a director or any ground other than the ground or issue mentioned in their notice dated 10.4.2009. In the facts of the case, we are not inclined to hold that the said direction is unjust or suffers from the vice of non-application of mind, more particularly when a finding of fact has been recorded, after due consideration of the material on record, that the consecutive notices, containing similar grounds and revealing similar purpose.(i.e. the statements made in, or the reasons given in the notices) for circulating the resolutions, amount to abuse of the right (conferred on shareholders by Section 284 of the Act). We are, therefore, not inclined to interfere, under Section 10(F) of the Act, with the impugned direction. For the reasons stated above, the appeal, fails and deserves to be rejected. Consequently, the Appeal is hereby rejected.

……….It is, however, clarified that this judgement and order will not come in the way of present appellants in pursuing, if permissible, any appropriate remedy, in accordance with law, before appropriate forum with regard to their claims or grievances, including the claim for allotment of appropriate number of shares of HDFC Bank Limited on the basis of the allotment originally notified by the opponent HDFC in 1994. This Judgement and order would also not obstruct or hold the appellants from pursuing, in accordance with law, their claim for appropriate action under section 195 of the Criminal Procedure Code, it would be open to the appellants to take out appropriate proceedings in appropriate forum for their grievances or any other claims, in accordance with law



[Ms. R. M. Doshit, J.]

[K. M. Thaker, J.] “

9. Further, drawing my attention to the annexures to the CP the Respondents placed reliance on the case of Baraiya Raijiji Somaji v. Gujarat Water Resources Development Corporation Ltd. [Special Civil Application No. 13686 of 1994 Dt./03-03-2006] wherein Head Note (B) reads as under:

[B] Constitution of India – Art.226. When a litigant claims a relief by suppressing material facts, no relief should be granted to such a litigant” to contend that the prayers of the Petitioner be not allowed as it has suppressed the material facts from the court and the Respondents’ prayers be allowed.

10. I have considered the rival submissions and the case law cited. There is no dispute with the case law cited but each case turns on its own merits. In the facts and circumstances of this case considering the case law applicable it is noted that CP No.71/284/2012 deserves to be allowed because the provisions of Section 284 which have been attracted by the Petitioner are to be read with Section 188(2) of the Act, the provisions of Section 284 provide for removal of Directors by a company in certain situations and the procedures to be followed for such removal on receipt of a notice of a resolution to remove a Director under the section and provide for the company to represent to the CLB in certain cases seeking exemption from publication, circulation or reading out at the forthcoming AGM such proposed resolution to remove Directors), etc. For inclusion of circulation of the proposed resolution of removal of Shrj Keki M. Mistry from the Board of Directors of the Company is Section 188 of the Act. Section 284 provides for the subject: Removal of Directors, the procedure for meetings and proceedings is a complete code from Sections 165 to 197 which includes sections 169 to 173 regarding the members’ rights in such requisitions and it is section 188 and 190 which apply in the present case. The respondents have failed to fulfil the requisite qualification u/s 188(2) of the Act under (a) or (b). The relevant provisions of section 188(1) and 188(2) read as follows:

“Section 188:

(1) Subject to the provisions of this section, a company shall, on the requisition in writing of such number of members as is hereinafter specified and (unless the company otherwise resolves) at the expense of the requisitionists,-

(a)          give to members of the company entitled to receive notice of the next annual general meeting, notice of any resolution which may properly be moved and is intended to be moved at that meeting;

(b)          circulate to members entitled to have notice of any general meeting sent to them, any statement of not more than one thousand words with respect to the matter referred to in any proposed resolution, or any business to be dealt with at that meeting.

(2) The number of members necessary for a requisition under sub-section (1) shall be,-

(a)          such number of members as represent not less than one-twentieth of the total voting power of all the members having at the date of the requisition a right to vote on the resolution or business to which the requisition relates; or

(b)          not less than one hundred members having the right aforesaid and holding shares in the company on which there has been paid up an aggregate sum of not less than one lakh of rupees in all.”

Further, Section 188(5) of the Act-reads as under:

“(5) The company shall also not be bound under this section to circulate any statement if, on the application either of the company or of any other person who claims to be aggrieved, the [Central Government] is satisfied that the rights conferred by this section are: being abused to secure needless publicity for defamatory matter; and the [Central government] may order the company’s costs on an application under this section to be paid in whole or in part by the requisitionists, notwithstanding that they are not parties to the application.”

11. A plain reading of the provisions of Section 188 makes it amply clear that a member who intends getting his proposed resolutions included for circulation to members must have not less than one twentieth of the total voting power of all the members at the date of the requisition or must be not less than 100 members in number to exercise such a right. This provision is mandatory. It is noted that the respondents do not fulfil the requisite qualification. It has been rightly argued that their shareholding is only 76 Equity shares of Rs. 10 each which is only 0.00001% which does not entitle them to insist on inclusion of their proposed resolution in the AGM/EOGM to be held. The Petitioner Company u/s 188(5) of the Act is not bound to circulate the resolution. The law cited by the respondents also does not help them in this matter. Rather it is noted that the Respondents are attracting the provisions of Section 284 for removal of Mr. Keki M. Mistry on the same issue, hence the case law relied upon by the respondents does not come to their rescue in this case. As regards the other case law in the case of Baraiya Raijiji Somaji (supra), the Petitioner has rightly pointed out that the Respondents have not come with clean hands. Thus even the other case relied upon by the Respondents does not advance their case. Instead it strengthens the Petitioner’s contentions for allowing of the petition.

12. As regards the conduct of the respondents, on the basis of the documents on record I find that the petitioner has succeeded in making out a case of unclean hands of the respondents. The petition deserves to be allowed on this ground alone.

13. It is noted that Shri Suresh Chandra V. Parekh and Smt. Nilaben S. Parekh jointly hold ten equity shares of Rs.100/- each under a common share certificate in HDFC Ltd. They requested for splitting of the said one share certificate into ten certificates of one share each. HDFC Ltd. acceded to their request and created 7 Folios for 7 shares with Folio Nos.5110 to 5116 but later on it was realized by HDFC Ltd. that the transferee in all 7 transfer deeds was the same person and necessary corrections were made for transfer of 7 shares into folio no.5110. HDFC Ltd. had made corrections in the share certificate. In 1994 HDFC Ltd, offered shares to its existing shareholders at the ratio of 100 shares for the existing shares held between 1 to 10 shares. The respondents were entitled for 100 shares since they were holding 7 shares on preferential basis stating that the share certificate were in the name of different persons and ought to be treated as different shareholders and entitled to allot 700 shares. To pressurize the company, the respondents issued several notices under Sections 284 and 190 of the Companies Act, 1956 for inclusion of a resolution for removal of the Chairman Shri D. S. Parekh of the company dated 11.01.1998 for publication in the notice convening the 21st AGM of HDFC Ltd. They sent another notice in year 2000 for removal of Mr. D. S. Parekh as Chairman and it was published. The respondents again sent notice for removal of Mr. D. S. Parekh as Chairman in the year 2002. The petitioner company viz. HDFC Ltd. filed a petition under Sections 284(4) seeking exemption from publication, circulation or reading out at the AGM. The CLB, Mumbai Bench vide its order dated 05-07-2002 had exempted HDFC Ltd. from publishing, circulating or reading the said notice in AGM. The respondents also wrote letters to RBI, SEBI, Ministry of Finance and ROC with a copy to BSE raising the same issues. They sent similar notices for removal of Chairman Shri D.S. Parekh/ Shri Aditya Puri from the Chairman/director of the company in the year 2006 and 2009 and 2010. It is noted that the respondents are in the habit of regularly sending such notices. However, the respondents grievances in the affairs of HDFC Ltd. have nothing to do with the affairs of the present petitioner company i.e. Torrent power Ltd. and its directors.

14. In view of the foregoing, CP No.71/284/2012 is hereby allowed. The petitioner company is hereby exempted from the publication, circulation or reading out at the forthcoming General Meeting the said Notice issued by the Respondents as the same seeks to abuse the process of law to secure needless publicity for defamatory matter. Even otherwise u/s 188(5) of the Act the Petitioner Company is not bound to circulate any resolution proposed by the Respondents who are not eligible to do so on account of their not having the requisite qualification as prescribed u/s 188(2){a) or (b) of the Act,

15. No orders as to cost.


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