Can A Private Company Give Loan Or Guarantee For Director Taking Loan From Bank?

Section 185- Loan To Directors, Etc.

As per Section 185(1) a company cannot advance any loan, including any loan represented by a book debt to, or give any guarantee or provide any security in connection with any loan taken by any director of company.

But as per Notification dated G.S.R 464(E) 5th June, 2015 Section 185 is not applicable to Private Companies if the below mentioned conditions are satisfied:

1. Any Body Corporate has not invested in the share capital of such company
2. Private company’s borrowings from banks/Public Financial Institutions/Bodies Corporate is less than twice of its Paid up Share capital or 50 crores whichever is lower
3. That Private company has not defaulted in Repayment of such outstanding borrowings as at the time of making the transaction u/s 185(1) by that Private company

Therefore as per the abovementioned Section read with Notification we can say that a Private Company satisfying above conditions can advance loan or give Guarantee to the Bank in respect of loan taken by Director of such Private Company.

Now, Lets read this in Harmony with Section 186

Section 186- Loan and Investment by Company

As per Section 186 a company cannot give any loan or guarantee or provide security in connection with a loan to any other body corporate or person:

  • exceeding sixty per cent. of its paid-up share capital, free reserves and securities premium account or one hundred per cent. of its free reserves and securities premium account, whichever is more

Legal Requirements if the limit exceeds:

  • Approval of Board
  • Approval of the members by passing Special Resolution
  • Approval of PFI [Provided that prior approval of a public financial institution shall not be required where the aggregate of the loans and investments so far made, the amount for which guarantee or security so far provided to or in all other bodies corporate, along with the investments, loans, guarantee or security proposed to be made or given does not exceed the limit as specified in sub-section (2), and there is no default in repayment of loan installments or payment of interest thereon as per the terms and conditions of such loan to the public financial institution.]
  • Rate of interest (In case of Loans interest shall not be less than prevailing yield of Government Security at that point)
  • Disclosures to be given in financial statements.
  • Keep a Register of Loan/ Guarantee/Security.

CONCLUSION: We can hereby conclude that by complying with certain conditions a company can advance loan to Director or give Guarantee to the Bank in respect of loan taken by Director of such Private Company.

For more details contact: PCS Himanshu Bhatia at [email protected]

Author Bio

Qualification: CS
Company: Practicing Company Secretary
Location: DELHI, Delhi, India
Member Since: 27 Jun 2019 | Total Posts: 13
Himanshu & Co is a team of dedicated professionals from various fields under a single roof. We are a team who professionals who are expert in Secretarial, IPR, Legal and Financial Matters. View Full Profile

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