The objective of this standard is to prescribe the procedures that an entity applies to ensure that its assets are carried at no more than their recoverable Amount. The Standard also specifies when an entity should reverse an impairment loss and prescribes disclosures.
This Standard is applicable to all assets, other than:-
What is Impairment?
An Asset is impaired when it’s carrying Amount Exceeds its recoverable amount.
When to Test for Impairment?
An entity shall assess at the end of each reporting period whether any indication for impairment of asset exists. The entity shall estimate the recoverable amount if any indication exists.
However, in the case of goodwill acquired in a business combination, indefinite life intangible assets and intangible assets that are not yet ready for use must also be tested for impairment annually irrespective of whether there are any indications of impairment.
The above list is not exhaustive. An entity may identify other indications that an asset may be impaired.
How to calculate impairment loss?
If recoverable amount < Carrying amount of an asset / CGU
Impairment Loss= Carrying Amount – Recoverable Amount
Recoverable amount of an asset/CGU is the higher of its fair value less costs of disposal and its value in use.
Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.
Value in use is the present value of the future cash flows expected to be derived from an asset/ CGU
Recognition of Impairment Loss
If there is no revaluation of asset, then Impairment Loss shall be recognized as an expense in the P&L Account . Otherwise, as a decrease in revaluation reserve.
Recognition of Impairment Loss for a CGU
First write down any Goodwill allocated to the CGU. Then, to the other assets of the CGU on pro rata basis on the basis of the carrying amount of each asset in the CGU.
Reversal of Impairment Loss
An impairment loss recognized in prior periods for an asset other than goodwill shall be reversed if, and only if, there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the asset’s recoverable amount since the last impairment loss was recognized. If this is the case, the carrying amount of the asset shall be increased to its recoverable amount. That increase is a reversal of an impairment loss.
A reversal of an impairment loss for an asset other than goodwill shall be recognized immediately in P&L A/c. However, in case of revalued asset any reversal shall be treated as a revaluation increase.
An impairment loss recognized for goodwill shall not be reversed in a subsequent period.
(CA final Student)