“Explore 25 FAQs on the Liberalized Remittance Scheme (LRS) for Indian residents, covering permissible limits, types of transactions, bank requirements, and compliance. Get insights into foreign remittances, acquisition of foreign assets, and incurring foreign expenses. Stay informed on the do’s and don’ts under LRS, mandatory conditions, and the role of Authorized Dealer (AD) banks. Stay compliant and make informed decisions for your international financial transactions.”

(A) LRS for foreign remittances by RoI 

1. Briefs on LRS’s permissible for Automatic Route for Resident of India (RoI)

(i) LRS originally announced by RBI through circular No. 64, dated February 04, 2004 as simplified + liberalized foreign exchange facility for RoI (only).

(ii) LRS not permitted for HUF + partnership firm + company + Trust + also etc. (all)

2. Briefs on LRS’s permissible for Automatic Route not exceeding $ 2.5 lac

  • Major RoI + minor RoI permitted to remit not exceeding for USD 2.5 Lac per person + per financial year under permissible current account + also Capital account transactions under automatic route in India (all)

3. Briefs on LRS’s permissible for acquisition of foreign assets (Capital account)

(i) For acquisition of foreign equity shares in listed + also unlisted (both)

(ii) For acquisition of foreign qualification equity shares to hold directorship outside India

(iii) For acquisition of foreign equity shares against professional services already rendered by RoI

(iv) For acquisition of foreign equity shares against director remunerations already receivable by RoI

(v) For acquisition of foreign Debt instruments

(vi) For acquisition of foreign immovable properties

(vii) For acquisition of foreign investments in unit of Mutual Funds

(viii) For acquisition of foreign investments in Venture capital Funds

(ix) For acquisition of foreign investments in Promissory Notes

(x) For acquisition of foreign investments in Wholly Owned Subsidiary + also Joint Venture (both)

(xi) For acquisition of foreign investments in object of arts

(xii) For acquisition of other notified foreign assets by RBI

(xiii) For providing of foreign loan (in INR) to NRI + OCI (both) under close relative category

(xiv) For opening of foreign currency account (outside India) without approval of RBI

4. Briefs on LRS’s permissible for incurring foreign expenses (Current account)

(i) For foreign personal visit

(ii)For gifts to NRI + OCI close relatives + also donations to foreign NGOs (all)

(iii) For foreign employment

(iv)For foreign emigration

(v)For foreign maintenance of close relatives

(vi) For foreign business visit

(vii) For foreign medical treatment

(viii) For foreign education

5. Briefs on LRS’s not permissible for capital + current account transactions (both)

  • Commonly known prohibited foreign transactions under LRS for RoI. + (plus)
  • Also RoI not permitted under approval route from RBI where prohibited foreign transactions involved.

(i) For purchases which already notified in Schedule – I of Foreign Exchange Management (Current Account Transactions) Rules 2000 :-

(a) For purchase of foreign lottery ticket + also foreign sweep stake (both)

(b) For purchase of foreign proscribed magazine + also etc. (both)

(ii) For prohibited purposes which already notified in schedule – II of Foreign Exchange Management (Current Account Transactions) Rules 2000

(iii)For providing margin money + also margin call to foreign stock exchange (both)

(iv) For acquisition of Foreign Currency Convertible Bond (FCCB) from foreign secondary market which already issued by Indian company

(v) For trading in foreign exchange

(vi) For remittance to foreign country + also foreign territory which already identified non-cooperative by Financial Action Task Force (FATF) both

(vii) For remittance to foreign individual + also foreign entity which already identified by RBI that having significant risk for committing act of terrorism in India (both)

6. Briefs on LRS’s permissible for current account transactions exceeding $ 2.5 lac

(i) (a) For foreign emigration like foreign long stay visa + also foreign citizenship (passport) both. + (plus)

(b) Not permitted for earning points + also credit to become eligible for foreign Immigration (both).

(ii) For foreign medical treatment

(iii) For foreign education

  • AD Bank permitted to remit exceeding USD 2.5 Lac in 1 financial year when RoI already submitted appropriate documentary supports like estimates for foreign medical treatment expenses + also required AD bank’s  own judgment for  bonafideness of remittance without approval from RBI (both).

7. Briefs on LRS’s permissible for Approval Route exceeding $ 2.5 lac

  • RoI permitted to remit under approval route from RBI when remittance not permitted under automatic route.

8. Briefs on Role of Authorized Dealer (AD) Bank for Automatic Route under LRS

(i) RoI required to designate AD bank in India

(ii) RoI required to maintain bank account exceeding 1 year before remitting under LRS Or

(iii) AD bank required to carry due diligence for opening + operating + also maintaining of account (all) when RoI not maintaining bank account exceeding 1 year before remitting under LRS

(iv) AD bank required to review bank statement for 1 previous year to satisfy about source of fund under LRS

(v)AD bank required to obtain latest income tax assessment order when bank statement of last 1 year not available

(vi) AD bank required to receive application-cum-declaration in form A2

(vii) AD bank not permitted to provide any credit facility for remitting under LRS

(ix) AD bank required to levy TCS @ 0.5% or 5% or 20% (any) applicable when remittance exceeding INR 7 Lac in 1 financial year

(x) AD bank required to accept payment through credit card + debit card + prepaid card + also bank account maintained in bank (all)

(xi) AD bank required to satisfy that recipient of remittance is not resident from non-cooperate country + also territory which already identified by FATF (both)

(xii) AD bank permitted to refuse for remittance when bank has reason to believe that RoI already made contravention under provisions of FEMA, 1999

9. Briefs on incomes earned on foreign investments on capital account under LRS

(i) RoI permitted to retain + also to reinvest outside India against incomes earned on foreign investments already made under LRS (both).

(ii) AD bank permitted for computing limit not exceeding USD 2.5 Lac without adding income earned during same financial year on foreign investments made under LRS

(iii) RoI required to obey Overseas Direct Investments (ODIs) guidelines issued by RBI for foreign investments already made under LRS.

10. Briefs on LRS’s permissible for consolidation against family in 1 financial year

(i) Consolidation of investments permitted against whole family through multiply by per person eligibility like USD 10 Lac for 4 member of family (@ USD 2.5 Lac)

+ (plus)

(ii) Consolidated investments not permitted when whole family’s investments in assets not to be made jointly (Joint titled)

11. Briefs on LRS’s permissible for purchase of foreign object of arts

(i) RoI permitted to purchase foreign object of arts like painting + also etc. under permissible monetary limit USD 2.5 Lac (both).

+ (plus)

(ii) RoI not permitted to purchase foreign object of arts when not permitted for imports in India under Foreign Trade Policy (FTP) of Govt.

12. Briefs on LRS’s mandatory conditions for having PAN in India

  •  RoI mandatory required to have PAN in India for remittance under LRS.

13. Briefs on LRS’s remittances for personal visit to Nepal + Bhutan (both)

(i) RoI not permitted to obtain foreign exchange + to remit under LRS for personal visit to Nepal + also Bhutan (all).

+ (plus)

(ii) RoI permitted to obtain foreign exchange + to remit under LRS for personal visit to other than Nepal + also Bhutan (all)

14. Briefs on LRS’s frequency for remittances during 1 financial year

(i) RoI permitted to remit without any restriction on frequency during 1 financial year

+ (plus)

(ii) Total of multiple remittances not to exceed USD 2.5 Lac during 1 financial year.

15. Briefs on LRS’s permissible remittances through Demand Draft (DD)

(i) RoI permitted to obtain DD in his own name + in name investee + also in name beneficiary for foreign personal visit (all).

+ (plus)

(ii) Total of multiple DDs not to exceed USD 2.5 Lac during 1 financial year.

16. Briefs on LRS’s permissible remittances for Gift to NRI + OCI (both)

(i) RoI permitted for gift to NRI (only) close relative not to exceed USD 2.5 Lac in 1 financial year through remittance to outside India.

+ (plus)

(ii) RoI permitted for gift in INR to NRI + also OCI (both) close relatives not to exceed USD 2.5 Lac through transfer to his NRO account.

17.Briefs on LRS’s permissible for loans to NRI + OCI (both) close relatives in INR

  • Loans to NRI + OCI (both) close relatives in INR permitted through transfer to his NRO account in India.
  • Loans to NRI + OCI (both) close relatives not permitted with interest.
  • Loans to NRI + OCI (both) close relatives permitted without interest.

(i) When maturity period of loan not exceeding 1 year

(ii) When amount of loan not exceeding USD 2.5 Lac during 1 financial year

(iii) When amount of loan to be utilized in India for borrower’s personal needs + also business needs (both)

(iv)  Loan to NRI + OCI (both) relatives in INR not permitted for certain businesses + activities (both) in India :

(a) For chit fund business in India

(b) For Nidhi Company in India

(c) For Agricultural + also plantation activities (both) in India

(d) For Real estate business like trading in properties in India

(e) For Trading in Transferable Development Rights (TDRs) in India

(f) For Agricultural + Plantation activity + also Construction of farm house (all) in India

(v) NRI + OCI close relatives required to make repayment of loan through direct foreign inward remittance from outside India + debit to NRO + also NRE in India (all).

18. Briefs on LRS’s expenses for foreign business trip

(i) RoI permitted for foreign business trip not exceeding USD 2.5 Lac during 1 financial year

(ii) (a) Non RoI permitted for foreign business trip without limit of USD 2.5 Lac.

+ (plus)

(b) Also non RoI permitted for foreign business trip without availing facility available under LRS.

19. Briefs on LRS’s use of currencies for remittances

 (i) RoI permitted to remit in all free convertible foreign currencies which already notified by RBI for India.

+ (plus)

(ii) Also 100% amount of remittance not to exceed equivalent to USD 2.5 Lac during 1 financial year.

20. Briefs on LRS’s not permissible for remittances twice in 1 financial year

  • RoI not permitted to remit 2nd time during 1 financial year under LRS beside proceed of 1st time’s investments which already brought back to India

21. Briefs on LRS’s filling of APR for foreign investments in JV + WOS (both)

(i) RoI required to file Annual Performance Report (APR) up to 31st December each year  based on  audited or  unaudited financial  statements of  investee  companies against investments in foreign JV + foreign WOS (both) beside FLA return already filed with RBI up to July 31st each year.

+ (plus)

(ii) RoI not required to file APR when investments not made in foreign JV + foreign WOS (both).

22. Briefs on LRS’s conclusion for Automatic Route

 (i) RoI permitted to remit not exceeding USD 2.5 Lac per person in 1 financial year under Automatic route for certain purposes (only) :-

 (a) For foreign emigration

 (b) For foreign medical treatment

 (c) For foreign education

(ii) RoI permitted to remit exceeding USD 2.5 Lac when estimate already submitted for remittances mentioned under above para i (a) to (c)

(iii) RoI permitted to remit under LRS for capital account + also permitted current account (both) transactions.

(iv) RoI not permitted to remit under LRS for prohibited transactions when approval from RBI also prohibited

+ (plus)

(v) RoI permitted to remit under LRS through obtaining approval from RBI when not permitted under automatic route available for LRS in India.

23. Briefs on LRS’s conclusion for Role of AD bank in India

(i) For carrying due diligence of RoI

(ii) For collecting TCS @ 0.5% or 5% or 20% (any) applicable where remittances exceeding Rs. 7 Lac during 1 financial year

(iii) For not allowing credit facility for foreign remittance under LRS

24. Briefs on LRS’s conclusion for remittances by RoI

(i) For investments under LRS

(ii) For gift to NRI + also OCI (both) close relatives

(iii) For Loan to NRI + also OCI (both) close relatives

25. Briefs on LRS’s conclusion for approval route for RoI

  •  RoI required to remit under approval route when remittance not permitted under automatic route of RBI.

(B) Application-cum-declaration in Form A2 under LRS in India

(To be completed by RoI – applicant)

 (For payments other                                                   AD Code No.      

than imports and                                                          Form No.            

remittances covering                                                  (To be filled in by the Authorised Dealer)

intermediary trade)

Application for                                                            Currency             Amount                Equivalent to Rs.             

Remittance Abroad                                                  (To be completed by the Authorised Dealer)

I/We                                                                                                                                                                     

(Name of applicant remitter)

PAN No.

Address                                                                                                                                                                 

authorize

(Name of AD branch)

 To debit my Savings Bank/ Current/ RFC/ EEFC A/c. No.                                                                

together with their charges and

*  a) Issue a draft : Beneficiary’s Name                                                                                                       Address         _________________________________________________

*  b) Effect the foreign exchange remittance directly –

1)  Beneficiary’s Name

2)  Name and address of the bank                                                                                                    

3)  Account No.

* c) Issue travelers cheques for                                                                                                                   

* d) Issue foreign currency notes for                                                                                                           Amount (specify currency)                                                                                                                                  

* (Strike out whichever is not applicable) for the purpose/s indicated below

Sr. No. Whether under LRS (Yes/No) Purpose Code Description
As per the Annex

(Remitter should put a tick (√ ) against an appropriate purpose code. In case of doubt/ difficulty, the AD bank should be consulted).

19 Inserted vide AP (Dir) series Circular 50 dated February 11, 2016. Prior to insertion it read as Annex 1, which has since been replaced with effect from the same date.

20  Modified vide  AP  (DIR)  Series  Circular No.  32  dated  June  19,  2018. Prior to  modification, it read “PAN No.  (For remittances exceeding USD 25,000 and for all capital account transactions)”

 Declaration

(Under FEMA 1999)

1. # I, ………………. …………(Name), hereby declare that the total amount of foreign exchange purchased from or remitted through, all sources in India during the financial year including this application is within the overall limit of the Liberalised Remittance Scheme prescribed by the Reserve Bank of India and certify that the source of funds for making the said remittance belongs to me and the foreign exchange will not be used for prohibited purposes.

Details  of  the  remittances  made/transactions  effected  under  the  Liberalised Remittance Scheme in the current financial year (April- March) ..……..

Sl. No Date Amount Name and address of AD branch/FFMC through which the transaction has been effected

2. # The  total  amount  of  foreign  exchange  purchased  from  or  remitted  through,  all sources in India during this calendar year including this application is within USD                                                                (USD                                      )  the  annual  limit  prescribed  by Reserve Bank of India for the said purpose.

3. # Foreign exchange purchased from you is for the purpose indicated above.

# (Strike out whichever is not applicable )

Signature of the applicant

(Name) Date:

Certificate by the Authorized Dealer

This is to certify that the remittance is not being made by/ to ineligible entities and that the remittance is in conformity with the instructions issued by the Reserve Bank from time to time under the Scheme.

Name and designation of the authorized official: Stamp and seal

Signature:

Date:

Place:

Gr. No.

Purpose Group Name Purpose

Code

Description
00 Capital Account S0017 Acquisition of non-produced non-financial assets (Purchase of intangible assets like patents, copyrights, trademarks etc., land acquired by government, use of natural resources) – Government
S0019 Acquisition of non-produced non-financial assets (Purchase of intangible assets like patents, copyrights, trademarks etc., use of natural resources) – Non-Government
S0026 Capital transfers ( Guarantees payments, Investment Grand given by the government/international organisation, exceptionally large Non-life insurance claims) – Government
S0027 Capital transfers ( Guarantees payments, Investment Grand given by the Non-government, exceptionally large Non-life insurance claims) – Non-Government
S0099 Other capital payments not included elsewhere
Financial Account
Foreign Direct

Investments

S0003 Indian Direct investment abroad (in branches & wholly owned subsidiaries) in equity Shares
S0004 Indian Direct investment abroad (in subsidiaries and associates) in debt instruments
S0005 Indian investment abroad – in real estate
S0006 Repatriation of Foreign Direct Investment made by overseas Investors in India – in equity shares
S0007 Repatriation of Foreign Direct Investment in made by overseas Investors India – in debt instruments
S0008 Repatriation of Foreign Direct Investment made by overseas Investors in India – in real estate
Foreign Portfolio

Investments

S0001 Indian Portfolio investment abroad – in equity shares
S0002 Indian Portfolio investment abroad – in debt instruments
S0009 Repatriation of Foreign Portfolio Investment made by overseas Investors in India – in equity shares
S0010 Repatriation of Foreign Portfolio Investment made by overseas Investors in India – in debt instruments
External

Commercial

Borrowings

S0011 Loans extended to Non-Residents
S0012 Repayment of long & medium term loans with original maturity above one year received from Non-Residents
Short      term

Loans

S0013 Repayment of short term loans with original maturity up to one year received from Non-Residents
Banking Capital S0014 Repatriation of Non-Resident Deposits (FCNR(B)/NR(E)RA etc)
S0015 Repayment of loans & overdrafts taken by ADs on their own account.
S0016 Sale of a foreign currency against another foreign currency
Financial

Derivatives and

Others

S0020 Payments made on account of margin payments, premium payment and settlement amount etc. under Financial derivative transactions.
S0021 Payments made on account of sale of share under Employee stock option
S0022 Investment in Indian Depositories Receipts (IDRs)
S0023 Opening of foreign currency account abroad with a bank
External

Assistance

S0024 External Assistance extended by India. e.g. Loans and advances extended by India to Foreign governments under various agreements
S0025 Repayments made on account of External Assistance received by India.
01 Imports S0101 Advance payment against imports made to countries other than Nepal and Bhutan
S0102 Payment towards imports- settlement of invoice other than Nepal and Bhutan
S0103 Imports by diplomatic missions other than Nepal and Bhutan
S0104 Intermediary trade/transit trade, i.e., third country export passing through India
S0108 Goods acquired under merchanting / Payment against import leg of merchanting trade*
S0109 Payments made for Imports from Nepal and Bhutan, if any
02 Transport S0201 Payments for surplus freight/passenger fare by foreign shipping companies operating in India
S0202 Payment for operating expenses of Indian shipping companies operating abroad
S0203 Freight on imports – Shipping companies
S0204 Freight on exports – Shipping companies
S0205 Operational leasing/Rental of Vessels (with crew) –Shipping companies
S0206 Booking of passages abroad – Shipping companies
S0207 Payments for surplus freight/passenger fare by foreign Airlines companies operating in India
S0208 Operating expenses of Indian Airlines companies operating abroad
S0209 Freight on imports – Airlines companies
S0210 Freight on exports – Airlines companies
S0211 Operational leasing / Rental of Vessels (with crew) – Airline companies
S0212 Booking of passages abroad – Airlines companies
S0214 Payments on account of stevedoring, demurrage, port handling charges etc.(Shipping companies)
S0215 Payments on account of stevedoring, demurrage, port handling charges, etc.(Airlines companies)
S0216 Payments for Passenger – Shipping companies
S0217 Other payments by Shipping companies
S0218 Payments for Passenger – Airlines companies
S0219 Other Payments by Airlines companies
S0220 Payments on account of freight under other modes of transport (Internal Waterways, Roadways, Railways, Pipeline transports and others)
S0221 Payments on account of passenger fare under other modes of transport (Internal Waterways, Roadways, Railways, Pipeline transports and others)
S0222 Postal & Courier services by Air
S0223 Postal & Courier services by Sea
S0224 Postal & Courier services by others
03 Travel S0301 Business travel.
S0303 Travel for pilgrimage
S0304 Travel for medical treatment
S0305 Travel for education (including fees, hostel expenses etc.)
S0306 Other travel (including holiday trips and payments for settling international credit cards transactions)
05 Construction

Services

S0501 Construction of projects abroad by Indian companies including import of goods at project site abroad
S0502 Cost of construction etc. of projects executed by foreign companies in India.
06 Insurance and

Pension Services

S0601 Life Insurance premium except term insurance
S0602 Freight insurance – relating to import & export of goods
S0603 Other general insurance premium including reinsurance premium; and

term life insurance premium

S0605 Auxiliary services including commission on insurance
S0607 Insurance claim Settlement of non-life insurance; and life insurance

(only term insurance)

S0608 Life Insurance Claim Settlements
S0609 Standardised guarantee services
S0610 Premium for pension funds
S0611 Periodic pension entitlements e.g. monthly quarterly or yearly payments of pension amounts by Indian Pension Fund Companies.
S0612 Invoking of standardised guarantees
07 Financial Services S0701 Financial intermediation, except investment banking – Bank charges, collection charges, LC charges etc.
S0702 Investment banking – brokerage, under writing commission etc.
S0703 Auxiliary services – charges on operation & regulatory fees, custodial services, depository services etc.
08 Telecommunicatio

n, Computer & Information Services

S0801 Hardware consultancy/implementation
S0802 Software consultancy / implementation
S0803 Data base, data processing charges
S0804 Repair and maintenance of computer and software
S0805 News agency services
S0806 Other information services- Subscription to newspapers, periodicals
S0807 Off-site software imports
S0808 Telecommunication services including electronic mail services and voice

mail services

S0809 Satellite services including space shuttle and rockets etc.
09 Charges for the use          of intellectual property (not included elsewhere) S0901 Franchises services
S0902 Payment for use, through licensing arrangements, of produced originals or prototypes (such as manuscripts and films), patents, copyrights, trademarks and industrial processes etc.
10 Other Business Services S1002 Trade related services – commission on exports / imports
S1003 Operational leasing services (other than financial leasing) without operating crew, including charter hire- Airlines companies
S1004 Legal services
S1005 Accounting, auditing, book-keeping services
S1006 Business and management consultancy and public relations services
S1007 Advertising, trade fair service
S1008 Research & Development services
S1009 Architectural services
S1010 Agricultural services like protection against insects & disease, increasing of harvest yields, forestry services.
S1011 Payments for maintenance of offices abroad
S1013 Environmental Services
S1014 Engineering Services
S1015 Tax consulting services
S1016 Market research and public opinion polling service
S1017 Publishing and printing services
S1018 Mining services like on–site processing services analysis of ores etc.
S1020 Commission agent services
S1021 Wholesale and retailing trade services.
S1022 Operational leasing services (other than financial leasing) without operating crew, including charter hire- Shipping companies
S1023 Other Technical Services including scientific/space services.
S1099 Other services not included elsewhere
11 Personal, Cultural & Recreational services S1101 Audio-visual and related services like Motion picture and video tape production, distribution and projection services.
S1103 Radio and television production, distribution and transmission services
S1104 Entertainment services
S1105 Museums, library and archival services
S1106 Recreation and sporting activities services
S1107 Education (e.g. fees for correspondence courses abroad )
S1108 Health Service (payment towards services received from hospitals, doctors, nurses, paramedical and similar services etc. rendered remotely or on-site)
S1109 Other Personal, Cultural & Recreational services
12 Govt.  not included elsewhere S1201 Maintenance of Indian embassies abroad
S1202 Remittances by foreign embassies in India
13 Secondary Income S1301 Remittance for family maintenance and savings
S1302 Remittance towards personal gifts and donations
S1303 Remittance towards donations to religious and charitable institutions abroad
S1304 Remittance towards grants and donations to other governments and

charitable institutions established by the governments.

S1305 Contributions/donations by the Government to international institutions
S1306 Remittance towards payment / refund of taxes.
S1307 Outflows on account of migrant transfers including personal effects
14 Primary Income S1401 Compensation of employees
S1402 Remittance towards interest on Non-Resident deposits (FCNR(B)/NR(E)RA, etc.)
S1403 Remittance towards interest on  loans from Non-Residents (ST/MT/LT loans) e.g. External Commercial Borrowings, Trade Credits, etc.
S1405 Remittance towards interest payment by ADs on their own account (to VOSTRO a/c holders or the OD on NOSTRO a/c.)
S1408 Remittance of profit by FDI enterprises in India (by branches of foreign companies including bank branches)
S1409 Remittance of dividends by FDI enterprises in India (other than branches) on equity and investment fund shares
S1410 Payment of interest by FDI enterprises in India to their Parent company abroad.
S1411 Remittance of interest income on account of Portfolio Investment in India
S1412 Remittance of dividends on account of Portfolio Investment in India on

equity and investment fund shares

15 Others S1501 Refunds / rebates / reduction in invoice value on account of exports
S1502 Reversal of wrong entries, refunds of amount remitted for non-exports
S1503 Payments by residents for international bidding
S1504 Notional sales when export bills negotiated/ purchased/ discounted are

dishonored/ crystallised/ cancelled and reversed from suspense account

S1505 Deemed Imports (exports between SEZ, EPZs and Domestic tariff

areas)

16 Maintenance and repair services (not included elsewhere) S1601 Payments on account of maintenance and repair services rendered for Vessels, ships, boats, warships, etc.
S1602 Payments on account of maintenance and repair services rendered for aircrafts, space shuttles, rockets, military aircrafts, helicopters, etc.
17 Manufacturing

services (goods for processing)

S1701 Payments for processing of goods

(C) 8 FAQ’s on TCS for remittances under LRS in India

  • Circular No. 10 of 2023 issued by CBDT to remove difficulty in implementation of changes for Tax Collection at Source (TCS) for remittances under Liberalized Remittance Scheme (LRS) + also for purchase of overseas tour program package (both).

1. Finance Act, 2023 has amended sub-section (1G) of section 206C of the Income-tax Act, 1961 (hereinafter referred to as ‘the Act’) to, intera/ia ,

(i) increase the rate of Tax Collection at Source (TCS) from 5% to 20% for remittance under LRS as well as for purchase of overseas tour program package; and

(ii) remove the threshold of Rs 7 lakh for triggering TCS on LRS.

These two changes did not apply when the remittance is for education and medical purpose.

2. Subsequently, the Government had notified Foreign Exchange Management (Current Account Transactions) (Amendment) Rules, 2023 vide an e-gazette notification dated 16th May, 2023 to remove the differential treatment for credit cards vis a vis other modes of drawal of foreign exchange under This change has now been postponed for the time being.

3. Comments were received about the practical difficulties that may arise from the removal of the threshold for LRS payments other than for education and medical treatment. During meetings with the RBI, Banks and Card networks, some financial institutions have desired more time to modify their current IT systems to address issues arising from the implementation of the provision of TCS on credit card transactions.

4. In order to address these issues, a Press Release dated 28.6.2023 (copy enclosed) was issued by Ministry of Finance wherein the following decisions relating to income-tax have been taken:

(i) Threshold of Rs. 7 lakh per financial year per individual in clause (i) of sub­ section (1G) of section 206C shall be restored for TCS on all categories of LRS payments, through all modes of payment, regardless of the purpose: Thus, for first Rs 7 lakh remittance under LRS there shall be no TCS. Beyond this Rs 7 lakh threshold, TCS shall be at the rate of-

a) 0.5% (if remittance for education is financed by loan taken from a financial institution);

b) 5% (in case of remittance for education/medical treatment);

c) 20% for

For purchase of overseas tour program package under clause (ii) of sub-section (1G) of section 206C, the TCS shall continue to apply at the rate of 5% for the first Rs 7 lakh per individual per annum; the 20% rate will only apply for expenditure above this limit.

(ii) Increased TCS rates to apply from 1st October, 2023: The increase in TCS rates; which were to come into effect from 1st July, 2023 shall now come into effect from 1st October, 2023 with the modification as in (i) above. Till 30th September, 2023, earlier rates (prior to amendment by the Finance Act, 2023) shall continue to apply.

5. Earlier and new TCS rates are summarised as under:

Nature of payment

(1)

Earlier rate before Finance Act, 2023

(2)

New rate w.e.f 1st October, 2023

(3)

LRS for education, financed by loan from financial institution Nil upto Rs 7 lakh 0.5% above Rs 7 lakh Nil upto Rs 7 lakh 0.5% above Rs 7 lakh
LRS for Medical treatment! education (other than financed by loan) Nil upto Rs 7 lakh 5% above Rs 7 lakh Nil upto Rs 7 lakh 5% above Rs 7 lakh
LRS for other purposes Nil upto Rs 7 lakh 5% above Rs 7 lakh Nil upto Rs 7 lakh 20% above Rs 7 lakh
Purchase of Overseas tour program package 5% (without threshold) 5% till Rs 7 lakh, 20% thereafter

*Note:

(i) TCS rate mentioned in column 2 shall cont1nue to apply till 30th September, 2023.

(ii) There shall be no TCS on expenditure under LRS under clause (i) of sub­ section (1G) of section 206C upto Rs 7 lakh, irrespective of purpose.

6. Sub-section (1-1) of section 206C of the Act provides that if any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of sub-section (1G) of this section, the Board may, with the approval of the Central Government, issue guidelines for the purpose of removing the difficulty. Accordingly, the following guideline is issued under this provision.

FAQ 1: Whether payment through overseas credit card would be counted in LRS ?

Ans.1: As announced in the press release dated 28th June, 2023, the classification of use of international credit card while being overseas, as LRS is postpored.

Therefore, no TCS shall be applicable on expenditure through international credit card while being overseas till further order.

FAQ 2: Whether the threshold of Rs 7 lakh, for TCS to become applicable on LRS, applies separately for various purposes like education, health treatment and others? For example, if remittance of Rs 7 lakh under LRS is made in a financial year for education purpose and other remittances in the same financial year of Rs 7 lakh is made for medical treatment and Rs 7 lakh for other purposes, whether the exemption limit of Rs 7 lakh shall be given to each of the three separately?

Ans. 2: It is clarified that the threshold of Rs 7 lakh for LRS is combined threshold for applicability of the TCS on LRS irrespective of the purpose of the remittance. This is clear from the first proviso to sub-section (1G) of section 206C of the Act. The proviso states that the TCS is not required if the amount or aggregate of the amounts being remitted by a buyer is less than seven lakh rupees in a financial year. The amendment by the Finance Act, 2023 has only restricted it to education and medical treatment purpose. Now, after press release, old position has been restored and the threshold continues to apply for seven lakh rupees in a financial year, irrespective of the purpose.

Thus, in the given example, upto Rs 7 lakh remittance under LRS during a financial year shall not be liable for TCS. However, subsequent Rs 14 lakh remittance under LRS shall be liable for TCS in accordance with the TCS rates applicable for such remittance.

In the example, if the remittances under LRS are made in the current financial year at different point of time, TCS rates for the remaining Rs 14 lakh remittances under LRS would depend on the time of remittance as TCS rates changes from 1st October 2023.

TCS rates would be applicable as under:-

(a) First Rs 7 lakh remittance under LRS during the financial year 2023-24 for education purpose (or for that matter any purpose) -7 No TCS

(b) Remittances beyond Rs 7 lakh under LRS during the financial year 2023-24, if on or before 30th September 2023 -7 TCS at 5% (irrespective of the purpose unless it is for education purpose financed by loan from a financial institution when the rate is 5%)

(c) Remittances beyond Rs 7 lakh under LRS during the financial year 2023-24, if on or after 1st October 2023 -7 TCS at 5% (if it is for education purpose financed by loan from a financial institution), 5% (if it is for education or medical treatment) and 20% (if it is for other purposes)

FAQ 3: Since there are different TCS rates on LRS for the first six months and next six months of the financial year 2023-24, whether the threshold of Rs 7 lakh, for the TCS to become applicable on LRS, applies separately for each six months?

Ans. 3: The threshold of Rs 7 lakh, for the TCS to become applicable on LRS, applies for the full financial year. If this threshold has already been exhausted; all subsequent remittances under LRS, whether in the first half or in the second half, would be liable for TCS at applicable rate.

FAQ 4: Whether the threshold of Rs 7 lakh, for TCS to become applicable on LRS, applies separately for each remittance through different authorised dealers? If not, how will authorised dealer know about the earlier remittances by that remitter through some other authorized dealer?

Ans 4: It is clarified that the threshold of Rs 7 lakh for LRS is qua remitter and not qua authorised dealer. This is clear from the first proviso to sub-section (1G) of section 206C of the Act. The proviso states that the TCS is not required if the amount or aggregate of amounts being remitted by a buyer is less than seven lakh rupees in a financial year. The threshold continues to apply qua remitter.

Since the facility to provide real time update of remittance under LRS by remitter is still under development by the RBI, it is clarified that the details of earlier remittances under LRS by the remitter during the financial year may be taken by the authorised dealer through an undertaking at the time of remittance. If the authorised dealer correctly collects the tax at source based on information given in this undertaking, he will not be treated as “assessee in default”. However, for any false information in the undertaking, appropriate action may be taken against the remitter under the Act.

It is further clarified that same methodology of taking undertaking from the buyer of overseas tour program package may be followed by the seller of such package.

FAQ 5: There is threshold of Rs 7 lakh for remittance under LRS for TCS to become applicable while there is another threshold of Rs 7 lakh for purchase of overseas tour program package where reduced rate of 5% TCS applies. Whether these two thresholds apply independently?

Ans 5: Yes, these two thresholds apply independently. For LRS, the threshold of Rs 7 lakh applies to make TCS applicable. For purchase of overseas tour program package, the threshold of Rs 7 lakh applies to determine the applicable TCS rate as 5% or 20%.

FAQ 6: A resident individual spends Rs 3 lakh for purchase of overseas tour program package from a foreign tour operator and remits money which is classified under LRS. There is no other remittance under LRS or purchase of overseas tour program during the financial year. Whether TCS is applicable?

Ans 6: In case of purchase of overseas tour program package which is classified under LRS, TCS provision for purchase of overseas tour program package shall apply and not TCS provisions for remittance under LRS.

Since for purchase of overseas tour program package, the threshold of Rs 7 lakh for applicability of TCS does not apply, TCS is applicable and tax is required to be collected by the seller. In this case the tax shall be required to be collected at 5% since the total amount spent on purchase of overseas tour program package during the financial year is less than Rs 7 lakh. The TCS should be made by the seller.

FAQ 7: There are different rates for remittance under LRS for medical treatment/education purposes and for other purposes. What is the scope of remittance under LRS for medical treatment/education purposes?

Ans 7: As per the clarification by the RBI, remittance for the purposes of medical treatment shall include,-

(i) remittance for purchase of tickets of the person to be treated medically overseas (and his attendant) for commuting between India and the overseas destination;

(ii) his medical expense; and

(iii) other day to day expenses required for such purpose.

It may be noted that code S0304 (under the Purpose Group Name “Travel”), in RBI master direction for LRS, pertains to travel for medical treatment. As per BPM6, A.P. (DIR Series) Circular no 50, dated 11 Feb 2016 this code covers the transactions which are related to health services acquired by residents travelling abroad for medical reasons, which includes medical services, other healthcare, food, accommodation and local transport transactions.

In addition, code S1108 (under the Purpose Group Name “Personal, Cultural & Recreational services”) covers transactions for health services rendered remotely or on­ site (that is no travel by service recipient is involved). This cover services from hospitals, doctors, nurses, paramedical and similar services, etc.

TCS provision for purpose of medical treatment would apply when remittance is under code S0304 or under code 81108.

Education

Remittance for purpose of education shall include,-

(i) remittance for purchase of tickets of the person undertaking study overseas for commuting between India and the overseas destination;

(ii) the tuition and other fees to be paid to educational institute; and

(iii) other day to day expenses required for undertaking such study.

It may be noted that code 80305 (under the Purpose Group Name “Travel”), in RBI master direction for LRS, pertains to travel for education (including fees, hostel expenses, etc). As per BPM6, A.P. (DIR Series) Circular no 50, dated 11 Feb 2016 this code covers education related services such as tuition, food, accommodation, local transport and health services acquired by resident students while residing overseas.

In addition, code S1107 (under the Purpose Group Name “Personal, Cultural & Recreational services”) covers transactions for education (eg fees for correspondence courses abroad) where the person receiving education does not travel overseas.

TCS provision for purpose of education would apply when remittance is under code S0305 or under S1107.

FAQ 8: Whether purchase of international travel ticket or hotel accommodation on standalone basis is purchase of overseas tour program package?

Ans 8: The term ‘overseas tour program package’ is defined as to mean any tour package which offers visit to a country or countries or territory or territories outside India and includes expenses for travel or hotel stay or boarding or lodging or any other expenditure of similar nature or in relation thereto.

It is clarified that purchase of only international travel ticket or purchase of only hotel accommodation, by in itself is not covered within the definition of ‘overseas tour program package’. To qualify as ‘overseas tour program package’, the package should include at least two of the followings:-

(i) international travel ticket,

(ii) hotel accommodation (with or without food)/boarding/lodging,

(iii) any other expenditure of similar nature or in relation thereto.

(Jivitesh Anand)
Undersecretary to Government of India
30 June 2023

Copy to:

(i) PS to FM/ OSD to FM/ PS to MoS(F)/ OSD to MoS(F)

(ii) PPS to Secretary (Revenue)

(iii) Chairman, CBDT & All Members, CBDT

(iv) All Pr. DGsiT/ CCsiT

(v) All Joint Secretaries/ CsiT/ Directors/ Deputy Secretaries/ Under Secretaries of

(vi) CBDT

(vii) The C&AG of India

(ix) (viii) The JS & Legal Adviser, Ministry of Law & Justice, New Delhi

(x) CIT (M& TP), Official Spokesperson of CBDT

(xi) 0/o Pr DGIT (Systems) for uploading on official websit

(xii) JCIT (Database Cell) for uploading on www.irsofficersonline.gov.in

Ministry of Finance

Important changes w.r.t Liberalised Remittance

Scheme (LRS) and Tax Collected at Source (TCS)

No change in rate of TCS for all purposes under LRS and for overseas travel tour packages, regardless of mode of payment, for amounts up to Rs. 7 lakh per individual per annum

Government gives more time for implementation of revised TCS rates and for inclusion of credit card payments in LRS

Increased TCS rates to apply from 1st October, 2023

Posted On: 28 JUN 2023 9:09PM by PIB Delhi

(i) In the Budget this year, certain changes were announced to the system of Tax Collection at Source (TCS) on payments under the Liberalised Remittance Scheme (LRS) and on overseas tour program packages. These were to take effect from 1st July 2023. It was also announced in March that credit card payments would be brought under the LRS. Numerous comments and suggestions were received which have been carefully considered.

(ii) In response to the comments and suggestions it has been decided to make suitable changes. Firstly, it has been decided that there will be no change in the rate of TCS for all purposes under LRS and for overseas travel tour packages, regardless of mode of payment, for amounts up to Rs. 7 lakh per individual per annum. It has also been decided to give more time for the implementation of the revised TCS rates and for inclusion of credit card payments in LRS. Th e changes are detailed below.

(iii) Sub-section (I G) of section 206C of the Income-tax Act, 1961 (“the Act”) provides for Tax Collection at Source (TCS) on (i) foreign remittance through the Liberalised Remittance Scheme (LRS) and (ii) sale of overseas tour program package.

(iv) Through the Finance Act 2023, amendments were carried out in sub-section (lG) of section 206C ofthe Act. These amendments, inter alia, increased the rate of TCS from 5% to 20% for remittance under LRS as well as for purchase of overseas tour program package and removed the threshold of Rs 7 lakh for triggering TCS on LRS. These two changes were not applicable when the remittance is for education or medical These amendments were to take effect from 1st July 2023.

(v) The Government had notified Foreign Exchange Management (Current Account Transactions) (Amendment) Rules, 2023 vide an e-gazette notification dated 16th May 2023 to remove the differential treatment for credit cards vis a vis other modes of drawal of foreign exchange under LRS.

(vi) After discussions with various stakeholders, and taking into account comments and suggestions received, the following decisions have been taken:

(a) To give adequate time to Banks and Card networks to put in place requisite IT based solutions, the Government has decided to postpone the implementation of its 16th May 2023 e- gazette notification. This would mean that transactions through International Credit Cards while being overseas would not be counted as LRS and hence would not be subject to TCS. The Press Release dated 19th May 2023 stands superseded.

(b) Threshold of Rs. 7 Lakh per financial year per individual in clause (i) of sub-section (1G) of section 206C shall be restored for TCS on all categories of LRS payments, through all modes of payment, regardless of the purpose: Thus, for first Rs 7 Lakh remittance under LRS there shall be no TCS. Beyond this Rs 7 Lakh threshold, TCS shall be

(ba) 0.5% (if remittance for education is financed by education loan);

(bb) 5% (in case of remittance for education/medical treatment);

(bc) 20% for others.

For purchase of overseas tour program package under Clause (ii) of Sub-section (1G), the TCS shall continue to apply at the rate of 5% for the first Rs 7 lakhs per individual per annum; the 20% rate will only apply for expenditure above this limit.

(c) Increased TCS rates to apply from 1st October, 2023: The increase in TCS rates; which were to come into effect from 1st July, 2023 shall now come into effect from 1st October, 2023 with the modification as in (ii) above. Till 30th September, 2023, earlier rates (prior to amendment by the Finance Act 2023) shall continue to apply.

Earlier and new TCS rates are summarised as under:

Nature of payment

(1)

Earlier rate before Finance Act, 2023

(2)

New rate wef 1st October 2023

(3)

LRS for education financed by loan Nil upto Rs 7 lakh 0.5% above Rs 7 Lakh Nil upto Rs 7 lakh 0.5% above Rs 7 Lakh
LRS for Medical treatment/ education (other than financed by loan) Nil upto Rs 7lakh 5% above Rs 7 Lakh Nil upto Rs 7 lakh 5% above Rs 7 Lakh
LRS for other purposes Nil upto Rs 7 lakh 5% above Rs 7 Lakh Nil upto Rs 7 lakh 20% above Rs 7 Lakh
Purchase of Overseas tour program package 5% (without threshold) 5% till Rs 7 Lakh, 20% thereafter

Note:

(i) TCS rate in colunm two shall contmue to apply till 30th Septembe1, 2023.

(ii) There shall be no TCS on expenditures under LRS under clause (i) of Sub-section (I G) for the first Rs. 7 lakh, irrespective ofpurpose.

The necessary changes to the Rules (Foreign Exchange Management (Current Account Transactions Rules), 2000) are being issued separately.

Legislative amendment in this regard shall be proposed in due course. Circular and Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) shall be issued to clarify various practical issues in implementing this provision.

*****

(Author can be reached at email address satishagarwal307@yahoo.com or on Mobile No. 9811081957)

Disclaimer : The contents of this article are solely for informational purpose. Neither this article nor the information as contained herein constitutes a contract or will form the basis of a contract. The material contained in this article does not constitute or substitute professional advice that may be required before acting on any matter. While every care has been taken in the preparation of this article to ensure its accuracy at the time of publication. Satish Agarwal assumes no responsibility for any error which despite all precautions may be found herein. We shall not be liable for direct, indirect or consequential damages if any arising out of or in any way connected with the use of this article or the information as contained herein.

Tags:

Author Bio

Join Taxguru’s Network for Latest updates on Income Tax, GST, Company Law, Corporate Laws and other related subjects.

Join us on Whatsapp

taxguru on whatsapp GROUP LINK

Join us on Telegram

taxguru on telegram GROUP LINK

Download our App

  

More Under Fema / RBI

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Search Posts by Date

February 2024
M T W T F S S
 1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
26272829