Follow Us:

Date : 03 Jan 2001

The guidelines for licensing of new banks in the private sector were issued by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on January 22, 1993.  Out of various applications received, RBI had granted licences to 10 banks.  After a review of the experience gained on the functioning of the new banks in the private sector, in consultation with the Government, it has now been decided to revise the licensing guidelines.

The revised guidelines for entry of new banks in private sector are given below. The guidelines are indicative and any other relevant factor or circumstances would be kept in view while considering an application. With the issue of revised guidelines, applications pending with RBI would be treated as lapsed.

2. Guidelines

(i) The initial minimum paid-up capital for a new bank shall be Rs.200 crore. The initial capital will be raised to Rs.300 crore within three years of commencement of business. The overall capital structure of the proposed bank including the authorised capital shall be approved by the RBI.

(ii) The promoters’ contribution shall be a minimum of 40 per cent of the paid-up capital of the bank at any point of time. The initial capital, other than the promoters’ contribution, could be raised through public issue or private placement. In case the promoters’ contribution to the initial capital is in excess of the minimum proportion of 40 per cent, they shall dilute their excess stake  after one  year of the bank’s operations. (In case divestment     after one year is proposed to be spread over a period of time, this would require specific approval of the RBI). Promoters’ contribution of 40% of the initial capital shall be locked in for a period of five years from the date of licensing of the bank.

(iii) While augmenting capital to Rs.300 crore within three years of commencement of business, the promoters will have to bring in additional capital, which would be at least 40 per cent of the fresh capital raised. The remaining portion could be raised through public issue or private placement. The promoters’ contribution of a minimum of 40% of additional capital will also be locked in for a minimum period of 5 years from the date of receipt of capital by the bank.

(iv) NRI participation in the primary equity of a new bank shall be to the maximum extent of 40 per cent.  In the case of a foreign banking company or finance company (including multilateral institutions) as a technical collaborator or a co-promoter, equity participation shall be restricted to 20 per cent within the above ceiling of 40 per cent. In cases of shortfall in foreign equity contributions by NRIs, designated multilateral institutions would be allowed to contribute foreign equity to the extent of the shortfall in NRI contribution to the equity.  The proposed bank shall obtain necessary approval of Foreign Investment Promotion Board of the Government of India and Exchange Control Department of RBI.

(v) The new bank should not be promoted by a large industrial house. However, individual companies, directly or indirectly connected with large industrial houses may be permitted to participate in the equity of a new private sector bank up to a maximum of 10 per cent but will not have controlling interest in the bank.  The 10 per cent  limit would apply to all inter- connected companies belonging to the concerned large industrial houses. In taking a view on   whether the companies, either as promoters or investors, belong to a large industrial house or to a company connected to a large industrial house, the decision of the RBI will be final.

(vi) The proposed bank shall maintain an arms length relationship with business entities in the promoter group and the individual company/ies investing upto 10% of the equity as stipulated above. It shall not extend any credit facilities to the promoters and company/ies investing up to 10 per cent of the equity.The relationship between business entities in the promoter group and the proposed bank shall be of a similar nature as between two independent and unconnected entities. In taking view on whether a company belongs to a particular Promoter Group or not, the decision of RBI shall be final.

(vii) Conversion of NBFCs into private sector banks

An NBFC with a good track record desiring conversion into a bank should satisfy the following criteria :

  • The NBFC should have a minimum net worth of Rs.200 crore in its latest balance sheet which will stand increased to Rs.300 crore within three years from the date of conversion.
  • The NBFC should not have been promoted by a large Industrial House or owned/controlled by public authorities, including Local, State or Central Governments.
  • The NBFC should have acquired a credit rating of not less than AAA rating (or its equivalent) in the previous year.
  • The NBFC should have an impeccable track record in compliance with RBI regulations/directions and in repayment of public deposits and no default should have been reported.

The NBFC desiring conversion into bank should have capital adequacy of not less than 12 per cent and net NPAs of not more than 5 per cent.

  • The NBFC on conversion to a bank will have to comply with Capital Adequacy Ratio and all other requirements such as lending to priority sector, promoters’ contribution, lock-in period for promoters’ stake, dilution of promoters’ stake beyond the minimum, NRI and foreign equity participation, arms length relationship, etc. as applicable to banks.

3. Other Requirements

(i) The bank shall be required to maintain a minimum capital adequacy ratio of 10 per cent on a continuous basis from the commencement of its operations.

(ii) In order to ensure level playing field,

a) the new bank will have to observe priority sector lending target of 40 per cent of net bank credit as applicable to other domestic banks, and

b) the new bank will be required to open 25 per cent of its branches in rural and semi-urban areas to avoid over concentration of their branches in metropolitan areas and cities on the same lines as new private sector banks established under guidelines laid down by RBI in January 1993,

(iii) The promoters, their group companies and the proposed bank shall accept the system of consolidated supervision by the Reserve Bank of India.

(iv) The new bank shall not be allowed to set up a subsidiary or mutual fund for at least three years from the date of commencement of business.

(v) The headquarters of the proposed new bank could be in any location in India as decided by the promoters.

(vi) The new bank shall make full use of modern infrastructural facilities in office equipments, computer, telecommunications  etc. in order to provide cost-effective customer service. It should have a high powered Customer Grievances Cell to handle customer complaints.

(vii) The new bank will be governed by the provisions of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949, Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934, other relevant Statutes and the Directives, Prudential regulations and other Guidelines/Instructions issued by RBI and the regulations of SEBI regarding public issues and other guidelines applicable to listed banking companies.

4. Procedure for Applications

i) In terms of Rule 11 of the Banking Regulation (Companies) Rules, 1949 applications shall be submitted in the prescribed form (Form III).  In addition,  the applications should furnish a project report covering business potential and viability of the proposed bank, the business focus, the product lines, proposed regional or locational spread, level of information technology capability and any other information that they consider relevant.  The project report should give as much concrete details as feasible, based on adequate ground level information and avoid unrealistic or unduly ambitious projections.   Applications should also be supported by detailed information on the background of promoters, their expertise, track record of business and financial worth, details of promoters’ direct and indirect interests in various companies/industries, details of credit/other facilities availed by the promoters/ promoter company(ies)/other Group company(ies) with banks/financial institutions, and details of proposed participation by foreign banks/NRI/OCBs.

ii) Applications for setting up new banks in the private sector, along with other details as mentioned above, should reach the following address before March 31, 2001.

The Chief General Manager-in-Charge,
Department of Banking Operations and Development,
Reserve Bank of India,
World Trade Centre, Centre I,
Cuffe Parade, Colaba,
Mumbai 400 005.

5. Procedure for RBI decisions

i) In view of the increasing emphasis on stringent prudential norms, transparency, disclosure requirements and modern technology, the new banks need to have strength and efficiency to work profitably in a highly competitive environment. As a number of banks are already functioning, licences will be issued on a very selective basis to those who conform to the above  requirements and who are likely to conform to the best international and domestic  standards of customer service and efficiency. Preference will however be given to promoters with expertise of financing priority areas and in setting up banks specialising in the financing of rural and agro based industries.  The number of licences to be issued in the next three years may be restricted to two or three of the best acceptable proposals. This number would also include permission granted to any NBFC for conversion into bank. {If the number of acceptable proposals of the highest standards are more than three, this limit may be relaxed on recommendation of the Advisory Committee (see below).  In that case the period for issuing  new licences may be stretched to four or five years}.

ii) At the first stage, the applications will be screened by RBI to ensure prima facie eligibility of the applicants.  Thereafter,  the applications  will  be referred to a high-level Advisory Committee to be set up by RBI comprising

Dr. I.G. Patel, former Governor of
Reserve Bank of India
Shri C.G. Somiah, former Comptroller and Auditor General of India . Member
Shri Dipankar Basu, former Chairman of State Bank of India   Member

Chief General Manager of the Department of Banking Operations and Development of RBI will be the Secretary of the Advisory Committee.

(iii) The Committee will set up its own procedures for screening the applications. The Committee will reserve the right to call for more information as well as have discussions with any applicant/s and seek clarification on any issue as required by it. The Committee will submit its recommendations to RBI for consideration within three months after the last date of receipt of applications by RBI (i.e. 30 June 2001).  The decision to issue an in-principle approval for setting up of a bank will be taken by RBI. RBI’s decision will be final.

(iv) The validity of the in-principle approval issued by RBI will be   one year from the date of granting  in-principle approval and would thereafter lapse automatically.

(v) After  issue of the in-principle approval for setting up of a bank in the private sector, if any adverse features are noticed subsequently regarding the promoters or the companies/firms  with which the promoters are associated and the group in which they have interest, the Reserve Bank of India may impose additional conditions and if warranted, it may withdraw the in-principle approval.

Alpana Killawala
General Manager

Press Release : 2000-2001/963

Related Press Releases
Aug 11, 2010 RBI releases Discussion Paper on Entry of New Banks in the Private Sector
Jan 22, 1993 Guidelines on Entry of New Private Sector Banks


Join Taxguru’s Network for Latest updates on Income Tax, GST, Company Law, Corporate Laws and other related subjects.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Search Post by Date
July 2024