The Union Minister for Finance and Corporate Affairs Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman made her maiden Budget Speech today and presented the Union Budget 2019-20 before the Parliament. The Thirteen practical Important highlights of Union Budget 2019 are as follows:

1. TDS on payment by Individual/HUF to contractors and professionals

Section 194M levy of Tax Deduction at Source (TDS) at the rate of five per cent. on account of contractual work or professional fees by an individual or a Hindu undivided family which is not subjected to audit shall required to deduct TDS  under section 194C and 194J exceeds fifty lakh rupees in a year. Shall be paid through PAN only and shall not be required to obtain Tax deduction Account Number (TAN). This amendment will take effect from 1st September, 2019. 

2. TDS at the time of purchase of immovable property

Section 194-IA
it is proposed to amend the Explanation to said section and provide that the term “consideration for immovable property” shall include all charges of the nature of club membership fee, car parking fee, electricity and water facility fees, maintenance fee, advance fee or any other charges of similar nature, which are incidental to transfer of the immovable property.

This amendment will take effect from 1st September, 2019. 

3. Mandatory furnishing of return of income by certain persons

it is proposed to amend section 139 of the Act so as to provide that a person shall be mandatorily required to file his return of income, if during the previous year,

(i)he has deposited an amount or aggregate of the amounts exceeding one crore rupees in one or more current account maintained with a banking company or a co-operative bank; or

(ii) has incurred expenditure of an amount or aggregate of the amounts exceeding two lakh rupees for himself or any other person for travel to a foreign country; or

(iii) has incurred expenditure of an amount or aggregate of the amounts exceeding one lakh rupees towards consumption of electricity; or

(iv) fulfils such other prescribed conditions, as may be prescribed.

These amendments will take effect from assessment year 2020-2021. 

4. Inter-changeability of PAN & Aadhaar and mandatory quoting in prescribed transactions

To ensure ease of compliance, it is also proposed to provide for inter-changeability of PAN with the Aadhaar number. Accordingly the provisions of section 139A are proposed to be amended so as to provide that,-

(i) every person who is required to furnish or intimate or quote his PAN under the Act, and who, has not been allotted a PAN but possesses the Aadhaar number, may furnish or intimate or quote his Aadhaar number in lieu of PAN, and such person shall be allotted a PAN in the prescribed manner;

(ii) every person who has been allotted a PAN, and who has linked his Aadhaar number under section 139AA, may furnish or intimate or quote his Aadhaar number in lieu of a PAN.

In order to ensure proper compliance of the provisions relating to quoting and authentication of PAN or Aadhaar, the penalty provision contained in section 272B is proposed to be amended suitably.

These amendments will take effect from 1st September, 2019. 

5. Consequence of not linking PAN with Aadhaar

In order to protect validity of transactions previously carried out through such PAN, it is proposed to amend the said proviso so as to provide that if a person fails to intimate the Aadhaar number, the PAN allotted to such person shall be made inoperative in the prescribed manner.

This amendment will take effect from 1st September, 2019.

6. Widening scope of Statement of Financial Transactions (SFT)

it is proposed to obtain information by widening the scope of furnishing of statement of financial transactions by mandating furnishing of statement by certain prescribed persons other than those who are currently furnishing the same.

It is also proposed to remove the current threshold of rupees fifty thousand on agragate value of transactions during a financial year, for furnishing of information, with a view to ensure pre-filling of information relating to small amount of transactions as well.

Consequently, it is also proposed to amend the penalty provisions contained in section 271FAA so as to ensure correct furnishing of information in the SFT and widen the scope of penalty to cover all the reporting entities under section 285BA .

These amendments will take effect from 1st day of September, 2019. 

7. Prescription of electronic mode of payments

In order to encourage other electronic modes of payment, it is proposed to amend the above section so as to include such other electronic mode as may be prescribed, in addition to the already existing permissible modes of payment in the form of an account payee cheque or an account payee bank draft or the electronic clearing system through a bank account under Section 13A, Section 35AD, Section 40A, Section 43CA, Section 44AD, Section 80JJAA

These amendments will take effect from assessment year 2020-2021. 

In order to encourage other electronic modes of payment, it is proposed to amend the above sections so as to include such other electronic mode as may be prescribed, in addition to the already existing permissible modes of payment/receipt in the form of an account payee cheque or an account payee bank draft or the electronic clearing system through a bank account uder section 269SS, Section 269ST, Section 269T

These amendments will take effect from 1st September, 2019. 

8. TDS on cash withdrawal to discourage cash transactions

194N in the Act to provide for levy of TDS at the rate of two per cent on cash payments in excess of one crore rupees in aggregate made during the year, by a banking company or cooperative bank or post office, to any person from an account maintained by the recipient

This amendment will take effect from 1st September, 2019. 

9. Mandating acceptance of payments through prescribed electronic modes

it is proposed to insert a new section 269SU in the Act so as to provide that every person, carrying on business, shall, provide facility for accepting payment through the prescribed electronic modes, in addition to the facility for other electronic it is further proposed to insert a new section 27IDB to provide that the failure to provide facility for electronic modes of payment prescribed under section 269SU shall attract penalty of a sum of five thousand rupees, for every day during which such failure continues. However, the penalty shall not be imposed if the person proves that there were good and sufficient reasons for such failure modes of payment, if any, being provided by such person, if his total sales, turnover or gross receipts in business exceeds fifty crore rupees during the immediately preceding previous.

It is proposed to make a consequential amendment in the Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007 so as to provide that no bank or system provider shall impose any charge upon anyone, either directly or indirectly, for using the modes of electronic payment prescribed under section 269SU of the Income-tax Act.

This amendment will take effect from 1st November, 2019 

10. Tax incentive for electric vehicles

new section 80EEB in the Act so as to provide for a deduction in respect of interest on loan taken for purchase of an electric vehicle from any financial institution up to one lakh fifty thousand rupees subject to the following conditions:

(i) the loan has been sanctioned by a financial institution including a non-banking financial company during the period beginning on the 1st April, 2019 to 31st March, 2023;

(ii) the assessee does not own any other electric vehicle on the date of sanction of loan. It is also proposed that where a deduction under this section is allowed for any interest, deduction shall not be allowed in respect of such interest under any other provisions of the Act for the same or any other assessment year.

These amendments will take effect from assessment year 2020-2021.

11. Tax incentive for affordable housing

section 80EEA in the Act so as to provide a deduction in respect of interest up to one lakh fifty thousand rupees on loan taken for residential house property from any financial institution subject to the following conditions:

  • loan has been sanctioned by a financial institution during the period beginning on the 1st April, 2019 to 31st March 2020.
  • the stamp duty value of house property does not exceed forty-five lakh rupees;
  • assessee does not own any residential house property on the date of sanction of loan.

It is also proposed that where a deduction under this section is allowed for any interest, deduction shall not be allowed in respect of such interest under any other provisions of the Act for the same or any other assessment year.

These amendments will take effect from assessment year 2020-2021.

12. Rationalisation of penalty provisions relating to under-reported income

Section 270A penalty for under-reporting and misreporting of income shall enhanced the scoop

penalty in a case where the person has under-reported income and furnished his return for the first time under section 148.

These amendments will take effect from assessment year 2020-2021. 

13. Rationalisation of the provisions of section 276CC

The existing provisions of section 276CC of the Act, inter alia, provide that prosecution proceedings for failure to furnish returns of income against a person shall not proceeded against, for failure to furnish the return of income in due time, if the tax payable by such person, not being a company, on the total income determined on regular assessment does not exceed three thousand rupees. The existing provisions do not provide for taking into account tax collected at source and self- assessment tax for the purposes of determining the tax liability.

Since the intent of said provision has always been to take into account pre-paid taxes, while determining the tax payable, it is proposed to amend the said section so as to make the legislative intention clear and to include the self-assessment tax, if any, paid before the expiry of the assessment year, and tax collected at source for the purpose of determining tax liability.

Further, in order to rationalise the existing threshold limit of tax payable under said section, it is further proposed to amend the said section so as to increase the threshold of tax payable from the existing rupees three thousand to rupees to ten thousand.

These amendments will take effect from assessment year 2020-2021.

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