Case Law Details

Case Name : CIT Vs Agnity India Technologies Pvt Ltd. (Delhi High Court)
Appeal Number : ITA 1204/2011
Date of Judgement/Order : 10/07/2013
Related Assessment Year :

It is a common case that Satyam Computer Services Ltd. should not be taken into consideration. The tribunal for valid and good reasons has pointed out that Infosys Technologies Ltd. cannot be taken as a comparable in the present case. This leaves L&T Infotech Ltd. which gives us the figure of 11.11 %, which is less than the figure of 17% margin as declared by the respondent- assessee. This is the finding recorded by the tribunal. The tribunal in the impugned order has also observed that the assessee had furnished details of workables in respect of 23 companies and the mean of the com parables worked out to 10%, as against the margin of 17% shown by the assessee. Details of these companies are mentioned in para 5 of the impugned order.

In view of the aforesaid position, we do not think that any substantial question of law arises for consideration. The appeal is dismissed.

IN THE HIGH COURT OF DELHI AT NEW DELHI

Date of decision: 10th July, 2013

ITA 1204/2011

CIT

Versus

AGNITY INDIA TECHNOLOGIES PVT LTD.

CORAM:

HONORABLE MR. JUSTICE SANJIV KHANNA

HONORABLE MR. JUSTICE SANJEEV SACHDEVA

SANJIV KHANNA, J. (ORAL)

This appeal by the Revenue, which pertains to the assessment year 2006-07, in the case of Agnity India Technologies Pvt. Ltd. raises a short issue. The respondent- assessee is a wholly owned subsidiary of Bay Packets Inc., USA and was/is engaged in the business of development of software for the parent company in the field of telecommunication. The respondent had filed return of income on 30th November, 2006 declaring total income of Rs. 8,31,720/-. As respondent- assessee had undertaken international transactions with “Associated Enterprise”details of which were mentioned in the tax audit report, the matter was referred to Transfer Pricing Officer (TPO) to determine the fair market value of the international transactions. TPO opined that adjustment of Rs.3,73,74,985/- would be justified to bring it in line with arm‟s length value. Addition of the aforesaid amount was suggested in the draft assessment order which was examined by the Dispute Resolution Panel before whom the respondent- assessee had filed objections. Dispute Resolution Panel vide order dated 17th June, 2010 directed the Assessing Officer to re‑compute the arm‟s length value by taking the ratio of operating profit to the total cost at 25.6%. This resulted in an addition of Rs.1,24,01,451/-.

3. Before the TPO, the respondent- assessee was asked to re-work the list of com parables and the same was reduced to 20. TPO also directed inclusion of Infosys Technologies Ltd. in the said list. The TPO in the final analysis has taken the com parables as under:-

“S. No. Name OP/TC (%)
1 Satyam Computer Service Ltd. 30.07
2 L&T Infotech Ltd.. 11.11
3 Infosys Technologies Ltd. 40.08
4. One of the companies which was included by the TPO was Satyam Computer Services Ltd. Dispute Resolution Panel excluded the said company from the com parables for obvious reasons.

5. The tribunal has observed that the assessee was not comparable with Infosys Technologies Ltd., as Infosys Technologies Ltd. was a large and bigger company in the area of development of software and, therefore, the profits earned cannot be a bench marked or equated with the respondent, to determine the results declared by the respondent ­assessee. In paragraph 3.3 the tribunal has referred to the difference between the respondent- assessee and Infosys Technologies Ltd. For the sake of convenience, we are reproducing the same:-

Basic Particular Infosys Technologies Ltd. Agnity India
Risk Profile Operate as full-fledged risk taking entrepreneurs Operate at minimal risks as the 100% services are provided to AEs
Nature of Services Diversified-consulting, application design, development, re-engineering and maintenance system integration, package evaluation and implementation and business process management, etc. (refer page 117 of the paper book) Contract Software Development Services.
Revenue Rs.9, 028 Crores Rs.16.09 Crores
Ownership of branded/proprietary products Develops/owns proprietary products like Finacle, Infosys Actice Desk, Infosys iProwe, Infosys mConnect, Also, the company derives substantial portion of its proprietary products           (including              its            flagship banking product suite „Finacle‟)
Onsite Vs. Offshore -As much as half of the software development services rendered by Infosys are onsite (i.e., services performed at the customer‟s location overseas). And offshore (50.20%) (Refer page 117 of the paper book) than half of its service, income from onsite services. The appellant provides only offshore services (i.e., remotely from India)
Expenditure on
Advertising/ Sales promotion  and
brand building
Rs. 61 Crores Rs.          Nil           (as                the          100%
services are provide to AEs)
Expenditure on Research & Development Rs. 102 crores Rs. Nil
Other 100% offshore (from India)

6. Learned counsel for the Revenue has submitted that the tribunal after recording the aforesaid table has not affirmed or given any finding on the differences. This is partly correct as the tribunal has stated that Infosys Technologies Ltd. should be excluded from the list of com parables for the reason latter was a giant company in the area of development of software and it assumed all risks leading to higher profits, whereas the respondent- assessee was a captive unit of the parent company and assumed only a limited risk. It has also stated that Infosys Technologies Ltd. cannot be compared with the respondent ­assessee as seen from the financial data etc. to the two companies mentioned earlier in the order i.e. the chart. In the grounds of appeal the Revenue has not been able to controvert or deny the data and differences mentioned in the tabulated form. The chart has not been controverted.

7. Learned counsel for the appellant Revenue during the course of hearing, drew our attention to the order passed by the TPO and it is pointed out that based upon the figures and data made available, the TPO had treated a third company as comparable when the wage and sale ratio was between 30% to 60%. By applying this filter, several companies were excluded. This is correct as it is recorded in para 3.1.2 of the order passed by the TPO. TPO, as noted above, however had taken three companies, namely, Satyam Computer Service Ltd., L&T Infotech Ltd. and Infosys Technologies as comparable to work out the mean.

8. It is a common case that Satyam Computer Services Ltd. should not be taken into consideration. The tribunal for valid and good reasons has pointed out that Infosys Technologies Ltd. cannot be taken as a comparable in the present case. This leaves L&T Info tech Ltd. which gives us the figure of 11.11 %, which is less than the figure of 17% margin as declared by the respondent- assessee. This is the finding recorded by the tribunal. The tribunal in the impugned order has also observed that the assessee had furnished details of workables in respect of 23 companies and the mean of the com parables worked out to 10%, as against the margin of 17% shown by the assessee. Details of these companies are mentioned in para 5 of the impugned order.

9. In view of the aforesaid position, we do not think that any substantial question of law arises for consideration. The appeal is dismissed.

SANJIV KHANNA, J.

SANJEEV SACHDEVA, J.

JULY 10, 2013

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