Have you donated money for charity, social or philanthropic purposes, or, have made contributions towards a National Relief Fund? If yes, then you could use these donations to reduce your tax outgo. The Income Tax Act encourages charitable deeds towards the poor and needy, and offers donors tax benefits under Section 80G. Read on to find out more about this section.
Understanding Section 80G
Section 80G offers a tax deduction for donations to certain prescribed funds and charitable institutions. Here are the details of the section.
This section is applicable to all assessees, who make an eligible donation, whether an individual, HUF, NRI or a company.
The extent of deduction is either 50% or 100% of the contribution, depending on the charitable institution donated to.
For certain funds, the aggregate deduction is limited to 10% of the “Adjusted Gross Total Income”. So, in such cases, even if you do make a donation larger than 10% of your Adjusted Gross Total Income, the donation amount eligible for claiming a deduction would be capped at 10% of the Adjusted Gross Total Income.
The ‘adjusted gross total income’ for this purpose is the gross total income (i.e. the sub total of income under various heads) reduced by the following:
Scope of Deduction
Donations with 100% deduction without any qualifying limit:
Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund
2. National Defence Fund set up by Central Government.
3. Prime Minister’s Armenia Earthquake Relief Fund
4. The Africa (Public Contribution – India) Fund
5. National Children’s Fund
6. The National Foundation for Communal Harmony
7. Approved university or educational institution of national eminence
8. The Chief Minister’s Earthquake Relief Fund, Maharashtra
9. Any fund set up by the State Government Of Gujarat for providing reliefs to the victims of earthquake in Gujarat.
10. Fund set up by the State Government for the medical relief to the poor.
11. Donations made to Zila Saksharta Samitis.
12. The National Blood Transfusion Council or a State Blood Transfusion Council.
13. The Army Central Welfare Fund or the Indian Naval Benevolent Fund or The Air Force Central Welfare Fund.
14. National Illness Assistance Fund
15. Chief Minister’s or Lt. Governor’s Relief Fund
16. National Sports Fund
17. National Cultural Fund
18. Central Govt.’s Fund for Technology Development & Application
19. National Trust for Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation & Multiple Disabilities
20. Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister’s Cyclone Relied Fund
Donations with 50% deduction without any qualifying limit.
1. Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund
2. Prime Minister’s Drought Relief Fund
3. National Children’s Fund
4. Indira Gandhi Memorial Trust
5. The Rajiv Gandhi Foundation
Donations to the following are eligible for 100% deduction subject to 10% of adjusted gross total income
Donations to the Government or a local authority for the purpose of promoting family planning.
2. Sums paid by a company to Indian Olympic Association.
3. Swachh Bharat Kosh ( From A.y 2015-16)
4. Clean ganga Fund ( From A.y 2015-16)
5. National Fund For control of drug abuse (From A.y 2016-17)
Donations to the following are eligible for 50% deduction subject to 10% of adjusted gross total income
1. Donation to the Government or any local authority to be utilized by them for any charitable purposes other than the purpose of promoting family planning.
2. Any Authority referred to in section 10(20A) for the purpose of dealing with and satisfying the need for housing accommodation or for the purpose of planning/development of town and village.
3. Any Corporation specified in section 10(26BB) for promoting interest of minority community
4. Any notified temple, mosque, gurudwara church or other place (for renovation or repair)
The Donation Receipt
In order to claim deduction, it is mandatory for the donor to furnish a proof of payment towards the eligible fund or institution. A stamped receipt is issued by the recipient trust in this regard, which must be attached by the assessee along with the income tax returns.
The receipt must include the following details.
Tax benefits cannot be claimed without the above mentioned details and document.
Donations deducted from Salary
Where employees have contributed towards eligible charitable causes from their salaries and the donation receipt is on the employer’s name, a deduction under section 80G could still be claimed. In such cases, the employer would need to issue a certificate mentioning that the contribution was made from the employee’s salary account.
There are many trusts in India engaged in charitable activities. In order to ensure that only contributions to genuine trusts entail a tax benefit, the government has brought in registration of trusts. Thus, before you donate, check to see, if the trust you are donating to is registered and has the tax exemption certificate, which is popularly known as the 80G certificate.
Source: InvestmentYogi is one of the leading personal finance websites in India
(Republished With Amendments)