Presentation of details of 4th Tranche announced by Union Finance & Corporate Affairs Minister Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman under Aatmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan to support Indian economy in fight against COVID-19

Policy Reforms to fast-track Investment Effort towards Atmanirbhar Bharat

  • Fast track Investment Clearance through Empowered Group of Secretaries (EGoS).
  • Project Development Cell in each Ministry to prepare investible projects, coordinate with investors and Central/State Governments
  • Ranking of States on Investment Attractiveness to compete for new investments
  • Incentive schemes for Promotion of New Champion Sectors will be launched in sectors such as Solar PV manufacturing; Advanced cell battery storage; etc.

Atmanirbhar Bharat Part-4 New Horizons of Growth

Upgradation of Industrial Infrastructure

  • Scheme will be implemented in States through Challenge mode for Industrial Cluster Upgradation of common infrastructure facilities and connectivity.
  • Availability of Industrial Land/ Land Bank for promoting new investments and making information available on Industrial Information System (IIS) with GIS mapping.
    • 3376 industrial parks/estates/SEZs in 5 lakh hectares mapped on Industrial Information System (IIS)
    • All industrial parks will be ranked in 2020-21

New Horizons of Growth

Policy Reforms – Introduction of Commercial Mining in Coal Sector

Need to reduce import of substitutable coal and increase Self-reliance in coal production.

Government will introduce competition, transparency and private sector participation in the Coal Sector through :

  • Revenue sharing mechanism instead of regime of fixed Rupee/tonne
    • Earlier, only captive consumers with end-use ownership could bid.
    • Now, any party can bid for a coal block and sell in the open market.
  • Entry norms will be liberalized
    • Nearly 50 blocks to be offered immediately.
    • No eligibility conditions, only upfront payment with a ceiling.

Policy Reforms – Introduction of Commercial Mining in Coal Sector

  • Exploration-cum-production regime for partially explored blocks
    • Against earlier provision of auction of fully explored coal blocks, now even partially explored blocks to be auctioned.
    • Will allow private sector participation in exploration.
  • Production earlier than scheduled will be incentivized through rebate in revenue-share

Policy Reforms – Diversified Opportunities in Coal Sector – Investment of Rs 50,000 crores.

  • Coal Gasification / Liquefication will be incentivised through rebate in revenue share.
    • Will result in significantly lower environment impact
    • Will assist India in switching to a gas-based economy
  • Infrastructure development of Rs. 50,000 crores
    • For evacuation of enhanced CIL’s target of 1 billion tons coal production by 2023-24 plus coal production from private blocks.
    • Includes Rs 18,000 cr worth of investment in mechanized transfer of coal (conveyor belts) from mines to railway sidings.
    • This measure will also help reduce environmental impact

Policy Reforms –Liberalised Regime in Coal Sector

  • Coal Bed Methane (CBM) extraction rights to be auctioned from Coal India Limited’s (CIL) coal mines.
  • Ease of doing business measures, such as Mining Plan simplification, will be taken.
    • Mining Plan has been shortened, made amenable for loading online.
    • To allow for automatic 40% increase in annual production.
  • Concessions in commercial terms given to CIL’s consumers (relief worth Rs 5000 cr offered)
    • Reserve price in auctions for non-power consumers reduced, credit terms eased, and lifting period enhanced.

Enhancing Private Investments in the Mineral Sector

Structural reforms to boost growth, employment and bring state-of-the-art technology especially in exploration through:

  • Introduction of a seamless composite exploration-cum-mining-cum-production regime.
  • 500 mining blocks would be offered through an open and transparent auction process
  • Introduce Joint Auction of Bauxite and Coal mineral blocks to enhance Aluminum Industry’s competitiveness. Will help aluminium industry reduce electricity costs.

Policy Reforms – Mineral Sector

  • Remove distinction between captive and noncaptive mines to allow transfer of mining leases and sale of surplus unused minerals, leading to better efficiency in mining and production.
  • Ministry of Mines is in the process of developing Mineral Index for different minerals
  • Rationalisation of stamp duty payable at the time of award of mining leases.

Enhancing Self Reliance in Defence Production

  • Make in India’ for Self-Reliance in Defence Production:
    • Notify a list of weapons/platforms for ban on import with year wise timelines;
    • Indigenisation of imported spares;
    • Separate budget provisioning for domestic capital procurement.
    • Will help reduce huge Defence import bill.
  • Improve autonomy, accountability and efficiency in Ordnance Supplies by Corporatisation of Ordnance Factory Board.

Policy Reforms – Defence Production

  • FDI limit in the defence manufacturing under automatic route will be raised from 49% to 74%
  • Time-bound defence procurement process and faster decision making will be ushered in by :
    • Setting up of a Project Management Unit (PMU) to support contract management;
    • Realistic setting of General Staff Qualitative Requirements (GSQRs) of weapons/platforms;
    • Overhauling Trial and Testing procedures

Reduction in Flying cost Rs. 1000 crores – Efficient Airspace Management for Civil Aviation

  • Only 60% of the Indian airspace freely available.
  • Restrictions on utilisation of the Indian Air Space will be eased so that civilian flying becomes more efficient.
  • Will bring a total benefit of about Rs 1000 crores per year for the aviation sector.
  • Optimal utilization of airspace; reduction in fuel use, time.
  • Positive environmental impact.

More World-class Airports through PPP

  • AAI has awarded 3 airports out of 6 bid for Operation and Maintenance on Public-Private Partnership (PPP) basis.
  • Annual Revenue of 6 airports in 1st round – Rs 1000 crores (against current profit of Rs 540 crores per year). AAI will also get a down payment of Rs 2300 crores.
  • 6 more airports identified for 2nd round. Bid process to commence immediately.
  • Additional Investment by private players in 12 airports in 1st and 2nd rounds expected around Rs. 13,000 crores.
  • Another 6 airports will be put out for the third round of bidding.

India to become a global hub for Aircraft Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul (MRO)

  • Tax regime for MRO ecosystem has been rationalized.
  • Aircraft component repairs and airframe maintenance to increase from Rs 800 crores to Rs 2000 crores in three years.
  • Major engine manufacturers in the world would set up engine repair facilities in India in the coming year.
  • Convergence between defence sector and the civil MROs will be established to create economies of scale.
  • Maintenance cost for airlines will come down

Tariff Policy Reform

A Tariff Policy laying out the following reforms will be released:

A. Consumer Rights

  • DISCOM inefficiencies not to burden consumers
  • Standards of Service and associated penalties for DISCOMs
  • DISCOMs to ensure adequate power; load-shedding to be penalized

B. Promote Industry

  • Progressive reduction in cross subsidies
  • Time bound grant of open access
  • Generation and transmission project developers to be selected competitively

C. Sustainability of Sector

  • No Regulatory Assets
  • Timely payment of Gencos
  • DBT for subsidy; Smart prepaid meters

Privatization of Distribution in UTs

  • Sub-optimal performance of power distribution & supply
  • Power Departments / Utilities in Union Territories will be privatised.
  • Will lead to better service to consumers and improvement in operational and financial efficiency in Distribution
  • Provide a model for emulation by other Utilities across the country

Boosting private sector investment in Social Infrastructure through revamped Viability Gap Funding Scheme – Rs 8100 crores

  • Social Infrastructure Projects suffer from poor viability.
  • Government will enhance the quantum of Viability Gap Funding upto 30% each of Total Project Cost as VGF by Centre and State/Statutory Bodies.
  • For other sectors, VGF existing support of 20 % each from GoI and States/Statutory Bodies shall continue
  • Total outlay is Rs. 8100 crores
  • Projects to be proposed by Central Ministries/ State Government/ Statutory entities.

Boosting private participation in Space activities

  • Indian private sector will be a co-traveller in India’s space sector journey.
    • Will provide level playing field for private companies in satellites, launches and space-based services.
    • Will provide predictable policy and regulatory environment to private players.
    • Private sector will be allowed to use ISRO facilities and other relevant assets to improve their capacities.
    • Future projects for planetary exploration, outer space travel etc to be open for private sector.
    • Liberal geo-spatial data policy for providing remote-sensing data to tech-entrepreneurs.

Atomic Energy related Reforms

  • Establish research reactor in PPP mode for  production of medical isotopes – promote welfare of humanity through affordable treatment for cancer and other diseases.
  • Establish facilities in PPP mode to use irradiation technology for food preservation – to compliment agricultural reforms and assist farmers.
  • Link India’s robust start-up ecosystem to nuclear sector – Technology Development cum Incubation Centres will be set up for fostering synergy between research facilities and tech-entrepreneurs.

Also Read-

Atma Nirbhar Bharat: Part-1: Businesses including MSMEs Text of Press Release by FM on 13th May 2020
Atma Nirbhar Bharat: Part-2: Poor, including migrants and farmers Text of Press Release by FM on 14th May 2020
Atma Nirbhar Bharat: Part-3 – Agriculture Text of Press Release by FM on 15th May 2020
Atmanirbhar Bharat Part-4: New Horizons of Growth Text of Press Release by FM on 16th May 2020

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February 2021