Articles explains about Purpose, Requirement of Registration and No. of members for Applicability of Labour Welfare Fund Act (of respective States), Shops & Commercial Establishment Act (of respective States),The Employee’s Compensation Act, 1923, Trade Unions Act, 1926, Payment of Wages Act, 1936, Weekly Holiday Act, 1942, Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946, Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, Minimum Wages Act, 1948, Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948, Factories Act, 1948, The Plantation labour Act, 1951, The Mines Act, 1952, Employees Provident Fund & Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952, Maternity Benefit Act, 1961, Payment of Bonus Act, 1965, Contract Labour (Regulation & Abolition) Act, 1970, Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, Equal Remuneration Act, 1976, Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976, Inter-State Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment & condition of service) Act, 1979, Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986, Building & Other construction Workers (Regulation of employment & condition of service) Act, 1996 and Sexual Harassment at Work Place (Prohibition, Prevention, Redressal) Act, 2013.

Sr. No. Names Purpose Registration No. of members
1 Labour Welfare Fund Act (of respective States) Carry out various activities conducive to the welfare of labour in the State. As per Respective States Act.
2 Shops & Commercial Establishment Act (of respective States) Contain provisions relating to registration of an establishment, working hours, overtime, leave, privilege leave, notice pay, working conditions for women employees, etc.
3 The Employee’s Compensation Act, 1923 Provide financial protection to workmen and their dependents. By default Exclude ESI registered establishments.
4 Trade Unions Act, 1926 Provide for the registration of Trade Unions in India and the protection of the same. Not Compulsory Min. 7 Employees / workers can form Trade Union.
5 Payment of Wages Act, 1936 Regulate the payment of wages to certain classes of employed persons. By default
6 Weekly Holiday Act, 1942 Grant of weekly holidays to persons employed in shops, restaurants and theatres. By default
7 Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946 Bring uniform terms and conditions of service in various industrial establishments. Compulsory > 100.
8 Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 Resolve any differences of opinion between Employer & Workmen or Workmen & Workmen. By default
9 Minimum Wages Act, 1948 Provides for fixing of minimum rates of wages in certain employments. By default
10 Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948 Providing certain benefits to employees & their dependents in case of sickness, maternity and employment injury. Compulsory > 10 & withdrawing remuneration of < Rs.10,000.
11 Factories Act, 1948 Health, safety, welfare and service conditions of workmen working in factories. Compulsory > 10 working with aid of Power or > 20 working without aid of Power.
12 The Plantation labour Act, 1951 Provide for the welfare of labour and to regulate the conditions of workers in plantations. By default
13 The Mines Act, 1952 Secure safety and health and welfare of workers working in the mines. By default > 18 Years of Age.
14 Employees Provident Fund & Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 Institution of provident funds, pension funds, and deposit-linked insurance funds. Compulsory > 20 & drawing remuneration of > Rs.15,000. Even if no. of employees fall below 20 still Act will be applicable once registered.
15 Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 Employment of women in certain establishments for a certain period before and after childbirth and provides for maternity benefits and certain other benefits including maternity leave, wages, bonus, nursing breaks, etc. By default > 10 employees (irrespective of Gender) & not apply to establishments covered under ESI for maternity benefits.
16 Payment of Bonus Act, 1965 Payment of bonus to persons employed in certain establishments in India either on the basis of profits or on the basis of production or productivity. Compulsory > 20 & withdrawing remuneration of < Rs.10,000 & worked for 30d in a month.
17 Contract Labour (Regulation & Abolition) Act, 1970 Prohibit the employment of contract labour; and regulate the working conditions of the contract labour. Compulsory > 20 Contract Labours.
18 Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 Payment of “gratuity”, a reward for long service, as a statutory retiral benefit. Compulsory > 10 & Employees who complete service of 5 years or more.
19 Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 Payment of equal remuneration to men and women workers for the same work and prevents discrimination. By default
20 Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976 Abolition of the bonded labour system with a view to prevent the economic and physical exploitation of the weaker sections. By default
21 Inter-State Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment & condition of service) Act, 1979 Provide for the conditions of service and for matters connected therewith. Compulsory > 5 Inter State Migrant Employees / Workmen.
22 Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986 Secure labour protection to children. By default
23 Building & Other construction Workers (Regulation of employment & condition of service) Act, 1996 Regulate matters related to their safety, health & welfare & any other matters incidental thereto. By default
24 Sexual Harassment at Work Place (Prohibition, Prevention, Redressal) Act, 2013 Compulsory > 10.

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6 Comments

  1. Vaibhavi says:

    is Maharashtra welfare fund required to be paid for each company even though it is trading company and all professionally qualified employees are employed

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