(Railway Board)


New Delhi, the 22nd September, 2021

Engineering Services Examination Rules, 2022

No. 2021/E(GR)I/18/1.—The Rules for a Combined Competitive Engineering Services Examination to be held by the Union Public Service Commission in 2022 for the purpose of filling vacancies in the following Services/Posts are, with the concurrence of the Ministries/Departments concerned, published for general information.


Group-A Services/Posts

(i) Central Engineering Service

(ii) Central Engineering Service (Roads), Group-A (Civil Engineering Posts).

(iii) Survey of India Group ‘A‘ Service.

(iv) *AEE(Civil) in Border Roads Engineering Service.

(v) Indian Defence Service of Engineers.

(vi) AEE(QS&C) in MES Surveyor Cadre.

(vii) Central Water Engineering (Group ‘A‘) Service.

(viii) Indian Skill Development Service.


Group-A/B Services/Posts

(i) AEE in GSI Engineering Service Gr ‘A‘.

(ii) Indian Defence Service of Engineers.

(iii) Indian Naval Armament Service (Mechanical Engineering Posts).

(iv) Indian Naval Material Management Service (Mechanical Engineering Posts)

(v) Central Water Engineering (Group ‘A‘) Service.

(vi) Indian Skill Development Service.

(vii) Defence Aeronautical Quality Assurance Service/SSO-II (Mechanical).

(viii) Central Electrical and Mechanical Engineering Service(Mechanical Engg.)

(ix) Central Power Engineering Service Gr ‘A‘ (Mechanical Engineering Posts).

(x) *AEE (Electrical and Mechanical) in Border Roads Engineering Service (Mechanical Engineering Posts)


Group-A/B Services/Posts

(i) Central Electrical & Mechanical Engineering Service (Electrical Engineering Posts).

(ii) Indian Defence Service of Engineers.

(iii) Indian Naval Material Management Service (Electrical Engineering Posts)

(iv) Central Power Engineering Service Gr ‘A‘ (Electrical Engineering Posts).

(v) Indian Naval Armament Service (Electrical Engineering Posts)

(vi) Defence Aeronautical Quality Assurance Service/SSO-II (Electrical).

(vii) Indian Skill Development Service.


Group-A/B Services/Posts

(i) Indian Radio Regulatory Service Gr ‘A‘.

(ii) Indian Telecommunication Service Gr ‘A‘.

(iii) Indian Naval Armament Service (Electronics and Telecom Engineering Posts).

(iv) Indian Naval Material Management Service (Electronics and Telecom Engineering Posts)

(v) Junior Telecom Officer Gr ‘B‘.

(vi) Defence Aeronautical Quality Assurance Service/SSO-II (Electronics & Tele).

(vii) Central Power Engineering Service Gr ‘A‘ (Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering Posts).

(viii) Indian Skill Development Service.

All candidates (male/female/transgender) are requested to carefully read these Rules and the examination notice of the UPSC derived from these Rules.

*The eligibility of transgender for AEE (Civil) and AEE [(Electrical and Mechanical) (Mechanical Engg Posts)] in Border Road Engineering Service shall be as per the decision taken by the Government in due course.

The examination will be conducted by the Union Public Service Commission in the manner prescribed in Appendix-I to these Rules.

The dates on which and the places at which the examination will be held shall be fixed and notified by the Commission.

2. A candidate may compete in respect of any one of the categories of Services/Posts viz., Civil Engineering or Mechanical Engineering or Electrical Engineering or Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering. A candidate who qualifies on the result of the written part of the examination will be required to indicate clearly in the detailed application form the Services/Posts for which he/ she wishes to be considered in the order of preference. The candidate is advised to indicate as many preferences as he/ she wishes to so that having regard to his/her rank in order of merit due consideration can be given to his/her preferences when making appointment.

Alongwith the on-line Detailed Application Form (DAF) scanned documents in support of date of birth, category (viz., SC/ST/OBC { OBC Annexure (for OBC category only)} and EWS {EWS Annexure (for EWS category only)} and other requisite documents are required to be mandatorily submitted. Any delay in submission of the DAF or documents in support beyond the prescribed date will not be allowed and will lead to cancellation of the candidature for the ESE-2022. The DAF and/or supporting documents sent through any mode other than the on-line mode, as may be made available by the UPSC on its website, will not be accepted.

N.B. (i) Candidates are advised to indicate all the Services/ Posts for which they are eligible in terms of the Rules in the order of preference in their detailed application form. In case a candidate does not give any preference for any Service/Post or does not include certain Services/Posts in his/her application form, it will be assumed that he/ she has no specific preference for those Services/Posts and in that event he/she shall be allocated to any of the remaining Services/Posts in the order as appearing in the notification and in which there are vacancies after allocation of candidates according to the Services/ Posts of their preference.

(ii) No request for addition/alteration in the preferences indicated by a candidate in his/her detailed application form will be entertained by the Commission.

(iii) Departmental candidates are the candidates admitted to the examination under age relaxation [Vide Rule 5(b)]. Such candidates may give their preferences for the Services/Posts in other Ministries/Departments also.

(iv) Candidates admitted to the examination under the proviso to Rule 6 will be considered only for the posts mentioned in the said proviso and their preference for the Services and Posts, if any, will be ignored.

(v) The candidates will be allotted to various Services/ Posts strictly in accordance with their merit position, preferences exercised by them and number of vacancies, subject to their medical fitness.

3. The tentative number of vacancies to be filled through the examination will be specified in the Examination Notice issued by the Commission.

Reservation will be made for candidates belonging to the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes, the Other Backward Classes, Economically Weaker Section (EWS) as well as candidates belonging to Persons with Benchmark Disability categories in respect of vacancies as may be fixed by the Government.

4. A candidate must be either :—

(a) a citizen of India, or

(b) a subject of Nepal, or

(c) a subject of Bhutan, or

(d) a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before the 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, or

(e) a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, the East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire and Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India :

Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) above shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India; and that a candidate in whose case a certificate of eligibility is necessary, may be admitted to the examination but the offer of appointment shall be given only after the necessary eligibility certificate has been issued to him/her by the Government of India.

5. (a) A candidate for this examination must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 30 years on the 1st January, 2022 i.e., he/she must have been born not earlier than 2nd January, 1992 and not later than 1st January, 2001.

(b) The upper age-limit of 30 years will be relaxable upto 35 years in the case of Government servants of the following categories, if they are employed in a Department/ Office under the control of any of the authorities mentioned in column 1 below and apply for admission to the examination for all or any of the Service(s)/Post(s) mentioned in column 2, for which they are otherwise eligible.

(i) A candidate who holds substantively a permanent post in the particular Department/Office concerned. This relaxation will not be admissible to a probationer appointed against a permanent post in the Department/Office during the period of his probation. However, this relaxation will be admissible to a probationer so appointed provided he/she already retains a lien on a permanent post in a Department/Office under the control of any of the authorities mentioned in column 1 below.

(ii) A candidate who has been continuously in a temporary service on a regular basis in the particular Department/Office for at least 3 years on the 1st January, 2022.

Column 1 Column 2
Central Public Works Department C.E.S. Group ‘A‘, CE&MES Gr ‘A‘
Ministry of Road Transport and Highways Central Engineering Service (Roads) Gr. ‘A‘
Ministry of Communication, Deptt. of Telecommunication Indian Radio Regulatory Service Group ‘A‘
Indian Telecommunication Service Group ‘A‘,
J.T.O. (G.C.S. Gr. ‘B‘)
Min of Defence, Deptt. of Defence Production, Directorate General of Aeronautical Quality Assurance Defence Aeronautical Quality Assurance Service(DAQAS) Gr ‘A‘
Min of Science and Technology, Deptt. of Science and Technology Survey of India Gr ‘A‘ Service
Geological Survey of India Assistant Executive Engineer Gr ‘A‘
Border Roads Organisation BRES Gr. ‘A‘
Indian Navy Indian Naval Armament Service, Indian Naval Material Management Service
Military Engineer Services Indian Defence Service of Engineers (lDSE) Group ‘A‘ AEE(QS&C) in Military Engineer Service (MES) Surveyor Cadre
Min of Jal Shakti, Department of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation, Central Water Commission Central Water Engineering Group-A Service.
Central Electricity Authority CPES Gr ‘A‘ & CPES Gr ‘B‘.
Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship Indian Skill Development Service

(c) The upper age-limit prescribed above will be further relaxable :

(i) Up to maximum of five years if a candidate belongs to a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe.

(ii) Up to maximum of three years in the case of candidates belonging to Other Backward Classes who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidates.

(iii) Up to maximum of three years, in the case of Defence Services personnel, disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area, and released as a consequence thereof.

(iv) Up to maximum of five years in the case of Ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and Emergency Commissioned Officers (ECOs) / Short Service Commissioned Officers (SSCOs), who have rendered at least five years Military Service as on 1st January, 2022 and have been released (i) on completion of assignment (including those whose assignment is due) completed within one year from 1st January, 2022 otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency, or (ii) on account of physical disability attributable to Military Service, or (iii) on invalidment.

(v) Up to maximum of five years in the case of ECOs/ SSCOs who have completed an initial period of assignment of five years of Military Service as on 1st January, 2022 and whose assignment has been extended beyond five years and in whose case the Ministry of Defence issues a certificate that they can apply for civil employment and they will be released on three months notice on selection from the date of receipt of offer of appointment.

(vi) Up to a maximum of 10 years in the case of candidates belonging to Persons with Benchmark Disability viz. Low vision, deaf and Hard of Hearing, Locomotor Disability including Leprosy cured, Dwarfism, Acid Attack victims and Muscular Dystrophy.

Note I : Candidates belonging to either the Scheduled Castes or the Scheduled Tribes or the Other Backward Classes category who are also covered under any other clauses of Rule (5)( c) above, viz. those coming under the category of Ex-servicemen or PwBD will be eligible for grant of cumulative relaxation under both the categories.

Note II : The term ex-servicemen will apply to the persons who are defined as Ex-servicemen in the Ex-servicemen (Re-employment in Civil Services and Posts) Rules, 1979, as amended from time to time.

Note III : The age concession under Rule 5(c) (iv) and (v) will be admissible to Ex-Servicemen i.e. a person who has served in any rank whether as combatant or non-combatant in the Regular Army, Navy and Air Force of the Indian Union and who either has been retired or relieved or discharged from such service whether at his own request or being relieved by the employer after earning his or her pension.

Note IV : The details of Functional Classification (FC) and Physical Requirements (PR) of each service are indicated in Annexure-I of these Rules which are identified and prescribed by the respective Cadre Controlling Authorities (CCAs) as per the provisions of Section 33 and 34 of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016. Only those category (ies) of disability (ies) mentioned in Annexure-I shall apply for the examination under Persons with Benchmark Disability (PwBD) Category. Therefore, the candidates belonging to the Persons with Benchmark Disability categories are advised to read it carefully before applying for the examination.

Note V : Notwithstanding the provision of age relaxation under Rule 5(c) (vi) above, a candidate with Benchmark Disability will be considered to be eligible for appointment only if he/she (after such physical examination as the Government or appointing authority, as the case may be, may prescribe) is found to satisfy the requirements of physical and medical standards for the concerned Service/ Posts to be allocated to the Persons with Benchmark Disability candidate by the Government.

Note VI : A candidate will be eligible to get the benefit of community reservation only in case the particular caste to which the candidates belong is included in the list of reserved communities issued by the Central Government. The candidates will be eligible to get the benefit of the Economically Weaker Section (EWS) reservation only in case the candidate meets the criteria issued by the Central Government and in possession of such eligibility certification. If a candidate indicates in his/her application form for Engineering Services Examination, that he/she belongs to General category but subsequently writes to the Commission to change his/her category to a reserved one, such request shall not be entertained by the Commission. Further, once a candidate has chosen a reserved category, no request shall be entertained for change to other reserved category viz. SC to ST, ST to SC, OBC to SC/ST or SC/ST to OBC, SC to EWS, EWS to SC, ST to EWS, EWS to ST, OBC to EWS, EWS to OBC. No reserved category candidates other than those recommended on General Merit shall be allowed to change his/her category from Reserved to Unreserved or claim the vacancies (Services/Cadre) for UR category after the declaration of final result by UPSC.

Further no Persons with Benchmark Disabilities (PwBD) candidate of any subcategory thereunder shall be allowed to change his/her sub-category of disability.

Candidates seeking reservation/relaxation benefits available for SC/ST/OBC/EWS/PwBD/Ex-Servicemen must ensure that they are entitled to such reservation/relaxation as per eligibility prescribed in the Rules/Notice. They should be in possession of all the requisite certificates in the prescribed format in support of their claim as stipulated in the Rules/Notice for such benefits, and these certificates should be dated earlier than the due date (closing date of the application). (Prescribed Format of Disability Certificate should be submitted by Persons with Benchmark Disability candidates as per Form V to Form VII (as applicable) of Min of Social Justice and Empowerment Notification dated 15th June, 2017 as at Annexure-III).

A candidate of ESE-2022 will be eligible to get the benefit of the Economically Weaker Section reservation only in case the candidate meets the criteria issued by the Central Government and is in possession of requisite Income & Asset Certificate based on the income for Financial Year (FY) 2020-2021.

While the above principle will be followed in general, there may be a few cases where there was a gap not more than 3 months between the issuance of a Government Notifications enlisting a particular community in the list of any of the reserved communities and the date of submission of the application by the candidate. In such cases the request of change of community from General to Reserved may be considered by the Commission on merit. In case of a candidate unfortunately becoming person with benchmark disability during the course of examination, the candidate should produce valid documents showing him/her acquiring a disability to the extent of 40% or more (only under Low vision, Locomotor Disability including Leprosy cured, Dwarfism, Acid Attack victims & Muscular Dystrophy and Hard of Hearing) as defined under the RPwD Act, 2016 to enable him/her to get the benefits of reservation earmarked for PwBD provided he/she otherwise remains eligible for the Engineering Services Examination as per Rule 19.

N.B.—The candidature of a person who is admitted to the examination under the age concession mentioned in Rule 5(b) above shall be cancelled if, after submitting his application he resigns from service or his services are terminated by his department/office either before or after taking the examination. He will, however, continue to be eligible if he is retrenched from the service or post after submitting his application.

A candidate who after submitting his application to the department is transferred to other department/office will be eligible to compete under departmental age concession provided his application has been forwarded by his parent department.


The date of birth accepted by the Commission is that entered in the Matriculation or Secondary School Leaving Certificate or in a certificate recognised by the Indian University as equivalent to Matriculation or in an extract from a Register or Matriculates maintained by a University and that extract must be certified by the proper authority of the University or in the Higher Secondary or an equivalent examination certificate.

No other document relating to age like horoscope affidavits, birth extracts from Municipal Corporation Service records and the like will be accepted.

The expression Matriculation/Higher Secondary Examination Certificate in this part of the instruction include the alternative certificates mentioned above.

Note 1 : Candidates should note that only the date of birth as recorded in the Matriculation/Secondary Examination Certificate or an equivalent certificate on the date of submission of application will be accepted by the Commission and no subsequent request for its change will be considered or granted.

Note 2 : Candidate should also note that once a date of birth has been submitted by them in the application form and entered in the records of the Commission for the purpose of admission to an Examination, no change will be allowed subsequently or at any other Examination of the Commission on any ground whatsoever.

6. A candidate must have—

(a) obtained a Degree in Engineering from a University incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other Educational Institutes established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as University under Section 3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956; or

(b) passed Sections A and B of the Institution Examinations of the Institution of Engineers (India); or

(c) obtained a Degree/Diploma in Engineering, from such foreign University/College/ Institution and under such conditions as may be recognised by the Government for the purpose from time to time; or

(d) passed Graduate Membership Examination of the Institution of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers (India); or

(e) passed Associate Membership Examination Parts II and III/Sections A and B of the Aeronautical Society of India; or

(f) passed Graduate Membership Examination of the Institution of Electronics and Radio Engineers, London held after November, 1959 :

Provided that a candidate for the posts of Indian Naval Armament Service (Electronics Engg. Posts) and Indian Radio Regulatory Service Group. ‘A‘ may possess any of the above qualifications or the qualification mentioned below namely :

For Indian Naval Armament Service (Electronics Engg. Posts) – M.Sc. degree or its equivalent with Wireless Communication Electronics, Radio Physics or Radio Engineering as a special subject.

For Indian Radio Regulatory Service Group ‘A‘ – M.Sc. degree or its equivalent with Wireless Communication, Electronics, Radio Physics or Radio Engineering as a subject or Master‘s Degree in Science with Physics and Radio Communication or Electronics or Telecommunication as a special subject.

Note 1 : Eligibility of the candidates of the Institutions concerned will be subject to the decision of the Government in pursuance of the judgement of the Hon‘ble Supreme Court of India in the MA 2367/2018 in the Civil Appeal No. 17922/2017 dated 13.08.2019.

Note 2 : A candidate who has appeared at an examination the passing of which would render him educationally qualified for this examination, but has not been informed of the result, may apply for admission to the examination. A candidate who intends to appear, at such a qualifying examination may also apply. Such candidates will be admitted to the examination, if otherwise eligible, but their admission would be deemed to be provisional and subject to cancellation, if they do not produce proof of having passed the requisite qualifying examination along with the Detailed Application From which will be required to be submitted by the candidates who qualify on the result of the written part of the examination. Such proof of passing the requisite examination should be dated earlier than the due date (closing date) for Detailed Application Form for Engineering Services Examination.

Note 3 : In exceptional cases the Commission may treat a candidate who has not any of the qualifications prescribed in this rule, as educationally qualified provided that he has passed examinations conducted by other institutions the standard of which in the opinion of the Commission justifies his admission to the examination.

Note 4 : A candidate who is otherwise qualified but who has taken a degree from a foreign University which is not recognised by Government, may also apply to the Commission and may be admitted to the examination at the discretion of the Commission.

7. Candidates must pay the fee prescribed in the Commission‘s Notice.

8. All candidates in Government service, whether in permanent or in temporary capacity or as work charged employees, other than casual or daily rated employees or those serving under Public Enterprises will be required to submit an undertaking that they have informed in writing, their Head Office/Department that they have applied for the Examination.

Candidates should note that in case a communication is received from their employer by the Commission withholding permission to the candidates applying for appearing at the examination, their application will be liable to be rejected/candidature will be liable to be cancelled.

9. The decision of the Commission as to the acceptance of the application of a candidate and his eligibility or otherwise for admission to the examination shall be final.

The candidates applying for the examination should ensure that they fulfill all the eligibility conditions for admission to the Examination. Their admission at all the stages of examination for which they are admitted by the Commission viz. Written Examination and Personality Test will be purely provisional, subject to their satisfying the prescribed eligibility conditions. If on verification at any time before or after the Written Examination or Personality Test it is found that they do not fulfill any of the eligibility conditions, their candidature for the examination will be cancelled by the Commission.

10. No candidate shall be admitted to the examination unless he holds a certificate of admission from the Commission.

11. (1) A Candidate who is or has been declared by the Commission to be guilty of :—

(a) Obtaining support for candidature by the following means, namely:-

(i) offering illegal gratification to; or

(ii) applying pressure on; or

(iii) blackmailing, or threatening to blackmail any person connected with the conduct of the examination; or

(b) impersonation; or

(c) procuring impersonation by any person; or

(d) submitting fabricated/incorrect documents or documents which have been tampered with; or

(e) uploading irrelevant or incorrect photo/signature in the application form in place of actual photo/signature; or

(f) making statements which are incorrect or false or suppressing material information; or

(g) resorting to the following means in connection with the candidature for the examination, namely :-

(i) obtaining copy of question paper through improper means; or

(ii) finding out the particulars of the persons connected with secret work relating to the examination; or

(iii) influencing the examiners; or

(h) being in possession of or using unfair means during the examination; or

(i) writing obscene matter or drawing obscene sketches or irrelevant matter in the scripts; or

(j) misbehaving in the examination hall including tearing of the scripts, provoking fellow examinees to boycott examination, creating a disorderly scene and the like; or

(k) harassing, threatening or doing bodily harm to the staff employed by the Commission for the conduct of the examination; or

(l) being in possession of or using any mobile phone, (even in switched-off mode), pager or any electronic equipment or programmable device or storage media like pen drive, smart watches etc. or camera or bluetooth devices or any other equipment or related accessories (either in working or switched-off mode) capable of being used as a communication device during the examination; or

(m) violating any of the instructions issued to candidates along with their admission certificates permitting them to take the examination; or

(n) attempting to commit or, as the case may be, abetting the commission of all or any of the acts specified in the foregoing clauses;

in addition to being liable to criminal prosecution, shall be disqualified by the Commission from the Examination held under these Rules; and/or shall be liable to be debarred either permanently or for a specified period :-

(i) by the Commission, from any examination or selection held by them;

(ii) by the Central Government from any employment under them;

and shall be liable to face disciplinary action under the appropriate rules if already in service under Government;

Provided that no penalty under this rule shall be imposed except after :-

(i) giving the candidate an opportunity of making such representation in writing as the candidate may wish to make in that behalf; and

(ii) taking the representation, if any, submitted by the candidate within the period allowed for this purpose, into consideration.

(2) Any person who is found by the Commission to be guilty of colluding with a candidate(s) in committing or abetting the commission of any of the misdeeds listed at the clauses (a) to (m) above will be liable to action in terms of the clause (n) above.

12. Engineering Services Examination (ESE) will be in three stages viz. Stage-I: Engineering Services (Preliminary/Stage-I) Examination (Two objective type papers), Stage-II: Engineering Service (Main/Stage-II) Examination (Two Conventional Type Papers) and Stage-III: Personality Test. Details of the Scheme of ESE are given under Appendix-I.

The Commission will have the discretion to fix Minimum Qualifying Marks for each Paper of Stage-I and Stage-II. Only those candidates qualifying at Stage-I will be permitted to appear for Stage-II of the Examination. Similarly only those candidates qualifying at Stage-I and Stage-II will be summoned for Stage-III(Personality Test). Final merit will be made on the basis of marks secured by the candidates in Stage-I + Stage-II + Stage-III.

Provided that candidates belonging to the Scheduled Castes or the Scheduled Tribes or the Other Backward Classes or the EWS may be summoned for Stage-III(Personality Test) by the Commission by applying relaxed standards of selection at Stage-I and Stage-II if the Commission are of the opinion that sufficient number of candidates from these communities are not likely to be summoned for Personality Test on the basis of general qualifying standard in order to fill up the vacancies reserved for them.

13. (i) After Personality Test, the candidates will be arranged by the Commission in the order of merit as disclosed by the aggregate marks finally awarded to each candidate. Thereafter, the Commission shall, for the purpose of recommending candidates against unreserved vacancies, fix a qualifying mark (hereinafter referred to as general qualifying standard) with reference to the number of unreserved vacancies to be filled up on the basis of the examination. For the purpose of recommending reserved category candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes and Economically Weaker Sections against reserved vacancies, the Commission may relax the general qualifying standard with reference to number of reserved vacancies to be filled up in each of these categories on the basis of the examination:

Provided that the candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes and Economically Weaker Sections who have not availed themselves of any of the concessions or relaxations in the eligibility or the selection criteria, at any stage of the examination and who after taking into account the general qualifying standards are found fit for recommendation by the Commission shall not be recommended against the vacancies reserved for the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes, the Other Backward Classes and the EWS, respectively.

(ii) While making service allocation, the candidates belonging to the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes, the Other Backward Classes and the Economically Weaker Sections recommended against unreserved vacancies may be adjusted against reserved vacancies by the Government if by this process they get a service of higher choice in the order of their preference.

(iii) The Commission may further lower the qualifying standards to take care of any shortfall of candidates for appointment against unreserved vacancies and any surplus of candidates against reserved vacancies arising out of the provisions of this rule, the Commission may make the recommendation in the manner prescribed in sub-rules (iv) and (v).

(iv) While recommending the candidates, the Commission shall, in the first instance, take into account the total number of vacancies in all categories. This total number of recommended candidates shall be reduced by the number of candidates belonging to the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes, the Other Backward Classes and the Economically Weaker Sections who acquire the merit at or above the fixed general qualifying standard without availing themselves of any concession or relaxation in the eligibility or selection criteria in terms of the proviso to sub-rule (i). Along with this list of recommended candidates, the Commission shall also maintain a consolidated reserve list of candidates which will include candidates from unreserved and reserved categories ranking in order of merit below the last recommended candidate under each category. The reserve list so maintained shall be treated as confidential till the process of recommendation(s) in terms of sub-rule (v) is finally concluded by the Commission. The number of candidates in each of these categories will be equal to the number of reserved category candidates who were included in the first list without availing of any relaxation or concession in eligibility or selection criteria as per proviso to sub-rule (i). Amongst the reserved categories, the number of candidates from each of the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes, the Other Backward Classes and the Economically Weaker Sections categories in the reserve list will be equal to the respective number of vacancies reduced initially in each category.

(v) The candidates recommended in terms of the provisions of sub-rule (iv), shall be allocated by the Government to the services and where certain vacancies still remain to be filled up, the Government may forward a requisition to the Commission requiring it to recommend, in order of merit, from the reserve list, the same number of candidates as requisitioned for the purpose of filling up the unfilled vacancies in each category.

Note : Reserve list is not a waiting list to cater to vacancies arising out of other reasons such as candidates not turning up to join, being found medically unfit, left out on account of medical fitness for limited services, resignation or any other reasons. Commission will not take into account such vacancies for release of Reserve List.

14. The minimum qualifying marks as specified under rules 12 and 13 may be relaxable at the discretion of the Commission in favour of Candidates belonging to Persons with Benchmark Disability category in order to fill up the vacancies reserved for them:

Provided that where a candidate belonging to Person with Benchmark Disability obtains the minimum qualifying marks in his own merit in the requisite number for General, or the Scheduled Caste or the Scheduled Tribe or the Other Backward Class or the Economically Weaker Section category candidates, then, the extra candidates belonging to PwBD i.e. more than the number of vacancies reserved for them, shall be recommended by the Commission on the relaxed standards and consequential amendments in the rules will be notified in due course.

15. The form and manner of communication of the result of the examination to individual candidates shall be decided by the Commission at their discretion and the Commission will not enter into correspondence with candidates regarding the result.

12. Subject to other provisions contained in these rules, successful candidates will be considered for appointment on the basis of the order of merit assigned to them by the Commission and the preferences expressed by them for various Services/Posts at the time of their application.

13. No right to allocation and appointment to a Service conferred to a candidate declared as successful by the Commission as per the results of the Examination, unless the Government is satisfied after such enquiry as may be considered necessary that the candidate, having regard to character and antecedents and certificates produced during the course of examination for the purpose of eligibility as well as for claiming any kind of benefit for reservation and to the Medical Examination Reports, is suitable in all respects for allocation / appointment to the Service. The decision of the Government in this regard shall be final. Attestation Forms are to be submitted only after allocation of services/posts to respective Cadre Controlling /Appointing authorities.

18. To be passed as fit for appointment, a candidate must be in good mental and bodily health and free from any physical defect likely to interfere with the discharge of his duties as an officer of the service. A candidate who after such medical examination as Government or the appointing authority, as the case may be prescribe is found not to satisfy these requirements will not be appointed. A candidate who has been left out on account of medical fitness for limited services and no vacancy being available at his turn cannot be allocated to any service for which he is not fit and where vacancies exists. Candidates declared medically unfit as per medical standards specified in Appendix-II will be left out from the allocation process. The standard for Transgender candidates would be posted on the dedicated webpage of Ministry of Railways before commencement of the Medical Examination of Engineering Services Examination, 2022.


“Candidates finally recommended by Commission on the basis of Engineering Services Examination, 2022 shall be required to undergo medical examination.

The candidates may also please note that :

(i) Every candidate, on being finally recommended by Commission will be required to undergo medical examination as and when so decided by Ministry of Railways (Railway Board) irrespective of the fact that he/she has appeared for such medical examination in the past and found fit or unfit on the basis of earlier examination.

(ii) The medical examination will be conducted at various Railway Hospitals under Ministry of Railways (Railway Board) and other additional instructions for candidates listed at Annexure-II. The findings of the Railway Medical Board will be taken as final and binding for all allotment purposes;

(iii) A sum of Rs. 100 (Rupees One Hundred only) in cash, is required to be paid by them to the Medical Board;

(iv) No travelling allowance will be paid for the journey performed in connection with the medical examination; and

(v) The fact that a candidate has been physically examined will not mean or imply that he will be considered for appointment.

Note.— In order to prevent disappointment, candidates are advised to have themselves examined by a Government Medical Officer of the standing of a Civil Surgeon, before applying for admission to the examination.

Particulars of the nature of the medical test to which candidates will be subjected before appointment and of the standards required are given in Appendix II. For the disabled/Ex-Defence Services personnel the standards will be relaxed consistent with requirements of each service.

19. Details of the categories/sub categories of disabilities—(functional classification and Physical Requirements) identified for the various Services/posts :

―For being considered against the vacancies reserved for them, the Persons with Benchmark Disability persons should have disability of forty per cent (40%) or more. The functional classification in their case shall be consistent with the requirements of the concerned services/posts as detailed in Annexure-I. However, such candidates shall be required to meet the physical requirements/abilities as detailed in Annexure-I and to submit Certificate of Disability in the prescribed format as detailed in Annexure-III.

20. No person :—

(a) who has entered into or contracted a marriage with a person having a spouse living, or

(b) who having a spouse living has entered into or contracted a marriage with any person, shall be eligible for appointment to service :

Provided that Central Government may if satisfied that such marriage is permissible under the personal law applicable to such person and other party to the marriage and there are other grounds for so doing exempt any person from the operation of this rule.

21. Candidates are informed that some knowledge of Hindi prior to entry into service would be of advantage in passing departmental examinations which candidates have to pass after entry into Service.

22. Brief particulars relating to the Services/Posts to which recruitment is being made through this examination, are given in Appendix III.

NAVIN KUMAR, Jt. Secy. (Confidential)



Plan of Examination

1. The examination shall be conducted according to the following plan :—

(i) Stage-I: Engineering Services (Preliminary/Stage-I) Examination (Objective Type Papers) for the selection of candidates for the Stage-II: Engineering Services (Main/Stage-II) Examination;

(ii) Stage-II: Engineering Services (Main/Stage-II) Examination (Conventional Type Papers) and

(iii) Stage-III : Personality Test

2. The Engineering Services (Preliminary/Stage-I) Examination will consist of two objective type (multiple

choices) questions papers and carrying a maximum of 500 marks (Paper 1 – 200 Marks & Paper II – 300 Marks). Only those candidates who are declared by the Commission to have qualified in the Preliminary/Stage-I Examination in the year will be eligible for admission to the Main/Stage-II Examination of that year provided they are otherwise eligible for admission to the Main/ Stage-II Examination. The Marks obtained in Preliminary/Stage-I Examination by the candidates who are declared qualified for admission to the Main/Stage-II Examination will be counted for determining their final order of merit. The number of candidates to be admitted to the Main/Stage-II Examination will be about six to seven times of the total approximate number of vacancies to be filled in the year through this examination.

Note I : The Commission will draw a list of candidates to be qualified for Engineering Services (Main/Stage-II) Examination based on the criterion of minimum qualifying marks in General Studies and Engineering Aptitude Paper (Paper-I) and Engineering Discipline specific paper (Paper-II) of Preliminary/Stage-I Examination.

Note II: There will be penalty (Negative Marking) for wrong answers marked by a candidate in the objective type question papers.

(i) There are four alternative for the answers to every question. For each question for which a wrong answer has been given by the candidate, one-third (0.33) of the marks assigned to that question will be deducted as penalty.

(ii) If a candidate gives more than one answer, it will be treated as a wrong answer even if one of the given answers happens to be correct and there will be same penalty as above for that question.

(iii) If a question is left blank i.e. no answer is given by the candidate, there will be no penalty for that question.

3. Candidates should note that if any irrelevant matter/signages/marks etc. are found written in the answer script(s), which would not be related to any question/answer and/or would be having the potential to disclose the candidate‘s identity, the Commission will impose a penalty of deduction of marks from the total marks otherwise accruing to the candidate or will not evaluate the said script(s) on this account.

4.1 The Engineering Services (Main/stage-II) Examination will consist two conventional type papers in Engineering Discipline specific with duration of three hours and maximum marks of 600 (300 Marks in each paper).

4.2 The Stage-III will consist of Personality Test carrying 200 Marks.

5.1 Candidates who obtain such minimum qualifying marks in the Stage-I: Engineering Services (Preliminary/Stage-I) and Stage-II: Engineering Services (Main/Stage-II) Examination as may be fixed by the Commission as per its discretion, shall be summoned by them for Stage-III (Personality Test). The number of candidates to be summoned for Personality Test will be about twice the number of vacancies to be filled. The Personality Test will carry 200 marks (with no minimum qualifying marks).

5.2 Total marks obtained by the candidates in the Stage-I:(Preliminary/Stage-I) Examination, Stage-II:(Main/Stage-II) Examination and Stage-III (Personality Test) would determine their final ranking. Candidates will be allotted to the various services keeping in view their ranks in the examination and the preference expressed by them for the various services/posts.

6. Candidates are advised to read carefully special instructions to candidates for conventional type tests and objective type tests given in Appendix-III (Part A and Part B) including the procedure regarding filing in the Answer Sheet of objective type tests in the Examination Hall uploaded on the Commission‘s website ( on 22.09.2021.

7. In the Personality Test special attention will be paid to assessing the candidate‘s capacity for leadership, initiative and intellectual curiosity, tact and other social qualities, mental and physical energy, powers of practical application and integrity of character.

8. Conventional papers must be answered in English. Question paper will be set in English only.

9. Details of the syllabi for Stage-I: (Preliminary/stage-I) and Stage-II :(Main/Stage-II) are at Section III.


A. Stage-I(Preliminary/Stage-I) Examination :-

The Examination shall comprise of two papers.

Subject Duration Maximum Marks
Category-I Civil Engineering
Paper-I (General Studies and Engineering Aptitude) 2 hrs. 200
Paper-II (Civil Engineering) 3 hrs. 300
Total 500

Subject Duration Maximum Marks
Category-II Mechanical Engineering
Paper-I (General Studies and Engineering Aptitude) 2 hrs. 200
Paper-II (Mechanical Engineering) 3 hrs. 300
Total 500

Subject Duration Maximum Marks
Category-III Electrical Engineering
Paper-I (General Studies and Engineering Aptitude) 2 hrs. 200
Paper-II (Electrical Engineering) 3 hrs. 300
Total 500

Subject Duration Maximum Marks
Category-IV Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
Paper-I (General Studies and Engineering Aptitude) 2 hrs. 200
Paper-II (Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering) 3 hrs. 300
Total 500

B. Stage-II(Main/Stage-II) Examination:-

The Examination shall comprise of two papers.

Subject Duration Maximum Marks
Category-I Civil Engineering
Paper-I ( Civil Engineering) 3 hrs. 300
Paper-II (Civil Engineering) 3 hrs. 300
Total 600

Subject Duration Maximum Marks
Category-II Mechanical Engineering
Paper-I ( Mechanical Engineering ) 3 hrs. 300
Paper-II (Mechanical Engineering) 3 hrs. 300
Total 600

Subject Duration Maximum Marks
Category-III Electrical Engineering
Paper-I ( Electrical Engineering ) 3 hrs. 300
Paper-II (Electrical Engineering) 3 hrs. 300
Total 600

Subject Duration Maximum Marks
Category-IV Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
Paper-I ( Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering) 3 hrs. 300
Paper-II (Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering) 3 hrs. 300
Total 600

(C) Stage-III(Personality Test) – 200 Marks.

Note 1: Candidates must write the papers in their own hand. In no circumstances will they be allowed the help of a scribe to write the answers for them. The Persons with Benchmark Disabilities in the categories of Low Vision will be provided the facility of scribe, if desired by the person. In case of other category of Persons with Benchmark Disabilities as defined under section 2(r) of RPwD Act, 2016, the facility of scribe will be allowed to such candidates on production of a certificate to the effect that the person concerned has physical limitation to write, and scribe is essential to write examination on behalf, from the Chief Medical Officer, Civil Surgeon/Medical Superintendent of a Government Health Care institution as per proforma at Appendix-IV.

Note 2: The candidates have discretion of opting for his/her own scribe or request the Commission for the same. The details of scribe i.e. whether own or the Commission‘s and the details of scribe in case candidates are bringing their own scribe, will be sought at the time of filling up the application form online as per proforma at Appendix-V.

Note 3: The qualification of the Commission‘s scribe as well as own scribe not be more than the minimum qualification criteria of the examination. However, the qualification of the scribe should always be matriculate or above.

Note 4: The Persons with Benchmark Disabilities in the category of Low Vision will be allowed Compensatory Time of twenty minutes per hour of the examination. In case of other categories of Persons with Benchmark Disabilities, the facility will be provided on production of a certificate to the effect that the person concerned has physical limitation to write, from the Chief Medical Officer/Civil Surgeon/Medical Superintendent of a Government Health Care institution as per proforma at Appendix- IV.

Note 5: The eligibility conditions of a scribe, his/her conduct inside the examination hall and the manner in which and extent to which he/she can help the Persons with Benchmark Disabilities(PwBD) candidates in writing the

Engineering Services Examination shall be governed by the instructions issued by the UPSC in this regard. Violation of all or any of the said instructions shall entail the cancellation of the candidature of the PwBD candidate in addition to any other action that the UPSC may take against the scribe.

2. The Commission have discretion to fix minimum qualifying marks in any or all the papers of the examination.

3. Marks will not be allotted for mere superficial knowledge.

4. Deduction upto five per cent of the maximum marks for the written papers will be made for illegible handwriting.

5. Credit will be given for orderly, effective and exact expression combined with due economy of words in the conventional papers of the examination.

6. In the question papers, wherever required, SI units will be used.

Note.—Candidates will be supplied with standard tables/charts in SI units in the Examination hall for reference purpose, wherever considered necessary.

7. Candidates are permitted to bring and use battery operated pocket calculators for conventional (essay) type papers only. Loaning or inter-changing of calculators in the Examination Hall is not permitted.

It is also important to note that candidates are not permitted to use calculators for answering objective type papers (Test booklets). They should not therefore, bring the same inside the Examination Hall.

8. Candidates should use only International form of Indian numerals (e.g., 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 etc.) while answering question papers.


Standard and Syllabi

The standard of paper in General Studies and Engineering Aptitude (Preliminary/Stage-I Examination) will be such as may be expected of an Engineering/Science Graduate. The standard of papers in other subjects will approximately be that of an Engineering Degree Examination of an Indian University. There will be no practical examination in any of the subjects.

General Studies and Engineering Aptitude (Preliminary/Stage-I Examination, Paper I, Objective type, Common to all Candidates)

1. Current issues of national and international importance relating to social, economic and industrial development 2. Engineering Aptitude covering Logical reasoning and Analytical ability 3. Engineering Mathematics and Numerical Analysis 4. General Principles of Design, Drawing, Importance of Safety 5. Standards and Quality practices in production, construction, maintenance and services 6. Basics of Energy and Environment: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, Climate Change, Environmental impact assessment 7. Basics of Project Management 8. Basics of Material Science and Engineering 9. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) based tools and their applications in Engineering such as networking, e-governance and technology based education. 10. Ethics and values in Engineering profession.

Note: The paper in General Studies and Engineering Aptitude will include Knowledge of relevant topics as may be expected from an engineering graduate, without special study. Questions from all the 10 topics mentioned above shall be set. Marks for each Topic may range from 5% to 15% of the total marks in the paper.

Civil Engineering

Contents for syllabi of both the Papers together for Preliminary/Stage-I Examination (objective type Paper–II) and separately for Main/Stage-II Examination (Conventional type Paper-I and Paper – II).


1. Building Materials:

Stone, Lime, Glass, Plastics, Steel, FRP, Ceramics, Aluminum, Fly Ash, Basic Admixtures, Timber, Bricks and Aggregates: Classification, properties and selection criteria;

Cement: Types, Composition, Properties, Uses, Specifications and various Tests; Lime & Cement Mortars and Concrete: Properties and various Tests; Design of Concrete Mixes: Proportioning of aggregates and methods of mix design.

2. Solid Mechanics:

Elastic constants, Stress, plane stress, Strains, plane strain, Mohr‘s circle of stress and strain, Elastic theories of failure, Principal Stresses, Bending, Shear and Torsion.

3. Structural Analysis:

Basics of strength of materials, Types of stresses and strains, Bending moments and shear force, concept of bending and shear stresses; Analysis of determinate and indeterminate structures; Trusses, beams, plane frames; Rolling loads, Influence Lines, Unit load method & other methods; Free and Forced vibrations of single degree and multi degree freedom system; Suspended Cables; Concepts and use of Computer Aided Design.

4. Design of Steel Structures:

Principles of Working Stress methods, Design of tension and compression members, Design of beams and beam column connections, built-up sections, Girders, Industrial roofs, Principles of Ultimate load design.

5. Design of Concrete and Masonry structures:

Limit state design for bending, shear, axial compression and combined forces; Design of beams, Slabs, Lintels, Foundations, Retaining walls, Tanks, Staircases; Principles of pre-stressed concrete design including materials and methods; Earthquake resistant design of structures; Design of Masonry Structure.

6. Construction Practice, Planning and Management:

Construction – Planning, Equipment, Site investigation and Management including Estimation with latest project management tools and network analysis for different Types of works; Analysis of Rates of various types of works; Tendering Process and Contract Management, Quality Control, Productivity, Operation Cost; Land acquisition; Labour safety and welfare.


1. Flow of Fluids, Hydraulic Machines and Hydro Power:

(a) Fluid Mechanics, Open Channel Flow, Pipe Flow:

Fluid properties; Dimensional Analysis and Modeling; Fluid dynamics including flow kinematics and measurements; Flow net; Viscosity, Boundary layer and control, Drag, Lift, Principles in open channel flow, Flow controls. Hydraulic jump; Surges; Pipe networks.

(b) Hydraulic Machines and Hydro power –

Various pumps, Air vessels, Hydraulic turbines – types, classifications & performance parameters; Power house – classification and layout, storage, pondage, control of supply.

(3) Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering:

Hydrological cycle, Ground water hydrology, Well hydrology and related data analysis; Streams and their gauging; River morphology; Flood, drought and their management; Capacity of Reservoirs.

Water Resources Engineering : Multipurpose uses of Water, River basins and their potential; Irrigation systems, water demand assessment; Resources – storages and their yields; Water logging, canal and drainage design, Gravity dams, falls, weirs, Energy dissipaters, barrage Distribution works, Cross drainage works and head-works and their design; Concepts in canal design, construction & maintenance; River training, measurement and analysis of rainfall.

(4) Environmental Engineering:

Water Supply Engineering:

Sources, Estimation, quality standards and testing of water and their treatment; Rural, Institutional and industrial water supply; Physical, chemical and biological characteristics and sources of water, Pollutants in water and its effects, Estimation of water demand; Drinking water Standards, Water Treatment Plants, Water distribution networks.

Waste Water Engineering:

Planning & design of domestic waste water, sewage collection and disposal; Plumbing Systems. Components and layout of sewerage system; Planning & design of Domestic Waste-water disposal system; Sludge management including treatment, disposal and re-use of treated effluents; Industrial waste waters and Effluent Treatment Plants including institutional and industrial sewage management.

Solid Waste Management:

Sources & classification of solid wastes along with planning & design of its management system; Disposal system, Beneficial aspects of wastes and Utilization by Civil Engineers.

Air, Noise pollution and Ecology:

Concepts & general methodology.

(5) Geo-technical Engineering and Foundation Engineering :

(a) Geo-technical Engineering: Soil exploration – planning & methods, Properties of soil, classification, various tests and inter-relationships; Permeability & Seepage, Compressibility, consolidation and Shearing resistance, Earth pressure theories and stress distribution in soil; Properties and uses of geo-synthetics.

(b) Foundation Engineering: Types of foundations & selection criteria, bearing capacity, settlement analysis, design and testing of shallow & deep foundations; Slope stability analysis, Earthen embankments, Dams and Earth retaining structures: types, analysis and design, Principles of ground modifications.

5. Surveying and Geology:

(a) Surveying: Classification of surveys, various methodologies, instruments & analysis of measurement of distances, elevation and directions; Field astronomy, Global Positioning System; Map preparation; Photogrammetry; Remote sensing concepts; Survey Layout for culverts, canals, bridges, road/railway alignment and buildings, Setting out of Curves.

(b) Geology: Basic knowledge of Engineering geology & its application in projects.

6. Transportation Engineering:

Highways – Planning & construction methodology, Alignment and geometric design; Traffic Surveys and Controls; Principles of Flexible and Rigid pavements design.

Tunneling – Alignment, methods of construction, disposal of muck, drainage, lighting and ventilation.

Railways Systems – Terminology, Planning, designs and maintenance practices; track modernization.

Harbours – Terminology, layouts and planning.

Airports – Layout, planning & design.

Mechanical Engineering

Contents for syllabi of both the Papers together for Preliminary/Stage-I Examination (objective type Paper–II) and separately for Main/Stage-II Examination (Conventional type Paper-I and Paper – II).


1. Fluid Mechanics:

Basic Concepts and Properties of Fluids, Manometry, Fluid Statics, Buoyancy, Equations of Motion, Bernoulli‘s equation and applications, Viscous flow of incompressible fluids, Laminar and Turbulent flows, Flow through pipes and head losses in pipes.

2. Thermodynamics and Heat transfer:

Thermodynamic systems and processes; properties of pure substance; Zeroth, First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics; Entropy, Irreversibility and availability; analysis of thermodynamic cycles related to energy conversion: Rankine, Otto, Diesel and Dual Cycles; ideal and real gases; compressibility factor; Gas mixtures.

Modes of heat transfer, Steady and unsteady heat conduction, Thermal resistance, Fins, Free and forced convection, Correlations for convective heat transfer, Radiative heat transfer – Radiation heat transfer co-efficient; boiling and condensation, Heat exchanger performance analysis.

3. IC Engines, Refrigeration and Air conditioning:

SI and CI Engines, Engine Systems and Components, Performance characteristics and testing of IC Engines; Fuels; Emissions and Emission Control. Vapour compression refrigeration, Refrigerants and Working cycles, Compressors, Condensers, Evaporators and Expansion devices, Other types of refrigeration systems like Vapour Absorption, Vapour jet, thermo electric and Vortex tube refrigeration. Psychometric properties and processes, Comfort chart, Comfort and industrial air conditioning, Load calculations and Heat pumps.

4. Turbo Machinery:

Reciprocating and Rotary pumps, Pelton wheel, Kaplan and Francis Turbines, velocity diagrams, Impulse and Reaction principles, Steam and Gas Turbines, Theory of Jet Propulsion – Pulse jet and Ram Jet Engines, Reciprocating and Rotary Compressors – Theory and Applications

5. Power Plant Engineering:

Rankine and Brayton cycles with regeneration and reheat, Fuels and their properties, Flue gas analysis, Boilers, steam turbines and other power plant components like condensers, air ejectors, electrostatic precipitators and cooling towers – their theory and design, types and applications;

6. Renewable Sources of Energy:

Solar Radiation, Solar Thermal Energy collection – Flat Plate and focusing collectors their materials and performance. Solar Thermal Energy Storage, Applications – heating, cooling and Power Generation; Solar Photovoltaic Conversion; Harnessing of Wind Energy, Bio-mass and Tidal Energy – Methods and Applications, Working principles of Fuel Cells.


7. Engineering Mechanics:

Analysis of System of Forces, Friction, Centroid and Centre of Gravity, Dynamics; Stresses and Strains-Compound Stresses and Strains, Bending Moment and Shear Force Diagrams, Theory of Bending Stresses- Slope and deflection-Torsion, Thin and thick Cylinders, Spheres.

8. Engineering Materials:

Basic Crystallography, Alloys and Phase diagrams, Heat Treatment, Ferrous and Non Ferrous Metals, Non metallic materials, Basics of Nano-materials, Mechanical Properties and Testing, Corrosion prevention and control

9. Mechanisms and Machines:

Types of Kinematics Pair, Mobility, Inversions, Kinematic Analysis, Velocity and Acceleration Analysis of Planar Mechanisms, CAMs with uniform acceleration and retardation, cycloidal motion, oscillating followers; Vibrations – Free and forced vibration of undamped and damped SDOF systems, Transmissibility Ratio, Vibration Isolation, Critical Speed of Shafts. Gears – Geometry of tooth profiles, Law of gearing, Involute profile, Interference, Helical, Spiral and Worm Gears, Gear Trains- Simple, compound and Epicyclic; Dynamic Analysis – Slider – crank mechanisms, turning moment computations, balancing of Revolving & Reciprocating masses, Gyroscopes –Effect of Gyroscopic couple on automobiles, ships and aircrafts, Governors.

10. Design of Machine Elements:

Design for static and dynamic loading; failure theories; fatigue strength and the S-N diagram; principles of the design of machine elements such as riveted, welded and bolted joints. Shafts, Spur gears, rolling and sliding contact bearings, Brakes and clutches, flywheels.

11. Manufacturing ,Industrial and Maintenance Engineering:

Metal casting-Metal forming, Metal Joining, Machining and machine tool operations, Limits, fits and tolerances, Metrology and inspection, computer Integrated manufacturing, FMS, Production planning and Control, Inventory control and operations research – CPM-PERT. Failure concepts and characteristics-Reliability, Failure analysis, Machine Vibration, Data acquisition, Fault Detection, Vibration Monitoring, Field Balancing of Rotors, Noise Monitoring, Wear and Debris Analysis, Signature Analysis, NDT Techniques in Condition Monitoring.

12. Mechatronics and Robotics:

Microprocessors and Microcontrollers: Architecture, programming, I/O, Computer interfacing, Programmable logic controller. Sensors and actuators, Piezoelectric accelerometer, Hall effect sensor, Optical Encoder, Resolver, Inductosyn, Pneumatic and Hydraulic actuators, stepper motor, Control Systems- Mathematical modeling of Physical systems, control signals, controllability and observability. Robotics, Robot Classification, Robot Specification, notation; Direct and Inverse Kinematics; Homogeneous Coordinates and Arm Equation of four Axis SCARA Robot.

Electrical Engineering

Contents for syllabi of both the Papers together for Preliminary/Stage-I Examination (objective type Paper–II) and separately for Main/Stage-II Examination (Conventional type Paper-I and Paper – II).


1. Engineering Mathematics

Matrix theory, Eigen values & Eigen vectors, system of linear equations, Numerical methods for solution of non­linear algebraic equations and differential equations, integral calculus, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, Line, Surface and Volume Integrals. Fourier series, linear, non-linear and partial differential equations, initial and boundary value problems, complex variables, Taylor‘s and Laurent‘s series, residue theorem, probability and statistics fundamentals, Sampling theorem, random variables, Normal and Poisson distributions, correlation and regression analysis.

2. Electrical Materials

Electrical Engineering Materials, crystal structures and defects, ceramic materials, insulating materials, magnetic materials – basics, properties and applications; ferrities, ferro-magnetic materials and components; basics of solid state physics, conductors; Photo-conductivity; Basics of Nano materials and Superconductors.

3. Electric Circuits and Fields

Circuit elements, network graph, KCL, KVL, Node and Mesh analysis, ideal current and voltage sources, Thevenin‘s, Norton‘s, Superposition and Maximum Power Transfer theorems, transient response of DC and AC networks, Sinusoidal steady state analysis, basic filter concepts, two-port networks, three phase circuits, Magnetically coupled circuits, Gauss Theorem, electric field and potential due to point, line, plane and spherical charge distributions, Ampere‘s and Biot-Savart‘s laws; inductance, dielectrics, capacitance; Maxwell‘s equations.

4. Electrical and Electronic Measurements:

Principles of measurement, accuracy, precision and standards; Bridges and potentiometers; moving coil, moving iron, dynamometer and induction type instruments, measurement of voltage, current, power, energy and power factor, instrument transformers, digital voltmeters and multi-meters, phase, time and frequency measurement, Q-meters, oscilloscopes, potentiometric recorders, error analysis, Basics of sensors, Transducers, basics of data acquisition systems

5. Computer Fundamentals:

Number systems, Boolean algebra, arithmetic functions, Basic Architecture, Central Processing Unit, I/O and Memory Organisation; peripheral devices, data represenation and programming, basics of Operating system and networking, virtual memory, file systems; Elements of programming languages, typical examples.

6. Basic Electronics Engineering:

Basics of Semiconductor diodes and transistors and characteristics, Junction and field effect transistors (BJT, FET and MOSFETS), different types of transistor amplifiers, equivalent circuits and frequency response; oscillators and other circuits, feedback amplifiers.


1. Analog and Digital Electronics:

Operational amplifiers – characteristics and applications, combinational and sequential logic circuits, multiplexers, multi-vibrators, sample and hold circuits, A/D and D/A converters, basics of filter circuits and applications, simple active filters; Microprocessor basics- interfaces and applications, basics of linear integrated circuits; Analog communication basics, Modulation and de-modulation, noise and bandwidth, transmitters and receivers, signal to noise ratio, digital communication basics, sampling, quantizing, coding, frequency and time domain multiplexing, power line carrier communication systems.

2. Systems and Signal Processing :

Representation of continuous and discrete-time signals, shifting and scaling operations, linear, time-invariant and causal systems, Fourier series representation of continuous periodic signals, sampling theorem, Fourier and Laplace transforms, Z transforms, Discrete Fourier transform, FFT, linear convolution, discrete cosine transform, FIR filter, IIR filter, bilinear transformation.

3. Control Systems:

Principles of feedback, transfer function, block diagrams and signal flow graphs, steady-state errors, transforms and their applications; Routh-hurwitz criterion, Nyquist techniques, Bode plots, root loci, lag, lead and lead-lag compensation, stability analysis, transient and frequency response analysis, state space model, state transition matrix, controllability and observability, linear state variable feedback, PID and industrial controllers.

4. Electrical Machines :

Single phase transformers, three phase transformers – connections, parallel operation, auto-transformer, energy conversion principles, DC machines – types, windings, generator characteristics, armature reaction and commutation, starting and speed control of motors, Induction motors – principles, types, performance characteristics, starting and speed control, Synchronous machines – performance, regulation, parallel operation of generators, motor starting, characteristics and applications, servo and stepper motors.

5. Power Systems :

Basic power generation concepts, steam, gas and water turbines, transmission line models and performance, cable performance, insulation, corona and radio interference, power factor correction, symmetrical components, fault analysis, principles of protection systems, basics of solid state relays and digital protection; Circuit breakers, Radial and ring-main distribution systems, Matrix representation of power systems, load flow analysis, voltage control and economic operation, System stability concepts, Swing curves and equal area criterion. HVDC transmission and FACTS concepts, Concepts of power system dynamics, distributed generation, solar and wind power, smart grid concepts, environmental implications, fundamentals of power economics.

6. Power Electronics and Drives :

Semiconductor power diodes, transistors, thyristors, triacs, GTOs, MOSFETs and IGBTs – static characteristics and principles of operation, triggering circuits, phase control rectifiers, bridge converters – fully controlled and half controlled, principles of choppers and inverters, basis concepts of adjustable speed DC and AC drives, DC-DC switched mode converters, DC-AC switched mode converters, resonant converters, high frequency inductors and transformers, power supplies.

Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering

Contents for syllabi of both the Papers together for Preliminary/Stage-I Examination (objective type Paper–II) and separately for Main/Stage-II Examination (Conventional type Paper-I and Paper – II).


1. Basic Electronics Engineering:

Basics of semiconductors; Diode/Transistor basics and characteristics; Diodes for different uses; Junction & Field Effect Transistors (BJTs, JFETs, MOSFETs); Transistor amplifiers of different types, oscillators and other circuits; Basics of Integrated Circuits (ICs); Bipolar, MOS and CMOS ICs; Basics of linear ICs, operational amplifiers and their applications-linear/non-linear; Optical sources/detectors; Basics of Opto electronics and its applications.

2. Basic Electrical Engineering:

DC circuits-Ohm‘s & Kirchoff‘s laws, mesh and nodal analysis, circuit theorems; Electro-magnetism, Faraday‘s & Lenz‘s laws, induced EMF and its uses; Single-phase AC circuits; Transformers, efficiency; Basics-DC machines, induction machines, and synchronous machines; Electrical power sources- basics: hydroelectric, thermal, nuclear, wind, solar; Basics of batteries and their uses.

3. Materials Science:

Electrical Engineering materials; Crystal structure & defects; Ceramic materials-structures, composites, processing and uses; Insulating laminates for electronics, structures, properties and uses; Magnetic materials, basics, classification, ferrites, ferro/para-magnetic materials and components; Nano materials-basics, preparation, purification, sintering, nano particles and uses; Nano-optical/magnetic/electronic materials and uses; Superconductivity, uses.

4. Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation:

Principles of measurement, accuracy, precision and standards; Analog and Digital systems for measurement, measuring instruments for different applications; Static/dynamic characteristics of measurement systems, errors, statistical analysis and curve fitting; Measurement systems for non-electrical quantities; Basics of telemetry; Different types of transducers and displays; Data acquisition system basics.

5. Network Theory:

Network graphs & matrices; Wye-Delta transformation; Linear constant coefficient differential equations- time domain analysis of RLC circuits;

Solution of network equations using Laplace transforms- frequency domain analysis of RLC circuits; 2-port network parameters-driving point & transfer functions; State equations for networks; Steady state sinusoidal analysis.

6. Analog and Digital Circuits:

Small signal equivalent circuits of diodes, BJTS and FETs; Diode circuits for different uses; Biasing & stability of BJT & JFET amplifier circuits; Analysis/design of amplifier- single/multi-stage; Feedback& uses; Active filters, timers, multipliers, wave shaping, A/D-D/A converters; Boolean Algebra& uses; Logic gates, Digital IC families, Combinatorial/sequential circuits; Basics of multiplexers, counters/registers/ memories /microprocessors, design& applications.


1. Analog and Digital Communication Systems:

Random signals, noise, probability theory, information theory; Analog versus digital communication & applications:

Systems- AM, FM, transmitters/receivers, theory/practice/ standards, SNR comparison; Digital communication basics: Sampling, quantizing, coding, PCM, DPCM, multiplexing-audio/video; Digital modulation: ASK, FSK, PSK; Multiple access: TDMA, FDMA, CDMA; Optical communication: fibre optics, theory, practice/standards.

2. Control Systems:

Classification of signals and systems; Application of signal and system theory; System realization; Transforms& their applications; Signal flow graphs, Routh-Hurwitz criteria, root loci, Nyquist/Bode plots; Feedback systems-open &close loop types, stability analysis, steady state, transient and frequency response analysis; Design of control systems, compensators, elements of lead/lag compensation, PID and industrial controllers.

3. Computer Organization and Architecture:

Basic architecture, CPU, I/O organisation, memory organisation, peripheral devices, trends; Hardware /software issues; Data representation& Programming; Operating systems-basics, processes, characteristics, applications; Memory management, virtual memory, file systems, protection & security; Data bases, different types, characteristics and design; Transactions and concurrency control; Elements of programming languages, typical examples.

4. Electro Magnetics:

Elements of vector calculus, Maxwell‘s equations-basic concepts; Gauss‘, Stokes‘ theorems; Wave propagation through different media; Transmission Lines-different types, basics, Smith‘s chart, impedance matching/transformation, S-parameters, pulse excitation, uses; Waveguides-basics, rectangular types, modes, cut-off frequency, dispersion, dielectric types; Antennas-radiation pattern, monopoles/dipoles, gain, arrays-active/passive, theory, uses.

5. Advanced Electronics Topics:

VLSI technology: Processing, lithography, interconnects, packaging, testing; VLSI design: Principles, MUX/ROM/PLA-based design, Moore & Mealy circuit design; Pipeline concepts & functions; Design for testability, examples; DSP: Discrete time signals/systems, uses; Digital filters: FIR/IIR types, design, speech/audio/radar signal processing uses; Microprocessors & microcontrollers, basics, interrupts, DMA, instruction sets, interfacing; Controllers & uses; Embedded systems.

6. Advanced Communication Topics:

Communication networks: Principles /practices /technologies /uses /OSI model/security; Basic packet multiplexed streams/scheduling; Cellular networks, types, analysis, protocols (TCP/TCPIP); Microwave & satellite communication: Terrestrial/space type LOS systems, block schematics link calculations, system design; Communication satellites, orbits, characteristics, systems, uses; Fibre-optic communication systems, block schematics, link calculations, system design.



These regulations are published for the convenience of candidates and in order to enable them to ascertain the probability of their coming up to the required physical standard, the regulations are also intended to provide guidelines to the medical examiners and a candidate who does not satisfy the minimum requirements prescribed in the regulations cannot be declared Fit by the medical examiners. However, while holding that a candidate is not fit according to the norms laid down in these regulations, it would be permissible for a Medical Board to recommend to the Government of India for reasons specifically recorded in writing that he may be admitted to service without disadvantage to Government.

All kinds of notices and information relating to the medical examination of the Transgender candidates including the medical parameters for Transgender candidates for various service(s) would be posted on the dedicated web page of the Ministry of Railways before the commencement of the medical examination of Engineering Services Examination-2022 after due consultation with all the concerned nodal authorities and all the Cadre Controlling Authorities of the participating service (s) in Engineering Services Examination 2022.

Note : The Medical Board while conducting medical examination of the candidates who have applied against the posts reserved for physically handicapped category will keep in view the relevant provisions of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 wherein the extent of permissible disability has been defined.

2. (a) The Government of India reserve to themselves absolute discretion to reject or accept any candidate after considering the report of the Medical Board.

(b) To be passed as fit for appointment, a candidate must be in good mental and bodily health and free from any physical defect likely to interfere with the efficient performance of the duties on his/her appointment.

3. (a) In the matter of the correlation of age, height and chest girth of candidates of Indian (including Anglo- Indian) race, it is left to the Medical Board to use whether correlation figures are considered most suitable as a guide in the examination of the candidates, if there be any disproportion with regard to height, weight and chest girth, the candidates should be Hospitalised for investigation and X-ray of the chest taken before the candidate is declared fit or not by the Board.

(b) However, for certain Services the Minimum standards for height without which candidate cannot be accepted are as follows :—

Name of Services


Central Engineering

Service Group A, CES (Roads),

Central Electrical & Mechanical

Engineering Service Group A in

the C.P.W.D. Military Engineer

Services (IDSE) CWES, BRES. Gr.

“A‘ in Border Roads Organisation, Indian Skill Development Service

(a) For Male Candidates 152 cm

(b) For Female Candidates 150 cm

The minimum height prescribed is relaxable in case of candidate belonging to Scheduled Tribes and to races such as Gorkhas, Garhwalis, Assamese, Nagaland Tribes, etc. whose average height is distinctly lower.

(c) For all services Chest expansion should be minimum 5 cm. Absolute values of measurement during inspiration and expiration should not be adhered to for disqualification.

4. The candidate‘s height will be measured as follows:—

He/ She will remove his/ her shoes and be placed against the standard with his/ her feet together and the weight thrown on the heels and not on the toes or other sides of the feet, he/ she will stand erect without rigidly and with the heels, caves, buttocks and shoulders touching the standard, the chin will be repressed to bring the vertex of the head level under the horizontal bar and the height will be recorded in centimetres and parts of a centimetres to halves.

5. The candidate‘s chest will be measured as follows :—

He/ She will be made to stand erect with his feet together and to raise his/ her arms over his/ her head. The tape will be so adjusted round the chest that its upper edge touches the interior angles of the shoulders blades behind and lies in the same horizontal plane when the tape is taken round the chest. The arms will then be lowered to hang loosly by the side and care will be taken that the shoulders are not thrown upwards or backwards so as to displace the tape. The candidate will then be directed to take a deep inspiration several times and the maximum expansion of the chest will be carefully noted and the minimum and maximum will then be recorded in centimetres, 83—89, 86—93.5 etc. In recording the measurements fraction of less than half a centimetre should not be noted.

N.B.—The height and chest of the candidate should be measured twice before coming to a final decision.

6. The candidate will also be weighted and his weight recorded in kilograms—fraction of a Kilogram should not be noted.

7. The candidate‘s eye-sight will be tested in accordance with the following rules. The result of each test will be recorded:-

(i) General.—The candidate‘s eyes will be subjected to a general examination directed to the detection of any disease or abnormality. The candidate will be rejected if he/ she suffers from any morbid conditions of eye, eyelids or contiguous structure of such a sort as to render or are likely at future date to render him/ her unfit for service.

(ii) Visual Acuity.—The examination for determining the acuteness of vision includes two tests—one for distant the other for near vision. Each eye will be examined separately.

There shall be no limit for maximum naked eye vision but the naked eye vision of the candidates shall however, be recorded by the Medical Board or other medical authority in every case as it will furnish the basic information in regard to the conditions of the eye.

The standards for distant and near vision with or without glasses shall be as follows :—

Service Distant Vision Better Eye corrected Vision) Worse Eye Near Better Eye (corrected Vision) Vision Worse Eye
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
A. Technical
1. Central Engi- neering Service Group A, Cen- tral Electrical and Mechanical Engineering Ser-

vice Group A Central Water Engineering Service Group A, Central Power Engineer- ing Service Group A and Group ‗B‘ Central Engineering Service (Roads) Group ‗A‘,



6/12 o r



Indian Telecommunication Service Gr. ‘A‘, J.T.O Gr. B , Assistant Executive Engineer in P&T Building works (Gr. ‘A‘) Service

Indian Naval Armament Service, Indian Naval Material Management Service, Indian Ordnance Factories Service Group A. Survey of India Gr ‘A‘ Service, Defence Aeronautical Quality Assurance Service, Indian Skill Development Service.

2. Assistant Execu- tive Engineer (Group ‗A‘) in the Corps of EME Military Engineer Service Group ‗A‘. 6/6 6/18 or o r

6/9 6/9


(IDSE), AEE(QS&C) in MES Surveyor
Cadre, BRES Gr.‗A‘ in Border Roads

B. Non-Technical

3 . Geological Survey of. 6/9 6/12 J/I J/II

India Gr ‘A‘ Service

NOTE (1) :

(a) In respect of the Technical Service mentioned at A above, the total amount of myopia (including the cylinder and spherical) shall not exceed 6D. Total amount of Hypermetropia (including the cylinder) shall not exceed 4D. For Myopia more than 6 dioptres (including cylinder and spherical) and Hypermetropia more than 4 dioptres candidate is unfit for all technical services. However, after special Medical Board, candidate may be considered fit for non­technical services, if no degenerative changes involving macular region are found by the Myopia Board.

Provided that in case a candidate in respect of the Services classified as ―Technical‖ is found unfit on grounds of high myopia the matter shall be referred to a special boards of three Opthalmologists to declare whether this myopia is Pathological or not. In case it is not pathological the candidate shall be declared fit for non-technical services provided he/ she fulfills the visual requirements otherwise.

(a) In every case of myopia fundus examination should be carried out and the results recorded. In the event of any pathological condition being present which is likely to be progressive and affect the efficiency of the candidate, he/ she shall be declared unfit.

(b) Intra Ocular Lenses (IOL) and Implanted Contact Lenses(ICL) shall be considered as disqualification for all categories. However, Radial Keratotomy/Laser Correction (Lasik) may be permitted for all categories if on Pachymetry, remaining bed of cornea should not be less than 425 micron (including flap) and surgery should be at least 1 year old subject to examination of retina by Special Opthalmic Board(SOB).

NOTE (2) : The testing of colour vision shall be essential in respect of the Technical Services mentioned at A above.

Colour perception should be graded into higher and lower grade depending upon the size of aperture in the lantern as described in the table below :—

Grade Higher Grade of colour perception Lower Grade of colour Perception
1. Distance between The lamp and the candidate 16 feet 16 Feet
2. Size of aperture 1.3 mm 13 Mm
3. Time of exposure 5 seconds 5 seconds

For the Services and other service connected with the safety of the public, Higher grade of colour vision is essential but for others lower grade of colour vision should be considered sufficient.

The categories of Services/posts which require higher or lower grade colour perception are as indicated below :— Technical Services or posts requiring higher grade colour Perception :—

(i) Indian Defence Service of Engineer (IDSE).

(ii) Central Engineering Service (Roads).

(iii) Central Power Engineering Service. (Gr. ‘A‘ and Gr. ‘B‘)

(iv) Assistant Executive Engineer (Group ‘A‘) in the Corps of EME.

(v) BRES Group ‘A‘ in Border Roads Organisation.

(i) Survey of India, Group ‘A‘ Service.

(vi) Assistant Executive Engineer(QS&C) in Military Engineer Service(MES) Cadre.

Technical Services or posts requiring lower grade colour perception :—

(i) Central Engineering Service.

(ii) Central Electrical and Mechanical Engineering Service.

(iii) Indian Naval Armament Service.

(iv) Indian Naval Material Management Service

(v) Indian Ordnance Factory Service.

(vi) Central Water Engineering Service.

(vii) Indian Radio Regulatory Service Group ‘A‘.

(viii) Geological Survey of India Gr ‘A‘ Service.

(ix) Asstt. Executive Engineer in P&T Building Works Gr ‘A‘ Service.

(x) Defence Aeronautical Quality Assurance Service(DAQAS).

(xi) Indian Skill Development Service.

Services for which colour perception is not required:-

(i) Indian Telecommunication Service Group ‘A‘.

(ii) Junior Telecom Officer (General Central Service Group ‘B‘ Gazetted, Non-ministerial)

Satisfactory colour vision constitutes, recognition with case and without hesitation of Red, Green and Yellow colours. The use of Ishihara‘s plates, shown in good light and a suitable lantern like Edrige Green‘s shall be considered quite dependable for resting colour vision. Both the Ishihara‘s plates and Edrige Green‘s lantern shall be used for testing colour vision of candidates for appointment to the technical services.

NOTE (3): Field of vision—The field of vision shall be tested in respect of all services by the confrontation method. Where such test gives unsatisfactory or doubtful results the field of vision should be determined on the perimeter.

NOTE (4) : For Night Blindness—Night blindness need not be tested as a routine but only in special cases. No standard test for the testing of night blindness or dark adaption is prescribed. The Medical Board should be given the discretion to improvise such rough test e.g. recording of visual acuity with reduced illumination or by making the candidate recognise various objects in a darkened room after he has been therefore 20 to 30 minutes. Candidates own statements should not always be relied upon but they should be given due consideration.

NOTE (5): For Central Engineering Services/CES (Roads)—Candidates may be required to pass the colour vision test and undergo test for night blindness when considered necessary by the Medical Board for Survey of India Group ‘A‘ service the candidate may be required to pass a ‘steroscopic fusion‘ test.

NOTE (6): Ocular conditions, other than visual acuity :—

(a) Any organic disease or a progressive refractive error, which is likely to result in lowering the visual acuity, should be considered as a disqualification.

(b) Squint with absent binocularity is unfit for all technical services. May be considered fit only for non-technical services. Squint with present binocularity is fit for all services.

(c) Candidates with one eye are unfit for all technical services and fit only for non-technical services subject to other parameters being in the normal range.

NOTE (7) :— Contact lenses—During the medical examination of a candidate, the use of contact lenses is not to be allowed.

NOTE (8) :— It is necessary that when considering eye test the illumination of the type letters for distant vision should have an illumination of 15 foot candles.

NOTE (9) :—It shall be open to Government to relax anyone of the condition in favour of any candidate for special reasons.

8. Blood Pressure

The Board will use its discretion regarding Blood Pressure. A rough method of calculating normal, maximum, systolic pressure is as follows :—

(i) With young subjects 15—25 years of age the average is about 100 plus age.

(ii) With subject over 25 years of age general rule of 110 plus half the age seems quite satisfactory.

N.B.—1. As a general rule any systolic prescription 140 mm and diastolic over 90 mm should be regarded as suspicious and the candidate should be hospitalised by the Board before giving their final opinion regarding the candidate‘s fitness or otherwise. The hospitalisation report should indicate whether the rise in blood pressure is of a transient nature due to excitement etc. or whether it is due to any organic disease. In all such cases X-ray and electro cardiographic examinations of heart and blood urea clearance test should also be done as routine. Candidate with hypertension (if diagnosed by the Medical Board) should be declared permanent unfit.

2. Method of taking Blood Pressure (II)

The mercury manometer type of instrument should be used as a rule. The measurement should not be taken within fifteen minutes of any exercise of excitement. Provided the patient and particularly his/ her arm is relaxed, he/ she may be either lying or sitting. The arm is supported comfortably at the patient‘s side in a more or less horizontal position. The arm should be free from clothes to the shoulder. The cuff completely deflated, should be applied with the middle of the rubber over the inner side of the arm and its lower edge an inch or two above the bend of the elbow. The following turns of cloth bandage should spread evenly over the bag to avoid bulging during inflation.

The brachial artery is located by palpitation at the bend of the elbow and the stethoscope is then applied lightly and centrally over it below, but not in contact with the cuff. The cuff is inflated to above 200 mm. Hg. and then slowly deflated. The level at which the column stand when soft successive sounds are heard represents the Systolic Pressure. When more air is allowed to escape the sounds will be heard to increase in intensity. The level at which the column well heard clear sounds change to soft muffled fading sounds represents the diastolic pressure. The measurements should be taken in a fairly brief period of time as prolonged pressure of the cuff is irritating to the patient and will vitiate the readings. Re-checking if necessary, should be done only a few minutes after complete deflaction or the cuff. (Sometimes as the cuff is deflaled sounds are heard at a certain level they may disappear as pressure, falls and reappear at a still lower level. This ―Silent Gap‖ may cause error in reading.)

9. Diabetes Mellitus

The urine (passed in the presence of the examiner) should be examined and the results recorded. When a Medical Board finds sugar present in a candidate‘s urine by the usual chemical tests the Board will proceed with the examination with all its other aspects and will also specially note any signs or symptoms suggestive of diabetes. If except for the Glycosuria the Board finds the candidates conforms to the standards of medical fitness required they may pass the candidate fit subject to the Glycosuria ‗being non-diabetic‘ and the Board will refer the case to a specified specialist in Medicine who has hospital and laboratory facilities at his disposal. The Medical specialist will carry out whatever examinations, clinical and laboratory he considers necessary including a standard blood sugar tolerance test and will submit his opinion to the Medical Board upon which the Medical Board will use its final opinion fit or unfit. The candidates will not be required to appear in person before the Board on the second occasion. To exclude the effects of medication it may be necessary to retain candidate for several days in hospital under strict supervision. Candidates with Diabetes Mellitus(if diagnosed by the Medical Board) should be declared permanent unfit.

10. A women candidate who as a result of test is found to be pregnant should be declared temporary unfit until the confinement is over. She should be re-examined for a fitness certificate six weeks after the date of confinement subject to the production of a medical certificate of fitness from a registered medical practitioner.

11. The following additional points should be observed:—

(a) that the candidate‘s hearing in each ear is good and that there is no sign of disease of the ear. In case it is defective the candidate should be got examined by the ear specialist provided that if the defect in hearing is remediable by operation or by use of a hearing aid a candidate cannot be declared unfit on the account provided he/ she has no progressive disease in the ear. This provision is not applicable in the case of Railway Services, other than Indian Railway Stores Services, the Military Engineer Services, Central Engineering Service Group A, Central Engineering Service (Roads), Central Electrical Engineering Service Group ‘A‘ and Border Roads Engineering Service Group ‘A‘. The following are the guidelines for the medical examining authority in this regard :—

1 2 3
(1) Marked for total deafness in one ears other being normal. Fit for non-technical job if the deafness is up to 30 decibles in higher frequency.
(2) Perceptive deafness in both ears in which some improvement is possible by a hearing aid. Fit in respect of both technical and non-technical jobs if the deafness is upon 30 decibles in speech frequencies of 1000 to 4000.
(3) Perforation of tympanic membrance of Central or marginal type. (i) One ear normal other ear perforation of tympanic membrane present temporarily unfit. Under improved conditions of Ear Surgery a candidate with marginal or other Perforation in both ears should be given a chance by declaring him temporarily unfit.

(ii) Since, all marginal/attic perforations are unsafe, they are temporarily unfit whether present in one or both ears. Post surgery patient can be made fit only if both ears have hearing of 30 decibles or better.

(iii) Central perforation both ears – Temporarily unfit.

(4) Ears with mastoid cavity sub-normal hearing on one side/on both sides. (i) Either ear normal hearing other ear, Mastoid cavity—Fit for both technical and non-technical jobs.

(ii)Mastoid Cavity is temporarily unfit whether present in one or both ears. Post surgery, patient can be made fit only if both ears have hearing of 30 decibles or better.

(5) Persistently discharging ear operated/un- operated. Temporarily Unfit for both technical and non-technical jobs.
(6) Chronic inflamatory/allergic conditions of nose with or without bony deformities of nasal septum. (i) A decision will be taken as per circumstance of individual cases. If deviated nasal septum is present with Symptoms Temporarily Unfit.
(7) Chronic inflamatory/condition of tonsils and/or Larynix. (i) Chronic inflammatory conditions of tonsils and/or Larynix- Fit.

(ii) Hoarseness of voice of severe degree if present then temporarily Unfit.

(8) Benign or locally malignant tumours of E.N.T. (i)Benign tumours also need treatment and this treatment has its own failure and complications, including death. Hence, all benign tumours are temporarily unfit and can only be fit after successful treatment/surgery.

(ii) Malignant Tumours – Unfit

(9) Otosclerosis. If the hearing is within 30 decibles after operation or with the help of hearing aid Fit.
(10) Congenital defects of ear, nose or throat. (i) If non-interfering with functions Fit.

(ii) Stuttering of severe degree-Unfit.

(11) Nasal Poly Nasal Polyps also need treatment and this treatment has its own failure and complications. Hence, all Nasal Polyps are temporarily unfit and can only be made fit after successful treatment/surgery.

(b) that his/her speech is without impediment;

(c) that his/her teeth are in good order and he/she is provided with dentures where necessary for effective metication (well filled teeth) will be considered as sound;

(d) that the chest is well formed and his chest expansion is sufficient and that his/ her heart and lungs are sound;

(e) that there is no evidence of any abdominal diseases;

(f) that he/ she is not raptured;

(g) that he/ she does not suffer from hydrocele, varicose, veins or piles. To be declared ‘Temporarily unfit‘ and fit only after successful surgery.

(h) that his/ her limbs, hands and feet are well formed and developed and that there is free and perfect motion of all his joints. However, candidate may be considered fit for all services if condition is not degenerative and there are no associated secondary deformities

(i) that he/ she does not suffer from any inverterate skin disease;

(j) that there is no congenital malformation or defect;

(k) that he/ she does not bear traces of acute chronic disease pointing to an impaired constitution;

(1) that he/ she bears marks of efficient vaccination; and

(m) that he/ she is free from communicable disease.

(n) Grade-I Haemorrhoids should be declared ‘Fit.

(o) Agenesis or absence of both testes is permanent unfit. In case of single impalpable testes – it is impossible on routine examination to differentiate between agenesis of testes and impalpable undescended testes. Undescended testes is temporarily unfit till after its surgical removal or repositioning in a visible/normal position. Agenesis may be declared fit but the onus of proof that it is a case of agenesis and not undescended testes lies with the candidate.

(p) All candidates having transplanted organs should be declared ‘Unfit‘.

(q) All candidates with malignancies detected at the time of entry into service should be declared ‘Unfit‘.

(r) Morbid obesity is a diseased state. It limits the ability of the persons to perform and is an independent risk factor for Index)various other diseases These candidates are ‘Temporarily Unfit‘ and can become ‘fit‘ if they achieve BMI(Body Mass Index)<35 without resorting to surgical or interventional therapies. This is because, such therapies have several long term complications of their own. Temporarily unfit in BMI>35. May be declared ‘Fit‘ if BMI improves to <35 within stipulated time for appeal. Permanently unfit if BMI corrected by any surgery or interventional procedure.

(s) History and evidence of organ donation is not in itself a reason to declare a candidate unfit if he/she is in otherwise normal state of health.

12. Radiographic examination of the chest for detecting any abnormality of the heart and lungs, which may not be apparent by ordinary physical examination will be restricted to only such candidates who are declared finally successful at the concerned Engineering Services Examination.

The decision or the Chairman of the Central Standing Medical Board (conducting the medical examination of the concerned candidate) about the fitness of the candidate shall be final.

13. In case of doubt regarding health of a candidate the Chairman of the Medical Board may consult a suitable Hospital Specialist to decide the issue of fitness or unfitness of the candidate for Government Service e.g. if a candidate is suspected to be suffering from any mental defect or aberration; the Chairman of the Board may consult a Hospital Psychiatrist/Psychologist etc.

When any defect is found it must be noted in the Certificate and the medical examiner should state his opinion whether or not, it is likely to interfere with the efficient performance of the duties which will be required of the candidate.

14. The Candidates who desire to file an appeal against the decision of the Medical Board are required to deposit an appeal fee of Rs. 100 in such a manner as may be prescribed by the Government of India, Ministry of Railways (Railway Board) in this behalf. This fee will be refundable only to those candidates who are declared fit by the Appellate Medical Board whereas in the case of others it will be forfeited. Along with, appeal the candidates must, submit a medical certificate by a registered doctor specifically mentioning that he/ she is aware of the candidate having been declared unfit by a Medical Board. The medical fitness certificate submitted by a candidate is only a prerequisite for appealing against the findings of the First Medical Board. Candidates must have a copy of this certificate when, they present themselves before the Medical Board. The appeals should be submitted within 7 working days from the date of communication(Email) in which the decision of the first Medical Board is conveyed to the candidate; otherwise request for medical examination by an appellate Medical Board will not be entertained. The medical examination by the Appellate Medical Board will be arranged only a candidate‘s own cost. No travelling allowance or daily allowance will be admissible for the journeys performed in connection with the medical examination of the Appellate Medical Board. Necessary action to arrange medical examination by the Appellate Medical Board will be taken by the Ministry of Railways (Railway Board) on receipt of appeals accompanied by the prescribed fee within the stipulated time.

15. The decision of the Appellate Medical Board will be final and no appeal shall be against the same.


The following intimation is made for the guidance of the Medical Examiner:

1. The standard of physical fitness to be adopted should make due allowance of the age and length of service, if any of the candidate concerned.

No person will be deemed qualified for admission to the Public Service who shall not satisfy.

Government or the appointing authority as the case may be that he has no disease, constitutional affliction, or bodily infirmity, unfitting him or likely to unfit him for that service.

It should be understood that the question of fitness involves the future as well as the present and that one of the main objects of medical examination is to secure continuous effective service and in the case of candidates for permanent appointment to prevent early pension or payment in case of premature death. It is at the same time to be noted that the question is one of the likelihood of continuous effective service, and that rejection of a candidate need not be advised on account of the presence of a defect which in only a small proportion of cases is found to interfere with continuous effective service.

A lady doctor will be co-opted as member of the Medical Board whenever a woman candidate is to be examined. The report of the Medical Board should be treated as confidential.

In case where a candidate is declared unfit for appointment in the Government service, the ground for rejection may be communicated to the candidate in broad terms without giving minute details regarding the defects pointed out by the Medical Board. Please note that detailed reasons for medical unfitness will not be put on public domain whereas the individual concerned will be informed the reasons. However, status of the medical examination as Fit/Unfit/Partially Unfit/Temporarily Unfit will be uploaded on the official website of Indian Railways viz.>News&Recruitment>Engineering Services updates.

In case where a Medical Board considers that a minor disability disqualifying a candidate for Government service can be cured by treatment (medical or surgical) a statement to that effect should be recorded by the Medical Board. There is no objection to a candidate being informed of the Board‘s opinion to this effect by appointing authority and when a cure has been effected it will be open to the authority concerned to ask for another Medical Board.

In the case of candidates who are to be declared ―Temporarily Unfit‖ the period specified for re-examination should not ordinarily exceed six months at the maximum. On re-examination after the specified period these candidates should not be declared temporarily unfit for a further period but a final decision in regard to their fitness for appointment or otherwise should be given.

It may be noted that a candidate when suffering from a curable disease, can be declared temporarily unfit by the first Medical Board only. The Medical re-examination shall be deemed to be part of the 1st Medical Examination and candidates may, if they desire, appeal against its decision. The appellate Medical Board has to come to a final decision and state clearly whether a candidate is fit or unfit, a candidate cannot be declared temporarily unfit on the basis of the appellate medical examination.

Download Medical Board Report Format, Appendix and Annexures PDF

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October 2021