Section 11- IGST Act- 2017- Place of supply of goods imported into, or exported from India 

The place of supply of goods, ––

(a) imported into India shall be the location of the importer;

(b) exported from India shall be the location outside India. 

Analysis- Place of supply of goods where the goods are imported into or exported from India will be determined in accordance with section 11 of the IGST Act.We have to consider movement of goods and not location of supplier or recipient ,place of supply will be-

– In case of import of goods- loaction of importer

– In case of export of goods – location outside india where goods are exported.

Place of supply

Example- Import of goods-

Loaction of supplier Location of goods Goods supplied to Loaction of recipient Place of supply
Thailand Thailand Assam Assam Assam
Karnataka Iran Dubai karanatka Not an import since goods not brought into india

Export of goods-

Loaction of supplier Location of goods Goods supplied to Loaction of recipient Place of supply
Assam Assam Thailand Assam Thailand
Maharashtra Dubai Iran Iran Not an export since

the goods is not

moving from India.

Section 12- IGST Act 2017 – Place of supply of services where location of supplier and recipient is in India

(1) The provisions of this section shall apply to determine the place of supply of services where the location of supplier of services and the location of the recipient of services is in India.

(2) The place of supply of services, except the services specified in sub-sections (3) to (14)-

(a) made to a registered person shall be the location of such person;

(b) made to any person other than a registered person shall be, ––

(i) the location of the recipient where the address on record exists; and

(ii) the location of the supplier of services in other cases.

(3) The place of supply of services, ––

(a) directly in relation to an immovable property, including services provided by architects, interior decorators, surveyors, engineers and other related experts or estate agents, any service provided by way of grant of rights to use immovable property or for carrying out or co-ordination of construction work; or

(b) by way of lodging accommodation by a hotel, inn, guest house, home stay, club or campsite, by whatever name called, and including a house boat or any other vessel; or

(c) by way of accommodation in any immovable property for organizing any marriage or reception or matters related thereto, official, social, cultural, religious or business function including services provided in relation to such function at such property; or

(d) any services ancillary to the services referred to in clauses (a), (b) and (c), shall be the location at which the immovable property or boat or vessel, as the case may be, is located or intended to be located:

Provided that if the location of the immovable property or boat or vessel is located or intended to be located outside India, the place of supply shall be the location of the recipient.

(4) The place of supply of restaurant and catering services, personal grooming, fitness, beauty treatment, health service including cosmetic and plastic surgery shall be the location where the services are actually performed.

Analysis- Place of supply (known as POS) of services where both the supplier and recipient are located within India will be determined in accordance with section 12 of the IGST Act.

(i) The general provision to determine the place of supply in respect of supply of services will be as follows:

  • Services supplied to a recipient who is registered, POS will be the location of such person;
  • Services supplied to a recipient who is not registered, POS will be the address on record of such person and where such address is not available, it will be the location of supplier.

(ii) Specific provisions regarding place of supply that will apply in priority over the aforesaid general provision are as follows:

(a) Services directly in relation to immovable property will be the location of such

Property- The expression in relation to means services that have proximate nexus with the immovable property like architects, interior decorators surveyors, engineers and other related experts or estate agents, grant of rights to use immovable property or carrying o ut/ coordination of construction work.

(b) Services of restaurant and catering, personal grooming, fitness, beauty treatment, health service including cosmetic and plastic surgery will be the location where these services are actually performed

(5) The place of supply of services in relation to training and performance appraisal to, ––

(a) a registered person, shall be the location of such person;

(b) a person other than a registered person, shall be the location where the services are actually performed.

(6) The place of supply of services provided by way of admission to a cultural, artistic, sporting, scientific, educational, entertainment event or amusement park or any other place and services ancillary thereto, shall be the place where the event is actually held or where the park or such other place is located.

(7) The place of supply of services provided by way of, —

(a) organization of a cultural, artistic, sporting, scientific, educational or entertainment event including supply of services in relation to a conference, fair, exhibition, celebration or similar events; or

(b) services ancillary to organization of any of the events or services referred to in clause (a), or assigning of sponsorship to such events, ––

(i) to a registered person, shall be the location of such person;

(ii) to a person other than a registered person, shall be the place where the event is actually held and if the event is held outside India, the place of supply shall be the location of the recipient.

(8) The place of supply of services by way of transportation of goods, including by mail or courier to, ––

(a) a registered person, shall be the location of such person;

(b) a person other than a registered person, shall be the location at which such goods are handed over for their transportation.

[Provided that where the transportation of goods is to a place outside India, the place of supply shall be the place of destination of such goods]

(9) The place of supply of passenger transportation service to, —

(a) a registered person, shall be the location of such person;

(b) a person other than a registered person, shall be the place where the passenger embarks on the conveyance for a continuous journey.

(10) The place of supply of services on board a conveyance, including a vessel, an aircraft, a train or a motor vehicle, shall be the location of the first scheduled point of departure of that conveyance for the journey.

(11) The place of supply of telecommunication services including data transfer, broadcasting, cable and direct to home television services to any person shall, —

(a) in case of services by way of fixed telecommunication line, leased circuits, internet leased circuit, cable or dish antenna, be the location where the telecommunication line, leased circuit or cable connection or dish antenna is installed for receipt of services;

(b) in case of mobile connection for telecommunication and internet services provided on post-paid basis, be the location of billing address of the recipient of services on the record of the supplier of services;

(c) in cases where mobile connection for telecommunication, internet service and direct to home television services are provided on pre-payment basis through a voucher or any other means, ––

(i) through a selling agent or a re-seller or a distributor of subscriber identity module card or re-charge voucher, be the address of the selling agent or re-seller or distributor as per the record of the supplier at the time of supply; or

(ii) by any person to the final subscriber, be the location where such prepayment is received or such vouchers are sold;

(d) in other cases, be the address of the recipient as per the records of the supplier of services and where such address is not available, the place of supply shall be location of the supplier of services:

(12) The place of supply of banking and other financial services, including stock broking services to any person shall be the location of the recipient of services on the records of the supplier of services:

Provided that if the location of recipient of services is not on the records of the supplier, the place of supply shall be the location of the supplier of services.

(13) The place of supply of insurance services shall, ––

(a) to a registered person, be the location of such person;

(b) to a person other than a registered person, be the location of the recipient of services on the records of the supplier of services.

(14) The place of supply of advertisement services to the Central Government, a State Government, a statutory body or a local authority meant for the States or Union territories identified in the contract or agreement shall be taken as being in each of such States or Union territories and the value of such supplies specific to each State or Union territory shall be in proportion to the amount attributable to services provided by way of dissemination in the respective States or Union territories as may be determined in terms of the contract or agreement entered into in this regard or, in the absence of such contract or agreement, on such other basis as may be prescribed.

Analysis- (c) Services of training and performance appraisal supplied to a registered person will be the location of the recipient. When the recipient is not registered, the place of supply will be the location where services are actually performed.

(d) Services of admission to a venue will be the location of the venue. The event that is organized may be cultural, artistic, sporting, scientific, education or entertainment or an amusement park including ancillary services. Services referred to here are only ‘admission’ and not for organizing the event at the venue.

(e) Services of organizing an event including ancillary services supplied to a registered person will be the location of the recipient. When the recipient is not registered, the place of supply will be the location of the venue itself.

(f) Services of transportation of goods supplied to a registered person will be the location of the recipient being a registered person. When the recipient is not registered, the place of supply will be the location where goods are handed over for such transportation. Transportation of goods may be by any mode including mail or courier.

However, vide IGST (Amendment) Act, 2018, dated 29-Aug-2018 (effec tiveness is yet to be notified), a proviso is inserted to provide that where the transportation of goods is to a place outside India, the place of supply will be the place of destination of goods.

(g) Services of transportation of passenger will be the location of the registered recipient (including where an employee of a registered person travels on business). When the recipient is not a registered person, the place of supply will be the location of embarkation.

(h) Services supplied on-board a conveyance, will be the first scheduled point of departure of such conveyance. Irrespective of whether the supplies are B2B or B2C, the POS is determined based on the first scheduled point of departure.

(i) Telecommunication services are provided in various forms and the place of supply will depend on the mode of providing the services. Where the services involve an device installed to enable the service, the place of supply will be the location where such device is installed. This device may be a dish antenna, telephone line, etc. Where the services involve portable device, the place of supply will be the billing address if the same is on post-paid basis.

(j) Banking and financial services including stock broking services will be the location of the address-on-record of the recipient. And if address is not available, then the location of supplier will be the place of supply.

(k) Insurance services supplied to a registered person will be the location of the recipient.When the recipient is not registered, the place of supply will be the address of location of the recipient of service on record of the supplier of services.

(l) Advertisement services involving ‘dissemination’ of the material supplied to the Government or a statutory body will be the location of such dissemination. Where it is identifiable to a specific State, then that would be the place of supply and where it is disseminated over number of States, then a rule of proportion or any other reasonable basis is to be applied.

Queries/doubts related to above mailed at mamta0581@gmail.com.

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