Follow Us:

Since last two months we have witnessed some advance rulings which have created panic in the trade and industry. We have already expressed our reservations on few rulings with a detailed write up earlier. Here we attempt to summarize few of such rulings along with our comments in brief.

1. UPS & Battery- (Switching Avo Electro Power Ltd – AAR Kolkata):

Advance Ruling Authority (“AAR”) has held that supply of UPS and battery shall be regarded as a mixed supply and not a composite supply. It was held that goods can be considered as “naturally bundled” only if the supply contract is indivisible. We submit that definition of composite supply u/s 2(30) of the CGST Act, 2017 does not talk about whether the contract is divisible or not. It only says that two or more taxable supplies shall be regarded as composite supply if they are naturally bundled and supplied in conjunction with each other in the ordinary course of business, one of which is a principal supply.

2. Recovery from employees (Caltech Polymers Pvt. Ltd. – AAR Kerala):

AAR has held that GST is payable on the cost of food recovered from the employees. Readers may refer our detailed article in the past on the said issue wherein we have expressed reservations on the said ruling.

3. Duty free shops (Rod Retail Private Limited -AAR Delhi):

AAR has held that supply of goods by retail outlets located in the security hold area after crossing the immigration shall not be regarded as zero-rated supply and hence GST shall be payable by such duty free shops. We submit that the said ruling has not appreciated the context in which “India” has been defined u/s 2(56) of the CGST Act, 2017 read with section 2(11) of the Customs Act, 1962.

4. Carry forward of KKC (Kansai Nerolac Paints Limited -AAR Maharashtra):

AAR has held that under transitional provisions registered person is not entitled to carry forward the balance of KKC lying in the last return filed under the earlier regime. We submit that the said ruling has not considered the express provisions of Sec. 140(1) of the CGST Act, 2017 and has also not correctly applied the decision of Hon. Delhi High Court in the case of Cellular Operators Association of India.

5. EPC contract for solar power plant (Giriraj Renewables Pvt. Ltd.- AAR Maharashtra):

AAR has held that such contracts will be regarded as works contract since the same results in immovable property and hence will be taxed at 18% and not at a concessional rate of 5% provided for Solar power generating system. We submit that the definition of “immovable property” has not been rightly appreciated in the said ruling. Anything attached to Earth for the enjoyment of the thing which is attached cannot be regarded as immovable property. Said ruling also defeats the purpose of the Government in giving incentive to the solar power sector.

6. Supply of food/beverages to passengers in trains (M/s Deepak & Co. – AAR Delhi):

AAR has held that such supply of food/beverages in trains do not have any element of service and hence shall be regarded as supply of goods and accordingly tax at the rate applicable on goods in question is to be determined. We submit that the said ruling has not considered the expression “supply, by way of or as part of any service or in any other manner whatsoever” properly.

7. Hotel accommodation to SEZ unit (Gogte Infrastructure Development Corporation Ltd. -AAR Karnataka):

AAR has held that said supply of services shall be regarded as intra-state supply. We submit that the ruling has not at all considered Sec. 7(5) of the IGST Act, 2017 which clearly provides that any supply to SEZ/units shall be an inter-state supply.

8. Rate on supply by canteen contractor (Rashmi Hospitality Services Private Limited – AAR Gujarat):

AAR has held that rate of tax on food supplied by such canteen contractor shall be 18%. Readers may peruse our detailed article on the subject in the past. AAR has not correctly appreciated applicability of Entry 7(i) vis-à-vis Entry 7(v).

We can conclude by observing that the above referred rulings have clearly shaken the faith one would have reposed in the Advance Ruling Authority. Such rulings will also open flood gates of litigation. Hence it is requested to the Government to rethink on the current mechanism or else no one would like to approach the authority and get a binding adverse decision (till it is reversed in future, but that takes time). Such eventuality will clearly defeat the purpose for which authority has been set-up. No one really likes litigation and uncertainty.


Join Taxguru’s Network for Latest updates on Income Tax, GST, Company Law, Corporate Laws and other related subjects.


  1. vswami says:

    For a close look through / insight into the Scheme governing the Procedure, the additional input @https://taxguru.in/goods-and-service-tax/karnataka-notifies-gst-appellate-authority-for-advance-ruling.html might be of help !

  2. vswami says:

    To put the proposition differently: As made abundantly clear in the applicable scheme of provisions, any Ruling of the Authority shall be binding in the applicant’s case, barring certain extreme / extenuating situations; regardless of whether that turns out to be favorable or otherwise to the applicant. For an appreciation, in full and better light, the governing Procedural Rules for the AAR may have to be gone through – see the display @ https://taxguru.in/goods-and-service-tax/cbec-releases-updated-compilation-51-gst-flyers.html- in hiding within @“’37. Advance Ruling Mechanism in GST “

  3. rm says:

    No one really likes litigation and uncertainty. -what is the process to be followed if the petitioner is not satisfied with the advance ruling is not mentioned ” is non cooperation movement or not following the gst is only solution for businesses community to survive in this stiff competitive market, but what about risk of losing the gst regn certificate, then automatically the petitioner will be out of business since cannot make any transactions with other suppliers and customers.the tax professional need to address the issue seriously in interest of business to avoid negative impact of input loss after sept’18?. Govt should come out with easy mechanism for win-win situation both for govt for tax revenues and business for easy compliance.

  4. Dharma Veer Singh says:

    suggestion 1 from tax mafia.

    you must consult with CA,Legal Advisory.

    it means Refund amount Rs.10000/-
    CA/Legal Advisor fees Approx 10000 add GST 18%. meening Tax refund k liye fir se tax bharo. and jo refund liya wo CA/Legal Advisor ko de do.

    Refund 10000/-
    fees CA/Legal 11800/-
    paper/conveyance/other 5000/-

    Net loss Rs.16800/- wow TAX Mafia.

  5. Dharma Veer Singh says:

    No not now , gst process is very poor . if you paid tax in wrong head , your money is gone to Tax mafia, you never get back your money. forget it, b coz tax mafia says, its your mistake and the mistake happens due to you having a lot of money. thats y you mistake , dont worry your money with your tax mafia, but you will never get back.

    just chill- or kamao or lao, tax bharo, galti karo, fir bhool jao…..

    God bless you.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Search Post by Date
July 2024