Case Law Details

Case Name : Ambica Engineering Works Vs C.C.E.&S.T. (CESTAT Ahmedabad)
Appeal Number : Excise Appeal No. 10859 of 2020
Date of Judgement/Order : 07/06/2022
Related Assessment Year :

Ambica Engineering Works Vs C.C.E. & S.T. (CESTAT Ahmedabad)

The CESTAT, Ahmedabad in the matter of Ambica Engineering Works v. C.C.E. & S.T.-Surat-I [Excise Appeal No. 10859 of 2020, dated June 7, 2022] set aside the demand order has held that invoking extended limitation period by the Revenue Department cannot be sustained, being time barred and is invalid in the absence of suppression of fact with intent to evade payment of duty on the part of the assessee.

Facts:

Ambica Engineering Works, (“the Appellant”) is engaged in the manufacturing of textile machineries, falling under Chapter 84 of the Central Excise Tariff Act, 1985 (“the Central Excise Act”). The Appellant cleared the manufactured goods by availing exemption under Notification No. 06/2002-Central Excise dated March 01, 2002 (“N/N 06”).

The Appellant submitted an application on August 02, 2007 for Central Excise Registration, which was granted. Further, a post facto verification was done by the Revenue Department (“the Respondent”) of the premises and intended purpose for which Central Excise Registration application was made by the Appellant and a report was given w.r.t. eligibility of exemption on the goods manufactured by the Appellant under Notification No. 06/2006 Central Excise dated March 1, 2006 (“the Exemption Notification”).

In November 2008, an audit was conducted and accordingly, the statement of the Appellant was recorded and thereafter a Show Cause Notice dated April 06, 2009  (“the SCN”) was issued inter-alia raising demand of duty for the period April 15, 2004 to February 2008 and denying the benefit of Exemption Notification, which were confirmed vide Order dated July 31, 2010, by invoking the extended period of limitation. The Appellant in this regard, filed an appeal before the CESTAT, Ahmedabad, wherein, vide order dated September 06, 2019 the matter was remanded with the direction to consider the matter on limitation in view of the verification report of the Respondent.

However, vide Order-in-Original dated September 30, 2020 (“the Impugned Order”) whereby demand of the duty was confirmed.

Being aggrieved, this appeal has been filed.

Issue:

  • Whether the extended period of limitation can be invoked in absence of any evidence of wilful mis-declaration or suppression of facts or intention to evade payment of duty?

Held:

The CESTAT, Ahmedabad in Excise Appeal No.10859 of 2020, dated June 7, 2022 held as under:

  • Observed that, the Respondent had carried out the verification of the manufacturing activity of the Appellant physically and specific report in respect of the claim of Exemption Notification was reported, which was not considered by the lower authorities as the same was neither presented nor available at the time of adjudication.
  • Noted that, the information regarding the nature of goods claimed for exemption was within the knowledge of the Respondent.
  • Stated that, once the exemption is claimed and the same is in the knowledge of the Respondent, firstly the Respondent is to do the proper verification to ascertain whether the goods on which exemption is claimed are covered under the Exemption Notification. The belief of an assessee may be right or wrong but it is incumbent on the Respondent to ascertain the correctness of the eligibility of the Exemption Notification. Therefore, by declaring the goods under Exemption Notification, there cannot be a charge of suppression of fact on the part of the Appellant or the Appellant had suppressed anything or had an intention to evade payment of duty.
  • Set aside the SCN and the Impugned Order passed by the Respondent.
  • Held that, the demand raised in the SCN and confirmed vide the Impugned Order is not sustainable, being time barred.

FULL TEXT OF THE CESTAT AHMEDABAD ORDER

The brief facts of the case are that the appellant commenced manufacturing of textile machineries on 15.04.2007 falling under chapter 84 of the Central excise Tariff Act, 1985 namely “Relax Drum washer Machine” and cleared the same availing exemption under Notification No. 06/2002-Central Excise dated March 01, 2002 describing the same as “Relax Drum for Relaxation of Fabric” in their sale invoices. The appellant submitted an application on 02.08.2007 for Central Excise Registration before crossing the limit of turnover in terms of Notification No. 08/2003-CE dated 01.03.2003. On 09.08.2007 the appellant was granted Central Excise Registration. The Jurisdiction Assistant Commissioner Central Excise directed the Range Superintendent to carry out the post facto verification of the premises and intended purpose for which application has been made. Vide letter dated 30.08.2007 the superintendent submitted the verification report to the Assistant Commissioner. The appellant filed ER-1 Return on 27.02.2008 for the quarter ending 21.12.2007. The appellant submitted a letter dated 28.08.2008 in response to the letter dated 18.02.2008 in which details of sales for the years prior to the registration were once again submitted. In November 2008, the audit was conducted by the Central Excise officers of the department. On 18.03.2009 the statement of the appellant was recorded by the officers of the department and thereafter the SCN dated 06.04.2009 was issued inter-alia raising demand of duty for the period 15.04.2004 to February 2008. In the SCN it was proposed to deny the exemption Notification No. 06/2002-Central Excise dated March 01, 2002. Vide Order in Original dated 31.07.2010 proposals made in the SCN were confirmed, against which the appellant filed the appeal before this tribunal. The Tribunal vide order dated 06.09.2019 remanded the matter with the direction to consider the matter on limitation in view of the verification report of the Superintendent. The Adjudicating Authority in the de- novo adjudication passed order in original dated 30.09.2020 whereby he confirmed the duty demand invoking the extended period of limitation. Therefore, the present appeal.

2. Shri Rahul Gajera, Learned Counsel Appearing on behalf of the appellant submits that the issue in the present case is only to decide whether the extended period under proviso to section 11A of the Central Excise Act, 1944 will apply in the facts of the present case in the absence of any evidence of wilful misdeclaration or suppression of facts or intention to evade payment of duty. He submits that the entire demand was raised invoking the extended period. He submits that there is no wilful mis­statement or suppression of fact or intention to evade central excise duty as it is evident from the facts that the appellant cleared the goods without charging Central excise duty and describing the impugned machine as “Relax Drum for Relaxation of fabrics” in the sales invoices. Upon crossing the turnover limit of value of goods in terms of SSI exemption Notification No. 08/2003-CE. The appellant had duly applied for and granted Central Excise Registration during which range superintendent had carried out verification of the premises and machines manufactured by the appellant and purpose of central excise registration.

Demand of Central Excise Duty cannot be sustained being time barred & in absence of any suppression by assessee

2.1 He submits that the Range Superintendent who was entrusted the function to verify the purpose of central excise registration determined and reported that goods manufactured by the appellant viz. Relax Drum Machines were covered at Sr. No 3, list no.2 of Notification No, 06/2006 and that the same were accordingly exempt from duty for the period prior to 01.03.2007 and that the said goods with effect from 01.03.2007 were leviable to duty in terms of Notification No. 06/2002-Central Excise dated March 01, 2002.

2.2 He submits that entire details of sales for the period prior to registration was also submitted to the department. As regard the other machines viz. Sourcing machine, as stated by the appellant in his statement dated 18.03.2009, the same was manufactured on trial basis and that the said machine is mentioned at Sr. 21 of the list 6 of Notification No. 06/2002-Central Excise dated March 01, 2002 as amended and further stated that the functioning of the manufactured by the appellant and the one specified in the notification is one and the same.

2.3 The appellant after obtaining registration had cleared the goods on payment of applicable duty in terms of Notification No. 06/2007-CE dated 01.03.2007 and filed ER-1 return. The appellant held a bona fide belief that the machines manufactured by the appellant were covered under the said notification and were exempt from Central Excise duty for the period 15.04.2004 to 12.08.2007 and the same were leviable to concessional rate of duty thereafter.

2.4 He submits that the bona fide view of the appellant was also the view of the department hence, there was no wilful mis- declaration or suppression of facts, it cannot be alleged that there was malafide on the part of appellant in not paying duty, consequently, the larger period of limitation cannot apply.

2.5 He submits that on identical issue, the Hon’ble tribunal in the case of Accurate Trans Heat Pvt Ltd Vs. Commissioner of Central Excise Surat- 2018 (7) TMI 973- CESTAT AHMEDABAD has held that where there is no evidence of mis-declaration or suppression of facts or intention to evade payment of duty, demand of duty invoking extended period of limitation cannot be sustained. He also placed reliance on the judgment of Supreme Court in the case of Continental Foundation JT. Venture Vs. Commissioner of Central Excise , CHANDIGARH-I- 2007 (216) ELT 177 (SC).

3. Per contra, Shri Dinesh Prithiani, Learned Assistant Commissioner (AR) appearing on behalf of the revenue reiterates the finding of the impugned order. He placed reliance on the following judgments:

  • Commissioner of Central Excise & Service Tax, Surat Vs. Bhagyarekha Engineers Pvt Ltd – 2014 (309) ELT 108 (Tri. Ahmd)
  • Bayers India Ltd vs. Commissioner of Central Excise, Mumbai-III-2001 (130) ELT 97 (Tri. Mumbai)

4. We have carefully considered the submissions made by both sides and perused the records. As regard the merit of the case that whether the appellant is eligible for exemption Notification No. 06/2006 Central Excise dated March 1, 2006 or otherwise, the issue attained finality as per the tribunal’s order in the case of Bhagyarekha Engineers Pvt Ltd (Supra) against the appellant. In the present case the limited issue is that whether the invocation of longer period in terms of proviso to section 11A is correct or otherwise. We find that this is the second round of appeal before this tribunal. In the first round this Tribunal had remanded the matter vide Final Order No A/11705/2019 dated 06.09.2019 wherein the following order was passed:-

“4. We have carefully considered the submission made by both the sides and perused the records. We find that the issue on merit is settled as the same has been decided in the case of CCE, Surat vs. Bhagyarekha Engineers P Ltd. (supra) against the assessee and the same was upheld by the Hon’ble Supreme Court . Now the only issue remains to be decided is whether the demand raised by the Revenue is barred by limitation. In this regard, we find that the appellant have heavily relied upon the physical verification report for registration vide F.no. RI Registration/AEW/07-08/Surat dated 30.08.2007 given by Superintendent Range-I Division-3, Surat –I to the Assistant Commissioner. The said verification report is scanned below:-

verification report

appellant under RTI

The copy of above report was obtained by the appellant under RTI with s letter no. XIX/01/2011 dated 09.07.2019 almost after 8 years of filing the appeal. It is observed that this letter was not considered by the lower authorities as the same was neither presented nor available at the time of adjudication . Since , only on this letter, by verification report, the superintendent has mentioned about availing the exemption notification No. 06/07-CE dated 01.03.2007, the appellant’s submission is that there is no suppression of fact. Hence, the extended period of will not apply. We are of the view that since this vital letter dated 30.08.2007 was not dealt with by the lower authorities, entire matter on limitation needs to be reconsidered by the adjudicating authority. Accordingly, we set aside the impugned order and remand the matter to the Adjudicating Authority for passing a fresh order. The appeal is allowed by way of remand to the Adjudicating Authority.”

From the above observation in the remand proceeding, the adjudicating authority was to decide the invocation of larger period of demand considering the verification report given by the Range Superintendent. We find that the case on the merit was that the appellant was manufacturing and clearing the machine declaring the same as “Relax Drum Washer machine” under the belief that the same is covered under exemption Notification No. 06/2006 Central Excise dated March 1, 2006 under the description of “Relax Conveyer drying machine”

4.1 As regard the appellant’s belief whether it is the bona fide or otherwise it is observed that it is not only the appellant but there are other manufacturers also who were under the bona fide belief that the goods in question is covered under the exemption Notification No 06/2006-CE . It is evident from the case of Accurate Trans Heat Pvt Ltd (supra), in that case also the assessee for the same machine were claiming the exemption notification. Moreover, when the appellant applied for the central excise registration, the manufacturing was going on and during that period the Range Superintendent on the direction of the Jurisdictional Assistant Commissioner carried out the verification. In the said verification report at para 3 categorically stated that the product declared by the unit were exempted under Notification No. 06/2006 Central Excise dated March 1, 2006 (Sr no -3 list 2). It was also mentioned that the said product has been imposed duty vide notification No 06/2007 dated 01.03.2007.

4.2 From the said verification it is clear without any doubt that the range superintendent has verified the manufacturing activity physically and thereafter given the report that the product which is manufactured by the appellant is eligible for exemption under Notification No. 06/2006 Central Excise dated March 1, 2006. The appellant thereafter filed ER- 1 return on 27.02.2008 therefore, all the information regarding the nature of goods claimed for exemption notification was within the knowledge of the department. In our view once an assessee claim exemption notification and the same is in the knowledge of the department, the department firstly to do the proper verification to ascertain whether the goods on which exemption is claimed is covered under the notification or otherwise. The belief of an assessee may be right or wrong but it is incumbent on the department to ascertain the correctness of the eligibility of the exemption notification. Therefore, by declaring the goods under exemption there cannot be a charge of suppression of fact on the part of the appellant. We also find that in the identical case, this tribunal in the case of Accurate Trans Heat Pvt Ltd (Supra) held that there is no suppression of fact and the demand of extended period was set aside. The present case is on better footing on the ground that the superintendent has carried out the verification and specific report in respect of the claim of exemption Notification No. 06/2006 Central Excise dated March 1, 2006 was reported. The judgment in the case of Accurate Trans Heat Pvt Ltd is reproduced below:-

’’These appeals have been filed by M/s Accurate Trans Heat Pvt Ltd and Shn Re Derger against order of Commissioner confirming the demand of Central Excise duty on Drum washer machine/relax drum machine by denying exemption Notification No. 06/2002-Central Excise dated March 01, 2002 and Notification No. 06/2006 Central Excise dated March 1, 2006, interest and imposition of penalty

2. Learned Counsel for the appellant pointed out that the appellants are engaged in manufacture of Drum washer machine/relax drum machine and claimed Nil rate of duty under Notification No. 06/2002-Central Excise dated March 01, 2002 Sr No 193 and Sr No. 5 of List 6 Sr No 193 of the Notification exempts machine ore equipment specified in List 6 of the said notification from full Central Excise duty. Sr. No 5 of the said List read as under

“5 Relax drum/conveyer drying machine (1) Drying range. (ii) Float aryer, (ii) Loop dryer. (iv) Drum dryer, (v) Jet dryer, (vi) Rapid dryer”

2.1 He pointed out that subsequently vide Notification No. 06/2006 Central Excise dated March 1, 2006, the said exemption was continued. The said exemption was withdrawn and duty of 8% imposed by virtue of Notification No. 8/2007-CE dated 13.2007 when the appellants started paying duty Learned Counsel claimed that the product manufactured by them Drum washer machine/relax drum washer machine is covered by the description appearing in Sr. No. 5 of the List 6 of the notification. He argued that list attached to the Notification wee based on technical/trade names of such machines However, a machine is called or described by various names. He relied on the Chartered Engineer’s certificate and report dated 10.2.2009 of Man Made Textile Research Association (MANTRA) in the said report, the terms Relaxation Shrinkage and Residual Shrinkage have been defined and following conclusion has been reached:-

“From the above discussion, we certify that the Relax Drum machine is used for relaxation of fabric, in particular hign twisted polyester filament fabric, which also enhances the quality of the fabric in terms of bulk, nandle and give Dani, Georgette, Chiffon, etc effects

2.2 He also relied on the report of SASMIRA dated 20.2.2009 wherein after examining the term ‘relaxation’, ‘residual shrinkage and “shrinkage following certificate has been given –

“Therefore, we certify that the Relax Drum Machine is used for relaxation of fabric which enhances the quality of the fabric in terms of bulk and handle, as well as it gives effect like Dani, Chiffon, Georgette etc.”

Learned Counsel argued that the machine are squarely covered by the description appeared in the notification

2.3 He further argued that there are no findings in the impugned order on limitation He claimed that they had correctly described the machine in their returns filed during the period and therefore there was no suppression

3. Learned AR relies on he decision of the Tribunal in the case of Bhagyarekha Engineers Pvt Ltd. – 2014 (309) ELT 108 (Tri-Ahmd), wherein in identical circumstances after examining the report of SASMIRA and MANTRA, the matter has been decided against the assessee.

4. We have gone through the rival submissions. We find that the Revenue has invoked extended period of limitation. The appellants have, during this period, filed returns claiming the benefit of notification. There is no assertion that they have mis-declared the product. Their unit was also audited numerous times. The description in the returns is ‘Relax drum machine and the benefit of notification has been claimed. In these circumstances, it cannot be said that the appellants had suppressed anything or had an intention to evade payment of duty

5. The appeals are consequently allowed on limitation.”

4.3 In view of the above judgment coupled with the particular facts of the present case there is no doubt in our mind to hold that there is no suppression of fact with intent to evade payment of duty on the part of the appellant. In the present case the demand for the period 15.04.2004 to February 2008 was raised by the Show cause notice dated 06.04.2009 hence the entire demand is prior to normal period of one year, therefore the same is hit by the limitation. Accordingly we hold that the demand raised in the SCN and confirmed by the Adjudicating Authority is not sustainable being time barred.

4.4 As regard the reliance placed by the Learned AR on the judgments , on going through such judgments we find that on the face of the verification carried out by the Superintendent, the facts of those cases are different from the facts of the present case. Therefore the ratio of the judgments relied upon by the Learned AR cannot be made applicable to the facts of the present case. Moreover, the issue of time bar being a matter of fact, the fact of each case vary from one to another.

5. As per our above discussion and finding the impugned order is set aside, appeal is allowed with consequential relief, if any, in accordance with law.

(Pronounced in the open court on 07.06.2022)

*****

(Author can be reached at [email protected])

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