1. What is Form 15G and Form 15H?

Form 15G and Form 15H are forms you can submit to prevent TDS deduction on your income, if you meet the conditions mentioned below. For this, PAN is compulsory. Some banks allow you to submit these forms online through the bank‘s website. Form 15H is for senior citizens, those who are 60 years or older; while Form 15G is for everybody else.

Form 15G and Form 15H are valid for one financial year. So, please submit these forms every year at the beginning of the financial year. This will ensure the bank does not deduct any TDS on your interest income.

Section 197A – No TDS Deduction – Form 15G & Form 15H

  • For FY 2020-21, in view of the spread of the disease COVID-19, taxpayers may not be able to submit the forms in the first week of April 2020. Hence, the government has extended the validity of the Form 15G and Form 15H expiring on 31 March 2020 up to 30 June 2020. Taxpayers can submit the Form 15G and Form 15H in the first week of July 2020. For the period beginning 1 April 2020 and up to 30 June 2020, the Form 15G and 15H submitted for FY 2019- 20 will be valid proof for non-deduction of TDS. Section 197A of Income Tax Act, 1961 and Rule 29C of Income Tax Rules, 1962 contain the provisions related to the filing of Form 15G and Form 15H for non-deduction of income tax or TDS on certain incomes.
  • Rule 29C rule prescribes the form to be furnished for non-deduction of income tax on certain incomes as below-
  • Rule 29c(1)- A declaration –

under section 197A(1) or under section 197A(1A) shall be in Form No.15G and under section 197A(1C) shall be in Form No.15H.

  •  Section 197A(1) or section 197A(1A) applies to an Individual below 60 years
    of age. It also applies to non-Individuals.
  • Section 197A(1C) applies only to Individuals who is a senior citizen.
  • The provisions of Section 197A are discussed below:

◊ Section 197A(1): No deduction of income tax shall be made for – Section 194 – TDS on dividend paid to a resident in India if exceeds Rs.5,000. Section 194EE – TDS on payments in respect of deposits under National Savings Scheme, etc. if exceeds Rs. 2,500.

in case of –

– an Individual, who is resident in India,

– if such individual furnishes

– to the payer

– a declaration in writing in duplicate

– in the prescribed form and,

– verified in the prescribed manner,

– when-

– tax on his estimated total income of the previous year in which such income is includible is NIL.

Please note that here rebate u/s 87A is not considered for the purpose of this section.

◊ Section 197A(1A): No deduction for income tax shall be made for – Section 192A – TDS on payment from Employees’ Provident Funds if exceeds Rs. 50,000.

Section 193 – Interest on securities if exceeds Rs. 10,000 except securities held in dematerialized form and listed securities.

Section 194A – Interest other than interest on securities if exceeds Rs. 40,000 for bank and PO/Rs. 50,000 for senior citizen, and Rs. 5,000 from others.

Section 194D – TDS on Insurance Commission if exceeds Rs. 15,000

Section 194DA – TDS on Life Insurance Policy maturity proceeds if exceeds Rs. 1,00,000

Section 194I – TDS on Rent payment if exceeds Rs. 2,40,000

Section 194K – TDS on Payment of any income in respect of units of mutual fund if exceeds Rs. 5,000

in case of a person-

– not being a company or firm

– if such person furnishes a declaration

– in writing in duplicate

– in the prescribed form and

– verified in the prescribed manner.

– when-

– tax on his estimated total income of the previous year in which such
income is includible

– is NIL

Please note that here rebate u/s 87A is not considered for the purpose of this section.

◊ Section 197A(1B): The provisions of section 197A(1) or section 197A(1A) shall not apply –

– when the aggregate of income referred to above sections or

– the aggregate of the amount of such incomes-

– credited or paid or likely to be credited or paid

– during the previous year

– in which such income is to be included

– exceeds the basic exemption limit.

This provision means if the income for which Form 15G is being furnished such income shall not exceed the basic exemption limit. For example, in case of a bank, if payment of interest during a financial year exceeds the basic exemption limit(Rs. 2,50,000 at present) then Form 15G cannot be filed.

◊ Section 197A(1C): Contains filing of declaration for no deduction in the prescribed form for-

Section 194 – TDS on dividend paid to a resident in India if exceeds Rs. 5,000. Section 194EE – TDS on payments in respect of deposits under National Savings Scheme, etc. if exceeds Rs. 2,500.

Section 192A – TDS on payment from Employees’ Provident Funds if exceeds Rs. 50,000.

Section 193 – Interest on securities if exceeds Rs. 10,000 except securities held in dematerialized form and listed securities.

Section 194A – Interest other than interest on securities if exceeds Rs. 40,000 for bank and PO/Rs. 50,000 for senior citizen, and Rs. 5,000 from others.

Section 194D – TDS on Insurance Commission if exceeds Rs. 15,000

Section 194DA – TDS on Life Insurance Policy maturity proceeds if exceeds Rs. 1,00,000

Section 194I – TDS on Rent payment if exceeds Rs. 2,40,000

Section 194K – TDS on Payment of any income in respect of units of mutual fund if exceeds Rs. 5,000

– by an individual resident in India

– who is a senior citizen.

– Thus, a non-resident senior citizen is expressly prohibited from filing of Form15H. In case of filing of Form 15G by a non-resident, it is impliedly prohibited, but for a senior citizen, it is expressly prohibited. The condition mentioned in section 197A(1B) is not applicable to a senior citizen filing Form 15H. In other words, Form 15H can be filed even if the aggregate of income referred to above sections exceeds the basic exemption limit which is Rs. 3,00,000 at present for a senior citizen and Rs. 5,00,000 for a very senior citizen but his tax on total income shall be nil.

Please note that The CBDT has come up with ―Notification No. 41/2019/F. No. 370142/5/2019-TPL dated 22nd May, 2019” which reads as below:

Provided that such person shall accept the declaration in a case where income of the assessee, who is eligible for rebate of income-tax under section 87A, is higher than the income for which declaration can be accepted as per this note, but his tax liability shall be nil after taking into account the rebate available to him under the said section 87A.‖ which means rebate u/s 87A is considered for the purpose of this section. This can be explained with the help of following comparative letter:-

Taxable pre- mature withdrawal from provident   fund
[Section 192A]
Interest [Section 193 and 194A]  or Rent [Section 194-I] or
Insurance Commission [Section 194D]
Dividend [Section 194] Payment   in
respect of life
insurance policy [Section 194DA]
National Saving Scheme [Section 194EE] Income in respect of    units
of mutual fund [Section 194K]
Condition Individual Other than a company or firm Resident individual Other than a
company or firm
Resident individual Other than  a
company or firm
1-    Who is recipient
Condition Nil Nil Nil Nil Nil Nil
2-  What is tax on total income    of the previous year
Condition Not exceeding the maximum amount not chargeable to tax
0- How much is total  of income covered by Sections 192A, 193, 194, 194A, 194D, 194DA, 194EE, 194-I and 194K

Age Interest Income Other Income Deductions Taxable Income 15G/15H allowed? Remarks
Below 60 Years Rs. 3 Lakhs Rs. 1 Lakh Rs. Lakhs 1.50 Rs. 2.50 Lakhs 15G not allowed Interest income is above  exemption limit of Rs. 2.50 Lakhs
Rs. 2.50 Lakhs Rs. 1.60 Lakhs Rs. Lakhs 1.50 Rs. 2.60 Lakhs 15G not allowed Taxable income is above exemption limit of Rs. 2.50 Lakhs
Rs. 2.50 Lakhs Rs. 1.50 Lakhs Rs. Lakhs 1.50 Rs. 2.50

Lakhs

15G
allowed
Both conditions satisfied
60 Years and above Rs. 2.50 Lakhs Rs. 2 Lakhs Rs. Lakhs 1.50 Rs. 3  Lakhs 15H
allowed
Taxable income is within Rs. 3
Lakhs
Rs. 2.50 Lakhs Rs. 4.50 Lakhs Rs. Lakhs 1.50 Rs. 5.50 Lakhs 15H not allowed Taxable income is both above exemption limit of Rs. 3 Lakhs and 5 Lakhs which means
benefit of rebate u/s 87A also could not be availed
80 Years and above Rs. 4 Lakhs Rs. 2.50 Lakhs Rs. Lakhs 1.50 Rs. 5 Lakhs 15H
allowed
Taxable income is within Rs. 5
Lakhs
Rs. 4  Lakhs Rs. 3 Lakhs Rs. Lakhs 1.50 Rs. 5.50 Lakhs 15H not allowed Taxable income is above exemption limit of Rs. 5 Lakhs

Extract of Section 197A of Income Tax Act, 1961

197A. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in section 194 or section 194EE, no deduction of tax shall be made under any of the said sections in the case of an individual, who is resident in India, if such individual furnishes to the person responsible for paying any income of the nature referred to in section 194 or, as the case may be, section 194EE, a declaration in writing in duplicate in the prescribed form and verified in the prescribed manner to the effect that the tax on his estimated total income of the previous year in which such income is to be included in computing his total income will be nil.

(1A) Notwithstanding anything contained in section 192A or section 193 or section 194A or section 194D or section 194DA or section 194-I or section 194K, no deduction of tax shall be made under any of the said sections in the case of a person (not being a company or a firm), if such person furnishes to the person responsible for paying any income of the nature referred to in section 192A or section 193 or section 194A or section 194D or section 194DA or section 194-I or section 194K, as the case may be, a declaration in writing in duplicate in the prescribed form and verified in the prescribed manner to the effect that the tax on his estimated total income of the previous year in which such income is to be included in computing his total income will be

(1B) The provisions of this section shall not apply where the amount of any income of the nature referred to in sub-section (1) or sub-section (1A), as the case may be, or the aggregate of the amounts of such incomes credited or paid or likely to be credited or paid during the previous year in which such income is to be included exceeds the maximum amount which is not chargeable to income-tax.

(1C) Notwithstanding anything contained in section 192A or section 193 or section 194 or section 194A or section 194D or section 194DA or section 194EE or section 194-I or section 194K or sub­section (1B) of this section, no deduction of tax shall be made in the case of an individual resident in India, who is of the age of sixty years or more at any time during the previous year, if such individual furnishes to the person responsible for paying any income of the nature referred to in section 192A or section 193 or section 194 or section 194A or section 194D or section 194DA or section 194EE or section 194-I or section 194K, as the case may be, a declaration in writing in duplicate in the prescribed form and verified in the prescribed manner to the effect that the tax on his estimated total income of the previous year in which such income is to be included in computing his total income will be nil.

(1D) Notwithstanding anything contained in this section, no deduction of tax shall be made by the Offshore Banking Unit from the interest paid—

(a) on deposit made on or after the 1st day of April, 2005, by a non-resident or a person not ordinarily resident in India; or

(b) on borrowing, on or after the 1st day of April, 2005, from a non-resident or a person not ordinarily resident in India.

Explanation.—For the purposes of this sub-section “Offshore Banking Unit” shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in clause (u) of section 2 of the Special Economic Zones Act, 2005.

(1E) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Chapter, no deduction of tax shall be made from any payment to any person for, or on behalf of, the New Pension System Trust referred to in clause (44) of section 10.

[(1F) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Chapter, no deduction of tax shall be made, or deduction of tax shall be made at such lower rate, from such payment to such person or class of persons, including institution, association or body or class of institutions, associations or bodies, as may be notified by the Central Government in the Official Gazette, in this behalf.]

(2) The person responsible for paying any income of the nature referred to in sub-section (1) or subsection (1A) or sub-section (1C) shall deliver or cause to be delivered to the Principal Chief Commissioner or Chief Commissioner or Principal Commissioner or Commissioner one copy of the declaration referred to in sub-section (1) or sub-section (1A) or sub-section (1C) on or before the seventh day of the month next following the month in which the declaration is furnished to him.

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