prpri Incorrect reporting of Certificates U/s. 197 and action to be taken Incorrect reporting of Certificates U/s. 197 and action to be taken

Many times we file application for obtaining lower deduction or nil deduction certificate u/s 197. But while obtaining this certificate we might miss out on some important factors due to which incorrect reporting under section 197 will occur and hence assessee will be consider as assessee in default.

Incorrect reporting of 197 Certificates:

Please refer to the following guidelines for correct reporting of 197 Certificates:

  • The Certificate Number should be of 10 digits with Alpha-numeric structure. Please refer to the following examples:
    • Correct Format 1111AA111A;
    • Incorrect Format: 1111AA111A/194C
  • Certificate Number should be valid during the period for which it is quoted.
  • The Certificate Number should be for the same PAN, Section Code and Section Rate for which it has been mentioned in the statement
  • Threshold limit Amount of the Certificate should not be exceeded.
  • Please ensure that the Certificate is not expired. Please refer to the following illustration:
    • Lower deduction Certificate under section 197, issued in April 2019 (e.g. Certificate Number – 1) stands cancelled by Assessing Officer on 10/11/2019.
    • A fresh certificate Under Section 197 (e.g. Certificate Number – 2) is issued with effect from 11/11/2019.
    • Deductor quotes Certificate Number – 2 against the transactions recorded during the period from 01/11/2019 to 10/11/2019 in Q3 TDS statement.
    • Deductor should have quoted Certificate Number – 1 for the transactions conducted till 10/11/2019.

Common errors resulting into Short Payment Defaults:

  • Typographical errors committed by deductor, in reporting the date ‘20032019’ in the “Tax Deducted” column.
  • Total of “Amount Paid / Credited” reported in the “Tax Deducted” column of the statement. This results into short payment and
    Deductors need to ensure that the TDS/TCS Deducted/Collected amount should be equal to TDS/TCS Deposited Amount.

The above mistakes are illustrated below:

Amount Paid/ Credited TDS Deducted TDS Deposited Remarks
1,55,000.00 1,55,000.00 15,500.00 Wrong TDS Deducted Amount
2,20,420.00 20032019.00 22042.00 Date mentioned in the TDS Deducted Column

Actions to be taken :

  • CIN Particulars (BSR Code, Date of Deposit and Challan Serial Number) mentioned in the TDS statement should exactly match with the CIN Particulars as available on ‘Challan Status’ at in or ‘Challan Status Enquiry’ at
  • For BIN (Book Identification Number), the particulars (24G receipt number, Date of transfer voucher and DDO Serial Number) mentioned in the TDS statement by the Govt. Deductors should exactly match with the BIN Particulars as available on
    ‘Challan Status’ at in or ‘BIN View’ at
  • Amount of Tax deposited pertaining to different BIN’s/ CIN’s should not be clubbed together while reporting in the TDS statements.
  • Few other common mistakes in reporting dates are as follows:
Actual Date of Deposit
(As per Challan)
Date of Deposit mentioned in TDS Statement Observations
07/01/2019 (07th Jan, 2019) 07/01/2018 (07th Jan, 2018) Wrong Year (2018 instead of 2019)
07/01/2019 (07th Jan, 2019) 01/07/2019 (01st July, 2019) Wrong Date Format (MM/DD/YYYY)

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  1. Vishal Suryawanshi says:

    NRI has sold the property to Resident Indian couple(husband &wife), TDS lower deduction certificate u/s 197 obtained by the wife only, TDS paid accordingly and TDS return(27Q) efiled . Husband forgot to apply for certificate, now husband also wants to get benifit for the lower deduction but he has already paid TDS at lower rate(without certificate and return e filed). Please guide.

  2. gurumukh railwani says:

    NRI sold the property, the TDS deducted at lower rate after issuance of certificate of Income tax authority which deposited but certificate number not mentioned as not mentioned on certificate issued. Now how will provide the certificate number

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July 2021