MEANING AND PURPOSE OF LEGAL ENTITY IDENTIFIER
The Legal Entity Identifier (LEI) code is conceived as a key measure to improve the quality and accuracy of financial data systems for better risk management post the Global Financial Crisis.
The LEI is designed to enable the identification and linking of parties to financial transactions to manage counterparty risk. Its goal is to help improve the measuring and monitoring of systemic risk and support more cost-effective compliance with regulatory reporting requirements.
1. REGULATORY AUTHORITY OF LEI
The global LEI system (GLEIS) has been set up by regulatory authorities [including G20 and the Financial Stability Board (FSB)] to address the global financial crisis.
The websites of the Financial Stability Board (FSB), Regulatory Oversight Committee, and Global Legal Entity Identifier Foundation provide general information on the status of the global LEI system.
2. STRUCTURE OF LEI CODE
LEI is a 20-digit unique code to identify parties to financial transactions worldwide. It consists of long alphanumeric code based on the ISO 17442 standard developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has the following structure:
3. WHO NEEDS TO APPLY FOR LEI CODES?
3.1. RBI Circular for NEFT/RTGS Transactions:
3.2. IRDAI Circular for Insurers and corporate borrowers
IRDAI circular dated June 05, 2020-
The IRDAI circular applies to both term loan borrowers and debenture issuers. Debentures, term loans as well as Bonds would be included in computing the overall exposure that an insurer or financial institution has to a corporate borrower either in the form of term loans or debentures or in any other form of debt.
3.3. RBI Circular for Non-derivatives markets and Large Borrowers
RBI Circular covers participants in non-derivative markets and borrowers of banks in a phased manner to apply for an LEI.
Non-derivative markets include Government securities markets, money markets (markets for any instrument with a maturity of one year or less), and non-derivative forex markets (transactions that settle on or before the spot date) that are cash, tom, and spot transactions.
The schedule of non-derivative markets to obtain LEI is as follows:
Phase 1: Net Worth of Entities above Rs.10000 million – December 31, 2019.
Phase 2: Net Worth of Entities between Rs.2000 million and Rs 10000 million– December 31, 2019
Phase 3: Net Worth of Entities up to Rs.2000 million– September 30, 2020.
The schedule of large borrowings to obtain LEI is as follows:
Phase 1: Total exposure to SCBs of 1000 Cr and above – March 31, 2018
Phase 2: Total exposure to SCBs of 500 Cr and 1000 Cr– June 30, 2018
Phase 3: Total exposure to SCBs of 100 Cr and 500 Cr – March 31, 2019
Phase 4: Total exposure to SCBs of 100 Cr and 50 Cr – Dec 31, 2019
3.4. Remaining Participants as per the Reserve Bank of India have Mandated the Implementation of The LEI System
All participants in the Over the Counter (OTC) markets for Rupee Interest Rate derivatives, foreign currency derivatives, and credit derivatives in India, in a phased manner, as mentioned below: –
Phase I – Entities regulated by RBI / SEBI / IRDA / PFRDA and Corporates with Net Worth above Rs 10000 mn- August 1, 2017
Phase II – Corporates with Net Worth between Rs 2000 mn and Rs 10000 mn-August 1, 2017
Phase III – Corporates with Net Worth between Rs 700 mn and Rs 2000 mn- December 1, 2017
Phase IV – Corporates with Net Worth of Rs 700 mn and below- March 31, 2018
(Entities without an LEI code would not be eligible to participate in the OTC derivatives markets, after the date specified in the schedule.)
4. THE PROCESS TO APPLY FOR AN LEI: –
A legal entity seeking an LEI will be required to register as a user on our LEI website (i.e. www.ccilindia-lei.co.in).
The authorized official will select the option “Create an Account” and fill in the required details. The officials will receive a confirmation e-mail to activate and verify/her account.
“An LEI is valid for one year from the date of issuance/last renewal date.”
The following are the steps to apply for an LEI:
i. First visit the LEIL website with the help of a link i.e., https://www.ccilindialei.co.in
ii. Then, go to Download Tab and download the documents under Tab “Legal Doc Download”. You will be able to download the list of documents and formats for the LEI application.
iii. The applicant who is authorized by the board will create an online account.
iv. The applicant will submit the online registration form and makes the payment
v. The entity will be required to upload the necessary documents on the online form.
vi. In this case legal entity is unable to upload documents the entity has to courier the
required physical documents to LEIL.
vii. LEIL will verify the documents received, payment, and the online form.
viii. LEI number is issued.
After upload of documents & payment, it takes generally 3 to 5 working days to issue an LEI.
FAQs (FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS)
1. I have obtained LEI for my company for one kind of securities so, do I have to apply for the LEI number again?
Ans. No, the LEI number is a globally unique number assigned to your company. Fo, temple- The same LEI number is also valid founded as in non-derivatives markets.
2. Can an individual apply for LEI?
Ans. No, an individual acting in a natural capacity is currently out of scope to apply for LEI.
3. If the Company registered office is moving abroad. Do I need to apply for new LEI?
Ans. No, an issued LEI retains its validity even if the entity moves into the area of responsibility of a different issuing agency if the legal entity remains the same.
4. What is the validity period of an LEI?
Ans. An LEI is valid for one year from the date of issuance/last renewal date.
5. Where can I find out the renewal date for my existing LEI?
Ans. The legal entity must search the LEI in the search tab. The user shall click on “View Details” which provides the “LEI Next Renewal Date”.
6. What happens if I don’t renew my LEI?
Ans. LEI shall be valid for a term of one year after assignment or renewal. It shall be the duty of the entity to apply for renewal of LEI before the expiry of the validity of the LEI. The status of your LEI will change to ‘LAPSED’ on the next renewal date.