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Case Law Details

Case Name : Yashovardhan Birla Vs CIT (ITAT Mumbai)
Appeal Number : SA No. 61/Mum/2021
Date of Judgement/Order : 03/09/2021
Related Assessment Year : 2016-17
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Yashovardhan Birla Vs CIT (ITAT Mumbai)

The Income Tax Appellate Tribunal (ITAT), Mumbai bench, in its order has examined the definition of ‘undisclosed asset’ in the Black Money (Undisclosed Foreign Income and Assets) and Impositions of Tax Act (BML Act) and held that the assets which constitute part of income tax proceedings and have been assessed in such proceedings, then such assets/income shall excluded under the definition of ‘undisclosed income’. The learned Tribunal also held that the doctrine of double prejudice will rescue such assessee who have been subjected to simultaneous proceedings for same assets/income under the two legislations, i.e. Income Tax Act and BML Act.

The judgment was delivered in an appeal preferred against the order of CIT (Appeal) in the case titled as Yashovardhan Birla v. CIT (A)[1], wherein the learned Tribunal allowed the appeal primarily on account of the statutory bar in simultaneous proceedings under the IT Act (wealth tax assessment) and BML Act and also, violation of principles of natural justice, as duly supported by the Hon’ble Supreme Court in Andaman Timber Industries v. CCE[2], as the CIT (A) overlooked the submissions of the present appellant. Further the Tribunal observed that the CIT (A) erred in ignoring the findings of ITAT’s earlier judgement with regard to the same assets and the bank account, under the Wealth Tax Assessment proceedings, wherein it was held that the trust in question was set up the relative and the assessee is not the sole beneficiary of the trust nor the substantial owners of the assets, reliance was placed on the decision of the Hon’ble Supreme Court in CIT v. Estate of HMM Vikramsinhji of Gondal[3]. Also, the offshore bank accounts are not of the assessee, even though for the purposes of anti-money laundering he has been declared as beneficial owner. Thereby shifting from the judgment of the earlier observations of the learned Tribunal as it would violated the principle of approbate and reprobate, as held in case of Suzuki Parasrampuria Suitings Ltd. v. Official Liquidator of Mahendra Petrochemical Ltd.[4]. In light of the above reasoning, the appeal was allowed.

The decision of the learned ITAT shall be a rescue to assessees who have been subject to multiple proceedings under the two aforesaid legislations for the same assets/income, causing violation of doctrine of double prejudice.

Indian currency 500 rupee notes lying on ground with Black Money written using wooden blocks

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July 2024