We know that gifts received from relatives are tax-exempt. But what is not widely known, at all, is that gifts received even from non-relatives can also be completely exempt from income tax. Here is the complete run-down.

It is very common for people to receive gifts from friends and relatives. In some cases, gifts are also received from NRls. Let us consider the latest provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961 regarding gifts, and analyse how individuals can achieve complete exemption from income tax in respect of the gifts during the current financial year.

Gifts are Taxable Only in the Case of Individuals and HUFs

Certain gifts are liable to income tax as “income from other sources”, Sec 56(2)(vi). However, this provision is applicable only for individuals and Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs). Thus, if gift is received by any Trust or AOP, then it is not liable to income tax as “income from other sources”.

The provision of taxation of gifts became applicable in respect of gifts received on or after 1.9.2004 and before 1.4.2006 if the gift money exceeded Rs. 25,000. From 1 April 2006, this amount has been increased to Rs. 50,000 so that cash gifts and gifts by cheque or bank draft from non-relatives and from non-exempted categories can be fully exempt from income tax up to Rs. 50,000 in aggregate in one financial year.

Gifts from Relatives are Tax-Exempt

Importantly, the provisions of the aforesaid Section 56(2)(vi) applicable to the taxation of gifts in excess of Rs. 50,000 in a financial year in the aggregate are applicable for gifts received from non-relatives.

Thus, any gift from relatives of any amount during the financial year is completely exempt from tax. Therefore, it’s crucial to know the meaning of the expression ‘relative’ for this purpose. The expression “relative” means:

  • Spouse of the individual;
  • Brother or sister of the individual;
  • Brother or sister of the spouse of the individual;
  • Brother or sister of either of the parents of the individual;
  • Any lineal ascendant or descendant of the individual;
  • Any lineal ascendant or descendant of the spouse of the individual; and
  • Spouse of the person referred to in clauses (ii) to (vi).

 For example, if Mr. A receives a gift of Rs. 200,000 in cash from his maternal uncle, that is, his mother’s brother, it would be exempt since the maternal uncle would be brother of the parent of the individual concerned and would come within clause (iv) of the aforesaid Explanation.

Hence, whenever you receive any gifts from relatives you must carefully apply the test to ascertain whether the person concerned falls within one of the seven categories of “relatives” or not. If a person who makes a gift does not fall within any of the above categories, then he would be considered as a non-relative and gifts from such people would be exempt only up to the extent of Rs. 50,000 in a financial year. It may be noted that since a Hindu Undivided Family can’t have relatives, any gifts received by it in excess of Rs. 50,000 in a year would be liable to full income tax.

Exemption for Marriage Gifts

One very happy feature of the provision of taxation of gifts is that any gift received from any person on the occasion of the marriage of the gift’s recipient would not be liable to income tax at all. There is no monetary limit attached to this exemption, which is provided by the proviso to Section 56(2)(vi). However, it is not made clear by this provision whether the gifts should have been on the exact date of marriage, or a few days before or later. Normally, it should suffice if the gift is given just on the occasion of the individual’s marriage, which means either on the day of the marriage itself, or a day or two before or after. Practical common sense view would prevail in such cases.

Tax-Exempt Gifts from Other Persons

Besides gifts received from a relative or on the occasion of an individual’s marriage, the following are the other gifts which are completely exempt from tax as provided in the proviso to Section 56(2)(vi) of the I.T. Act:

  • Gift received under a Will or by way of inheritance;
  • Gift in contemplation of death of the donor;
  • Gift from any local authority;
  • Gift from any fund or foundation or university or other educational institution or hospital or any trust or any institution referred to in Section 10(23C); and
  • Gift from any trust or institution, which is registered as a public charitable trust or institution under Section 12AA.

Thus, scholarships, stipends or charities received from a charitable institution would be completely exempt from income tax in the hands of the recipients without any limit provided the trust or institution giving the charity is registered under Section 12AA. Likewise, all gifts under a Will, and all amounts received on the death of a person as a part of the inheritance are fully exempt from income tax.

XPERT ADVICE

A proper knowledge and understanding of the provisions of Section 56(2) (vi) relating to gifts is very helpful in order to get full tax-exemption in respect of gifts received during a financial year.

Author- XPERT Consulting – Tax Consultants, E: contact@xpertconsulting.biz, www.xpertconsulting.biz)

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One response to “Tax Implication of receiving Gifts”

  1. rajesh says:

    no limit

  2. javed says:

    sir my brother has gifted me some huge cash as a gift and he is working in gulf since 20 years and let me know is this amount exempted or taxable

  3. veerendra kumar says:

    upto what extent the gifts received from relatives is exempted from tax

  4. nalam sambas shiv says:

    very helpful and thanks

  5. RAVIKUMAR.R says:

    Thanks for provding information about Gift Tax. I appreciate for posting such articles

  6. POOJA says:

    what is the tax liability of the giver when he gift immovable asset?

  7. kuppuswamy says:

    Bipin…………….in excess of 50K, hence it only on 1 K but not on full 51K.

    sanjay…………….both receiver and giver are exsempted.

    yes varadarajan.parents are relaties (so far it relates gift tax defeition)
    vswami….in contemplation of death of donor.
    i agree with your views . but the issue may be to reduce litigations since will/inheritance acts cab be debated to a greater extent. this may be added to benefit like kidney donation etc. such views. that is what my perception
    dear premkumar ji…this is a comprehensive article. one cannot cover total aspects in one law. we are seeing that legal battles are innumerable despite the bills and acts are written by experts because interpretation is difficult on every matter. it calls for greater vision. let’s give pat rather than ask him to keep silent. hope u now agree. thanks in anticipation

    I SUGGEST THAT BOTH CASH AND KIND (EG. IMMOVABLES) MAY BE DEALT THOUGH THE LATTER HAS WIDER RAMNIFICATIONS.(SELF ACQUIRED ETC.)

  8. CMA Vineet Chopra says:

    Is this article is updated one after considering the amendments made under income tax act, 1961 on 01.04.2014 u/s 56?

  9. S.C.Gupta says:

    very useful information

  10. bipin says:

    sir when i got 51000 gift tax liability on 51000-50000=1000 or full amount 51000

  11. Sanjay Kulkarni says:

    Very useful Information on Gift.

    Receipt of Gift are exempted .But what about who gives Gift?

  12. Pranav says:

    Besides what has been stated if gift is done which finds no mention in definition of gift is also exempt according to me. For example of one gifts painting it would br chrarged to tax if FMV exceeds rs50000/-, however if one gifts car then it is not taxable as it not property. Therefore we hear news that normally celebirities gift expensive car. Latest was salman receiving car worth 3cr on success of dabang from his brother.

  13. KISHORE GANDHI says:

    SIR
    PLEASE SEND THE KNOWLEDGE,HOW TO FILL ITR OF INDIVIDUAL E RETURN.

  14. Ankit Toshniwal says:

    thanx for such useful information

  15. Vardharajan AV says:

    Thank you for providing useful data about gift receipts and its tax implications.

    If the gifts are received from Parents, will it fall under the classification of “lineal ascendant of the individual”?

  16. vswami says:

    One aspect made a mention of but left to be covered is on gifts from non-relative NRIs.That is an area requiring to be studied in-depth and useful guidance provided.

  17. vswami says:

    Exemption covers “Gift in contemplation of death of the donor;”. It is recalled that it has not been free from controversy / doubt but for obvious reasons has given rise to a dispute in construing/on the legal construction of rather the dicey phrase – “in contemplation of death” of the donor. As such, in order to avoid /obviate, in one’s perspective, “Gift received under a Will or by way of inheritance” might prove a safer bet, for qualifying for exemption.

    Any contra view ?

  18. Premkumar says:

    Dear Xpert Consulting
    gift in kind is Taxable , you must be clear in subject before posting an Article. as your Articles are mostly read by non professionals. Please provide them proper information , if not keep silent

    Thanks for your effert

  19. SUNIL SINGHAL says:

    As per provisions of sec 56(2)Gifts received from non relatives of property is taxable from october 1,2009. Please clarify the same

  20. shaik mohammadali says:

    information you’ve provided is really a useful one.thanks a lot.

  21. Siddharth Ranka says:

    Sir, You have made the article referring to old provision of section 56(2)(vi) which stands revoked and from 01.10.2009 section 56(2)(vii) is in force wherein immovable assets have also been subjected to tax. PLEASE DO THOROUGH RESEARCH BEFORE POSTING SUCH ARTICLES.

  22. nagaraj t v says:

    good information

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