When you file your tax return, the Income Tax Department checks all the details. If they find any mistakes, they send you a notice or intimation to fix them. But, before they start any official assessments, they send a notice under Section 143(1)(a) showing the adjustments they think should be made to your return. Once you reply to this notice, they start the assessment process and give a final decision.

1. Understanding Notice u/s 143(1)(a)

Section 143(1)(a) notices are generated through electronic processing at the Centralized Processing Center in Bengaluru. They are not final assessments but rather preliminary evaluations based on the information provided in tax returns. These notices aim to flag any discrepancies or necessary adjustments in the filed income tax return, allowing taxpayers to address them before a final assessment is made.

Situations where these notices may be issued:

1. Arithmetical Error in ITR (143(1)(a)(i)): Example: Mr. Singh filed his tax return, but there was a calculation mistake in his total income. The notice under this section would highlight the specific income categories where the calculation errors occurred.

2. Incorrect Claim in ITR (143(1)(a)(ii)): Example: Ms. Patel claimed deductions exceeding the statutory limit allowed by the Income Tax Act. The notice issued would inform her about the discrepancy and provide an opportunity to correct it.

3. Disallowance of loss claimed in ITR (143(1)(a)(iii)): Example: Mr. Kumar filed his return after the due date but still claimed losses. In such a case, the notice would be issued to inform him that the losses cannot be carried forward as per tax regulations.

4. Disallowance of expense claimed in ITR (143(1)(a)(iv)): Example: Ms. Sharma claimed certain expenses in her return, but upon audit, these expenses were found to be incorrect. The notice would inform her about the disallowed expenses.

5. Disallowance of deduction claimed in ITR (143(1)(a)(v)): Example: Mr. Khan filed his return after the due date and claimed deductions that are not permissible under such circumstances. The notice would inform him about the disallowed deductions.

6. Addition of income appearing in Form 26AS, Form 16, or Form 16A (143(1)(a)(vi)): Example: Ms. Lee’s filed return showed a discrepancy in the details of her salary income as per Form 16 and the income reported in the return. The notice would highlight this discrepancy and provide an opportunity for correction.

These examples illustrate how Section 143(1)(a) notices serve as a means for the Income Tax Department to communicate with taxpayers about potential errors or inconsistencies in their returns, giving them an opportunity to rectify the issues before final assessments are made.

2. How Adjustments Are Communicated (u/s 143(1)(a))

These notices are issued for various reasons, like arithmetic errors, incorrect claims, disallowed losses, expenses, deductions, or added income found in documents like Form 26AS, Form 16, or Form 16A.

3. Deadline for Your Response (u/s 143(1)(a))

You’ve got 30 days from the notice date to respond. You can either agree, disagree, or partially agree or disagree with the proposed changes. If you disagree, you must explain why. In all cases, you can also submit a revised return under Section 139(5).

4. How to Respond to the Notice (u/s 143(1)(a))

Log in to the e-filing portal, go to Pending Actions > e-Proceedings, view the notice, download it, and respond. You’ll see the proposed changes and can respond to each one. After responding to all, you’ll need to e-verify your response.

Section 143(1)(a) Notices Key Insights & Response Guide

5. FAQs

Q.1 What should I do if I receive a notice under Section 143(1)(a)?

Ans. Upon receiving a notice, carefully review the discrepancies mentioned. If you agree with them, you can accept the proposed adjustments. If you disagree, provide a response explaining the reasons for your disagreement. In cases of partial agreement, submit a response detailing the areas of disagreement.

Q.2 Can I make changes to my tax return after receiving a notice under Section 143(1)(a)?

Ans. Yes, taxpayers have the opportunity to submit a revised return under Section 139(5) if they disagree with the proposed adjustments mentioned in the notice.

Q.3 Is there a time limit for responding to a notice under Section 143(1)(a)?

Ans. Yes, taxpayers must file a response within 30 days from the date of issue of the notice.

Q.4 How do I file a response to a notice under Section 143(1)(a)?

Ans. You can file a response through the e-filing portal by navigating to Pending Actions > e-Proceedings. Then, view the notice, download it if necessary, and provide responses to the prima facie adjustments mentioned in the notice.

Q.5 What happens after I submit my response to the notice under Section 143(1)(a)?

Ans. Once you submit your response, the Central Processing Centre (CPC) will review it. If your response is accepted, further processing will be carried out accordingly. You will receive a confirmation message upon successful verification of your response.

Conclusion: Section 143(1)(a) notices play a crucial role in facilitating communication between taxpayers and the Income Tax Department. By understanding the purpose, common situations, response deadlines, and the process to address discrepancies effectively, taxpayers can ensure compliance and rectify any errors in their tax returns promptly. Stay informed and proactive to navigate the assessment process smoothly.

Author Bio

Qualification: CA in Practice
Company: ANRA & Associates
Location: Delhi, Delhi, India
Member Since: 11 Apr 2019 | Total Posts: 17
ANRA have team of experienced professionals committed to work as your growth partners I am a Partner with the ANRA & Associates practice and is based in New Delhi & Gurgaon. I have working experience in Accounts Management, Direct and Indirect taxation, registrations, Foreign Compliances View Full Profile

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