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The Satyam scandal was a major event in India’s corporate history that shook the country’s business world to its core. Satyam Computer Services was once a well-known and respected IT company in India, but it all came crashing down in 2009 when a shocking admission was made by its chairman, B. Ramalinga Raju.

Raju wrote a letter to the company’s board of directors, confessing to a massive financial fraud that had been taking place over several years. He admitted to inflating the company’s revenue, profits, and assets by several billion dollars, effectively cooking the books to make the company appear much more successful than it actually was.

The Satyam fraud case serves as a seminal example of the crucial role that corporate governance plays in maintaining the integrity and transparency of a company. This case, which was widely reported in the media as one of the largest corporate frauds in Indian history, saw the company’s chairman, B. Ramalinga Raju, confess to falsifying the company’s financial statements and inflating its revenue, profits, and assets.

This led to a significant loss of trust in the company and its shareholders, as well as a decline in its stock price.

In response to this and similar incidents, the Indian government passed the Companies Act 2013, which sets out the rules and regulations for companies operating in India. Relevant provisions of the act that apply to the Satyam case include:

1. Section 134 (3) (e): The act requires companies to establish proper systems of internal controls to ensure the accuracy of their financial statements.

2. Section 149 (4): The act mandates that companies appoint at least one-third of their board of directors as independent directors, to represent the interests of shareholders and promote good governance.

3. Section 177 (1): The act requires companies to establish an audit committee, composed of independent directors, to oversee the work of the auditors and ensure the accuracy of their financial statements.

4. Section 143 (12): The act requires the auditors to conduct a proper audit of the financial statements and report any irregularities to the audit committee.

By implementing these provisions, the Companies Act 2013 aims to promote good governance and reduce the risk of fraud in Indian companies.

Lesser known facts about the Satyam Scam:

1. The scam was discovered by chance: The Satyam scam was uncovered when the company’s founder, B. Ramalinga Raju, wrote a letter to the board of directors confessing to the fraud. The letter was meant to be a resignation letter, but it contained shocking revelations about the extent of the fraud that had taken place.

2. The scale of the fraud was massive: The Satyam scam was one of the largest financial frauds in Indian corporate history. Over several years, Raju inflated the company’s revenue, profits, and assets by several billion dollars, effectively cooking the books to make the company appear much more successful than it actually was.

3. The scandal had global consequences: The Satyam scandal was not just a major event in India, it had far-reaching consequences globally. The company had operations and clients in several countries around the world, and the revelation of the fraud caused a loss of trust and credibility for the company and the Indian IT industry as a whole.

4. The company’s employees were affected: The Satyam scandal had a significant impact on the company’s employees. Many employees lost their jobs as a result of the company’s decline, and others saw their retirement savings disappear as the company’s stock price plummeted.

5. The case took years to resolve: The legal case against Raju and the other executives involved in the Satyam scam took several years to resolve, with multiple appeals and delays along the way. It was not until 2015 that Raju and the other executives were finally convicted and sentenced for their crimes.

The After Story:

Satyam Computer Services, the company at the centre of the Satyam scam, was eventually acquired by Tech Mahindra, a leading Indian IT company, in 2009. Tech Mahindra took over Satyam and renamed it Mahindra Satyam, with the aim of turning around the company and restoring its reputation.

In the years since the acquisition, Mahindra Satyam has made significant progress, and it has become a successful and respected player in the Indian IT industry once again. The company has worked hard to restore trust and rebuild its reputation, and it has been recognized for its strong governance practices and commitment to ethics and integrity.

Today, Mahindra Satyam is a subsidiary of Tech Mahindra and is one of the leading IT companies in India, offering a range of technology services and solutions to clients around the world. It has a large and growing customer base, and it continues to play an important role in the Indian and global technology industries.


In conclusion, the Satyam fraud case serves as a cautionary tale that highlights the importance of corporate governance and the responsibilities of the board of directors, independent directors, and audit committee in ensuring the transparency and accuracy of a company’s financial statements. The Companies Act 2013 is a legislative response to this and similar incidents, and its provisions aim to promote good governance and reduce the risk of fraud in Indian companies.

Author Bio

I am a Practising Company Secretary as well as a qualified Lawyer and have gained exposure of Secretarial along with Legal Compliances. Amidst everything, an extremely vivid personality expressing the same through the art of music. View Full Profile

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May 2024