The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has recently issued a circular (SEBI/HO/MIRSD/MIRSD-PoD1/P/CIR/2023/197) dated December 28, 2023, addressing the settlement of the running account of client funds with trading members. This circular aims to enhance operational efficiency for stock exchanges while ensuring the protection of investor interests.

Detailed Analysis:

1. Background: SEBI, in 2018, mandated the settlement of running accounts on the first Friday of the quarter/month, incorporated into the “Master Circular on Stock Brokers” on May 17, 2023.

2. Broker’s Industry Standards Forum Representation: The Broker’s Industry Standards Forum highlighted challenges with a single-day settlement, such as errors, payment delays, and operational difficulties. They recommended allowing settlement on Friday and/or Saturday.

3. SEBI’s Decision and Modifications: SEBI has accepted the recommendation, allowing TMs to settle client accounts on Friday and/or Saturday. Amendments to clause 47 of the Master Circular include:

  • Modification of clause 47.1.1, giving TMs the choice to settle quarterly and monthly.
  • Modification of clause 47.1.2, requiring stock exchanges to issue an annual calendar for settlement dates.
  • Insertion of clause 47.1.3 to prevent misuse of funds received from settled accounts.

4. Implementation and Applicability: The circular is effective from the quarterly settlement of Jan-Mar 2024 and monthly settlement of January 2024. Existing provisions under Clause 47 of the circular dated May 17, 2023, remain applicable.

5. Stock Exchange Responsibilities: Stock exchanges are mandated to:

  • Notify members and disseminate the circular.
  • Amend relevant Bye-laws, Rules, and Regulations.
  • Issue an annual settlement calendar.
  • Provide operational guidelines.
  • Monitor timely settlement and excess funds retention by TMs.
  • Implement reporting requirements.

Conclusion: SEBI’s circular reflects a strategic move to balance operational ease for stakeholders with investor protection. The flexibility in settlement dates and additional safeguards demonstrate a commitment to fostering a robust and error-free environment in the stock market. Stock exchanges play a crucial role in implementing and monitoring these changes, ensuring compliance with the circular’s provisions. Investors and market participants can anticipate a more streamlined and secure settlement process in the coming quarters, positively impacting the overall efficiency of the Indian securities market.

Securities and Exchange Board of India

Circular No. SEBI/HO/MIRSD/MIRSD-PoD1/P/CIR/2023/197 Dated: December 28, 2023

All recognized Stock Exchanges

Dear Sir/Madam,

Subject: Settlement of Running Account of Client’s Funds lying with Trading Member (TM)

1. In order to safeguard the interests of investors, SEBI in 2018 had mandated settlement of running account of client’s funds on first Friday of the quarter/month. This has been incorporated as clause 47 of “Master Circular on Stock Brokers” issued on May 17, 2023.

2. Broker’s Industry Standards Forum (ISF) had represented various problems faced by brokers due to single day of settlement viz. hectic activities on the day of settlement leading to chances of errors, missing out on payment timings of banks due to late finalization, delayed instructions, etc. They have recommended that TMs may be allowed to settle the running account of clients on Friday and/or Saturday to address these operational difficulties.

3. After due consideration, SEBI has decided to accept the recommendation to settle the running account of clients on Friday and/or Saturday, which streamlines the process of settlement and ensures ease of doing business for various stakeholders viz. stock brokers and banks, while at the same time safeguarding the interests of the investors by ensuring error free settlement. In view of this the following changes are made in the Master circular dated May 17, 2023 :

3.1. Clause 47.1.1 stands modified as follows:

“47.1.1 The TM, after considering the End of the Day (EOD) obligation of funds across all the Exchanges, shall settle the running accounts at the choice of the clients on quarterly and monthly basis, on the dates stipulated by the Stock Exchanges.”

3.2. To ensure uniformity and clarity on dates of such monthly and quarterly settlement of client accounts, clause 47.1.2 is modified as follows:

“47.1.2 Stock exchanges shall, jointly, issue the annual calendar for the settlement of running account (quarterly and monthly) at the beginning of the financial year.”

3.3. Further, to safeguard against any possibility of misuse of one client’s funds to settle another clients’ running account, it is stipulated that any funds received from clients shall remain in the upstreaming account. To incorporate this safeguard, clause 47.1.3 is inserted as follows:

“47.1.3 TM shall ensure that funds, if any, received from clients, whose running account has been settled, remain in the “Up Streaming Client Nodal Bank Account” and no such funds shall be used for settlement of running account of other clients. Stock Exchanges shall evolve a monitoring mechanism for this purpose.”

4. The provisions of this circular shall be applicable with effect from the quarterly settlement of Jan-Mar 2024 and monthly settlement of January 2024.

5. All other provisions under Clause 47 of the circular dated May 17, 2023 shall continue to remain applicable.

6. Stock Exchanges shall:

6.1. bring the provisions of this Circular to the notice of their members and also disseminate the same on their websites;

6.2. make amendments to the relevant Bye-laws, Rules and Regulations, as may be necessary;

6.3. issue the calendar for settlement of the client accounts for the financial year

6.4. issue operational guidelines to their members in this regard;

6.5. continue online monitoring of timely settlement of running account for funds of client and to verify that excess clients’ funds are not retained by the TM as on the date of settlement of running account;

6.6. put in place an appropriate reporting requirement by TM to enforce the above system; and

6.7. communicate the status of the implementation of the provisions of this Circular in their monthly development report to SEBI.

7. This circular is issued in exercise of powers conferred under Section 11(1) of the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992, to protect the interests of investors in securities and to promote the development of, and to regulate the securities markets.

Yours faithfully

Amrita Shukla
Deputy General Manager
Tel. No: 022 26449882

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