Case Law Details

Case Name : JRA & Associates Vs ACIT (ITAT Delhi)
Appeal Number : ITA No. 5571/DEL/2015
Date of Judgement/Order : 11/07/2018
Related Assessment Year : 2011-12

JRA & Associates Vs ACIT (ITAT Delhi)

After perusal of the partnership deed in the assessee’s case it can be seen that the CBDT Circular in Clause 4 has categorically mentioned that even the method of quantification can be accepted as per the provisions of Section 40(b) (v) of the Act.

Besides that the Hon’ble Delhi High Court in case of CIT Vs. Vaish Associates has also given the finding that when the remuneration is quantified through method of prescribed under the Provisions of Section 40(b) (v) then the remuneration has to be allowed by the Assessing Officer.

The assessee also relied upon the decision of the Delhi Tribunal in case of ACIT Vs. M/s DCS International Trading wherein the similar clause which is incorporated in a present partnership deed has been discussed and taken into consideration. The Tribunal has also considered the decision of the Hon’ble Delhi High Court in case of Sood Brij & Associates. In-fact, in the present case also, this decision will not be applicable as in that case. In Sood Brij & Associates though the partners were equally distributing the remuneration yet it was on the terms of mutual agreement of the partners which might have element of uncertainty of the remuneration. There was no method given in the partnership deed in that particular case. Therefore, the Hon’ble Delhi High Court decision in case of Sood Brij & Associated will not be applicable in the present case.

In the present case, the Hon’ble Delhi High Court’s decision dated 11.08.2015 in case of Vaish Associates will be applicable. The Clause mentioned in Vaish Associates case is in toto similar in the present case for partnership deed relating to remuneration of the partners. Therefore, in light of this the CIT(A) as well as the Assessing Officer has not taken a proper cognizance of the Clauses given under the partnership deed in consonance with the provisions of Section 40(b) (v) of the Act. Therefore, we set aside the order of the CIT(A). The appeal of the assessee is allowed.

FULL TEXT OF THE ITAT JUDGMENT

This appeal is filed by the assessee against the order dated 2210712015 passed by CIT (A)-20, New Delhi for Assessment Year 2011-12.

2. The concise grounds of appeal are as under:-

“1. During the relevant assessment year partnership firm had paid the remuneration of Rs.57,63,506/- to its partners. The Ld.CIT(A) confirmed the disallowance made by A.O of Rs.57,63,506/- stating that remuneration is not allowable.”

3. The assessee is a Chartered Accountant Firm by profession and derived income from business or profession. Return of income declaring at Rs.36,92,3401- was filed on 3010912011 and the same was processed u1s 143(1) of the Income Tax Act, 1961. The case was selected for scrutiny. Notice u1s 143(2) of the Act was issued and served upon the assessee. In response to the notice, the Chartered Accountant of the assessee attended the proceedings from time to time and field the necessary details information1documents is required. Books of accounts and vouchers were produced during the course of assessment proceedings which we have heard both the parties and perused the material available on record examined by the Assessing Officer. The Assessing Officer observed that during the year under consideration, the assessee firm has paid remuneration of Rs.57,63,5061- to the partners. From the perusal of the partnership deal dated 1111212009 it was observed that the partnership deed neither specified the quantum of salary1remuneration payable to the partners nor provided method of their computation. Therefore, the assessee was asked to submit partnership deed along with the note on why the remuneration paid to the partners may not be disallowed as per provisions on Section 40(b) of the Act and judgment of Hon’ble Delhi High Court in case of Sood Brij & Associates (2011) 203 Taxman 188 (Del). The assessee submitted the reply after considering the reply of the assessee. The Assessing Officer observed that Section 40(b) (iv) is not relevant here as it deals with payment of interest and Section 40(b) (v) deals with maximum permissible remuneration i.e. allowable as a deduction under the head profit and gains from business or profession. The Assessing Officer further observed that the Section know where provides for any calculation1quantification of partners remunerations. It is open to the partnership firm to decide the remuneration which is not in excess of the maximum permissible as per Section 40(b) (v). The Assessing Officer observed that Circular No. 739 dated 251311996 made it clear that either the amount of remuneration has to be specified or the manner of quantifying such remuneration has to be specified if it is not so remuneration cannot be allowed as deduction u1s 40(b) (v). Relying on the decision and the Hon’ble Delhi High Court the Assessing Officer held that partnership deed in the present case does not defined the quantum of remuneration nor the method of computation of remuneration paid to the partners for the previous year 2010-11 relevant to the Assessment Year 2011-12. Therefore, the Assessing Officer disallowed Rs.57,63,5061- as regards remuneration paid to the partners.

4. Being aggrieved by the assessment order, the assessee filed appeal before the CIT(A). The CIT(A) dismissed the appeal of the assessee by confirming the order of the Assessing Officer.

5. The Ld. AR submitted that the Assessing Officer as well as CIT(A) has not taken the cognizance of the correct interpretation of the Clauses mentioned in the partnership dated 1st December 2009 wherein Clause 6 it has mentioned the method of quantification about remuneration which is given u/s 40(b) (iv & v) of the Income Tax Act. The Clauses of partnership deed which are relevant are as under:-

“6. That all the FIVE partners shall be eligible to a share in partners’ remuneration, including interest. on capital, if any, which will be calculated as per the provisions under section 40(b) (iv & v) of the Income Tax Act. 1961. For this purpose the meaning of “Book Profit” shall be. as defined so in the said section of the Income Tax Act, 1961 and accordingly it shall be calculated.

7. That the share and distribution of partners’, remuneration, as in clause 6 above, amongst the partners shall be, as per the partnership deed.

8. That the yearly remuneration payable to the eligible partners, as above, shall be due to and credited to their respective capital accounts at the close of an accounting year when the final accounts of the partnership are drawn up. However, the remuneration so determined shall be deemed to have accrued evenly during the year on a month-to-month basis.

9. That the partners hereto shall withdraw from time to time amount from the partnership, as per amount available and determined for distribution; such withdrawals, shall be debited to their respective current / capital accounts arid the same shall be adjusted against their salary and other amounts due to them from the firm and credited to their respective current / capital accounts at the end of the year.

10. That the Net Profit / Loss of the partnership business, as per the accounts maintained by the firm, after deducting all expenses relating to the business of the partnership including rent, salaries and other establishment Expenses, as well as interest arid remuneration payable to the partner/s in. accordance with this deed of partnership or any supplementary deed, as may be executed by the partners, shall be divided and distributed amongst the partners in the manner as explained and detailed out hereunder:

S. No. Name Share in profit/(loss)
1 J. S. Jassal 45.00%
2 Satbir Singh 10.00%
3 Bharti Prabhakar Negi 5.00%
4 Tarun Kher 19.00%
5 SandeepNagi 21.00%

6. The Ld. AR submitted that the decision of the Hon’ble Delhi High Court in case of Sood Brij & Associates is not applicable in the assessee’s case as in the said case, there was no method prescribed for quantification as per the Income Tax Act provisions pertaining to Section 40(b) (v) of the Act. The Ld. AR relied upon the following decisions:-

  • Vaish Associates and ANR vs ACIT (WP(C) No. 2209120 13 order dated 08.04.20 13 passed by Hon’ble Delhi High Court).
  • CIT vs Vaish Associates (ITA 50120 14 order dated 11.08.2015 passed by Hon’ble Delhi High Court)
  • Vaish Associates vs ACIT (ITA 13821Del12012 order dated 07.20 13 passed by Delhi Tribunal)
  • Durga Dass Devki Nandan vs ITO (342 ITR 17)
  • CIT vs Asian Marketing (254 CTR 453)
  • ACIT vs DCS International Trading (ITA 98 and 6941Del12012 order dated 22.11.2013 passed by Delhi Tribunal)
  • ITO vs Pulimoottil Silk House (19 SOT 4) Cochin Tri.
  • Eqbal Ahmed & Co. vs ITO (1 SOT 202) Kolkata Tri.
  • ACIT vs Ravi Bros (3 SOT 533) Gauhati Tri.
  • ACIT vs Associated Engineers & Allied products (ITA 6801JP120 14 order dated 3 1.05.2015 passed by Jaipur Tribunal)

7. The Ld. DR relied upon the order of the Assessing Officer and order of CIT(A). The Ld. DR further submitted that the quantification of the remuneration has not been clearly set out in Clause 6 as well as in Clause 10 of the partnership deed. Therefore, the CIT(A) as well as the Assessing Officer by following the ratio of the Hon’ble Delhi High Court in case of Sood Brij & Associates has rightly disallowed the claim of remuneration.

8. We have heard both the parties and perused the material available on After perusal of the partnership deed in the assessee’s case it can be seen that the CBDT Circular in Clause 4 has categorically mentioned that even the method of quantification can be accepted as per the provisions of Section 40(b) (v) of the Act. Besides that the Hon’ble Delhi High Court in case of CIT Vs. Vaish Associates has also given the finding that when the remuneration is quantified through method of prescribed under the Provisions of Section 40(b) (v) then the remuneration has to be allowed by the Assessing Officer. The assessee also relied upon the decision of the Delhi Tribunal in case of ACIT Vs. M1s DCS International Trading wherein the similar clause which is incorporated in a present partnership deed has been discussed and taken into consideration. The Tribunal has also considered the decision of the Hon’ble Delhi High Court in case of Sood Brij & Associates. In-fact, in the present case also, this decision will not be applicable as in that case. In Sood Brij & Associates though the partners were equally distributing the remuneration yet it was on the terms of mutual agreement of the partners which might have element of uncertainty of the remuneration. There was no method given in the partnership deed in that particular case. Therefore, the Hon’ble Delhi High Court decision in case of Sood Brij & Associated will not be applicable in the present case. In the present case, the Hon’ble Delhi High Court’s decision dated 11.08.2015 in case of Vaish Associates will be applicable. The Clause mentioned in Vaish Associates case is in toto similar in the present case for partnership deed relating to remuneration of the partners. Therefore, in light of this the CIT(A) as well as the Assessing Officer has not taken a proper cognizance of the Clauses given under the partnership deed in consonance with the provisions of Section 40(b) (v) of the Act. Therefore, we set aside the order of the CIT(A). The appeal of the assessee is allowed.

9. In result, the appeal of the assessee is allowed.

Order pronounced in the Open Court on 11th JULY, 2018.

Download Judgment/Order

More Under Income Tax

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Search Posts by Date

September 2021
M T W T F S S
 12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
27282930