Brief about new Personal Income Tax Regime & Key Highlights

New section 115BAC is inserted in Income Tax Act by the Finance Act 2020 and it is applicable w.e.f 1st April 2020 and will be applicable on Individuals and HUFs for assessment year 2021-22 and subsequent assessment years.

Under this section taxpayers i.e Individuals and HUFs has an option to pay the tax on the basis of concessional slab rates subject to some conditions.

The new income tax slab rates as per section 115BAC are as follows:

Total Income (Rs) New Regime Tax Rate (%)
Up to 2,50,000 Nil
From 2,50,001 to 5,00,000 5
From 5,00,001 to 7,50,000 10
From 7,50,001 to 10,00,000 15
From 10,00,001 to 12,50,000 20
From 12,50,001 to 15,00,000 25
Above 15,00,000 30

Conditions to opt new tax scheme

 In order to avail the benefit of section 115BAC, an individual/HUF assessee has to forgo the ‘specified Exemptions and Deductions’ under various chapters and sections of the Income Tax Act which are as follows:

√ Leave travel concession as contained in clause (5) of section 10;

√ House rent allowance as contained in clause (13A) of section 10;

√ Some of the allowance as contained in clause (14) of section 10;

√ Allowances to MPs/MLAs as contained in clause (17) of section 10;

√ Allowance for income of minor as contained in clause (32) of section 10;

√ Exemption for SEZ unit contained in section 10AA;

√ Standard deduction, deduction for entertainment allowance and employment/professional tax as contained in section 16;

√ Interest under section 24 in respect of self-occupied or vacant property referred to in sub-section (2) of section 23. (Loss under the head income from house property for rented house shall not be allowed to be set off under any other head and would be allowed to be carried forward as per extant law);

√ Additional deprecation under clause (iia) of sub-section (1) of section 32;

√ Deductions under section 32AD, 33AB, 33ABA;

√ Various deduction for donation for or expenditure on scientific research contained in sub-clause (ii) or sub-clause (iia) or sub-clause (iii) of sub-section (1) or sub-section (2AA) of section 35;

√ Deduction under section 35AD or section 35CCC;

√ Deduction from family pension under clause (iia) of section 57;

√ Any deduction under chapter VIA (like section 80C, 80CCC, 80CCD, 80D, 80DD, 80DDB, 80E, 80EE, 80EEA, 80EEB, 80G, 80GG, 80GGA, 80GGC, 80IA, 80-IAB, 80-IAC, 80-IB, 80-IBA, etc).

However, deduction under sub-section (2) of section 80CCD (employer contribution on account of employee in notified pension scheme) and section 80JJAA (for new employment) can be claimed.

Comparative analysis of Old Vs New Tax regime:

 We have an example of Mr. A with his Taxable Income with two different scenarios under new and old Tax Regime:

Scenario-1

Taxable Income of Mr. A (Scenario-1) Taxable Income as per old tax regime Taxable Income as per new tax regime
Particulars Amount in (INR) Amount in (INR) Amount in (INR) Amount in (INR)
Salary (Including all allowances) (A) 1525000  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INR 9,87,600/-

(Considering All the Exemptions & deductions)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INR 14,75,000/-

(Without considering all exemptions and deductions Except 80CCD (2))

Less Exemptions:
(i) House Rent Allowance 85000
(ii) Children education Allowance 2400
Total Exemptions (B) 87400
Taxable Salary (A)-(B) = (C) 1437600
Less: Deductions
(i) Standard Deduction 50000
(ii) Deduction i.r.o Housing loan Interest U/S 24(b) 200000
(iii) Deduction U/S 80 (C) 150000
(iv) Deduction U/S 80 CCD (2) 50000
Total Deductions (D) 450000
Net Taxable Income 987600

Tax calculation of Mr. A (Scenario-1)

As per old tax regime As per new tax regime
Income range From Income range To Tax Rate Tax Amount Tax rate Amount
250000 Nil 0 Nil
250001 500000 5% 12500 5% 12500
500001 750000 20% 50000 10% 25000
750001 1000000 20% 47520 15% 37500
1000001 1250000 30% 0 20% 50000
1250001 1500000 30% 0 25% 56250
Above 1500000 30% 30%
Total Tax 110020 181250
Add: Education Cess @4% 4401 7250
Total Tax Liability 114421

As per scenario-1 Mr. A Should Opt his taxation as per Old tax Regime.

Opt his taxation as per Old tax Regime

Scenario-2

 

Taxable Income of Mr. A (Scenario-2)

Taxable Income as per old tax regime Taxable Income as per new tax regime
Particulars Amount in (INR) Amount in (INR) Amount in (INR) Amount in (INR)
 

Salary (Including all allowances) (A)

 

1525000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INR 13,22,600/-

(Considering All the Exemptions & deductions)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INR 15,25,000/-

(Without considering all exemptions and deductions)

Less Exemptions:
(i) House Rent Allowance
(ii) Children education Allowance 2400
Total Exemptions                                 (B) 2400
Taxable Salary (A)-(B) = (C) 1522600
Less: Deductions
(i) Standard Deduction 50000
(ii) Deduction i.r.o Housing loan Interest U/S 24(b)
(iii) Deduction U/S 80 (C) 150000
(iv) Deduction U/S 80 CCD (2)
Total Deductions (D) 200000
Net Taxable Income

Tax calculation of Mr. A

As per old tax regime As per new tax regime
Income range From Income range To Tax Rate Tax Amount Tax rate Amount
250000 Nil 0 Nil
250001 500000 5% 12500 5% 12500
500001 750000 20% 50000 10% 25000
750001 1000000 20% 50000 15% 37500
1000001 1250000 30% 75000 20% 50000
1250001 1500000 30% 21780 25% 62500
Above 1500000 30% 30% 7500
Total Tax 209280 195000
Add: Education Cess @4% 8371 7800
Total Tax Liability 217651 202800

As per scenario-2 Mr. A Should Opt his taxation as per New tax Regime.

Opt his taxation as per New tax Regime

Selection of New or Old Tax Regime depends upon some factors which are explained as follows:

1. Nature of Income:- Whether assesse’s of Income is only from the “Salary” or it will include income from other heads later in the current financial year i.e between 01.04.2020 to 31.03.2021. If assessee is expecting his income from other heads for which amount can’t be determined in the beginning of financial year or any time before the end of relevant financial year then assessee should not make hurry to opting the tax regime old or

For example generally a salaried employee receive some incomes from his employer in the mid or by the end of financial year like Bonus, Performance related pay etc. for which employee don’t know the exact amount which is expected to be received in the mid or by the end of relevant financial year.

So income is a variable factor while opting old or new Tax Regime and must be considered & properly analyzed by the assessee.

2. Exemptions/Deductions to be availed:- Before opting the old or new Tax Regime assessee must review all the exemptions/deductions which are to be availed by him like number of exemptions/deductions, quantum/amount of exemptions/deductions and their impact on taxable income i.e whether is there any change in slab of his income such due to exemptions/deductions.

For example sometimes assessee has less number of exemptions/deductions with very low impact on taxable income like an assessee may or may not have interest on housing loan which is available for deduction U/S 24(b) of Income Tax Act 1961 or if assessee has the same but amount is not as much as it will change the slab of Income after considering the same.

Hence it is personal advice of author of this article to all the taxpayers covers u/s 115BAC that make proper analysis of your Tax liability before opting old or new Tax Regime, even this section also provided that assessee can opt old or new Tax Regime before filing his return  of income.

So it is advised to all taxpayers that they should opt the old or new Tax Regime only while file your income tax return.

Note:

    • To calculate/access your tax liability under both old and new Tax Regime you may refer income tax calculator F.Y 2020-21 which is available at incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in
    • If you want MS Excel based utility/Income tax Calculator for F.Y 2020-21 under both old and new Tax Regime you can mail at cmajeevan2014@gmail.com or WhatsaApp on 9897685997 I will share the same.

CBDT has issued a circular C1 of 2020 dated 13th April on clarification of TDS under section 115BAC .

Main points which are clarified by CBDT through this circular are as follows:

1. If an employee having Income from other than Income under the head “ Profits & Gains of Business or Profession” and willing to opt new Tax Regime U/S 115BAC may intimate the duductor being his employer of such intention on each financial year and upon such intimation the deductor shall compute his total income and deduct TDS accordingly.

If such intimation is not made by employee the employer shall make TDS without considering the provisions of section 115BAC.

2. It is also clarified that if intimation made by employee to opt new Tax Regime U/S 115 BAC and willing to deduct TDS accordingly during the financial year in such case the employee can’t modify his option during financial year to opt old Tax Regime.

However at the time of filing of return of income the option could be different from the intimation that made by such employee to the employer for that financial year.

References to this article:

Author Bio

Qualification: CMA
Company: Chenab Valley Power Projects Pvt. Ltd. ( AJoint Venture of NHPC, JKSPDC and PTC India)
Location: Saharanpur , Uttar Pradesh, IN
Member Since: 18 Apr 2020 | Total Posts: 1
I am a qualified Cost Accountant and having post graduation in commerce. I also qualified UGC NET in 2015 in Commerce Subject. View Full Profile

More Under Income Tax

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Search Posts by Date

October 2020
M T W T F S S
 1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
262728293031