Currently, the National Pension Scheme (NPS) works on Exempt, Exempt, Tax (EET) regime whereby the monthly/ periodic contributions during the pension accumulation phase are allowed as deduction for Income-tax purposes, the returns generated on these contributions during the accumulation phase are also exempt from tax, however, the terminal benefits on exit or superannuation, in the form of lump sum withdrawals, are partially taxable in the hands of the taxpayer in the year of receipt of such amount. An amendment was introduced by Finance Act, 2016, wherein forty percent of the accumulated corpus upon withdrawal/ superannuation was made tax-free whilst balance corpus of sixty percent continues to be taxable.


In order to encourage taxpayers to make voluntary higher contributions towards NPS, it should be made more tax-friendly as the objective of this scheme is to create a pensionable society. Accordingly, the tax regime of NPS should be made Exempt, Exempt, Exempt (EEE) from the current EET regime on the lines of other retirement schemes like Employee Provident Fund and Public Provident Fund.

Source-  ICAI Pre-Budget Memorandum–2018 (Direct Taxes and International Tax)

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