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Case Law Details

Case Name : Girdari Lal Vs ITO (ITAT Delhi)
Appeal Number : I.T.A. No.1636/DEL/2020
Date of Judgement/Order : 23/05/2023
Related Assessment Year : 2011-12
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Girdari Lal Vs ITO (ITAT Delhi)

Introduction: The case of Girdari Lal Vs ITO highlights the considerations around income addition for an elderly agriculturist. The Income Tax Appellate Tribunal (ITAT), Delhi, examined the situation where cash deposits made in the bank were considered as income addition by the Assessing Officer (AO), leading to a dispute over income tax assessment.

Analysis: Girdari Lal, a 92-year-old individual who earned income from agricultural activities, deposited cash of Rs.27,85,000/- in his bank account during the assessment year. This amount, according to Girdari Lal, originated from the sale proceeds of agricultural land sold in the Financial Year 2005-06. The AO, however, invoked the provisions of the Income Tax Act, considering this cash deposit as unexplained income.

In his defense, Girdari Lal highlighted that he had maintained a comprehensive cash summary showing the withdrawals and deposits of cash after the sale of agricultural land. His counsel argued that the cash deposits are linked to the sale proceeds of the agricultural land. Despite the detailed summary and justifications presented, the additions were initially upheld by the Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals).

The ITAT, upon reviewing the material presented, decided in favor of Girdari Lal. It noted that the explanations provided by the assessee concerning the withdrawals, deposits, and utilization of cash over time were satisfactory. The Tribunal acknowledged the Indian socio-economic constructs where holding cash, especially in rural society, is common.

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July 2024