Simplified GST Series-Part 15- Contains Analysis of Section 26 to 30 of Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017. Section details are as follows- Section 26 – Deemed Registration, Section 27- Special provisions relating to casual taxable person and non-resident taxable person, Section 28-Amendment of Registration, Section 29- Cancellation or Suspension of registration and Section 30- Revocation of cancellation of registration.

Section 26- Deemed Registration-

(1) The grant of registration or the Unique Identity Number under the State Goods and Services Tax Act or the Union Territory Goods and Services Tax Act shall be deemed to be a grant of registration or the Unique Identity Number under this Act subject to the condition that the application for registration or the Unique Identity Number has not been rejected under this Act within the time specified in sub-section (10) of section 25.

(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (10) of section 25, any rejection of application for registration or the Unique Identity Number under the State Goods and Services Tax Act or the Union Territory Goods and Services Tax Act shall be deemed to be a rejection of application for registration under this Act.

Analysis-  There are linking provisions between the Central Goods and Services Tax and State/Union Territory Goods and Services Tax Act. Thus, if a supplier takes a registration under one Act it shall be deemed that the registration has also been obtained under the other Act and vice-versa. Even otherwise the registration must be taken on the common portal and is based on the PAN hence the registration will remain common across various Acts. If an application for registration has been rejected under State/Union Territory Goods and Services Tax Act then it shall be deemed that the same has been rejected under the Central Goods and Services Tax Act.

Section 27- Special provisions relating to casual taxable person and non-resident taxable person –

(1) The certificate of registration issued to a casual taxable person or a non-resident taxable person shall be valid for a period specified in the application for registration or ninety days from the effective date of registration, whichever is earlier and such person shall make taxable supplies only after the issuance of the certificate of registration:

Provided that the proper officer may, on sufficient cause being shown by the said taxable person, extend the said period of ninety days by a further period not exceeding ninety days.

(2) A casual taxable person or a non-resident taxable person shall, at the time of submission of application for registration under sub-section (1) of section 25, make an advance deposit of tax in an amount equivalent to the estimated tax liability of such person for the period for which the registration is sought:

Provided that where any extension of time is sought under sub-section (1), such taxable person shall deposit an additional amount of tax equivalent to the estimated tax liability of such person for the period for which the extension is sought.

(3) The amount deposited under sub-section (2) shall be credited to the electronic cash ledger of such person and shall be utilized in the manner provided under section 49.

Analysis- Who is casual taxable person -Casual taxable person  is defined in section 2(20) to be a ‘person’ and not ‘registered person’ who occasionally undertakes transactions involving supply, etc

  • The certificate of registration issued to a “casual taxable person” or a “non-resident taxable person” shall be valid for a period specified in the application for registration or ninety days from the effective date of registration, whichever is earlier, extendable by proper officer for further period of maximum 90 days at the request of taxable person
  • A casual taxable person or a non-resident taxable person, while seeking registration, shall make an advance deposit of tax in an amount equivalent to the estimated tax liability.
  • Such deposit shall be credited to the electronic cash ledger of casual taxable person or non-resident taxable person and utilized in the manner provided under section 49 (Payment of tax, interest, penalty and other amounts) of the Act.
  • Rule 13 of the CGST Rules, 2017, provides for the detailed process of grant of registration to non-resident taxable person and rule 15 provides for the process of extension in period of operation by casual taxable person and non-resident taxable person.
  • Circular No. 71/45/2018-GST dated October 26, 2018, clarified that in case of long running exhibitions (for a period more than 180 days), the taxable person cannot be treated as a casual taxable person and thus, such person would be required to obtain registration as a normal taxable person. In such cases he would not be required to pay advance tax for the purpose of registration.
  • Circular No. 71/45/2018-GST dated October 26, 2018 has been issued to clarify that tax to be deposited by the casual taxable person will be “estimated net tax liability” after considering ITC available to such taxable person.

Section 28-Amendment of Registration-

(1) Every registered person and a person to whom a Unique Identity Number has been assigned shall inform the proper officer of any changes in the information furnished at the time of registration or subsequent thereto, in such form and manner and within such period as may be prescribed.

(2) The proper officer may, on the basis of information furnished under sub-section (1) or as ascertained by him, approve or reject amendments in the registration particulars in such manner and within such period as may be prescribed:

Provided that approval of the proper officer shall not be required in respect of amendment of such particulars as may be prescribed:

Provided further that the proper officer shall not reject the application for amendment in the registration particulars without giving the person an opportunity of being heard.

(2) Any rejection or approval of amendments under the State Goods and Services Tax Act or the Union Territory Goods and Services Tax Act, as the case may be, shall be deemed to be a rejection or approval under this Act.

Analysis-    Every registered taxable person shall inform any changes in the information furnished at the time of registration. Any change in registration particulars has to be informed within 15 days of change

  • The proper officer shall not reject the request for amendment without affording a reasonable opportunity of being heard by following the principles of natural justice.
  • Any rejection or, approval of amendments under the State Goods and Services Tax Act or Union Territory Goods and Services Act shall be deemed to be a rejection or approval of amendments under the Central Goods and Services Tax Act.
  • Rule 19 of the CGST Rules, 2017 provide for the detailed process of amendment of registration under GST.

Section 29- Cancellation or Suspension of registration

(1) The proper officer may, either on his own motion or on an application filed by the registered person or by his legal heirs, in case of death of such person, cancel the registration, in such manner and within such period as may be prescribed, having regard to the circumstances where, ––

(a) the business has been discontinued, transferred fully for any reason including death of the proprietor, amalgamated with other legal entity, demerged or otherwise disposed of; or

(b) there is any change in the constitution of the business; or

(c) the taxable person, other than the person registered under sub-section (3) of section 25, is no longer liable to be registered under section 22 or section 24:

Provided that during pendency of the proceedings relating to cancellation of registration filed by the registered person, the registration may be suspended for such period and in such manner as may be prescribed.

(2) The proper officer may cancel the registration of a person from such date, including any retrospective date, as he may deem fit, where, ––

(a) a registered person has contravened such provisions of the Act or the rules made there under as may be prescribed; or

(b) a person paying tax under section 10 has not furnished returns for three consecutive tax periods; or

(c) any registered person, other than a person specified in clause (b), has not furnished returns for a continuous period of six months; or

(d) any person who has taken voluntary registration under sub-section (3) of section 25 has not commenced business within six months from the date of registration; or

(e) registration has been obtained by means of fraud, wilful misstatement or suppression of facts:

Analysis- Any registration granted under this Act may be cancelled by the Proper Officer.

a. A registration granted can be cancelled by the proper officer, either on his own or on application by the registered person when –

  • the business is discontinued, transferred fully for any reason including death of proprietor, amalgamated with other legal entity, demerged or otherwise disposed of; or
  • there is any change in the constitution of the business; or
  • the taxable person is no longer liable to be registered under sections 22 or section 24.

b. The proper officer may cancel the registration from a date, including any retrospective date, in case when –

√ the registered taxable person has contravened such provisions of the Act or the rules made there under as may be prescribed; or

√ a person paying tax under Composition Scheme has not furnished returns for three consecutive tax periods; or

√ any registered person who has not furnished returns for a continuous period of six months; or

√ any person who has taken voluntary registration and has not commenced business within six months from the date of registration; or

√ where registration has been obtained by means of fraud, wilful misstatement or suppression of facts.

√ The person is afforded an opportunity of being heard.

√ During the pendency of the proceedings relating to cancellation of registration filed by the registered person, the registration may be suspended for such period and in such manner as may be prescribed.

(3) The cancellation of registration under this section shall not affect the liability of the person to pay tax and other dues under this Act or to discharge any obligation under this Act or the rules made there under- for any period prior to the date of cancellation whether or not such tax and other dues are determined before or after the date of cancellation.

(4) The cancellation of registration under the State Goods and Services Tax Act or the Union Territory Goods and Services Tax Act, as the case may be, shall be deemed to be a cancellation of registration under this Act.

(5) Every registered person whose registration is cancelled shall pay an amount, by way of debit in the electronic credit ledger or electronic cash ledger, equivalent to the credit of input tax in respect of inputs held in stock and inputs contained in semi-finished or finished goods held in stock or capital goods or plant and machinery on the day immediately preceding the date of such cancellation or the output tax payable on such goods, whichever is higher, calculated in such manner as may be prescribed:

Analysis  –  Cancellation of registration, shall not affect the liability of the taxable person to pay tax and other dues under the Act for any period prior to the date of cancellation whether or not such tax and other dues are determined before or after the date of cancellation

√ The cancellation of registration under State Goods and Services Tax Act or the Union Territory Goods and Services Tax Act shall be deemed to be a cancellation of registration under the Central Goods and Service Tax Act

√ Where the registration is cancelled, the registered taxable person shall pay an amount equivalent to the credit of input tax in respect of inputs held in stock and inputs contained in semi-finished or finished goods held in stock on the day immediately preceding the date of such cancellation or the output tax payable on such goods, whichever is higher. The payment can be made by way of debit in the electronic credit or electronic cash ledger.

√ In case of capital goods, the taxable person shall pay an amount equal to the input tax credit taken on the said capital goods reduced by the prescribed percentage points or the tax on the transaction value of such capital goods [under sub-section (1) of section 15 (Value of taxable supply) of Act], whichever is higher.

√ The supplier who intends to cancel his registration will be required to file his Final Return in FORM GSTR-10 so as to complete cancellation of registration effectively.

Section 30- Revocation of cancellation of registration

1. Subject to such conditions as may be prescribed, any registered person, whose registration is cancelled by the proper officer on his own motion, may apply to such officer for revocation of cancellation of the registration in the prescribed manner within thirty days from the date of service of the cancellation order.

2. The proper officer may, in the manner and within such period as may be prescribed, by order, either revoke cancellation of the registration or reject the application:

Provided that the application for revocation of cancellation of registration shall not be rejected unless the applicant has been given an opportunity of being heard

3. The revocation of cancellation of registration under the State Goods and Services Tax Act or the Union Territory Goods and Services Tax Act, as the case may be, shall be deemed to be a revocation of cancellation of registration under this Act.

Analysis-   Any registered taxable person, whose registration is cancelled, subject to prescribed conditions and circumstances, may apply to proper officer for revocation of cancellation of the registration within 30 days from the date of service of the cancellation order.

  • The proper officer may in prescribed manner and within prescribed period, by an order, either revoke cancellation of the registration, or reject the application for revocation for good and sufficient reasons.
  • The proper officer shall not reject the application for revocation of cancellation of registration without giving a show cause notice and without giving the person a reasonable opportunity of being heard.
  • Revocation of cancellation of registration under State Goods and Services Tax Act or the Union Territory Goods and Services Tax Act shall be deemed to be a revocation of cancellation of registration under the Central Goods and Services Tax Act

Rules related to Registration-

Rule 8 Application for registration
Rule 9 Verification of the application and approval
Rule 10 Issue of registration certificate
Rule 10 A  Furnishing of Bank Account Details
Rule 11 Separate registration for multiple places of business within a State or a Union territory
Rule 12 Grant of registration to persons required to deduct tax at source or to collect tax at source
Rule 13 Grant of registration to non-resident taxable person
Rule 14 Grant of registration to a person supplying online information and database access or retrieval services from a place outside India to a non-taxable online recipient
Rule 15  Extension in period of operation by casual taxable person and non-resident taxable person.
Rule 16  Suo-moto registration
Rule 17  Assignment of Unique Identity Number to certain special entities
Rule 18 Display of registration certificate and Goods and Services Tax Identification Number on the name board
Rule 19 Amendment of registration
Rule 20 Application for cancellation of registration
Rule 21 Registration to be cancelled in certain cases
Rule 21A Suspension of registration
Rule 22 Cancellation of registration
Rule 23 Revocation of cancellation of registration
Rule 24 Migration of persons registered under the existing law
Rule 25 Physical verification of business premises in certain cases
Rule 26 Method of authentication

Next Article- Tax Invoice , Credit Notes and debit notes-Simplified   ….Suggestions/Queries mailed at mamta0581@gmail.com.  Have a nice day…

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