Key points to be kept in mind while filing petition/application under section 252(1) or section 252 (3) of the Companies Act, 2013 before the NCLT court

INTRODUCTION

As we all knows that Central Government notified NCLT Rules, 2016 on 21st of July, 2016 through notification in the official gazette. The provisions specify the professionals i.e., Company Secretaries, Chartered Accountants and Advocates who can practice before the NCLT or NCLAT. As we the Company Secretaries are new to this field, most of us find it difficult to file application or petition for revival of company[1] or any other document or appear before the NCLT as we are not much aware of the procedural aspects of the court.

Apart from general, an attempt has been made to understand the procedural aspects of filing petition/application before the NCLT. I have enumerated the key points to be kept in mind while going for revival of company before NCLT court.

IMPORTANT DEFINITIONS:

(a). “Applicant” means a petitioner or an appellant or any other person or entity capable of making an application including an interlocutory application or a petition or an appeal under the Act;

(b). “filer” means an authorised representative of that person or any party to the proceedings who files any document with the Tribunal in relation to a case filed under the Act, or any rules thereunder;

(c). “Petition” means a petition or an application or an appeal or a complaint in pursuance of which any proceeding is commenced before the Tribunal;

(d). “Pleadings” means and includes application including interlocutory application, petition, appeal, revision, reply, rejoinder, statement, counter claim, additional statement supplementing the original application and reply statement under these rules and as may be permitted by the Tribunal;

(e). “Reference” means a reference within the meaning of rule 88 of these rules;

SITTING HOURS OF NCLT

The Court remains open on all working day from 9.30 A.M. to 6.00 P.M except on Saturdays, Sundays and other national holidays. However, it is just a myth and the bench may stand up before timings as stated above and may sit after 6 P.M. also. Filing Counter of the Registry remains open on all working days from 10.30 AM to 5.00 P.M. It is on the first floor of the building.

INSTITUTION OF PROCEEDINGS, PETITION, APPEALS ETC- SOME IMPORTANT SUGGESTIONS

  • The petition or appeal or application to be filed before the NCLT shall be in English and in case it is in any other language it shall be accompanied with a copy in English;
  • It shall be on the legal pages, written fairly and should be in legible form;
  • It shall be lithographed or printed in double spacing on one side of standard petition paper;
  • The inner margin shall be about 4 cm, width on top and with a right margin of 2.5. cm, and left margin of 5 cm, duly paginated, indexed and stitched together in paper book form;
  • An Appeal or petition or application shall be divided into paragraphs and shall be numbered consecutively and each paragraph shall contain as nearly as may be, a separate fact or allegation or point;
  • In case fresh parties are brought in, they may be numbered consecutively in the particular category, in which they are brought in;
  • Every proceeding shall state immediately after the cause title the provision of law under which it is preferred;
  • As per the latest filing done by us now 3 (Three) sets of appeal/petition under Section 252 are to be filed before the NCLT and not 2 (Two), please keep this in mind. Apart from that 1 (One) set is to be filed with the RoC that means 5 (Five) sets are to be made 3 for NCLT, 1 for RoC and 1 for your record. The same is also provided under Rule 23 of the NCLT Rules, 2016;
  • All documents accompanied with the appeal or petition shall be certified. True copy stamped on all Annexures;
  • At the foot of every petition or appeal or pleading there shall appear the name and signature of the authorised representative;
  • Once the petition or application is admitted before the NCLT, the court notifies to the parties the date and place of hearing, generally a very short date is provided by the court so keep your eyes on the daily cause list;
  • The Registry shall send a certified copy of final order passed to the parties concerned free of cost, it is to be noted that the order also published over the portal of NCLT and the certified copies may be made available with cost as per Schedule of fees, in all other cases;
  • Appeal or application shall be filed with a statutory fee of 1000/-. Generally it has been seen that as we the Company Secretaries are new to this field are filing the application/petition accompanied with a fees of 2500/-.

NECESSARY DOCUMENTS TO BE ACCOMPANIED WITH THE APPEAL/PETITION UNDER SECTION 252 OF THE COMPANIES ACT, 2013:

1. Index of the appeal or petition;

2. Notice of admission;

3. Brief synopsis;

4. Important dates and Events;

5. Petition or application stating the grounds;

6. Every petition/application shall be verified by an affidavit in Form No. NCLT 6 and it shall be notarised on a stamp paper of 10 rupees;

7. The authorised representative e., Company Secretary, Chartered Accountant or Advocate shall make an appearance through the filing of Vakalatnama or Memorandum of Appearance in Form No. NCLT 12 representing the respective parties to the proceedings, it shall be notarised on a stamp paper of 20/- rupees;

8. Certified true copy of Extract of resolution in favour of the Authorised Signatory/Authorised Representative;

9. Power of Attorney is must as suggested by the registry for us, it should be notarised on a stamp paper of 50/- rupees;

10. Master data of the company procured form MCA portal;

11. Audited financials of the company filing the application/petition for defaulted period;

12. Certificate of Incorporation, Memorandum and Article of Association of the company;

13. Notices of RoC issued to concerned company;

14. Demand draft of statutory fees;

15. Any other documents like ITR, VAT, GST return, bank statement or other documents which can prove that company was operational.

These are some of the suggestions which seems very little however, very important. Hope above article will be helpful for all professionals handling court matters or are in employment.

Author Praveen Singh is associated with RASU & Associate and have rich experience in Indirect taxation, corporate, commercial and IPR, labour law and other matters. Author can be reached at cspraveensingh111@gmail.com.

RASU & Associate is a firm of Company Secretaries, Advocates and Chartered Accountants. The core areas of the firm’s practice are inter alia Indirect Taxation, Corporate, Commercial & Transactions, Regulatory & Compliance, and Intellectual Property Rights Laws etc. We provide both Advisory as well as Litigation Services in all the above areas. Our brief profile can be seen at the following Internet address www.rasu-cs.com.

Disclaimer: This article includes the NCLT Rules and personal experience. Procedure may change any time, hence you are advice to consult before going NCLT. No advice shall be made to anyone solely on the basis of present article and in no case the author or our firm i.e., Rasu & Associates shall be liable.

[1] We have restricted this article to only filing of application or petition for revival of company.

Author Bio

Qualification: Other
Company: Rasu & Associates
Location: Delhi, New Delhi, IN
Member Since: 08 Sep 2017 | Total Posts: 4
Praveen Singh has done his graduation from University of Delhi and currently, he is an Associate in RASU & Associates -Company Secretaries, he is pursuing Company Secretary Course from Institute of Company Secretaries of India. He is also pursuing LLB from Rajasthan university. You can reach out View Full Profile

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4 responses to “Key points while filing petition/application before NCLT court”

  1. Venkat Sarma says:

    Can a normal Individual appear before the NCTL to represent a company ?

  2. GIRISH KAMBADARAYA says:

    Dear Mr. Praveen,

    Even Cost Accountants are also authorized to appear before the NCLT. However, you have not mentioned about the same.

    Rgds,

    Girish K
    Cost Accountant

  3. TAPAS MALLIK says:

    ARE COST ACCOUNTANTS NOT ELIGIBLE AS PER YOUR PROVISION

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