Case Law Details

Case Name : Jai Shankar Agrahari Vs Union Of India And Another (Allahabad High Court)
Appeal Number : WRIT-C No.-12498 of 2019
Date of Judgement/Order : 16/01/2020
Related Assessment Year :
Courts : All High Courts (5310) Allahabad High Court (315)

Jai Shankar Agrahari Vs Union Of India And Another (Allahabad High Court)

Allahabad High Court held thaty there is no provision which empowers ROC to de-activate DIN, only on the ground that a Director has incurred disqualification under Section 164(2) (a) or his Office has become vacant under Section 167(1) (a). It also quashes List of disqualified directors published by ROC in public gazette.

In this regard relevant extract of the judgments of different High Courts may be reproduced as under :

(1) Delhi High Court’s judgment in Mukut Pathak (supra), paragraphs 106, 108, 109 and 110:

“106. Neither any of the provisions of the Companies Act nor the Rules framed thereunder stipulate cancellation or deactivation of DIN on account of a director suffering a disqualification under Section 164(2) of the Act. It is relevant to note that Rule 11 of the Company (Appointment and Qualification of Directors) Rules, 2014 was amended with effect from 05.07.2018 to provide for deactivation of DIN in the event of failure to file Form DIR-3-E-KYC within the period as stipulated under Rule 12A of the said Rules. The amendment so introduced also does not empower the Central Government to cancel or deactivate the DIN of disqualified directors.

108. It is important to note that whereas a DIN is necessary for a person to act as a director; it is not necessary that a person who has a DIN be appointed as a director. Section 164 (2) only provides for temporary disqualification for a period of five years for a person to be appointed/re-appointed as a director. Thus, it is not necessary that the DIN of such person to be deactivated.

109. It is also material to note that sub-section (2) of section 167 of the Act provides for a punishment for any person who functions as a director knowing that his office has become vacant on account of his disqualification as specified in Section 167 (1) of the Act. Thus, Section 167 includes a mechanism for enforcing the rigors of Section 167 (1) of the Act. In the present case, the respondents have sought to cancel/deactivate the DIN of directors disqualified under Section 164 (2) of the Act. This has been done to enforce the provisions of Section 167 (1) of the Act. Clearly, this is not supported by any statutory provision. This Court is of the view that the Central Government having framed the rules specifying the conditions in which a DIN may be cancelled, cannot cancel the same on any other ground and without reference to such rules.

110. Similarly, there is also no provision supporting the respondents action of cancelling the DSC of various directors. The said action is therefore unsustainable.”

(2) Gujarat High Court in Gaurang Balvantlal Shah (supra), Paragraphs 29 to 31:

“29. This takes the Court to the next question as to whether the respondents could have deactivated the DINs of the petitioners as a consequence of the impugned list? In this regard, it would be appropriate to refer to the relevant provisions contained in the Act and the said Rules. Section 152 (3) provides that no person shall be appointed as a Director of a company, unless he has been allotted the Director Identification Number under Section 154, Section 153 requires every individual intending to be appointed as Director of a company to make an application for allotment of DIN to the Central Government in such form and manner as may be prescribed. Section 154 states that the Central Government shall within one month from the receipt of the application under Section 153 allot a DIN to an applicant in such manner as may be prescribed. Section 155 prohibits any individual, who has already been allotted a DIN under Section 154 from applying for or obtaining or possessing another DIN. Rules 9 and 10 of the said Rules of 2014 prescribe the procedure for making application for allotment and for the allotment of DIN, and further provide that the DIN allotted by the Central Government under the said Rules would be valid for the lifetime of the applicant and shall not be allotted to any other person.

30. Rule 11 provides for cancellation or surrender or deactivation of DIN. Accordingly, the Central Government or Regional Director or any authorized officer of Regional Director may, on being satisfied on verification of particulars of documentary proof attached with an application from any person, cancel or deactivate the DIN on any of the ground mentioned in Clause (a) to (f) thereof. The said Rule 11 does not contemplate any suo motu powers either with the Central Government or with the authorised officer or Regional Director to cancel or deactivate the DIN allotted to the Director, nor any of the clauses mentioned in the said Rule contemplates cancellation or deactivation of DIN of the Director of the “struck off company” or of the Director having become ineligible under Section 164 of the said Act. The reason appears to be that once an individual, who is intending to be the Director of a particular company is allotted DIN by the Central Government, such DIN would be valid for the lifetime of the applicant and on the basis of such DIN he could become Director in other companies also. Hence, if one of the companies in which he was Director is “struck off”, his DIN could not be cancelled or deactivated as that would run counter to the provisions contained in the Rule 11, which specifically provides for the circumstances under which the DIN could be cancelled or deactivated.

31. In that view of the matter, the Court is of the opinion that the action of the respondents in deactivating the DINs of the petitioners-Directors along with the publication of the impugned list of Directors of “struck off” companies under Section 248, also was not legally tenable. Of course, as per Rule 12 of the said Rules, the individual who has been allotted the FIN, in the event of any change in his particulars stated in Form DIR-3 has to intimate such change to the Central Government within the prescribed time in Form DIR-6, however, if that is not done, the DIN could not be cancelled or deactivated. The cancellation or deactivation of the DIN could be resorted to by the concerned respondents only as per the provisions contained in the said Rules.”

(3) Telangana High Court in Venkata Ramana Tadiparthi (supra), Paragraphs 28 and 30

“28. Clauses (a) to (f) of Rule 11, extracted above, provides for the circumstances under which the DIN can be cancelled or deactivated. The said grounds, are different from the ground envisaged under Section 164 (2) (a) of the Act. Therefore, for the alleged violation under Section 164 of the Act, DINs cannot be cancelled or deactivated, except in accordance with Rule 11 of the Rules.

30. In view of the above facts and circumstances and the judgment referred to supra, the deactivation of the DINs of the petitioners for alleged violations under Section 164 of the Act, cannot be sustained.”

This Court (Lucknow Bench) also in Tariq Siddiqui (supra) been quoted in ex tensio, the view taken by Gujarat High Court and has allowed writ petition. Operative part of judgment in para 7 reads as under :

“7. In view of above, the writ petitions for challenge to the deactivation of the Director Identification Number are allowed. It was de-activated on account of dis-qualification in one company effecting Director Identification Number for the other companies. The opposite parties are directed to activate the Director Identification Number of use for other company. The opposite parties would however be at liberty to take legal action against the petitioners for any statutory default or non-compliance of the provisions of the Act of 2013. It would obviously be in accordance with the provisions of law.”

We hold that in absence of any provision to deactivate DIN of petitioners if they have incurred disqualification under Section 164 of Act, 2013, the action of respondents and in particular of ROC, in deactivating DIN of petitioners, cannot be sustained.

The above discussion leads to the consequence that all writ petitions have to be allowed partly and action of respondents in deactivating DIN of petitioners is to be quashed.

FULL TEXT OF THE HIGH COURT ORDER /JUDGEMENT

1. In all these writ petitions, petitioners were Directors of various Companies and have been declared disqualified to continue as Directors of all the Companies in which they were Directors, under Section 164 (2) of Companies Act, 2013 (hereinafter referred to as “Act, 2013”), for a period of five years. Petitioners, therefore, have challenged declaration made by Registrar of Companies, U. P, Kanpur (hereinafter referred to as “ROC”) publishing notice of such disqualification of petitioners specifying the period of five years and in most cases it is from 01.11.2016 to 31.10.2021 while in some cases period of five years varies but total period of disqualification is five years. Petitioners have prayed for quashing of aforesaid declaration made by ROC. They have also sought a mandamus directing respondents to reactivate petitioners’ Director Identification Number (hereinafter referred to as ‘DIN’) and restore their names on the Roll of Directors.

2. The issues raised in all these writ petitions are common and facts are also similar, hence as agreed by learned counsel appearing in all these writ petitions for respective parties, all these petitions have been heard together and are being decided by this common judgment.

3. For the purpose of delving into pleadings and facts, with consent of parties, we have taken Writ Petition No.12498 of 2019 (Jai Shankar Agrahari vs. Union of India and another) as the leading ‘writ petition’ and this writ petition hereinafter would be referred to as “WP-I”.

4. W.P.-I has been filed by sole petitioner Jai Shankar Agrahari praying for issuance of writ of certiorari quashing declaration made by ROC under Section 164 (2) of Act, 2013 disqualifying him as Director of Companies from 01.11.2016 to 31.10.2020 i.e. for a period of five years. Petitioner Jai Shankar Agrahari has also prayed for issuing a writ of mandamus directing respondents to reactivate petitioner’s DIN No.03266735 and DSC number and restore his name on the Rolls of Director.

5. Petitioner, Jai Shankar Agrahari, was Director of various Companies, (Private and Public) and details thereof are as under:

Sl.No. Names of Company Nature:whether ‘Public’ or
‘Private’
Date of Incorporation
1. Kashi Gramin Vikas Mutual Benefit Nidhi Limited Public 11.03.2016
2. Green Valley Natural Core India Private Limited Private 21.11.2013
3. Ujjawalkashi Micro Credit Foundation Private 20.12.2016
4. Sansar Mart Retails Private Limited Private 16.04.2012
5. Sansar Core Retails Business     Private Limited Private 18.07.2012
6. Sansar Agrotech Land Developers Company Limited Public 19.11.2010

6. The case set up by petitioner of W.P.1 is that all the aforesaid Companies were registered with ROC. Three Companies namely, Sansar Agrotech Land Developers Company Limited; Sansar Core Retails Business Private Limited; and, Sansar Mart Retails Private Limited, committed default by not submitting financial statements and returns for a consecutive period of three years. Petitioner thus stood disqualified to act as “Director” under Section 164 (2) of Act, 2013. This disqualification has been applied to all other Companies in which petitioner was “Director” though those Companies are/ were not in default. Before disqualifying petitioner as “Director” under Section 164 (2) of Act, 2013, no show cause notice or opportunity has been given, facts have not been verified and in a mechanical manner, petitioner’s status has been shown as a “disqualified Director” and his DIN No.03266735 has been made inactive and/ or suspended. Section 164 (2) (a), which not only disqualifies a “Director” in respect of Defaulting Companies but extends the same to other Companies which have not committed default, as such it is irrational and unreasonable. It is in violation of fundamental right of petitioner under Article 19 (1) (g) of the Constitution therefore, Section 164 (2) (a) of Act, 2013 is arbitrary and ultra vires of the Constitution. It has no nexus with the objective sought to be achieved and has the effect of penalizing management of the Companies which are active, having not committed any default rendering their functioning difficult by disqualifying “Director” of those Companies only on the ground that those Directors are also holding similar Office in other Companies which have committed default attracting disqualification under Section 164 (2) of Act, 2013.

7. It is also pleaded that Section 164 of Act, 2013 came into force on 01.04.2014 i.e. in the Fiscal Year 2014-2015 while Act, 2013 came into force on 12.09.2013. Extending aforesaid provision to earlier events or transactions i.e. prior to 01.04.2014, amounts to making it retrospective which is not permissible, and therefore, bad in law. Earlier a similar provision existed i.e., Section 274 (1) (g) of Companies Act, 1956 (hereinafter referred to as ‘Act, 1956’) but there under there was no provision with regard to automatic vacation of Office. Section 164 of Act, 2013 is much wider than Section 274 of Act, 1956, hence, Section 164 of Act, 2013 will not apply to the transactions which have taken place before 01.04.2014. For the purpose of cancellation, surrender or deactivation of DIN, provision has been made in Rule 11 of Companies (Appointment and Qualification of Directors) Rules, 2014 (hereinafter referred to as “Rules, 2014”) but none of the conditions mentioned therein are attracted in a case covered by Section 164 (2); therefore, deactivation of DIN No.03266735 of petitioner is patently illegal and without jurisdiction. At no stage any show cause notice was given to petitioner, no opportunity of hearing was afforded and therefore, impugned order of disqualification as Director of petitioner in all the Companies and deactivation of petitioner’s DIN No. 03266735 is in violation of principles of natural justice and patently illegal. Disqualification of a person as a “Director” for all Companies and suspension or deactivation of DIN so as to render such person incapable to function as Director of other Companies where there is no such default, is harsh, causes serious prejudice and penal in nature; thus such a provision has to be read strictly and only when a case comes within all the four corners, such a provision can be resorted to and not otherwise.

8. Before proceeding further, we may notice at this stage that though in the pleadings and grounds taken in W.P.-1, it is said that Section 164 (2) (a) of Act, 2013 is illegal, arbitrary and ultra vires, but no relief has been sought so as to declare the aforesaid provision, ultra vires.

9. On behalf of both respondents, i.e, Union of India through Secretary Ministry of Corporate Affairs and Registrar of Companies, U.P., i.e. ROC, a combined short counter affidavit has been filed which is sworn by Sri Sudhir Kapoor, Registrar of Companies. It is said that Act, 2013 lays down a stricter regime for defaulting companies with higher additional fees; Quantum of punishment has been enhanced; provision for enhanced fine in case of repeated default has been included vide Section 451; Section 164(2) provides for disqualification of Directors in case the Company has failed to file Financial Statement or Annual Return for continuous period of three years “has been made and is extended to all Companies”; Vide General Circular No.34 of 2014 an opportunity was provided to defaulting companies to make their default good by filing belated documents on payment of certain fee and thereby avoiding prosecution etc; another scheme was launched by respondents, namely, “Condonation of Delay Scheme, 2018” commencing from 01.01.2018; in the present case ROC, Kanpur has acted under Section 164(2) and Section 167 of Act, 2013; it is the duty of “Directors” to ensure compliance of statutory requirements in respect of companies in which they are Directors; Petitioner has failed to ensure it; there is no retrospectivity given to Sections 164 or 167; similar argument has been negated by Calcutta High Court in Nabendu Dutta and others vs. Arindam Mukherjee, 2004(55) SCL 146; Respondents have not issued any notification or order regarding disqualification of petitioner but only identified; there is a complete failure on the part of petitioner to comply with Rule 14 of Rules, 2014; Section 164(2) is pari materia to Section 274(1)(g) of Act, 1956 and it was upheld in a similar matter by Bombay High Court in Snowcem India Ltd. and Ors. vs Union Of India and Ors., 2005(60) SCL 50; Gujarat High Court has also taken a similar view in Saurashtra Cement Ltd. and Anr. vs Union Of India and Ors., 2007(75) SCL 375; the disqualification of “Director” under Section 164 (2) is automatic, by operation of law as soon as default is committed and identified by concerned Registrar. Under Rules, 2014 which came into force on 01.04.2014, in a matter where Section 164 (2) of Act, 2013 is attracted, principles of natural justice are not attracted at all and this is what has been held by Delhi High Court in Bharat Bhushan vs H.B. Portfolio Leasing Ltd., 1992 (74) Company Cases, 20; Provisions of Act, 2013 have been enacted by Parliament for better implementation of Corporate governance and stricter regime for defaulting companies; Petitioner had ample notice of default committed by him and grievance with regard to lack of notice is nothing but a pretext; There is no prejudice caused to petitioner since it is only by operation of law; in any case, notices were issued to Companies and Directors in May and June, 2018 and also published in daily newspapers and thereafter those who failed to make compliance were identified and struck off on 28.08.2018; and List of “Directors” who were held disqualified for the period of 01.11.2017 to 30.10.2022 was notified by respondent-1 on 07.12.2018. Thus it is said that petitioner has no cause of action and petition should be dismissed.

10. In all other connected writ petitions, details of Companies, Date of Incorporation and Status is given in the form of a Chart, as here under :

1. Writ Petition No. 15270 of 2018

Petitioner-1. Gurnam Singh DIN-2128421 

Sl. No Names of Company Nature: whether ‘Public’ or ‘Private’ Date  of Incorporation Status
1 Newwaves India Estate Management Services Private Limited Private 27.05.2008 Struck off
 2 DSSY Builders Pvt Ltd Private 15.01.2011 Active
 3 Agarwal Infratowers Pvt Ltd Private 14.10.2012 Active
 4 Best and Bright Property Pvt Ltd Private 12.05.2011 Active
 5 Peerless Properties Pvt Ltd Private 23.05.2011 Active
 6 Blue Strawberry Business Solutions Pvt Ltd Private 16.05.2013 Active
 7 Agranate Leisure Pvt Ltd Private 08.02.2013 Active
 8 Agranate Infra Limited Private 06.03.2013 Active
 9 Prasantush Buildwell Pvt Ltd Private 04.06.2013 Active
 10 Newriver Buildwell Pvt Ltd Private 23.01.2014 Active
 11 Singh Infrazone Pvt Ltd Private 23.03.2015 Active
Petitioner-2. Jaspal Singh          DIN-2128430
1. Newwaves India Estate Management Services Private Limited Private 27.05.2008 Struck off

2. Writ Petition No.34503 of 2018

Petitioner-1. Dr. Niraj Agrawal DIN-00501880

 1 Sairam Infraventures Private Limited Private 23.03.2012 Struck off
 2 Vatsalya Heart Centre Private Private 14.06.2012 Active
 3 Vatsalya Institute of Medical Sciences Private 22.12.2014 Active
 4 Vatsalya Maternity and Surgical Centre Pvt Ltd. Private 02.04.1998 Active
 5 Vatslya Hospital and Research Center Pvt Ltd. Private 06.12.2004 Active
 6 Vashishtha Vatsalya Real Estates LLP LLP 20.06.2017 Active
Petitioner-2. Dr. Kritika Agrawal           DIN-00501979
1. Sairam Infrastructures Pvt Ltd Private 23.03.2012 Struck Off
2. Vatsalya Institute Medical Sciences Private 22.12.2014 Active
3. Vatsalya Maternity and Surgical Centre Pvt Ltd. Private 02.04.1998 Active
4. Vatsalya Hospital and Research Center Pvt Ltd. Private 06.12.2004 Active
5. Vashishtha Vatsalya Real Estates LLP LLP 20.06.2017 Active

3. Writ Petition No.36453 of 2018

Petitioner-Isha Sachdeva DIN-00754588

1. Topend Construction Private Limited Private 14.02.2005 Struck Off
2. Tushina   Telecommunications     Private Limited Private 26.09.1997 Struck Off
3. Oriental Diesels and Engineering Company Private Limited Private 09.09.1999 Active

4. Writ Petition No.43177 of 2018

Petitioner-1. Avinash Singh DIN-02888460

Petitioner-2. Atul Singh  DIN-02921472

1. Sheetal Infraventures Private Limited Private 23.08.2011 Struck off

5. Writ Petition No.1189 of 2019

Petitioner- Kuldeep Singh  DIN-03391328

1. Shri Sanwalia Ji Home Solutions Pvt Ltd Private 10.09.2010 Struck off
2. Shri Sanwalia Ji Home Destination Pvt Ltd Private 18.10.2013 Active
3. Omnis Lifecare LLP LLP Active
4. Omnis Engineering LLP LLP Active
5. Atra Pharmaceuticals Ltd Public Active
6. Winston Pharmaceuticals Ltd Public Active
7. Omnis Developers Pvt Ltd Private Active
8. Vigorous Agency Pvt Ltd Private Active
9. Westlike Trading Pvt Ltd Private Active
2. Sanwalia Ji Home Destination Pvt Ltd Private Active
3. Shri Nath Residenci Pvt Ltd Private Active
4. Omnis Infra Power Ltd Public Active
5. Omnis Healthcare Services Pvt Ltd Private Active
6. Anglepaisa Consultancy Services Pvt Ltd Private Active
7. Omnis Edu-Health Ltd Public Active

6. Writ Petition No.1407 of 2019

Petitioner- Surender Kumar DIN-02362899

1. Shivarita Developers Private Limited Private 22.04.2010 Struck off
2. JSK Multitrade India Ltd Public Active
3. Aarav Infrastructure Pvt Ltd Private Active
4. Hi-Rel Info Genesis Pvt Ltd Private Active

7. Writ Petition No.2469 of 2019

Petitioner-Ranvijay Singh DIN-05197675 

1. Veera Infrahome Private Limited Private 06.12.2012 Struck off
2. One Place Infrastructures Pvt Ltd Private 01.01.2013 Active
3. O. P. Investorwala Services Pvt Ltd Private 24.06.2013 Active
4. One Place World Construction Pvt Ltd Private 06.06.2013 Active
5. One Place Automobiles Pvt Ltd Private 01.01.2014 Active
6. One place Global Trade Solutions Pvt Ltd Private 23.07.2015 Active
7. One Place India Sales Pvt Ltd Private 28.10.2015 Active
8. One Place Motion Pictures Pvt Ltd Private 19.12.2016 Active
9. 1981 One Place Imperial Education Forum 14.03.2017 Active
8. One Place Brewries & Distillers Pvt Ltd Private 09.01.2018 Active
9. One Place News Broadcasting Pvt Ltd Private 04.10.2018 Active

8. Writ Petition No.2473 of 2019

Petitioner- Rashid Khan DIN-01384872

1. Veera Infrahome Pvt Ltd Private 06.12.2012 Struck off
2. Buddha Holidays Pvt Ltd Private 02.04.2007 Active

9. Writ Petition No.12494 of 2019

Petitioner- Manjeet Singh DIN-06651509

1. Vedic Media Creations Private Limited Private 23.10.2013 Struck off
2. Manita City Motors LLP LLP 20.12.2016 Active

10. Writ Petition No.12497 of 2019

Petitioner- Sameer Munshi DIN-02662621

1. Abeer Tea and Foods Private Limited Private 10.10.2013 Struck off
2. Mihama India Pvt Ltd Private 18.10.2014 Active

11. Writ Petition No.12502 of 2019

Petitioner- Arvind Kumar Dwivedi DIN-03578218

1. Esteem Placement and Consulting Services Private Limited Private 02.05.2012 Struck off
2. Steem Placement and Consulting Services Pvt Ltd Private 18.10.2018 Active

12. Writ Petition No.12684 of 2019

Petitioner-Omar Mukhtar Husain DIN-06360729

1. Tandem Builders and Promoters Private Limited Private 19.03.2013 Struck off
2. Protostar Infraestates Pvt Ltd Private 16.02.2012 Active
3. Protostar Realty Pvt Ltd Private 10.11.2015 Active

13.Writ Petition No.12739 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Krishna Chandra Gupta DIN-02464827

1. Shyambihari Polyprint Private Limited Private 15.07.2009 Struck off
2. Nitin Buildcon Pvt Ltd Private 19.11.2011 Active
3. Gomti Industries India Pvt Ltd Private 02.03.2012 Active
4. Him Ketchin India Pvt Ltd Private 17.02.2009 Active
5. Maa Vidyavati Learning Pvt Ltd Private 14.09.2010 Active
6. Greenberry Nandini RKG Pvt Ltd Private 16.09.2010 Active
7. Tejas Infraventures Pvt Ltd Private 01.03.2014 Active
8. Lark Distributors Pvt Ltd Private 27.03.2018 Active
9. Greenberry Healthcare India Pvt Ltd Private 24.08.2016 Active
10. Greenberry Hotels and Residency India Pvt Ltd Private 05.10.2011 Active
Petitioner-2 Shyam Kishan Gupta                                 DIN-02672711
1. Shyambihari Polyprint Private Limited Private 15.07.2009 Struck off

14. Writ Petition No.12743 of 2019

Petitioner- Sangita Verma   DIN-06465016

1. Ankit Infraventures Private Limited Private 08.01.2013 Struck off
2. Kapeeshwar Electronics Pvt Ltd Private 08.09.2017 Active
3. Kapeeshwar Food Products Pvt Ltd Private 11.09.2017 Active

15.Writ Petition No.12824 of 2019

Petitioner- Atul Singh Kumar                              DIN-00963972

1. GCC Energy Private Limited Private 28.06.2010 Struck off
2. Venus Sugar Ltd Public 26.09.2017 Active
3. Vishwakarma Holdings Ltd Public 17.09.2004 Active
4. Dublin Estates Pvt Ltd Private 30.03.2013 Active
5. Futuristic Viniyog Ltd Private 30.03.2013 Active
6. Roli Holdings Pvt Ltd Trans. From West Bengal Private 30.03.2013 Active
7. Dynamic Commercial Ltd Public 30.03.2013 Active
8. Devon Viniyog Pvt Ltd Private 15.09.2004 Active
9. M.P. Singh Memorial Healthcare Pvt Ltd Private 30.11.2007 Active
10. M. P. Singh Project Pvt Ltd Private 30.03.2013 Active
11. Venus Cements Ltd Public 30.03.2011 Active
12. Avi-Aru Infrastructure Pvt Ltd Private 30.03.2013 Active
13. Arunavi Infrastructure Pvt Ltd Private 30.03.2013 Active

16. Writ Petition No.12935 of 2019

1. Rajesh Ahuja        DIN-02168327

2. Ashok Kumar Gupta       DIN-00040553

1. Force Solar Power Private Limited Private 16.08.2013 Struck off
2. LLP Master Data Private 16.08.2013 Active

17.Writ Petition No.13063 of 2019

Petitioner-1. Ruchir Pandey DIN-05226935

1. Matru Dairy Producer Company Limited Private 03.12.2013 Struck off
2. Naini Builders and Developers Pvt Ltd Private 01.02.2018 Active
3 R Square Media Solutions Pvt Ltd Private 20.03.2012 Active
Bhudeva Propcon Pvt Ltd Private 30.03.2015 Active
Om Namah Shivay Realtors Pvt Ltd Private 23.05.2012 Active
Rudrajit Enterprises Pvt Ltd Private 01.06.2015 Active
Petitioner-2. Ashok Kumar Pandey DIN-06478646
1. Matru Dairy Producer Company Limited Private 03.12.2013 Struck off
2. Beti Beta Foods and Beverage Cafe OPC Pvt Ltd Private 19.05.2015 Active

18.Writ Petition No.13072 of 2019

Petitioner-1. Deepika Bali DIN-02729116

1 Noble Career Solutions Private Limited Private 16.09.2009 Struck off
2 Bali Den Cable Network Pvt Ltd Private 01.09.2015 Active
3 BCN Media Pvt Ltd Private 19.08.2009 Active
4 Bali Net Com Pvt Ltd Private 08.07.2015 Active
5 RB Space Net Pvt Ltd Private 20.07.2015 Active
Petitioner-2. Ravi Bali DIN-02729149
Noble Career Solutions Private Limited Private 16.09.2009 Struck off
Riviera Buildtech Pvt Ltd Private 12.03.2010 Active
BCN Media Pvt Ltd Private 19.08.2009 Active
DDC Broadband Pvt Ltd Private 29.09.2017 Active
Ocean Apartments (India) Pvt Ltd Private 24.12.2013 Active
Bali Net Com Pvt Ltd Private 08.07.2015 Active

19. Writ Petition No.13593 of 2019

Petitioner- Deepak Kumar Maheshwari DIN-00983837

1 Mahesh Carpets Exports Private Limited Private 06.03.1991 Struck off
2 The Benares Club Ltd Public 05.02.1898 Active

20.Writ Petition No.14554 of 2019

1. Vipin Kumar Chaudhary DIN-06402083

2. Renu Singh DIN-06402081

1 Utkrisht Foodlet Private Limited Private 22.10.2012 Struck off
2 Vision and Viability Reality Solutions Private 20.08.2014 Active

21. Writ Petition No.14557 of 2019

1. Vishnu Sharma DIN-03392941

2. Uday Kumar DIN-03393074

3. Gaurav Bhatnagar DIN-03397944

1 Askus Advisors Pvt Ltd Private 28.01.2011 Struck off
2 Pacificgreen Infraheight Pvt Ltd Private 18.07.2013 Active

22.Writ Petition No.15854 of 2019

Petitioner- Ashish Tripathi DIN-0516563

1 Bhoomishakti Real Istate Consulting Private 20.03.2013 Struck off
2. Ashtabhoomi Developwell Pvt Ltd Private 04.12.2012 Active
3. Bhoomi Ventures Pvt Ltd Private 17.02.2012 Active

23. Writ Petition No.16359 of 2019

Petitioner- Alok Singh                                           DIN-03222931

1. Adpa Builders Pvt Ltd Private 14.09.2010 Struck off
2. Lucknow Royal Infradevelopers Pvt Ltd Private 16.05.2011 Active
3. One Roof Infra Developers Pvt Ltd Private 17.11.2014 Active

24. Writ Petition No.17328 of 2019

Petitioner-Syeed Khan                         DIN-03335406

1. Achievers Edupartners Pvt Ltd Private 05.07.2011 Struck off
2. Whetstone Marketing Pvt Ltd Private 06.06.2011 Active
3. Palash Infratech Pvt Ltd Private 19.11.2012 Active

25.Writ Petition No.17405 of 2019

Petitioner-Syed Mohd Iqbal                                    DIN-02811256

1. Four Seasons Enterprises Pvt Ltd Private 23.10.2009 Active
2. Transglobal Computer Education Institute Pvt Ltd Private 23.04.2013 Struck off

26. Writ Petition No.17501 of 2019

Petitioner-Vipin Sarawat                                     DIN-05189282

1. Manhattan Donex Buildtech Pvt Ltd Private 12.10.2012 Struck off
2. Manhattan Infrabuild Pvt Ltd Private 06.08.2013 Struck off
3. Manhattan Infracon Pvt Ltd Private 15.02.2012 Struck off
4. Kingson Infradevelopers LLP LLP Active
5. Maniere Home LLP LLP Active
6. A S Civitech Pvt Ltd Private Active
7. Triple Play Telecommunication Pvt Ltd Private Active

27. Writ Petition No.17508 of 2019

Petitioner-Shashank Jain DIN-00508208

1. Adhishree Steels Ltd Public 23.11.2011 Struck off
2. Plutus Natural Resources Pvt Ltd Private 11.04.2012 Struck off
3. Shreeji Georeasources Pvt Ltd Private 16.03.2012 Struck off
4. Good Earth Constructions Pvt Ltd Private 08.08.1990 Active
5. Dwarka Education Pvt Ltd Private 25.07.2011 Active

28.Writ Petition No.17516 of 2019

Petitioner-Hariom Dixit                                           DIN-00607567

1. Omabhiti Developwell Pvt Ltd Private 02.02.2012 Struck off
2. Gayatri Resources Pvt Ltd Private 21.05.2009 Active

29. Writ Petition No.17525 of 2019

Petitioner-Amit Kumar                                              DIN-03098168

1. Manhattan Donex Buildtech Pvt Ltd Private 12.10.2012 Struck off
2. Manhattan Infrabuild Pvt Ltd Private 06.08.2013 Struck off
3. Manhattan Infracon Pvt Ltd Private 15.02.2012 Struck off
4. Kingson Infradevelopers LLP LLP Active
5. Maniere Home LLP LLP Active
6. Rainbow Realcon Pvt Ltd Private Active
7. Tripleplayer Telecom Pvt Ltd Private Active
8. Pratistha Promoters Pvt Ltd Private Active
9. Pitamber Promotors Pvt Ltd Private Active
11. JRS Conbuild Pvt Ltd Private Active
12. Panchsheel Infrapromoters Pvt Ltd Private Active
13. Vibgyor Facility Management Pvt Ltd Private Active

30. Writ Petition No.17557 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Anil Kumar Gupta                         DIN-02728040

1. Kela Devi Knowledge Park Ltd Public 13.01.2012 Active
Petitioner-2 Arvind Kumar Gupta                   DIN-02912070
1. Kela Devi Knowledge Park Ltd Public 13.01.2012 Active
2. Marigold Paints Pvt Ltd Private 02.04.1987 Active
3. Aroma Dwelling Pvt Ltd Private 30.09.2009 Active
4. Killick Shipping Services Ltd Public 13.07.1987 Active
5. Marathon Trading and Investment Pvt Ltd Private 14.07.1988 Struck off
Petitioner-3 Seema Mishra                           DIN-03428815
1. Kela Devi Knowledge Park Ltd Public 13.01.2012 Active
2. Swarnima Oil Industries Ltd Public 07.11.1991 Active
3. Vistar Vinimay Infra Trading Pvt Ltd Private 18.07.2014 Active

31. Writ Petition No.17610 of 2019

Petitioner-Suresh Kumar Sahu                   DIN-06653284

1. S.S.Agrogenetics and Fertilizers Pvt Ltd Private 04.03.2014 Active

32. Writ Petition No.17647 of 2019

Petitioner-Anurag Yadav                              DIN-0476607

1. Rudra Green Fields Pvt Ltd Private 17.12.2009 Active
2. Gopalkrishna Cold Storage Pvt Ltd Private 13.07.2011 Active
3. BDM Telecom India Pvt Ltd Private 03.10.2012 Active
4. Rasa Infratech Pvt Ltd Private 22.04.2013 Active
5. Rudi Infotech Solutions Pvt Ltd Private 23.08.2012 Struck off
6. Rasa Telecommunication Services Pvt Ltd Private 12.08.2013 Struck off

33. Writ Petition No.17649 of 2019

Petitioner -Raj Narain Singh                             DIN-02103769

1. Health Care Home Appliances Pvt Ltd Private 06.09.2011 Struck off
2. Shivnarayan Developers Pvt Ltd Private 14.05.2008 Active

34. Writ Petition No.17652 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Vijay Shaker Pandey                DIN-05340852

1. City Infradestination Pvt Ltd Private 22.01.2013 Struck off
2. Chitwan City Pvt Ltd Private 11.03.2014 Active
Petitioner-2 Repunjay Kumar Patel                DIN-06388430
1. City Infradestination Pvt Ltd Private 22.01.2013 Struck off
2. Sapphire Sambhav Infraestates Pvt Ltd Private 25.09.2012 Active
Petitioner-3 Girish Kumar Misra                   DIN-06512407
1. City Infradestination Pvt Ltd Private 22.01.2013 Struck off
2. Chitwan City Pvt Ltd Private 11.03.2014 Active

35. Writ Petition No.17664 of 2019

Petitioner-Chanpreet Singh                              DIN-02988526

1. Pratishta Computer Services Pvt Ltd Private 02.08.1996 Struck off
2. Mannat Infrahome Pvt Ltd Private 04.05.2012 Active

36. Writ Petition No.17729 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Farazur Rahman                       DIN-07024442

1. Mandolin Infrahousing Pvt Ltd Private 28.08.2012 Struck off
2. Walkwater Constructions Pvt Ltd Private 28.08.2012 Struck off
3. Kinda Care Pvt Ltd Private 25.03.2015 Under process of striking off
4. SFS Infra Housing Projects Pvt Ltd Private 25.02.2016 Active
Petitioner-2 Shamim Ahmad                        DIN-07117090
1. Mandolin Infrahousing Pvt Ltd Private 28.08.2012 Struck off
2. Walkwater Constructions Pvt Ltd Private 28.08.2012 Struck off
3. SFS Infra Housing Projects Pvt Ltd Private 25.02.2016 Active
Petitioner-3 Neelam Sajid                                DIN07117015
1. Mandolin Infrahousing Pvt Ltd Private 28.08.2012 Struck off
2. Walkwater Constructions Pvt Ltd Private 28.08.2012 Struck off
3. SFS Infra Housing Projects Pvt Ltd Private 25.02.2016 Active

37. Writ Petition No.17834 of 2019

Petitioner-Sumitra                                       DIN-06652272

1. Indrashakti Human Resource Services Pvt Ltd Private 17.09.2010 Active
2. Dotnet Sales and Marketing Pvt Ltd Private 06.12.2010 Struck off

38. Writ Petition No.17843 of 2019

Petitioner-Ankur Mittal                                DIN- 01988340

1. Trimurti V Fahionz Private Ltd Private 16.11.2012 Struck off
2. OTR Papers Pvt Ltd Private 27.09.1995 Active
3. S.R. Mittal paper Mills Ltd Publie 03.08.1995 Active

39. Writ Petition No.17912 of 2019

Petitioner-Gopal Das Agarwal                           DIN-01148301

1. Ramesth Diamonds Pvt Ltd Private 22.05.2006 Active
2. G.P. Colonisers and Developers Pvt Ltd Private 04.07.2006 Struck off
3. Mukut Infrastructures Pvt Ltd Private 26.07.2006 Active
4. Gateway Ventures Pvt Ltd Private 28.12.2011 Active
5. Walkwater Constructions Pvt Ltd Private 28.08.2012 Struck off
6. Mandolin Infrahousing Pvt Ltd Private 28.08.2012 Struck off
7. Drumbeat Developers Pvt Ltd Private 28.08.2012 Active
8. Toronto Developers Pvt Ltd Private 28.08.2012 Active
9. Blueridge Dwelling Pvt Ltd Private 11.07.2012 Active
14. Mermaid Infratech Pvt Ltd Private 12.07.2012 Active
15. Primeland Properties and Infrastructure Pvt Ltd Private 09.04.2012 Active
16. Ocean Dream Infrastructures Pvt Ltd Private 09.04.2012 Active
17. Blue Nile Infratech Pvt Ltd Private 09.04.2012 Active
18. Pendant Inframart Pvt Ltd Private 09.04.2012 Active
19. Kaishori Marketing Pvt Ltd Private 18.05.2010 Active
20. Jeevan Vincom Pvt Ltd Private 17.05.2010 Active
21. Jupiter Tradelinks Pvt Ltd Private 22.08.2008 Struck off

40.Writ Petition No.17969 of 2019

Petitioner-Rajendra Singh                           DIN-02482087

1. RRD Infrapromoters Pvt Ltd Private Active
2. RRC Infrapromoters Pvt Ltd Private Active
3. RRB Infrapromoters Pvt Ltd Private Active
4. RRA Infrapromoters Pvt Ltd Private Active
5. Satyarjun Projects Pvt Ltd Private Active
6. Jaguar Real Estate Developers Pvt Ltd Private Active
7. J. J. Infraestate Pvt Ltd Private Active
8. J. J. Infratech Pvt Ltd Private Active
9. Nodus Developers Pvt Ltd Private Active
22. J. J. Infrareality Pvt Ltd Private Active
23. LDR Developers Pvt Ltd Private Active
24. R.S.V. Nirman Pvt Ltd Private Active
25. SJ Coloniser Private Ltd Private Active
26. Tas Construction Pvt Ltd Private Active
27. J. J. Infra Promoters Pvt Ltd Private 03.10.2011 Struck off

41. Writ Petition No.17989 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Gaurav Agarwal                      DIN-02526374

1. Carmel Ventures Pvt Ltd Private 29.02.2012 Active
2. GS Infraventures Pvt Ltd Private 09.04.2012 Struck off
3. Hindukush Infrastructure Pvt Ltd Private 10.07.2012 Struck off
4. Indes Venture Pvt Ltd Private 27.03.2012 Active
5. Jeevah Vincom Pvt Ltd Private 17.05.2010 Active
6. Jupiter Tradelinks Pvt Ltd Private 22.08.2008 Struck off
7. Kaishori Marketing Pvt Ltd Private 18.05.2010 Active
8. Nandini Ventures Pvt Ltd Private 12.01.2012 Active
9. Primeland Properties and Infrastructure Pvt Ltd Private 09.04.2012 Active
11. Carols Infratech Pvt Ltd Private 11.07.2012 Struck off
12. Equator Civiltech Pvt Ltd Private 28.08.2012 Active
14. Granite Ventures Pvt Ltd Private 27.03.2012 Struck off
15. Gurushikhar Infrahousing Pvt Ltd Private 10.07.2012 Active
16. Koteshwar Infrastructure Pvt Ltd Private 29.06.2012 Active
18. Piano Constructions Pvt Ltd Private 28.08.2012 Active
19. Picasso Infracraft Pvt Ltd Private 28.08.2012 Active
20. Ramesth Diamonds Pvt Ltd Private 22.05.2006 Active
21. Rosebud Dwelling Pvt Ltd Private 29.06.2012 Active
22. Blue Nile Infratech Pvt Ltd Private 09.04.2012 Active
Petitioner-2 Shashi Agarwal                         DIN-02526396
1. Carmel Ventures Pvt Ltd Private 29.02.2012 Active
2. Mukut Infrastructures Pvt Ltd Private 26.07.2006 Active
3. Carols Infratech Pvt Ltd Private 11.07.2012 Struck off
4. Equator Civiltech Pvt Ltd Private 28.08.2012 Active
5. Flute Infratech Pvt Ltd Private 28.08.2012 Active
6. Granite Ventures Pvt Ltd Private 27.03.2012 Struck off
7. Gurushikhar Infrahousing Pvt Ltd Private 10.07.2012 Active
8. Koteshwar Infrastructure Pvt Ltd Private 29.06.2012 Active
9. Pendant Inframart Pvt Ltd Private 09.04.212 Active
23. Piano Constructions Pvt Ltd Private 28.08.2012 Active
24. Picasso Infracraft Pvt Ltd Private 28.08.2012 Active
25. Ramesth Diamonds Pvt Ltd Private 22.05.2006 Active
26. Rosebud Dwelling Pvt Ltd Private 29.06.2012 Active
27. Toronto Developers Pvt Ltd Private 28.08.2012 Active
28. Yamuna Infrabuildcon Pvt Ltd Private 24.11.2008 Struck off
29. Babylon Infraventures Pvt Ltd Private 29.06.2012 Active
30. Blue Nile Infratech Pvt Ltd Private 09.04.2012 Active
31. Caramel Properties Pvt Ltd Private 28.08.2012 Struck off
32. Bricks Ventures Pvt Ltd Private 29.02.2012 Active

42.Writ petition No.18052 of 2019

Petitioner-Brijendra Kumar Srivatava           DIN-00270862

1. Archwing Tradecare Pvt Ltd Private 10.12.2013 Struck off
2. Fortune Remedies Pvt Ltd Private 15.07.2011 Struck off

43. Writ Petition No.18054 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Rajeev Bhatnagar                       DIN-01370510

1. Mahakaaal Right Move Property Pvt Ltd Private 12.06.2013 Struck off
2. Cross Country Overseas Pvt Ltd Private Active
3. Mahakalkripa Realcon Pvt Ltd Private Active
4. BVM Realcon Pvt Ltd Private Active
5. BVM Infratech Pvt Ltd Private Active
Petitioner-2 Neelima Bhatnagar                         DIN-06560864
1. Mahakaaal Right Move Property Pvt Ltd Private 12.06.2013 Struck off
2. Mahakalkripa Realcon Pvt Ltd Private Active
44. Writ Petition No.18968 of 2019
Petitioner-1 Shahin Anees
1. United Infraplanners Pvt Ltd Private 04.10.2011 Struck off
2. Hatchcrate Pvt Ltd Private 21.05.2018 Active
Petitioner-2 Anees Ahmad Khan                   DIN-05266532
1. United Infraplanners Pvt Ltd Private 04.10.2011 Struck off
2. Hatchcrate Pvt Ltd Private 21.05.2018 Active
Petitioner-3 Arshad Ali Khan                        DIN-02911315
1. United Infraplanners Pvt Ltd Private 04.10.2011 Struck off
2. Hatchcrate Pvt Ltd Private 21.05.2018 Active

45. Writ Petition No.19011 of 2019

Peititoner-Neeraj Verma                           DIN-07495092

1. G & G Technobuild Pvt Ltd Private 25.02.2013 Struck off

46. Writ Petition No.19020 of 2019

Petitioner-Anjani Kumar                          DIN-03230838

1. Rudra Buildzone Ltd Public 17.10.2012 Struck off
2. Lifelong Commercial Services Ltd Public 21.10.2010 Struck off

47. Writ Petition No.19227 of 2019

Petitioner-Nitin Sinha                                  DIN-02694563

1. Petron International (India) Ltd Public 01.11.1989 Struck off
2. HBS Agro & Biotech Engineering Enterprises Pvt Ltd Private Active
3. HBS Automobiles and Engineering Pvt Ltd Private Active
4. DSB Consulance Pvt Ltd Private Active
5. Transcend Nutressential International Ltd Private Active
6. Healthnus International Marketing India Pvt Ltd Private Active

48. Writ Petition No.19259 of 2019

Petitioner-Som Kumar Mittal                            DIN-03034160

1. V.S. Infradeveloper Pvt Ltd Private 08.08.2013
2. Shri Hari Infraventure Pvt Ltd Private 06.09.2012
3. Unify Housing Pvt Ltd Private 09.04.2013

49. Writ Petition No.19273 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Ajit Kumar DIN-00477143

1 Raadhey Krishnaa Infracorp Pvt Ltd Private 07.05.2013 Struck off
2. Raadhey Krishnaa City Mart Pvt Ltd Private Active
3. Raadhey Krishnaa Inframart Pvt Ltd Private Active
4. Raadhey Krishnaa Homecon Pvt Ltd Private Active
5. B D Leisure and Amusements Pvt Ltd Private Active
6. Sajag Infrastructure and Builders India Pvt Ltd Private Active
7. Raadhey Krishnaa Marketing Pvt Ltd Private Active
8. Udahai Colonisers Pvt Ltd Private Active
9. Raadhey Krishna Coorporation Ltd Active
Petitioner-2 Sangeeta Gupta                         DIN-01196740
1. Raadhey Krishnaa Infracorp Pvt Ltd Private 07.05.2013 Struck off
2. Raadhey Krishnaa Retail (India) Pvt Ltd Private Active
3. Shree Raadhey Krishnaa Inframart Retail Pvt Ltd Private Active
4. Shree Raadhey Krishnaa Holdings Pvt Ltd Private Active
5. Raadhey Krishnaa Homecon Pvt Ltd Private Active
6. Raadhey Krishnaa Inframart Pvt Ltd Private Active
7. Sajag Infrastructure and Builders India Pvt Ltd Private Active
8. Udahai Colonisers Pvt Ltd Private Active

50. Writ Petition No.19278 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Abhay Kumar                           DIN-00276214

1. Aaakansha Portfolio Pvt Ltd Private 29.01.2004 Struck off
Petitioner-2 Abhinanadan Kumar Jain         DIN-00276247
1. Aakansha Portfolio Pvt Ltd Private 29.01.2004 Struck off
2. Shree Saurabh Sagar Builders and Developers Pvt Ltd Private 13.12.2004 Active
3. Shree Saurabh Infrastructure Development Private 27.05.2011 Active

51. Writ Petition No.19280 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Anuj Pratap Yadav                  DIN-05353658

Petitioner-2 Santosh Kumar Singh              DIN-05353665

1. Footloose Holidays Pvt Ltd Private 29.08.2012 Struck off

52.Writ Petition No.19285 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Abhinandan Kumar Jain           DIN-00276247

1. Aakansha Portfolio Pvt Ltd Private 30.01.2004 Active
2. Shree Saurabh Sagar Builders and Developers Pvt Ltd Private 13.12.2004 Active
3. Shree Saurabh Infrastructure Development Private 27.05.2011 Active
Petitioner-2 Nirupama Jain                         DIN-00276192
1. Shree Saurabh Sagar Builders and Developers Pvt Ltd Private 13.12.2004 Active
2 Shree Saurabh Infrastructure Development Private 27.05.2011 Active
Petitioner-3 Vibha Jain DIN-02879685
1 Shree Saurabh Sagar Builders and Developers Pvt Ltd Private 13.12.2004 Active
2 Shree Saurabh Infrastructure Development Private 27.05.2011 Active

53.Writ Petition No.19297 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Kamal Chug DIN-00059460

1 Jak Remedies Pvt Ltd Private 23.05.2006 Active
2. Vidhyut Carbon Fertilizers Pvt Ltd Private 23.07.2014 Struck off
Petitioner-2 Manoj Kumar Goel DIN-06888437
1 Vidhyut Carbon Fertilizers Pvt Ltd Private 23.07.2014 Struck off
Petitioner-3 Nand Kishore Goel DIN-01685952
1 Pacific Orgochem Ltd 24.04.1995 Active
2 Vidhyut Carbon Fertilizers Pvt Ltd Private 23.07.2004 Struck off
Petitioner-4 Harsh Goel DIN-016860007
1 Pacific Orgochem Ltd 24.09.2018 Active
2 Vidhyut Carbon Fertilizers Pvt Ltd Private 23.07.2014 Struck off

54. Writ Petition No.19315 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Kailash Gupta DIN-00694508

1 Neon New Pvt Ltd Private 06.12.2004 Active
2 All in All Consultants Pvt Ltd Private 03.10.2011 Active
3 Nova Digital & Broadband Pvt Ltd Private 30.09.2015 Active
4 Welcome Cable Network Pvt Ltd Private 02.06.2010 Active
5 Novity Developers Pvt Ltd Private 11.01.2011 Struck off
6 Arjun Media Pvt Ltd Private 05.02.2009 Active
Petitioner-2 Chanchal Gupta DIN-018666549
1 Novity Developers Pvt Ltd Private 11.01.2011 Struck off
Petitioner-3 Reena Gupta DIN-03366941
1 Novity Developers Pvt Ltd Private 11.01.2011 Struck off
2 Neoworld Technologies Pvt Ltd Private 21.02.2012 Active

55. Writ Petition No.19332 of 2019

Petitioner-Naman Jain DIN-06469368

1 Moradabad Industrial Development Company Pvt Ltd Private 01.04.2013 Struck off

56. Writ Petition No.19481 of 2019

Petitioner-Chandraveer Singh DIN-01242007

1 Jan Shakti Cold Storage Pvt Ltd Private 01.08.1989
2 GCC Energy Pvt Ltd Private 28.06.2010

57. Writ Petition No.19930 of 2019

Petitioner-Chaitanya Agarwal DIN-06619985

1 Kaarya Business Solutions Pvt Ltd Private 01.08.2013 Struck off
2. Bankey Bihari Herbs & Spices Pvt Ltd Private 25.03.2014 Active

58. Writ Petition No.20231 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Nikhil Kukreja                   DIN-06649387

Petitioner-2 Parry Kukreja                   DIN-06649401

1. Kukreja Polycot Pvt Ltd Private 07.06.2017 Under process of Striking off
2. Clara Petrochemicals Pvt Ltd Private 26.08.2013 Struck off

59. Writ Petition No.20252 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Chandra Mohan                     DIN-03373693

Petitioner-2 Ashok Kumar                         DIN-03373688

Petitioner-3 Arvind Kumar                        DIN-02735085

Petitioner-4-Smt. Indresh Bala Singhal    DIN-01885156

Petitioner-5—Smt. Sarita Singhal               DIN-03374098

1. Hans Pharmaceutical and Chemicals Pvt Ltd Private 01.07.1988 Active

60. Writ Petition No.20321 of 2019

Petitioner-Dr. Rajesh Mehta                       DIN-00246328

1. Kambrij Hospital Care Pvt Ltd Private 06.04.1999 Active
2. Kambrij Healthcare Consultants Pvt Ltd Private 07.12.2007 Active
3. Eco Friendly Textile Park Pvt Ltd Private 09.06.2008 Struck off

61. Writ Petition No.20434 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Vipin Agrawal                    DIN-02325959

1. Goldenera Plastopack Pvt Ltd Private 31.03.2014 Active
2. Goldenera Thermo Fibre Industries Pvt Ltd Private 07.01.2014 Struck off
Petitioner-2 Shirish Agrawal                  DIN-06754584
1. Goldenera Plastopack Pvt Ltd Private 31.03.2014 Active
2. Goldenera Thermo Fibre Industries Pvt Ltd Private 07.01.2014 Struck off
Petitioner-3 Anjani Kumar Rungta        DIN-06501555
1. Goldenera Thermo Fibre Industries Pvt Ltd Private 07.01.2014 Struck off
2. Gorakhpur Greentech Properties Pvt Ltd Private 27.02.2013 Active

62. Writ Petition No.20450 of 2019

Petitioner-Syed Amir Haider Zaidi          DIN-02656609

1. 3GGenersys Infra Developers Pvt Ltd Private 10.06.2013 Active
2. EF Genersys Pvt Ltd Private 08.07.2009 Struck off

63. Writ Petition No.20451 of 2019

Petitioner-Rajeev Kumar Rajput           DIN-05183084

1. Sugam Buildwell Pvt Ltd Private 31.01.2012 Struck off
2. Sugam Infratech Pvt Ltd Private 29.01.2014 Active
3. NKV Homes Pvt Ltd Private 15.02.2010 Active
4. Balize Constructions Pvt Ltd Private 11.04.2013 Active

64.Writ Petition No.20455 of 2019

Petitioner-Manorama Gupta                       DIN-01910631

1 Dauji Chemicals Pvt Ltd Private 22.02.1977 Active
2. Sri Dalchand Roller Flour Mills Pvt Ltd Private 23.05.1974 Struck off

65. Writ Petition No.20548 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Gyan Vardhan Agarwal  DIN-03586687

Petitioner-2 Harsh Vardhan Agarwal  DIN-03586690

Petitioner-3 Kiran Agarwal    DIN-03586691

1. CLRS Hotels & Resorts Pvt Ltd Private 23.08.2011 Active

66. Writ Petition No.20828 of 2019

Petitioner-Hariom Chaudhary DIN-03328799

1. Virat Infratech Pvt Ltd Private
2. Virat Education Pvt Ltd Private

67. Writ Petition No.20831 of 2019

Petitioner-Rajni Choudhary                           DIN-03328763

1. Virat Eductech Pvt Ltd Private
2. Virat Infractech Pvt Ltd Private

68. Writ Petition No.20932 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Sharat Chandra Tirpathi            DIN-01207790

Petitioner-2 Kiran Tirpathi                              DIN-01196730

Petitioner-3 Subash Chandra Tirpathi            DIN-02585575

Petitioner-4-Shanti Tirpathi                             DIN-02607656

1. Spectrum Eduvision (India) Pvt Ltd Private 16.04.2009 Active
Petitioner-1 Sharat Chandra Tirpathi            DIN-01207790

Petitioner-2 Kiran Tirpathi                              DIN-01196730

Petitioner-4-Shanti Tirpathi                             DIN-02607656

1. Prof Satish Tripathi Memorial
Education Centre Pvt Ltd
Private 15.04.1996 Struck off

69. Writ Petition No.20944 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Yogesh Mittal                           DIN-00720363

Petitioner-2 Richa Mittal                              DIN-02680579

1. FM Infracity Pvt Ltd Private 25.02.2011 Active
Petitioner-1 Yogesh Mittal                           DIN-00720363
1. Keshav Madhav Homes Pvt Ltd Private 31.12.2009 Struck off

70. Writ Petition No.20987 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Padam Kumar Mittal                      DIN-03278902

Petitioner-2 Manoj Kumar Agarwal                   DIN-03286778

1. Rajasthaan Grain Pulses Pvt Ltd Private 19.03.2012 Active
2. Khatu Shyamji Agro Exim Pvt Ltd Private 02.12.2011 Struck off

71. Writ Petition No.20992 of 2019

Petitioner-Shiv Kumar Sarda                   DIN-00894667

1. Volgina Finvest Pvt Ltd Private 05.05.1997 Active

72. Writ Petition No.21180 of 2019

Petitioner-Nitin Chaturvedi                                  DIN-00943939

1. Secure Transmission System Pvt Ltd Private 16.06.2004 Active

73. Writ Petition No.21214 of 2019

Petitioner-Mahesh Chand Agarwal DIN-01949782

1 Shanti Padam Emporium Prvt Ltd Private 13.08.2004 Active
2. Omshri Ganesh Infracity Pvt Ltd Private 06.07.2011 Struck off
3. Shri Shanti Construction Pvt Ltd Private 05.05.2010 Active

74. Writ Petition No.21223 of 2019

Petitioner-Hana Khan                                    DIN-02965140

1. True Media Indian Communication Ltd Public 01.06.2006 Active
2. Era’s Medical Devices and Services Pvt Ltd Private 15.05.2013 Active
3. Era Shelters Ltd Public 21.06.2006 Struck off
4. New Ears India Shipping and Cargo Ltd Public 01.06.2006 Stuck off
5. Era Motels Ltd Public 21.06.2006 Struck off

75. Writ Petition No.21248 of 2019

Petitioner-Meesam Ali Khan                                    DIN-02246315

1. MA Profit Mutual Benefit Ltd Public 25.11.2005 Struck off
2. Era Colonizers Promoters and Developers India Pvt Ltd Private 13.02.2006 Active
3. Juddi Maritime Pvt Ltd Private 18.08.2008 Active
4. WM Bluechip Investment Services Pvt Ltd Private 11.02.2009 Active
5. Admire Builder Pvt Ltd Private 19.05.2009 Active
6. Zircon Construction Pvt Ltd Private 19.05.2009 Active
7. Eras Lucknow Medical College and Hospital Pvt Ltd Private 30.05.2011 Active
8. Era Educational Services Pvt Ltd Private 28.05.2011 Active
9. Era Agri Products Pvt Ltd Private 23.08.2011 Active
33. Era Fishery Products Pvt Ltd Private 23.08.2011 Active
34. Era Healthcare Pvt Ltd Private 04.01.2012 Active
35. H T Financial Services Pvt Ltd Private 06.01.2012 Active
36. True Media Indian Communication Ltd Public 01.06.2006 Active
37. New Eras India Shipping and Cargo Ltd Public 01.06.2006 Active
38. Era Motels Ltd Public 21.06.2006 Active
39. Era Shelters Ltd Public 21.06.2006 Active
40. Test Masters Pvt Ltd Private 30.09.2015 Active

76. Writ Petition No.21249 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Saiyada Ali Khan                                   DIN-02902524

1. AM Blue Chip Mutual Benefit Ltd Public 26.12.2005 Struck off
2. Era Colonizers Promoters and Developers India Pvt Ltd Private 13.02.2006 Active
3. Era’s Medical Devices and Services Pvt Ltd Private 15.05.2013 Active
4. True Media Indian Communication Ltd Public 21.11.2011 Active
Petitioner-2 Mohammad Hasan Rizvi DIN-01561713
1. AM Blue Chip Mutual Benefit Ltd Public 26.12.2005 Struck off
2. Era Colonizers Promoters and Developers India Pvt Ltd Private 13.02.2006 Active
3. Get Tech Solutions Pvt Ltd Private 11.01.2011 Active
4. A. H. Infosource Pvt Ltd Private 04.07.2007 Active
Petitioner-3 Mohsin Ali Khan                                   DIN-01179391
1. A. M. Bluechip Mutual Benefit Ltd Public 26.12.2005 Struck off
2. Era Colonizers Promoters and Developers India Pvt Ltd Private 13.02.2006 Active
3. Juddi Maritime Pvt Ltd Private 18.08.2008 Active
4. WM Bluechip Investment Services Pvt Ltd Private 11.02.2009 Active
5. Admire Builder Pvt Ltd Private 19.05.2009 Active
6. Zircon Construction Pvt Ltd Private 19.05.2009 Active
7. Eras Lucknow Medical College and Hospital Pvt Ltd Private 30.05.2011 Active
8. Era Educational Services Pvt Ltd Private 28.05.2011 Active
9. Era Agri Products Pvt Ltd Private 23.08.2011 Active
41. Era Fishery Products Pvt Ltd Private 23.08.2011 Active
42. Era Health Care Pvt Ltd Private 04.01.2012 Active
43. H T Financial Services Pvt Ltd Private 06.01.2012 Active
44. True Media Indian Communication Ltd Public 21.11.2011 Active
45. Test Masters Pvt Ltd Private 30.09.2015 Active

77. Writ Petition No.21309 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Pushpa Chaturvedi                  DIN-05251518

Petitioner-2 Vaibhav Chaturvedi                DIN-05251491

1. Prabha Motors Pvt Ltd Private 01.05.2012 Active

78. Writ Petition No.21445 of 2019

Petitioner-Nisha Sharma                          DIN-02761545

1. Golden Derivatives Trading Pvt Ltd Private 20.02.2009 Struck off
2. Froport Logistics Pvt Ltd Private 04.05.2018 Active

79. Writ Petition No.21555 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Linda Diane Cooper                  DIN-03601192

Petitioner-2 Richard Swaminathan               DIN-05238357

1. Varanasi Welfare Foundation Private 19.08.2011 Active

80. Writ Petition No.21699 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Gauravi Dwivedi                      DIN-06586343

Petitioner-2 Indira Pandey                          DIN-06586348

1. Futurevision Broadcast Pvt Ltd Private 23.05.2013 Active
2. Saidwar Projects Pvt Ltd Private 12.08.2013 Struck off
3. Orientalbulls India Nidhi Ltd Public 08.01.2015 Active

81. Writ Petition No.21935 of 2019

Petitioner-Saket Uberoi                             DIN-01669188

1. Genesis Direct Sales Pvt Ltd Private 26.12.2008 Struck off
2. Linear Skills Pvt Ltd Private 01.12.2014 Active
3. Linear Marketing Pvt Ltd Private 07.04.1997 Active

82. Writ Petition No.22075 of 2019

Petitioner-Shakti Singh                       DIN-05287429

1. Desire Global Tours Pvt Ltd Private 25.05.2012 Active
2. Sheoraj Foods Management Pvt Ltd Private 19.11.2012 Struck off

83. Writ Petition No.22231 of 2019

Petitioner-Abdul Hasnain Siddiqui                    DIN-06569473

1. FMC Satya Projects Pvt Ltd Private 09.05.2013 Struck off

84.Writ Petition No.22387 of 2019

Petitioner-Vijay Kumar Gupta                   DIN-02118646

1. Vamdev Soft Solutions Pvt Ltd Private 15.09.2005 Struck off

85. Writ Petition No.22395 of 2019

Petitioner-Manisha Vaisli                               DIN-03577990

1. Steem Placement and Consulting Services Pvt Ltd Private 18.10.2008 Active
2. Esteem Placement and Consulting Services Pvt Ltd Private 02.05.2012 Struck off

86. Writ Petition No.22400 of 2019

Petitioner-Yogesh Kumar Upadhyay              DIN-02890726

1. FMS Multiservies Pvt Ltd Private 04.02.2010 Struck off
2. Impetus Patron Multisales Pvt Ltd Private 10.12.2011 Struck off

87.Writ Petition No.22475 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Neeraj Bhasin                        DIN-01554289

1. Lebeyon Marketing Communications Pvt Ltd Private 11.04.2007 Active
2. Bindass Event Pvt Ltd Private 26.04.2013 Struck off
Petitioner-2 Sushma Verma                      DIN-01355075
1. Lebeyon Marketing Communications Pvt Ltd Private 11.04.2007 Active
2. Bindass Event Pvt Ltd Private 26.04.2013 Struck off
3. G. S. Exhibitions Pvt Ltd Private 05.10.2010 Active

88. Writ Petition No.22481 of 2019

Petitioner-Madan Pal Singh                          DIN-02453202

1. Virat Infrapower Pvt Ltd Private 05.02.2009 Struck off
2. Veg Edibles Pvt Ltd Private 17.07.2012 Struck off
3. Atlas Infrapromoters Pvt Ltd Private 05.05.2009 Active

89. Writ Petition No.22560 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Alok Kumar Singh                  DIN-03119132

Petitioner-2 Piyush Kumar Singh               DIN-03152890

1. Pratap Diagnostic Pvt Ltd Private 16.09.2011 Active
90. Writ Petition No.22661 of 2019

Petitioner-Mohd Arif                                   DIN-05138765

1. Banaras Bone and Proteins Pvt Ltd Private 14.10.2004 Active

91. Writ Petition No.22877 of 2019

Petitioner-Kunwar Ambar Singh                      DIN-06617046

1. Srijankashi Infra Pvt Ltd Private 15.07.2013
2. Fly Smart Housing Pvt Ltd Private Struck off

92. Writ Petition No.23107 of 2019

Petitioner-Rishabh Krishna Sachan                     DIN-05103501

1. Ayan Projects Pvt Ltd Private 13.09.2011 Active
2. Shreekrishna Contractors Pvt Ltd Private 21.10.2011 Struck off

93. Writ Petition No.23447 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Sharda Yadav                          DIN-00159754

Petitioner-2 Saroj Yadav                             DIN-01264577

1. Kushi Nagar Travels and Tours Pvt Ltd Private 03.11.2005 Active

94. Writ Petition No.23606 of 2019

Petitioner-Tanya Jaspal                                DIN-01346205

1. Tanya Hospitality Pvt Ltd Private 25.07.2007 Active
2. RST Retail Pvt Ltd Private 06.02.2014 Struck off

95. Writ Petition No.23767 of 2019

Petitioner-Neeta Swarup                              DIN-00226488

1. Adhishree Steels Ltd Public 23.11.2011 Struck off
2. Raghav Strips Ltd Public 04.09.1995 Active
3. Kamakhya Steels Pvt Ltd Private 09.08.1995 Active
4. Shyam Shyama Jaggery Cold Storage Pvt Ltd Private 14.01.2005 Active
5. Shahji Vishnu Swarup and Sons Contractors Pvt Ltd Private 24.05.2010 Active

96. Writ Petition No.23905 of 2019

Petitioner-Amit Pratap Singh                         DIN-01986026

1. Real Value Financial Services Pvt Ltd Private 19.01.2012 Struck off
2. Real Value Infrabuild Pvt Ltd Private 19.04.2012 Struck off
3. Real Value IT Solutions Pvt Ltd Private 11.04.2012 Struck off
4. N. J. Financial Consultants and Developers Ltd Public 30.05.2008 Active

97. Writ Petition No.23916 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Pawan Agarwal                          DIN-00716847

1. Agrawal’s Lifeline Hospital and Trauma Centre Pvt Ltd Private 24.08.2004 Active

98. Writ Petition No.23932 of 2019

Petitioner-Sarita Mishra                                  DIN-02899301

1. Aparna Consumer Services Pvt Ltd Private 01.04.2008 Active
2. A. R. Multiservices Pvt Ltd Private 18.02.2010 Struck off

99. Writ Petition No.23936 of 2019

Petitioner-Aparna Mishra                              DIN-02021652

1. Aparna Consumer Services Pvt Ltd Private 01.04.2008 Active
2. AABSadbhawana Hospital Pvt Ltd Private 26.03.2014 Active
3. Aster Infraheights Pvt Ltd Private 03.02.2012 Struck off
4. Highvision Educations Pvt Ltd Private 23.06.2010

100. Writ Petition No.23987 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Karan Chand Jain                        DIN-00254315

Petitioner-2 Sohan Ram Panwar                     DIN-01129654

1. Ablaze Life Science Pvt Ltd Private 16.07.2013 Struck off
2. Haveli Tours and Travels Pvt Ltd Private 20.03.2003 Active
3. Vridhi Infradevelopers Ltd Public 19.06.2005 Active

101. Writ Petition No.24196 of 2019

Petitioner-Rakesh Kumar Verma                      DIN-06696013

1. Turtledoves International Pvt Ltd Private 23.12.2013 Struck off
2. Regania Creations Pvt Ltd (OPC) Private 12.12.2014 Active

102. Writ Petition No.24240 of 2019

Petitioner-Masood Alam                                    DIN-02208043

1. Happy Living Products Services Pvt Ltd Private 12.01.2012 Struck off
2. Monarch Buildwell Pvt Ltd Private 27.12.2012 Active
3. Silvasa Infraventures Pvt Ltd Private 12.02.2015 Active
4. Silvasa Suncity Pvt Ltd Private 17.04.2015 Active
5. Silvasa Infracon Pvt Ltd Private 02.02.2015 Active
6. Lubnas Overseas Pvt Ltd Private 12.10.2015 Active
7. Astralsylwasa Township Pvt Ltd Private 23.02.2017 Active

103. Writ Petition No.24595 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Rekha Tripathi                           DIN-03328470

Petitioner-2 Shailly Seth                                 DIN-03329979

1. Webdimensionz Technologies Pvt Ltd Private 14.07.2009 Struck off
Petitioner-1 Rekha Tripathi                           DIN-03328470
1. Rapid Matrimonial Services Pvt Ltd Private Active

104. Writ Petition No.24618 of 2019

Petitioner-Mahaviri Devi                              DIN-06509677

1. BL Buildcon Private Ltd Private 22.04.2013 Active
2. K.R. Panwari Ice and Cold Storage Pvt Ltd Private 05.01.2006 Active

105.Writ Petition No.26529 of 2019

Petitioner-Sumit Verma                                 DIN-02528970

1. Tanya Infratech Pvt Ltd Private 01.07.2011 Struck off
2. Ayush Ornaments Pvt Ltd Private 11.05.2009 Active

106. Writ Petition No.26775 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Anup Kumar Pachauri                    DIN-01900544

Petitioner-2 Santosh Sharma                               DIN-02573617

1. Sarswat Telecom Pvt Ltd Private 19.01.2006 Struck off

107. Writ Petition No.28569 of 2019

Petitioner-Rakesh Pathak                              DIN-03316712

1. Vertex Real Estate Promoters (India) Private 14.05.2007 Struck off
108.Writ Petition No.33232 of 2019
Petitioner-1 Sachin Kapoor                               DIN-00989591

Petitioner-2 Harmeet Kapoor                           DIN-01153391

1. Malik Print and Pack Private Ltd Private 21.12.1987 Struck off

109. Writ Petition No.33354 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Sajan Kapoor                                DIN-00989565

1. Malik Products Pvt Ltd Private 03.07.1997 Struck off
2. Malik Print and Pack Pvt Ltd Private 21.12.1987 Struck off
Petitioner-2 Shweta Kapoor                             DIN-00989621
1. Malik Products Pvt Ltd Private 03.07.1997 Struck off

110. Writ Petition No.33355 of 2019

Petitioner-Mayank Mehra                                DIN-03368090

1. Corpseed Pvt Ltd Private 12.03.2018 Active
2. Ultiwise Consultants LLP Active
3. Anmol Civil Contractors Pvt Ltd Private Active
4. Reverence Services Pvt Ltd Private Struck off

111. Writ Petition No.33595 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Aditya Narayan Pande                   DIN-02099706

Petitioner-2 Usha Pandey                                    DIN-01244842

1. Adicon Projects Pvt Ltd Private 14.02.2003 Struck off

112.Writ Petiton No.35065 of 2019

Petitioner-Kamla Ram Sharma                      DIN-06663572

1. Cygnet Construction Pvt Ltd Private 30.08.2013 Struck off
2. KV Shopgood Pvt Ltd Private

113. Writ Petition No.24942 of 2019

Petitioner-Sanjesh Yadav                             DIN-01873656

1. Etah Exports Pvt Ltd Private 26.05.1998 Struck off
2. Progressive Infra Developers Pvt Ltd Private 08.02.2011 Active
3. Kaiser Construction Engineers and Contractor Pvt Ltd Private 02.03.2015 Active

114. Writ Petition No.25079 of 2019

1. Shweta Dubey                                           DIN-06756625

1. Avritti Retail Pvt Ltd Private 07.08.2013 Struck off

115. Writ Petition No.25120 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Laxmi Kant                              DIN-00674357

1. Swarna Cosmetics Company Pvt Ltd Private 13.10.2010 Struck off
2. Sai Swarna Seeds Company Pvt Ltd Private 29.02.2008 Struck off
3. Swarna Herbals Pvt Ltd Private 13.03.2007 Active
Petitioner-2 Prerna Yadav                           DIN-03192463
1. Swarna Cosmetics Company Pvt Ltd Private 13.10.2010 Struck off
2. Swarna Herbals Pvt Ltd Private 13.03.2007 Active

116. Writ Petition No.25321 of 2019

Petitioner-Kshitij Arora                               DIN-05285130

1. KRK Buildcon Pvt Ltd Private 25.05.2012 Struck off
2. Lajivida Pvt Ltd Private 25.09.2018

117. Writ Petition No.25336 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Praveen Kumar                         DIN-01223758

1. Jawla Advance Technology LLP LLP Active
2. Pearline Poultries Pvt Ltd Private 20.06.1970 Struck off
3. EVS Product Pvt Ltd Private Active
4. Jawla Engineering Pvt Ltd Private Active
Petitioner-2 Prasan Kumar Jawla                DIN-06730654
1. Harar Foods Products Pvt Ltd Private Active
2. Pearline Poultries Pvt Ltd Private 20.06.1970 Struck off
3. R.R.E. Foods and Soft Drinks Pvt Ltd Private Active
4. EVS Product Pvt Ltd Private Active

118.Writ Petition No.25462 of 2019

Petitioner-Dileep Singh                                 DIN-01331664

1. Chahar Agricultural Equipments Pvt Ltd Private 12.03.2016 Active
2. Vardaan Infracontractors Pvt Ltd Private 21.06.2013 Struck off
3. Krishna Infratown Pvt Ltd Private 15.06.2012 Active
4. Shree Govind Infraestate Pvt Ltd Private 11.11.2010 Active

119. Writ Petition No.25646 of 2019

Petitioner-Vishesh Tyagi                                             DIN-03547327

1. Real Heads Developers Pvt Ltd Private 20.06.2011 Struck off
2. Alpha Fit Institute Pvt Ltd Private 30.11.2015 Active
3. Legacy Housing Pvt Ltd Private 08.04.2015 Active
4. Red Square Developers Pvt Ltd Private 26.03.2013 Active

120. Writ Petition No.25801 of 2019

Petitioner-Harshvardhan Samor                                    DIN-02659146

1. Privy Mercantile Pvt Ltd Private 15.03.2011 Active
2. Three Ace Foodworks Pvt Ltd Private 12.02.2013 Struck off

121. Writ Petition No.25938 of 2019

Petitioner-Mainnak Aggarwal                         DIN-06866540

1. Welcome International Limited Public 04.06.2004 Struck off
2. Feast and Fizzy Hospitality Pvt Ltd Private 15.10.2018 Active

122. Writ Petition No.26021 of 2019

Petitioner-Shivam Barnwal                           DIN-06481328

1. Suprita Infraventures Pvt Ltd Private 01.07.2013 Struck off

123. Writ Petition No.26042 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Syed Naved Faisal                     DIN-00196316

1. Delta Garments Pvt Ltd Private 02.09.2011 Active
2. Qaiser Garments Pvt Ltd Private 06.06.2006 Active
3. Abeer Leather Pvt Ltd Private 06.06.2006 Active
4. Hasan Leather Pvt Ltd Private 03.01.2006 Struck off
5. Cosmos Eco Engineering Pvt Ltd Private 15.03.2014 Struck off
6. Singhal Electrical Control Pvt Ltd Private 12.08.1996 Active
Petitioner-2 Nazma Begum                              DIN-00284911
1. Delta Garments Pvt Ltd Private 27.08.2004 Active
2. Runa Fashions Pvt Ltd Private 19.05.2011 Struck off
3. Cosmos Eco Engineering Pvt Ltd Private 15.03.2014 Struck off
4. Singhal Electrical Control Pvt Ltd Private 12.08.1996 Active
Petitioner-3 Shekhar Singhal Dharampal             DIN-01866504
1. Singhal Electrical Control Pvt Ltd Private 12.08.1996 Active
Petitioner-4 Pravina Kumar                             DIN-06997399
1. Singhal Electrical Control Pvt Ltd Private 12.08.1996 Active

124. Writ Petition No.26059 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Jitendra Kumar                         DIN-05271309

Petitioner-2 Nutan Rani                                 DIN-07454896

1. Bran Eduvision Pvt Ltd Private 22.05.2012 Struck off

125. Writ Petition No.26060 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Sanjiv Kumar                               DIN-03481998

Petitioner-2 Ujjawal Kumar                             DIN-03481276

1. Crystal Learning Solutions Pvt Ltd Private 18.05.2011 Struck off

126. Writ Petition No.26104 of 2019

Petitioner-Aryan Nagpal                                DIN-06648868

1. Aarna Buildtech Pvt Ltd Private 27.08.2013 Struck off
2. Nupur Arora Fashion House Pvt Ltd Private Active
3. Arora Motocorp Pvt Ltd Private Active
4. Nanak Hotels Pvt Ltd Private Active
5. Sun Infratrade Pvt Ltd Private Active

127. Writ Petition No.27609 of 2019

Petitioner-Pooja Goyal                                  DIN-06408867

1. Awesome Business Pvt Ltd Private 27.11.2012 Struck off
2. Eco Deltech LLP LLP 30.01.2012 Active

128. Writ Petition No.27613 of 2019

Petitioner-Vinay Goyal                                   DIN- 00572494

1. Awesome Business Pvt Ltd Private 27.11.2012 Struck off
2. Eco Deltech LLP LLP 30.01.2012 Active

129. Writ Petition No.28634 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Ashok Kumar Sahu                     DIN-00378985

1. Ashwani Agri Farms Pvt Ltd Private Active
2. H.L. Agro Products Pvt Ltd Private Active
3. H. L. Farms Pvt Ltd Private 09.05.1997 Active
4. H.L. Films Pvt Ltd Private Active
5. B. R. Alloys Pvt Ltd Private Active
6. Navsheel Standard Constructions Pvt Ltd Private Active
7. Dhanraksha Merchandise Pvt Ltd Private 26.03.2009 Struck off
8. Ganpati Commodeal Pvt Ltd Private Active
9. Copcoan Vyapaar Pvt Ltd Private Active
Petitioner-2 Akhilesh Kumar Sahu                    DIN-00378990
1. Ashwani Agri Farms Pvt Ltd Private Active
2. H.L. Agro Products Pvt Ltd Private Active
3. H. L. Farms Pvt Ltd Private 09.05.1997 Active
4. H.L. Films Pvt Ltd Private Active
5. Ashwani Pan Products Pvt Ltd Private Active
6. Dhanraksha Merchandise Pvt Ltd Private 26.03.2009 Struck off
7. Ganpati Commodeal Pvt Ltd Private Active
8. Copcoan Vyapaar Pvt Ltd Private Active
9. Jivitesh Commercial Pvt Ltd Private Active
46. Halifax Tiecomm Pvt Ltd Private Active
47. Nak Securities Ltd Public Active

130. Writ Petitioner No.28809 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Akhilesh Kumar Agarwal                       DIN-01049792

Petitioner-2 Vinod Kumar Agarwal                            DIN-00983933

1. Power Fabricators (India) Pvt Ltd Private 13.01.2006 Active

131. Writ Petition No.28829 of 2019

Petitioner-Ashok Kumar Yadav                       DIN-02640237

1. Maa Vindhyavasini Infrabuild Pvt Ltd Private 26.04.2012 Struck off
2. Amisha Polymers Pvt Ltd Private 21.05.2009 Active

132. Writ Petition No.29297 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Sanjiv Gupta                                   DIN-00546539

1. Bankey Bihari Infratech Pvt Ltd Private 10.09.2010 Active
2. Radhey Shyam Infraproject Pvt Ltd Private 04.05.2011 Struck off
Petitioner-2 Deepak Gupta                              DIN-00555302
1. Bankey Bihari Infratech Pvt Ltd Private 10.09.2010 Active
2. Radhey Shyam Infraproject Pvt Ltd Private 04.05.2011 Struck off
3. Paarola Developers Pvt Ltd Private 21.12.2009 Active

133. Writ Petition No.29986 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Kshitij Singh                               DIN-0654482

Petitioner-2 Rekha Singh                               DIN-06544833

1. Nanvag Informatics and Consultancy Services Pvt Ltd Private 29.04.2013 Struck off
2. Nanvag Infra and Hospitality Ventures Pvt Ltd Private 12.04.2013 Active
134. Writ Petition No.30053 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Ashwani Kumar Singh                DIN-00646965

Petitioner-2 Ratan Kumar Singh                     DIN-00767307

Petitioner-3 Ritu Singh                                     DIN-00647005

Petitioner-4 Shyama Singh                               DIN-00647065

1. MGM Fitness Centre Pvt Ltd Private 08.12.1997 Active
2. Charakdhar Diagnostics Pvt Ltd Private 17.11.1997 Active

135. Writ Petition No.30578 of 2019

Petitioner-Varun Yadav DIN-03081332 

1. SPV Info Solutions Pvt Ltd Private 16.11.2010 Struck off
2. Propell Infraventures Pvt Ltd Private 03.06.2010 Active
3. Terracapita Pvt Ltd Private 13.04.2011 Active
4. Terracapita Land Pvt Ltd Private 19.04.2012 Active

136. Writ Petition No.30842 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Mayank Aggarwal  DIN-03375673

Petitioner-2 Pradeep Singh DIN-00906876

1. CSK Facility Management Pvt Ltd Private Active
2. Stag Club Pvt Ltd Private 13.02.2013 Struck off
3. CSK Hospitality Services Pvt Ltd Private Active
4. Shafali Hospitality Pvt Ltd Private Active

137. Writ Petition No.31091 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Anil Sharma DIN-03266334

Petitioner-4 Vikas Sharma   DIN-03266641

1. Vishwakarma Infrapromoters Pvt Ltd Private 11.10.2010 Struck off
2. M R R Infraland Developers Pvt Ltd Private 06.05.2013 Active
Petitioner-2 Anil Chaudhary                          DIN-03266664
1. Vishwakarma Infrapromoters Pvt Ltd Private 11.10.2010 Struck off
Petitioner-3 Bharat Parashar                         DIN-03266648
1. Vishwakarma Infrapromoters Pvt Ltd Private 11.10.2010 Struck off
2. Maa Kamakhya Infravision Pvt Ltd Private 07.07.2004 Active

138.Writ Petition No.31124 of 2019

Petitioner-Pankaj Rana                                   DIN-01754418

1. A to Z Habitat Maintenance and Services Pvt Ltd Private 15.02.2011 Struck off
2. A to Z Mines Pvt Ltd Private 27.03.2012 Active
3. Gleaming Outlook Education Ltd Public 26.12.2013 Active

139. Writ Petition No.31177 of 2019

Petitioner-Amit Saxena                                  DIN-06587556

1. A P Softserve Pvt Ltd Private 01.11.2012 Struck off
2. DST Infracons Developers Pvt Ltd Private 03.02.2014 Active

140. Writ Petition No.31651 of 2019

Petitioner-Rakesh Shukla                             DIN-01588742

1. Shukla Shelters Pvt Ltd Private 13.06.2006 Active
2. R. B. Infraheight Pvt Ltd Private 14.05.2012 Active
3. R. R. Buildhome Pvt Ltd Private 13.02.2013 Struck off

141. Writ Petition No.31689 of 2019

Petitioner-Manoj Jitendra Singh                     DIN-06567263

1. Tetra Infratech Pvt Ltd Private 18.06.2013 Struck off
2. Triveni Constructive Solutions Pvt Ltd Private 24.02.2016 Active

142. Writ Petition No.31698 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Praveen Sharma DIN-00877710

Petitioner-2 Sunita Sharma DIN-00877851

1. Prasunco Pharmaceuticals Pvt Ltd Private 30.01.2012 Struck off

143. Writ Petition No.31725 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Munni Devi Jaiswal                    DIN-02846625

Petitioner-2 Prem Chandra Jaiswal               DIN-02039726

1. Speed Rollers Pvt Ltd Private 19.10.1994 Struck off
Petitioner-2 Prem Chandra Jaiswal               DIN-02039726
1. Hari Om Steel Pvt Ltd Private 12.07.1995 Active
2. Shakumbhari Alloys Steel Pvt Ltd Private 17.12.1999 Active

144. Writ Petition No.31845 of 2019

Petitioner-Naveen Tripathi                               DIN-03326958

1. Tristar Infotech Pvt Ltd Private 03.09.2010 Struck off
2. Pranav Softech Pvt Ltd Private 07.01.2011 Active

145. Writ Petition No.31923 of 2019

Petitioner-Dinesh Kumar Agrawal                     DIN-03520529

1. Triveni Infraestate Pvt Ltd Private 03.09.2010 Active
2. Amity Infra Developers Pvt Ltd Private 13.05.2011 Active
3. D Kumars Infraprojects Pvt Ltd Private 29.07.2011 Active
4. Triveni Infracity Pvt Ltd Private 04.01.2013 Active
5. Charmswood Infraestate Pvt Ltd Private 24.11.2011 Struck off
146. Writ Petition No.31967 of 2019

Petitioner-Rajat Rajput                                 DIN-05183084

1. Sugam Buildwell Pvt Ltd Private 31.01.2012 Struck off
2. Balize Constructions Pvt Ltd Private 11.04.2013 Active
147. Writ Petition No.32004 of 2019

Petitioner-Satish Chandra                           DIN-05269229

1. Locus Info Pvt Ltd Private 24.09.2012 Struck off
148. Writ Petition No.32330 of 2019

Petitioner-Baburam                                      DIN-06550823

1. Kalpanam Buildtech Pvt Ltd Private 16.05.2013 Struck off
2. Puremax Consumer Products Pvt Ltd Private 20.03.2017 Active
149.Writ Petition No.32569 of 2019

Petitioner-Rakesh Kumar                             DIN-06530361

1. B L Buildcon Pvt Ltd Private 22.04.2013 Under process of striking off
150. Writ Petition No.32645 of 2019

Petitioner-Amit Mohan Srivastava               DIN-03368505

1. Moam Infrastructure Pvt Ltd Private 22.05.2012 Struck off
151. Writ Petition No.33707 of 2019

Petitioner-Pawan Kumar                               DIN-01453554

1. Hotel Pawan Palace Private Ltd Private 24.07.2007 Active
2. Purvanchal Hotels & Resorts Pvt Ltd Private 11.09.2012 Struck off
152. Writ Petition No.34283 of 2019
Petitioner-Satya Bhushan Shrichand Gola         DIN-03621441
1. Verve Communication Pvt Ltd Private 28.09.2011 Struck off
2. Zestone Solutions Pvt Ltd Private 24.03.2014 Active
153. Writ Petition No.34563 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Shashank Mishra DIN-03424403

Petitioner-2 Nirbhay Shukla DIN-03424440

1. Srijan Architects Pvt Ltd Private 18.02.2011 Active
2. Srijan Infrabuild Pvt Ltd Private 22.02.2011 Struck off

154. Writ Petition No.34582 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Kamal Balani  DIN-02569186

Petitioner-2 Sunita Balani  DIN-02576297

1. KDJB Carriers Pvt Ltd Private 27.03.2009 Under Process of striking off
2. Aries Telemedia Ventures Pvt Ltd Private 26.08.2013 Struck off
3. Aries Marketers Pvt Ltd Private 08.06.1995 Active
4. Divyam Liquors LLP 28.03.2019 Active

155. Writ Petition No.35479 of 2019

Petitioner-Madhu Garg  DIN-0026840

1. Arg Pipes Pvt Ltd Private 22.04.2013 Struck off

156. Writ Petition No.35681 of 2019

Petitioner-Amit Goel DIN-06549720

1. Addressoptions Infra Pvt Ltd Private 17.05.2013 Struck off

157. Writ Petition No.35792 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Anil Kumar Verma                     DIN-06477675

Petitioner-2 Saroj Verma                               DIN-06477687

Petitioner-3 Ankush Verma                           DIN-06793482

1. Noble Care Hospital Pvt Ltd Private 31.01.2013 Active

158. Writ Petition No.36608 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Chandra Bhushan Pandey  DIN-05220438

Petitioner-2 Neelam  DIN-05225961

1. RJT Mass Communication Pvt Ltd Private 19.07.2018 Active
2. RGC Institutional (India) Pvt Ltd Private 23.03.2012 Struck off

159. Writ Petition No.38175 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Pushpendra Kumar Awasthi  DIN-06494157

Petitioner-2 Dhirendra Bahadur Singh DIN-06494165

Petitioner-3 Sameer Akhtar DIN-06494177

1. Edcora Bussiness Management Pvt Ltd Private 14.06.2017 Active
2. Sykas Systems and Software Pvt Ltd Private 25.02.2013 Struck off

160.Writ Petition No.19282 of 2019

Petitioner-1 Krishna Kumar Bhardwaj DIN-06447710

Petitioner-2 Jyoti Bhardwaj DIN-06738372

1. Bhardwaj Infracon Pvt Ltd Private 26.12.2012 Struck Off

11. We may also notice that in some writ petitions, vires of Section 164 (2) of Act, 2013 has been challenged on the ground that it is arbitrary and discriminatory, violative of Articles 14 and 19 (1) (g) of the Constitution of India.

12. Before looking into rival submissions it would be appropriate to have a bird-eye view of the relevant Statutes, applicable to the issues raised in these petitions.

13. Earlier, Act, 1956 held the field. It was enacted to consolidate and amend laws relating to Companies and certain other associations. “Company” was defined under Section 2 (10) of Act, 1956 and read as under :

“(10) “company” means a company as defined in section 3”

14. Similarly, the term ‘Director’ was defined under Section 2 (13) of Act, 1956 and read as under :

“(13) “director” includes any person occupying the position of director, by whatever name called.”

15. Section 3 talked of “Company”, “Existing Company”, “Public Company” and “Private Company” and defined the above Companies as under :

“(i) “company” means a company formed and registered under this Act or an existing company as defined in clause (ii):

(ii) “existing company” means a company formed and registered under any of the previous companies laws specified below:—

(a) any Act or Acts relating to companies in force before the Indian Companies Act, 1866 (10 of 1866) and repealed by that Act;

(b) the Indian Companies Act, 1866 (1006 1966);

(c) the Indian Companies Act, 1882 ( 6 of 1882);

(d) the Indian Companies Act, 1913 (7 of 1913);

(e) the Registration of Transferred Companies Ordinance, 1942 (54 of 1942); and

(f) any law corresponding to any of the Act or the Ordinance aforesaid and in force-

(1) in the merged territories or in a Part B State (other than the State of Jammu and Kashmir), or any part thereof, before the extension thereto of the Indian Companies Act, 1913 (7 of 1913); or

(2) in the State of Jammu and Kashmir, or any part thereof, before the commencement of the Jammu and Kashmir (Extension of Laws) Act, 1956 (62 of 1956), in so far as banking, insurance and financial corporations are concerned, and before the commencement of the Central Laws (Extension to Jammu and Kashmir) Act, 1968 (25 of 1968) in so far as other corporations are concerned;

(g) the Portugese Commercial Code, in so far as it relates to “sociedades anonimas”;

(iii) “private company” means a company which has a minimum paid-up capital of one lakh rupees or such higher paid-up capital as may be prescribed, and by its articles,-(a) restricts the right to transfer its shares, if any;

(b) limits the number of its members to fifty not including —

(i) persons who are in the employment of the company, and

(ii) persons who, having been formerly in the employment of the company, were members of the company while in that employment and have continued to be members after the employment ceased; and

(c) prohibits any invitation to the public to subscribe for any shares in, or debentures of, the company;

(d) prohibits any invitation or acceptance of deposits from persons other than its members, directors or their relatives.

Provided that where two or more persons hold one or more shares in a company jointly, they shall, for the purposes of this definition, be treated as a single member;

(iv) “public company” means a company which-

(a) is not a private company;

(b) has a minimum paid-up capital of five lakh rupees or such higher paid-up capital, as may be prescribed;

(c) is a private company which is a subsidiary of a company which is not a private company.” 

(emphasis added)

16. Chapter II Part VI of Act, 1956 dealt with Directors. Section 252 provided minimum number of Directors in a ‘Public Company’ and other Companies and it read as under :

“Minimum number of directors.-(1) Every public company (other than a public company which has become such by virtue of section 43(A) shall have at least three directors:

Provided that a public company having,-

(a) a paid-up capital of five crore rupees or more;

(b) one thousand or more small shareholders, may have a director elected by such small shareholders in the manner as may be prescribed.

Explanation.-For the purpose of this sub-section “small shareholders”means a shareholder holding shares of nominal value of twenty thousand rupees or less in a public company to which this section applies.

(2) Every other company shall have at least two directors.

(3) The directors of a company collectively are referred to in this Act as the “Board of directors” or “Board”.

(emphasis added)

17. Section 253 provided that only an individual shall be appointed as “Director” and nobody corporate, association or firm shall be appointed as Director of a Company. A proviso was inserted in Section 253 by Section 2 of Act 23 of 2006 w.e.f. 01.11.2006 and it provided that no person shall be appointed as “Director” of a Company unless he has been allotted a Director Identification Number (DIN) under Section 266B.

18. Sections 266A, 266B, 266C, 266D, 266E, 266F, 266G were inserted in
Act, 1956 vide Section 3 of Act, 23 of 2006 w.e.f. 01.11.2006 and they all dealt with “DIN” and read as under :

“266.A. Application for allotment of Direction Identification Number:-Every-

(a) individual, intending to be appointed as director of a company; or

(b) director of a company appointed before the commencement of the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2006, shall make an application for allotment of Director Identification Number to the Central Government in such form, and manner (including electronic form) alongwith such fee, as may be prescribed;

Provided that every director, appointed before the commencement of the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2006, shall make, within sixty days of the commencement of the said Act, such application to the Central Government:

Provided further that every applicant, who has made an application under this section for allotment of Director Identification Number, may be appointed as a director in a company, or, hold office as director in a company till such time such applicant has been allotted Director Identification Number.

266B. Allotment of Director Identification Number.-The Central Government shall, within one month from the receipt of the application under section 266A, allot a Director Identification Number to an applicant, in such manner as may be prescribed.

266C. Prohibition to obtain more than one Director Identification Number.-No individual, who had already been allotted a Director Identification Number under section 266B, shall apply, obtain or possess another Director Identification Number.

266D. Obligation of director to intimate Director Identification Number to concerned company or companies.-Every existing director shall, within one month of the receipt of Director Identification Number from the Central Government, intimate his Director Identification Number to the company or all companies wherein he is a director.

266E. Obligation of company to inform Director Identification Number to Registrar.-(1) Every company shall, within one week of the receipt of intimation under section 266D, furnish the Director Identification Number of all its directors to the Registrar or any other officer or authority as may be specified by the Central Government.

(2) Every intimation under sub-section (1) shall be furnished in such form and manner as may be prescribed.

266F. Obligation to indicate Director Identification Number.-Every person or company, while furnishing any return, information or particulars as are required to be furnished under this Act, shall quote the Director Identification Number in such return, information and particulars in case such return, information or particulars relate to the director or contain any reference of the director.

266G. Penalty for contravention of provisions of section 266A or section 266C or section 266D or section 266E.-If any individual or director, referred to in section 266A or section 266C or section 266D or a company referred to in section 266E, contravenes any of the provisions of those sections, every such individual or director or the company, as the case may be, who or which, is in default, shall be punishable with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees and where the contravention is a continuing one, with a further fine which may extend to five hundred rupees for every day after the first during which the contravention continues.

Explanation.-For the purposes of sections 266A, 266B, 266C, 266D, 266E and 266F, the Director Identification Number means an identification number which the Central Government may allot to any individual, intending to be appointed as director or to any existing directors of a company, for the purpose of his identification as such.”

(emphasis added)

19. Section 274 of Act, 1956 dealt with disqualification of Directors. Earlier, disqualifications of ‘Director’ under Section 274 of Act, 1956 were described in Clause (a) to (f). Subsequently by Act 53 of 2000, Section 132 w.e.f. 13.12.2000 Clause (g) was inserted which included two more kinds of disqualifications. Section 274 as amended by Act 53 of 2000 w.e.f. 13.12.2000, read as under :-

“274.Disqualification of directors.-(1) A person shall not be capable of being appointed director of a company, if –

(a) he has been found to be of unsound mind by a Court of competent jurisdiction and the finding is in force;

(b) he is an undischarged insolvent;

(c) he has applied to be adjudicated as an insolvent and his application is pending;

(d) he has been convicted by a Court of any offence involving moral turpitude and sentenced in respect thereof to imprisonment for not less than six months, and a period of five years has not elapsed from the date of expiry of the sentence;

(e) he has not paid any call in respect of shares of the company held by him, whether alone or jointly with others, and six months have elapsed from the last day fixed for the payment of the call; or

(f) an order disqualifying him for appointment as director has been passed by a Court in pursuance of section 203 and is in force, unless the leave of the Court has been obtained for his appointment in pursuance of that section;

(g) such person is already a director of a public company which,-

(A) has not filed the annual accounts and annual returns for any continuous three financial years commencing on and after the first day of April, 1999; or

(B) has failed to repay its deposit or interest thereon on due date or redeem its debentures on due date or pay dividend and such failure continues for one year or more:

Provided that such person shall not be eligible to be appointed as a director of any other public company for a period of five years from the date on which such public company, in which he is a director failed to file annual accounts and annual returns under sub-clause (A) or has failed to repay its deposit or interest or redeem its debentures on due date or pay dividend referred to in clause (B).

(2) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, remove –

(a) the disqualification incurred by any person in virtue of clause (d) of sub­section (1), either generally or in relation to any company or companies specified in the notification; or

(b) the disqualification incurred by any person in virtue of clause (e) of sub­section (1).

(3) A private company which is not a subsidiary of a public company may, by its articles, provide that a person shall be disqualified for appointment as a director on any grounds in addition to those specified in sub-section (1).”

(emphasis added)

20. The obligation to file Annual Accounts and Annual Returns was provided in Section 210 of Act, 1956. Sub-section 5 thereof declares that non-compliance of Section 210 shall be an offence on the part of any person being Director of a Company and he shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which was earlier upto Rs.1000/- and by Act 53 of 2000 w.e.f. 13.12.2000, increased to Rs.10,000/-or with both. Section 210 of Act, 1956 reads as under :-

“210. Annual accounts and balance-sheet.-(1) At every annual general meeting of a company held in pursuance of section 166, the Board of directors of the company shall lay before the company-

(a) a balance sheet as at the end of the period specified in sub­section (3); and

(b) a profit and loss account for that period.

(2) In the case of a company not carrying on business for profit, an income and expenditure account shall be laid before the company at its annual general meeting instead of a profit and loss account, and all references to “profit and loss account”, “profit” and “loss” in this section and elsewhere in this Act, shall be construed, in relation to such a company, as references respectively to the “income and expenditure account”, “the excess of income over expenditure”, and “the excess of expenditure over income”.

(3) The profit and loss account shall relate-

(a) in the case of the first annual general meeting of the company, to the period beginning with the incorporation of the company and ending with a day which shall not precede the day of the meeting by more than nine months; and

(b) in the case of any subsequent annual general meeting of the company, to the period beginning with the day immediately after the period for which the account was last submitted and ending with a day which shall not precede the day of the meeting by more than six months, or in cases where an extension of time has been granted for holding the meeting under the second proviso to sub-section (1) of section 166, by more than six months and the extension so granted.

(4) The period to which the account aforesaid relates is referred to in this Act as a ” financial year “; and it may be less or more than a calendar year, but it shall not exceed fifteen months:

Provided that it may extend to eighteen months where special permission has been granted in that behalf by the Registrar.

(5) If any person, being a director of a company, fails to take all reasonable steps to comply with the provisions of this section, he shall, in respect of each offence, be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees, or with both:

Provided that in any proceedings against a person in respect of an offence under this section, it shall be a defence to prove that a competent and reliable person was charged with the duty of seeing that the provisions of this section were complied with and was in a position to discharge that duty:

Provided further that no person shall be sentenced to imprisonment for any such offence unless it was committed willfully.

(6) If any person, not being a director of the company, having been charged by the Board of directors with the duty of seeing that the provisions of this section are complied with, makes default in doing so, he shall, in respect of each offence, be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees, or with both:

Provided that no person shall be sentenced to imprisonment for any such offence unless it was committed willfully.”

21. Similarly repayment of deposit or interest thereon or redemption of debentures or payment of dividend are obligatory under different provisions and violation thereof is also penal. By insertion of Clause (B) in Clause (g) of Section 274 (1), the same was also made a disqualification of Director by Act 53 of 2000 w.e.f.13.12.2000.

22. Section 274, dealt with certain disqualifications which render a person incapable of being appointed as Director of a Company. It nowhere provided that a person if already appointed Director, shall cease to be so, if incurs any or more disqualifications enumerated in Section 274 (1) of Act, 1956.

23. Section 275 proposed a restriction upon a person to be Director of more than a particular number of Companies. Earlier it provided that no person would be a Director of more than 20 Companies but vide Section 133 of Act, 53 of 2000 w.e.f. 13.12.2000, it was reduced to 15 Companies. A penalty was provided under Section 279 to a person who held Office of Director of more than maximum number of Companies as provided under Section 275.

24. Then comes Section 283 which dealt with vacation of Office by Directors. It read as under :

283. Vacation of office by directors.-(1) The office of a director shall become vacant if

(a) he fails to obtain within the time specified in sub-section (1) of section 270, or at any time thereafter ceases to hold, the share qualification, if any, required of him by the articles of the company;

(b) he is found to be of unsound mind by a Court of competent jurisdiction;

(c) he applies to be adjudicated an insolvent;

(d) he is adjudged an insolvent;

(e) he is convicted by a Court of any offence involving moral turpitude and sentenced in respect thereof to imprisonment for not less than six months;

(f) he fails to pay any call in respect of shares of the company held by him, whether alone or jointly with others, within six months from the last date fixed for the payment of the call, unless the Central Government has, by notification in the Official Gazette, removed the disqualification incurred by such failure;

(g) he absents himself from three consecutive meetings of the Board of directors, or from all meetings of the Board for a continuous period of three months, whichever is longer, without obtaining leave of absence from the Board;

(h) he (whether by himself or by any person for his benefit or on his account), or any firm in which he is a partner or any private company of which he is a director, accepts a loan, or any guarantee or security for a loan, from the company in contravention of section 295;

(i) he acts in contravention of section 299;

(j) he becomes disqualified by an order of Court under section 203;

(k) he is removed in pursuance of section 284; or

(l) having been appointed a director by virtue of his holding any office or other employment in the company he ceases to hold such office or other employment in the company

(2) Notwithstanding anything in clauses (d), (e) and (j) of sub-section (1), the disqualification referred to in those clauses shall not take effect

(a) for thirty days from the date of the adjudication, sentence or order;

(b) where any appeal or petition is preferred within the thirty days aforesaid against the adjudication, sentence or conviction resulting in the sentence, or order until the expiry of seven days from the date on which such appeal or petition is disposed of; or

(c) where within the seven days aforesaid, any further appeal or petition is preferred in respect of the adjudication, sentence, conviction, or order, and the appeal or petition, if allowed, would result in the removal of the disqualification, until such further appeal or petition is disposed of.

(2A) Subject to the provisions of sub-sections (1) and (2), if a person functions as a director when he knows that the office of director held by him has become vacant on account of any of the disqualifications, specified in the several clauses of sub-section (1), he shall be punishable with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees for each day on which he so functions as a director.

(3) A private company which is not a subsidiary of a public company may, by its articles, provide, that the office of director shall be vacated on any grounds in addition to those specified in sub-section (1).”

(emphasis added)

25. Section 284 provided the manner in which Director of a Company may be removed. For the present purpose, Section 284 is not relevant, therefore, we are omitting to discuss the same.

26. The validity of Section 274 (1) (g), as amended by Companies Amendment Act, 2000 (hereinafter referred to as “Act, 2000”) w.e.f. 13.12.2000, came to be considered before a Division Bench of Gujarat High Court in Saurashtra Cement Ltd. and Anr. vs Union Of India and Ors. (supra) and a Division Bench of Bombay High Court in Snowcem India Ltd. and Ors. vs Union Of India and Ors.(supra). Both Courts have upheld the same. We would discuss the above two judgments in detail, at a later stage.

27. Act, 1956 has been substituted and repealed by Act, 2013 which received assent of President of India on 29.08.2013 and published in the Gazette of India (Extra-ordinary), on 30.08.2013. Section 1 (3) provides that Section 1 itself shall come into force at once and remaining provisions of Act, 2013 shall come into force on such dates as Central Government may, by notification in Official Gazette, appoint and different dates may be appointed for different provisions. For giving effect to the provisions of Act, 2013, different notifications were issued from time to time and a chart showing enforcement of various provisions, details of notifications and date of enforcement is given as under :-

Sl
No.
Date of
notification
Date of
publication in Gazette
Date of
enforcement
Section(s)
1. 12.09.2013 12.09.2013 12.09.2013 2(1), (3) to (6), (8) to (12), (14) to (22), (24) to (28), (29), (30), (32) to (40), (43) to (46), (49) to (61), (63) to (66), (67), (68) to (82), (84), (86), to (95), 19, 21 to 25, 29 to 40, 44, 45, 49 to 51, 57 to 60,

65, 69, 70, 86, 91, 100, 102 to 107, 111 to 116, 127, 133, 161 to 163, 176, 180 to

183, 185, 192, 194, 195, 202, 379, 382,

383, 386, 394, 405, 407 to 414, 439, 443 to 453, 456 to 463, 467 to 470

2. 27.02.2014 28.02.2014 01.04.2014 135 and Schedule VII
3. 26.03.2014 27.03.2014 01.04.2014 2 (2), (7), (13), (31), (41), (42), (47), (48), (62), (83), (85), Explanation (d) of Clause (87), 3 to 6, 7 [Except sub-section (7)], 8 [except sub-section (9)], 9 to 13, 14, 15 to 18, 20, Clause (b) of sub­section (1) and sub-section (2) of 23, sub-section (3) of 25, 26 to 28, sub­section (3) of 33, Clause (e) of sub­section (1) of 35, sub-section (4) of 39, sub-section (6) of 40, 41 to 43, 46, 47, 52 to 54, 55 [except sub-section (3)], 56, 61 [except proviso to clause (b) of sub­section (1)], 62 [except sub-sections (4) to (6)], 63, 64, 67, 68, sub-section (2) of 70, 71 [except sub-sections (9) to (11)], 72, 73, sub-section (1) of 74, 76 to 85, 87 to 90, 92 to 96, sub-section (6) of 100, 101, Third and Fourth proviso to sub­section (1) and sub-section (7) of 105, 108 to 110, Clause (b) of sub-section (1) of 113, 115, 117, 118, 119 [except sub­section (4)], 120 to 122, 123, 126, 128, 129, 134, 136 to 139, 140 [except second

proviso  to   sub-section   (4)   and sub-
section (5)], 141 to 160, sub-section (2) of 161, 164 to 168, 169 [except sub­section (4)], 170 to 172, 173 to 175, 177 to 179, 184, 186 to 191, 193, 196 to 201, 203 to 205, 206 to 211, 212 [except references of sub-section (1) of Section

66,  sub-section   (5)   of   Section 140, Section 213, Sub-section (1) of section 251 and sub-section (3) of Section 339 made in sub-section (6) and also sub­sections (8) to (10)], 214 and 215, 216 [except sub-section (2)], 217, 219, 220, 223, 224 [except sub-section (2) and (5)], 225, 228 and 229, 366 to 369, 370 (except the proviso), 371, 374, 380, 381, 384, 385, Clause (a) of Section 386, 387 to 390, Sub-section (1) of Section 391, 392 and 393, 395, 396 to 398, 399 [except reference of word Tribunal in sub-section (2)], 400 to 404, 406, 442, 454 and 455, Schedule I to VI

4. 06.06.2014 06.06.2014 06.06.2014 Sub-sections (2) and (3) of Section 74
5. 13.01.2016 14.01.2016 13.01.2016 Sub-section (5) and (6) (except with respect to the manner of administration of the Investor Education and Protection Fund) and sub-section (7) of Section 125
6. 18.05.2016 18.05.2016 18.05.2016 Clause (iv) of sub-section    (29) of Section 2, Sections 435 to 438 and Section 440
7. 01.06.2016 01.06.2016 01.06.2016 Sub-section (7) of Section 7 [except clauses (c) and (d)], second proviso to sub-section (1) of Section 14, sub-section (2) of Section 14, sub-section (3) of Section 55, proviso to clause (b) of sub­section (1) of Section 61, sub-sections (4) to (6) of Section 62, sub-sections (9) to (11) of Section 71, 75, 97 to 99, sub­section (4) of Section 119, 130, 131, second proviso to sub-section (4) and sub-section  (5)   of    Section   140,   sub- section (4) of Section 169, 213, sub­section (2) of Section 216, 218, 221, 222, sub-section (5) of Section 224, Sections 241,   242          [except clause (b) of sub-
section (1), clauses (c) and (g) of sub­section (2), 243, 244 and 245, reference of word ‘Tribunal’ in sub-section (2) of Section 399, 415 to 433, sub-sections (1) (a) and (b) of Section 434, sub-section (2) of Section 434, 441, 466
8. 05.09.2016 05.09.2016 07.09.2016 124, sub-sections (1) to (4), (6) [with respect to the manner of administration of the Investor Education and Protection Fund] and (8) to (11) of Section 125
9. 09.09.2016 09.09.2016 09.09.2016 227, clause (b) of sub-section (1) of Section 242, clauses (c) and (g) of sub- section (2) of Section 242, 246 and Sections 337 to 341 (to the extent of their applicability for Section 246)
10. 07.12.2016 07.12.2016 15.12.2016 Clause (23) of Section 2, Clause (c) and (d) of sub-section (7) of Section 7, Sub­section (9) of Section 8, 48, 66, sub­section (2) of Section 224, 226, 230 (except sub-section (11) and (12) and Sections 231 to 233, 235 to 240, 270 to 288, 290 to 303, 324, 326 to 365, Proviso to Section 370, 372 to 373, 375 to 378, sub-section (2) of Section 391, Clause (c) of sub-section (1) of Section 434
11. 26.12.2016 27.12.2016 26.12.2016 248 to 252
12. 13.04.2017 13.04.2017 13.04.2017 234
13. 24.08.2017 24.08.2017 24.08.2017 Sub-sections (8), (9) and (10) of Section 212
14. 20.09.2017 21.09.2017 20.09.2017 Proviso to clause (87) of Section 2
15. 21.03.2018 22.03.2018 21.03.2018 Sub-sections (3) and (11) of Section 132

28. Act, 2013 is made applicable to all companies incorporated under previous Company Law as under Act, 2013, and, certain other companies also as is evident from Section 1(4), which reads as under :

“1(4) The provisions of this Act shall apply to-

(a) companies incorporated under this Act or under any previous company law;

(b) insurance companies, except insofar as the said provisions are inconsistent with the provisions of the Insurance Act, 1938 (4 of 1938) or the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999 (41 of 1999);

(c) banking companies, except insofar as the said provisions are inconsistent with the provisions of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (10 of 1949);

(d) companies engaged in the generation or supply of electricity, except insofar as the said provisions are inconsistent with the provisions of the Electricity Act, 2003 (36 of 2003);

(e) any other company governed by any special Act for the time being in force, except in so far as the said provisions are inconsistent with the provisions of such special Act; and

(f) such body corporate, incorporated by any Act for the time being in force, as the Central Government may, by notification, specify in this behalf, subject to such exceptions, modifications or adaptation, as may be specified in the notification.

29. The terms “Board of Directors” or “Board” and “Director” are defined in Sections 2(10) and 2(34) and read as under :

“2(10) “Board of Directors” or “Board”, in relation to a company, means the collective body of the directors of the company.

2(34) “director” means a director appointed to the Board of a company.”

30. Chapter XI of Act, 2013 deals with appointment and qualifications of ‘Directors’ and contains Sections 149 to 172. Section 153 to 159 deal with issue of Director Identification Number (i.e. DIN). Section 153 provides that every individual, intending to be appointed as director of a company, shall make an application for allotment of DIN to the Central Government in such form and manner and along with such fees as may be prescribed. Section 154 makes it obligatory upon Central Government to allot DIN within one month from receipt of application under Section 153 to the person applying for the same. Section 155 prohibits more than one DIN to any individual and says that no individual who has already been allotted DIN under Section 154, shall apply for, obtain or possess another DIN. Vide Section 156, every existing Director is under obligation to intimate his DIN to the company or all the companies wherein he is a director, after receipt of DIN from Central Government. Similarly, Section 157 makes it obligatory upon Company to inform ROC of the Directors of companies. Obligation to indicate DIN is provided under Section 158. It says that every person or company, while furnishing any return, information or particulars, as are required to be furnished under Act, 2013, shall mention DIN in such return, information or particulars, in case such return, information or particulars related to the Director or contain any reference of any Director.

31. Section 164 of Act, 2013 talks of disqualifications for appointment of Director. It came to be enforced from 01.04.2014 and has been amended twice, inasmuch as, a proviso was added to sub-section 2 of Section 164, vide Section 52(i) of Act 1 of 2018, w.e.f. 07.05.2018. Existing proviso to sub­section 3 of Section 164 was substituted by Section 52 (iii) of Act 1 of 2018, which also came into force on 07.05.2018. Section 164 as it stood on and after 07.05.2018, after amendment vide Act 1 of 2018, reads as under :

164. Disqualifications for appointment of director.-(1) A person shall not be eligible for appointment as a director of a company, if-

(a) he is of unsound mind and stands so declared by a competent court;

(b) he is an undischarged insolvent;

(c) he has applied to be adjudicated as an insolvent and his application is pending;

(d) he has been convicted by a court of any offence, whether involving moral turpitude or otherwise, and sentenced in respect thereof to imprisonment for not less than six months and a period of five years has not elapsed from the date of expiry of the sentence:

Provided that if a person has been convicted of any offence and sentenced in respect thereof to imprisonment for a period of seven years or more, he shall not be eligible to be appointed as a director in any company;

(e) an order disqualifying him for appointment as a director has been passed by a court or Tribunal and the order is in force;

(f) he has not paid any calls in respect of any shares of the company held by him, whether alone or jointly with others, and six months have elapsed from the last day fixed for the payment of the call;

(g) he has been convicted of the offence dealing with related party transactions under section 188 at any time during the last preceding five years; or

(h) he has not complied with sub-section (3) of section 152.

(2) No person who is or has been a director of a company which—

(a) has not filed financial statements or annual returns for any continuous period of three financial years; or

(b) has failed to repay the deposits accepted by it or pay interest thereon or to redeem any debentures on the due date or pay interest due thereon or pay any dividend declared and such failure to pay or redeem continues for one year or more, shall be eligible to be re-appointed as a director of that company or appointed in other company for a period of five years from the date on which the said company fails to do so.

Provided that where a person is appointed as a director of a company which is in default of clause (a) or clause (b), he shall not incur the disqualification for a period of six months from the date of his appointment.

(3) A private company may by its articles provide for any disqualifications for appointment as a director in addition to those specified in sub-sections (1) and (2):

Provided that the disqualifications referred to in clauses (d), (e) and (g) of sub-section (1) shall continue to apply even if the appeal or petition has been filed against the order of conviction or disqualification.

(Provisions shown in bold were amended by Act 1 of 2018 w.e.f. 07.05.2018)

32. Broadly Section 164 of Act, 2013 is not only similar to Section 274 of Act, 1956 but a bit wider. Disqualification added in Section 274 (1) by insertion of Clause (g) has been continued in Section 164 though framed in slightly different language and is on the Statute as sub-section (2) of Section 164 of Act, 2013.

33. Under Act, 2013 liability to file Annual Return is provided vide Section 92. It says that every Company shall prepare a return (described in Section 92 as “Annual Return”) in the prescribed form containing particulars as detailed in Sub-section 1 of Section 92, as they stood on the close of Financial Year. Such Annual Return shall be signed by Director and the Company Secretary. Where there is no Company Secretary, it shall be signed by a Company Secretary in practice. Sub-section (4) of Section 92 makes it obligatory for every Company to file Annual Return with ROC within sixty days from the date on which Annual General Meeting (hereinafter referred to as ‘AGM’) is held or where no AGM is held in any year within sixty days from the date on which AGM should have been held together with the statement specifying the reasons for not holding the AGM. We find it appropriate to reproduce Sub-section (4) of Section 92 of Act, 2013 as under :

“92(4). Every company shall file with the Registrar a copy of the annual return, within sixty days from the date on which the annual general meeting is held or where no annual general meeting is held in any year within sixty days from the date on which the annual general meeting should have been held together with the statement specifying the reasons for not holding the annual general meeting, with such fees or additional fess as may be prescribed.”

(emphasis added)

34. Earlier with regard to payment of fees or additional fees it was provided that it could have been paid within time as specified under Section 403 but it has been amended by Act 1 of 2018 w.e.f. 07.05.2018 and now Sub-section (4) says that payment of fees or additional fees shall be as may be prescribed. Therefore, we have quoted Sub-section (4) of Section 92 as it stands after amendment made by Act 1 of 2018 w.e.f. 07.05.2018.

35. Sub-section 5 of Section 92 of Act, 2013 contemplates failure on the part of a Company to file its Annual Return under Sub-section (4) and says that it is an offence punishable with fine and every officer of the Company, who is in default is liable to be punished with imprisonment as well as fine as provided therein. We may produce sub-section (5) of Section 92 of Act, 2013 as under :

92 (5). If a company fails to file its annual return under sub­section (4), before the expiry of the period specified under Section 403 with additional fees, the company shall be punishable with fine which shall not be less than fifty thousand rupees but which may extend to five lakhs rupees and every officer of the company who is in default shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months or with fine which shall not be less than fifty thousand rupees but which may extend to five lakh rupees, or with both.

(emphasis added)

36. Section 96 of Act, 2013 provides for Annual General Meeting (AGM) and says that in each year, in addition to any other meeting, a general meeting as its Annual General Meeting shall be held by Company and there shall not be a gap of more than fifteen months between two Annual General Meetings of the Company.

37. Section 137 of Act, 2013 provides for filing of Financial Statements by a Company with ROC. Here also non-compliance of filing of Financial Statements under sub-section(1) or (2), has been declared to be an offence punishable with fine for the Company, and, Managing Director and Chief Financial Officer of the Company or Director of the Company are punishable with fine and imprisonment or both. Section 137 of Act, 2013 has also undergone certain minor amendments by Act 1 of 2018 w.e.f. 09.02.2018 and 07.05.2018, hence we reproduce Section 137 of Act, 2013 as amended with effect from 07.05.2018 as under :

137.Copy of financial statement to be filed with Registrar.(1) A copy of the financial statements, including consolidated financial statement, if any, along with all the documents which are required to be or attached to such financial statements under this Act, duly adopted at the annual general meeting of the company, shall be filed with the Registrar within thirty days of the date of annual general meeting in such manner, with such fees or additional fees as may be prescribed.

Provided that where the financial statements under sub­section (1) are not adopted at annual general meeting or adjourned annual general meeting, such unadopted financial statements along with the required documents under sub-section

(1) shall be filed with the Registrar within thirty days of the date of annual general meeting and the Registrar shall take them in his records as provisional till the financial statements are filed with him after their adoption in the adjourned annual general meeting for that purpose:

Provided further that financial statements adopted in the adjourned annual general meeting shall be filed with the Registrar within thirty days of the date of such adjourned annual general meeting with such fees or such additional fees as may be prescribed:

Provided also that a One Person Company shall file a copy of the financial statements duly adopted by its member, along with all the documents which are required to be attached to such financial statements, within one hundred eighty days from the closure of the financial year:

Provided also that a company shall, along with its financial statements to be filed with the Registrar, attach the accounts of its subsidiary or subsidiaries which have been incorporated outside India and which have not established their place of business in India.

Provided also that in the case of a subsidiary which has been incorporated outside India (herein referred to as “foreign subsidiary”), which is not required to get its financial statement audited under any law of the country of its incorporation and which does not get such financial statement audited, the requirements of the fourth proviso shall be met if the holding Indian company files such unaudited financial statement along with a declaration to this effect and where such financial statement is in a language other than English, along with a translated copy of the financial statement in English.

(2) Where the annual general meeting of a company for any year has not been held, the financial statements along with the documents required to be attached under sub-section (1), duly signed along with the statement of facts and reasons for not holding the annual general meeting shall be filed with the Registrar within thirty days of the last date before which the annual general meeting should have been held and in such manner, with such fees or additional fees as may be prescribed.

(3) If a company fails to file the copy of the financial statements under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2), as the case may be, before the expiry of the period specified, the company shall be punishable with fine of one thousand rupees for every day during which the failure continues but which shall not be more than ten lakh rupees, and the managing director and the Chief Financial Officer of the company, if any, and, in the absence of the managing director and the Chief Financial Officer, any other director who is charged by the Board with the responsibility of complying with the provisions of this section, and, in the absence of any such director, all the directors of the company, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a terms which may extend to six months or with fine which shall not be less than one lakh rupees but which may extend to five lakh rupees, or with both.”

38. Section 403 of Act, 2013 talks of fees for filing any document required to be filed under Act, 2013 with ROC and for the purpose of present dispute we do not find it relevant, so skipping said provision.

39. However, aforesaid provisions make it clear that filing of Annual Returns and Financial Statements are obligatory, non-compliance thereof is punitive and penal is nature. Therefore, Legislature has found it expedient to include violation of said provisions as one of the disqualification of a person to be a Director of such Company.

40. Section 167 of Act, 2013 which came into force on 01.04.2014 provides for contingencies when office of director shall become vacant. Here also a proviso was inserted in clause (a) of sub-section 1 of Section 167 vide Section 54 (i) of Act 1 of 2018 w.e.f. 07.05.2018 and existing proviso after clause (f) of Section 167 was substituted by aforesaid amendment act. The amended Section 167, reads as under :

167. Vacation of office of director.-(1) The office of a director shall become vacant in case-

(a) he incurs any of the disqualifications specified in Section 164:

Provided that where he incurs disqualification under sub­section (2) of Section 164, the office of the director shall become vacant in all the companies, other than the company which is in default under that sub-section.

(b) he absents himself from all the meetings of the Board of Directors hold during a period of twelve months with or without seeking leave of absence of the Board;

(c) he acts in contravention of the provisions of Section 184 relating to entering into contracts or arrangements in which he is directly or indirectly interested;

(d) he fails to disclose his interest in any contract or arrangement in which he is directly or indirectly interested, in cotravention of the provisions of Section 184;

(e) he becomes disqualified by an order of a court or the Tribunal;

(f) he is convicted by a court of any offence, whether involving moral turpitude or otherwise and sentenced in respect thereof to imprisonment for not less than six months;

Provided that the office shall not be vacated by the director in case of orders referred to in clauses (e) and (f)-

(i) for thirty days from the date of conviction or order of disqualification;

(ii) where an appeal or petition is preferred within thirty days as aforesaid against the conviction resulting in sentence or order, until expiry of seven days from the date of which such appeal or petition is disposed of; or

(iii) where any further appeal or petition is preferred against order or sentence within seven days, until such further appeal or petition is disposed of.

(g) he is removed in pursuance of the provisions of this Act;

(h) he, having been appointed a director by virtue of his holding any office or other employment in the holding, subsidiary or associate company, ceases to hold such office or other employment in that company.

(2) If a person, functions as a director even when he knows that the office of director held by him has become vacant on account of any of the disqualifications specified in sub-section (1), he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year or with fine which shall not be less than one lakh rupees but which may extend to five lakh rupees, or with both.

(3) Where all the directors of a company vacate their offices under any of the disqualifications specified in sub-section (1), the promoter or, in his absence, the Central Government shall appoint the required number of directors who shall hold office till the directors are appointed by the company in the general meeting.

(4) A private company may, by its articles, provide any other ground for the vacation of the office of a director in addition to those specified in sub-section (1).”

(Provisions shown in bold were amended by Act 1 of 2018 w.e.f. 07.05.2018)

41. Before proceeding further we find it appropriate to refer one more provision i.e. Section 470 of Act, 2013 which has been enforced w.e.f. 12.09.2013. It provides that if any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of Act, 2013, Central Government may, by order published in Official Gazette, make such provision, not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, as appear to it to be necessary or expedient for removing difficulty. It also provides that no order under sub-section (1) of Section 470 shall be made after expiry of a period of five years from the date of commencement of Section 1 of Act, 2013. Section 470 of Act, 2013 is reproduced as under :

“470. Power to remove difficulties.-(1) If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this Act, the Central Government may, by order published in the Official Gazette, make such provisions, not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, as appear to it to be necessary or expedient for removing the difficulty:

Provided that no such order shall be made after the expiry of a period of five years from the date of commencement of Section 1 of this Act.

(2) Every order made under this section shall, as soon as may be after it is made, be laid before each House of Parliament.”

42. Section 1 of Act, 2013 came into force at once i.e. 30.08.2013 when it was published in the Gazette of India(Extra-ordinary) after receiving assent of the President on 29.08.2013. Therefore, Central Government may issue orders referable to Section 470 (1) of Act, 2013 for five years i.e. upto 29.08.2018.

43. Now we proceed to consider rival submissions advanced in these writ petitions.

44. The First Question, up for consideration is, “What shall be the financial years, which can be considered for the purpose of disqualification under Section 164 (2) of Act, 2013, which came into force on 01.04.2014?”

45. “Financial Year” has been defined under Section 2(41) of Act, 2013 and it also came into force w.e.f. 01.04.2014. It reads as under :

“2(41) “financial year”, in relation to any company or body corporate, means the period ending on the 31st day of March every year, and where it has been incorporated on or after the 1st day of January of a year, the period ending on the 31st day of March of the following year, in respect whereof financial statement of the company or body corporate is made up :

Provided that on an application made by a company or body corporate, which is a holding company or a subsidiary or associate company of a company incorporated outside India and is required to follow a different financial year for consolidation of its accounts outside India, the Tribunal may, if it is satisfied, allow any period as its financial year, whether or not that period is a year:

Provided further that a company or body corporate, existing on the commencement of this Act, shall, within a period of two years from such commencement, align its financial year as per the provisions of this clause”

(emphasis added)

46. A perusal of Section 2(41) of Act, 2013 shows that for a provision, which came into force on 01.04.2014, ‘Financial Year’ which ended on 31.03.2014 will not be relevant, inasmuch as, disqualification under Section 164(2)(a) of Act, 2013 is failure of submission of Financial Statements or Annual Returns for any continuous period of three Financial Years and this provision, which is adverse and penal in nature, cannot be made applicable to a Financial Year which had already lapsed and when there was no such condition attracting any disqualification on an event as provided under Section 164(2) (a) of Act, 2013.

47. In taking above view, we need to look into the question, whether Section 164 (2) of Act, 2013 is retrospective or prospective or any other argument for the reason that a plain reading, in our view, leaves no manner of doubt that ‘Financial Year’ in which Section 164 of Act, 2013 has been enforced has to be excluded; A provision which has been enforced w.e.f. 01.04.2014 and talks of three Financial years, if read with Section 2 (41) of Act, 2013 clearly shows that such ‘Financial Year’ must commence from 1st April of the concerned year and Financial Year which has ended on 31st March, will not be covered. Probably this was also realized by Central Government, inasmuch as, a General Circular No.08/14 dated 04.04.2014 was issued by Ministry of Corporate Affairs and the relevant extract of said Circular reads as under :

“Although the position in this behalf is quite clear, to make things absolutely clear it is hereby notified that the financial statements (and documents required to be attached thereto), auditors report and Board’s report in respect of financial years that commenced earlier that 1st April shall be governed by the relevant provisions/schedules/rules of the Companies Act, 1956 and that in respect of financial years commencing on or after 1st April, 2014, the provisions of the new Act shall apply.

(emphasis added)

48. The above Circular also shows that ‘Financial Year’ commencing from 1st April after enforcement of Section 164 of Act, 2013 will be relevant and hence, it would cover Financial Year 2014-15 and thereafter. Therefore, for the purpose of Section 164 (2) (a) of Act, 2013, in our view, three Financial Years relevant for attracting Section 164 (2) (a) of Act, 2013, would commence from Financial Year 2014-15 and onwards and not prior thereto.

49. We find that considering a similar issue, Gujarat High Court in Gaurang Balvantlal Shah Vs. Union of India, 2019 GLH (1) 444; Madras High Court in Bhagavan Das Dhananjaya Das Vs. Union of India and Anr., (2018)6 MLJ 704; Karnataka High Court in Yashodhara Shroff vs. Union of India, (2019)155 SCL 299; and Telangana High Court in Venkata Ramana Tadiparthi vs. Union of India (Writ Petition No.5422 of 2019) decided on 18.07.2019, have also taken same view. We also find that a Division Bench of this Court (at Lucknow Bench) in Tariq Siddiqui and others Vs. Union of India and others (Misc Bench No.16173 of 2019 and other connected matters) decided on 15.10.2019 has followed the view taken by Gujarat High Court in Gaurang Balvantlal Shah (supra) and has also said in para 6 of the judgment that besides Madras High Court similar view has been taken by Madhya Pradesh High Court also. Since Division Bench of this Court has also followed the view taken by Gujarat High Court, we also find no reason to take a different view in the matter.

50. We, therefore, answer the question by observing that for attracting mischief of Section 164(2) (a) of Act, 2013, the ‘Financial Year’ would commence from 2014-15 and not prior thereto.

51. Learned Additional Solicitor General of India, however, placed reliance on a single Judge judgment of Delhi High Court in Mukut Pathak (supra) wherein Court has disagreed with the view taken by Karnataka High Court, Gujarat High Court and Madras High Court in the judgments in Yashodhara Shroff (supra), Gaurang Balvantlal Shah (supra) and Bhagwan Das Dhananjaya Das (supra), respectively, and said that mere fact that ‘Financial Year’ 2013-14 ended on 31.03.2014, will make no difference for the reason that Annual General Meeting (AGM) would be required to be held within next six months of that Financial Year and thereafter annual returns or annual financial statements are to be submitted within 60 days of holding of meeting of AGM or on the last date on which such meeting ought to have been held. Hence, non submission of financial returns/annual returns of Financial Year 2013-14 will also apply and covered within the ambit of Section 164(2)(a) of Act, 2013. In paras 51 and 52 of judgment learned Single Judge of Delhi High Court has said as under :

“51. In view of the above, this Court is in respectful disagreement with the view of the Karnataka High Court, Madras High Court and Gujarat High Court in Yashodhara Shroff v. Union of India; Bhagavan Das Dhananjaya Das v. Union of India and Ors. And Gaurang Balvantlal Shah v. Union of India (supra) inasmuch as the said Courts have held that the defaults for the financial year ending 31.03.2014 cannot be considered for determining whether a director had incurred the disqualification under Section 164 (2) of the Act.

52. Concededly, Section 164 (2) of the Act operates prospectively. However, such prospective operation would entail taking into account failure to file the financial statements pertaining to the financial year ending 31.03.2014 on or before 30.10.2014. This Court is of the view that the taking into account such default does not amount to a retrospective application of Section 164 of the Act and the contentions advanced by the petitioners in this regard, are unmerited.”

52. Since Division Bench of this Court at Lucknow Bench has already taken a view concurring with decisions of Gujarat, Madras and Madhya Pradesh High Courts holding that to attract Section 164(2)(a), it is the Financial Statement/Annual Return of Financial Year 2014-15 and onwards which is relevant and not earlier thereto, which means that a different view to the view taken by Delhi High Court has been expressed by this Court. Hence, we find no reason not to accept and respectfully follow the view taken by Division Bench of this Court, hence we reject contention of learned Additional Solicitor General of India advanced on the foundation of judgment in Mukut Pathak (supra) passed by Delhi High Court.

53. The Second Question is “Whether Section 164 (2) of Act, 2013 is arbitrary and discriminatory, hence violative of Articles 14 and 19 (1)(g) of the Constitution of India or not”?

54. As we have already noticed, Section 164 (2) of Act, 2013 broadly is similar as Section 274 (1) of Act, 1956. The two conditions of disqualification namely, non filing of Annual Returns and Financial Statements and non return of deposit and non payment of dividends etc in due time, were inserted in Section 274 (1) by inserting Clause (g) in Act, 1956 w.e.f. 13.12.2000. The object and purpose of insertion of Clause (g) of Section 274 (1) of Act, 1956, as stated by Legislature, was that it intended to disqualify errant Directors, protect investors from mismanagement, ensure compliance and filing of Annual Accounts and Annual Returns which are the means of disclosure to all Stake Holders; increase compliance rate of filing statutory document and to infuse good corporate governance in regulation of corporate affairs. Section 274 (1) (g) was applicable to public companies but Section 164 of Act, 2013 has been made applicable to private companies also. What is true and valid for public companies, if intention of Legislature is to make provisions of good corporate governance, we find no reason not to apply the same when provision is extended to private companies also, particularly when one of the objective is to ensure strict compliance of obligatory provisions of the Statute with regard to submission of documents to ROC.

55. We also do not find as to how the above provision is violative of Article 19 (1) (g) of the Constitution, inasmuch as, there is no embargo in carrying on business, profession etc. A limited prohibition is applied that too in respect of a tainted Director, who has failed to comply with statutory obligatory provisions of Act. Simultaneously, we find that a broad distinction has been made in respect of a person who has acted as a Director and complied with requirement of statutory obligations faithfully and effectively, vis-a-vis such person who though appointed as Director, but has failed to observe statutory provisions of Act. Therefore, a tainted Director stands in a different class than one who has regularly complied with statutory provisions, therefore, Article 14 of the Constitution, in our view, does not apply. There is a valid classification between a tainted and untained Director and it also has a reasonable nexus with the object sought to be achieved i.e. to make compliance of statutory provisions more stringent and providing stringent provisions so that the people may not have any liberty to disobey provisions without facing any consequences.

56. Legislature has maintained a distinction between Directors who stand disqualified, suffering one or more disqualifications under Section 274 (1) (a) to (f) and the disqualifications provided by insertion of Clause (g) in sub­section (1) of Section 274 of Act, 1956. It is submitted that default of Company in filing requisite document with ROC or non payment of deposit, dividends etc within prescribed time is a fault on the part of Company and for that purpose a Director cannot be made responsible, but we cannot ignore the fact that Company is a juristic personality. It has no physical existence and therefore, it is managed by Board of Directors, who are individual natural persons. The disobedience on the part of Company or incapacity in payment of certain dues as described in Section 274 (1)(g) (B) of Act, 1956 is bound to occur only when natural persons responsible for its management have failed to manage it effectively and properly. Defiance and default will also occur on the part of Company when persons responsible for management would fail in compliance of statutory duties. Therefore, while holding the Company responsible and to face consequences of such violation, Legislature has found it appropriate to hold the person responsible for its management i.e. Director to suffer certain consequences, which cannot be said to be unreasonable or per se arbitrary or irrational.

57. The provisions of Section 274 (1) (g) of Act, 1956 were considered on the anvil of Articles 14 and 19 (1) (g) of Constitution of India by Bombay High Court in Snowcem India Ltd (supra) and Gujarat High Court in Saurashtra Cement Ltd. (supra) and same was upheld. Section 164 (2) of Act, 2013 broadly contains similar provision and no argument has been advanced before us so as to make out a distinction in the logic and rationality given for upholding Section 274 (1) (g) of Act, 1956, earlier in above judgments so as not to apply to Section Section 164 (2) of Act, 2013. We also do not find any per se illegality, irrationality, arbitrariness or lack of intelligible classification, hence, we find no force in the submission that Section 164 (2) of Act, 2013 is ultra vires. This question, therefore, is answered against petitioners.

58. The Third Question is “Whether principles of natural justice are applicable before holding a Director disqualified under Section 164(2) or holding that Office of Director has become vacant under Section 167(1) (a)”?

59. From perusal of provisions quoted above there is no scope of doubt that as soon as disqualifications stated therein are incurred, Director concerned shall stand disqualified by operation of law and/or Office of Director shall become vacant by operation of law, under Section 164 and 167, respectively, as the case may be. Therefore, to attract the consequences, if eventuality which attracts disqualification or vacation of Office of Director has occurred, being automatic, it cannot be said that principles of natural justice are required to be applied at that stage and must be observed. In fact no authority under Act, 2013 has been required to make such a declaration. Instead Statute itself makes declaration. The effect and consequence of attracting disqualification is automatic. It requires no order or declaration by any authority. The list issued by ROC of such unqualified Directors is only a ministerial act.

60. Every provision which excludes principles of natural justice cannot be said to be per se arbitrary. It depends upon the facts and circumstances, nature of Statutes, object, purpose and other relevant factors to examine whether compliance of principles of natural justice is necessary or not. In the present case, what is contemplated in Section 164(2) (a) is certain statutory duty which if failed by a Director concerned, the disqualification would stand attracted. Similar is the position in respect of Section 167(1) (a), hence, we find no reason to hold that principles of natural justice must be read in Sections 164(2) (a) and 167(1) (a) before attracting consequences.

61. However, the matter is not so simple and will not end here. There is another facet under which aforesaid provisions have to be examined.

62. Disqualification under Section 164(2) (a) of Act 2013 would operate only when there is a failure of non filing Financial Statements or Financial Returns for a continuous period of three Financial Years. Hence, question of fact which would arise in every case, whether there is any such failure or not and that too for the period as contemplated in the aforesaid provision. Similarly to attract Section 164 (2) (b) of Act, 2013 it has to be shown that there is failure on the part of company in payment of dividends, deposits, interests etc. This is again a question of fact. Unless these facts are shown to exist or have occurred, it cannot be doubted that disqualification under Section 164 (2) of Act, 2013, shall not be attracted.

63. In all these writ petitions, we have found that basic facts with regard to alleged disqualification are not pleaded in the writ petitions or missing in the writ petitions. Even in the counter affidavits, wherever the same have been filed, respondents have also not taken care to disclose the facts establishing existence of eventualities to have occurred so as to attract Section 164 (2) and 167(1)(a) of Act, 2013.

64. In all these writ petitions, as argued by learned Additional Solicitor General of India, disqualification is failure of Directors in ensuring filing of Annual Returns in three consecutive Financial Years. Which are these Financial Years for which the alleged failure has occurred and how it has been discerned, nothing has been disclosed either in the list published by ROC or disclosed in the counter affidavits.

65. In W.P.-I, counter affidavit is completely silent on this aspect. We find similar flaw in the pleadings in writ petitions wherever counter affidavit has been filed. In many matters respondents have not filed counter affidavit at all, despite time having been granted.

66. In other words, we have no hesitation in observing that pleadings on the part of both parties are extremely poor. ROC has published a list of disqualified Directors without giving details of disqualification incurred by those Directors. This has also not been disclosed to this Court in the counter affidavits filed by respondents. Petitioners, unfortunately, have also not pleaded as to what disqualification they have suffered.

67. During course of arguments it was sought to be explained that since petitioners were not disclosed as to what disqualifications they have suffered by ROC, hence, they have not indulged in conjectures on this aspect and it was responsibility and onus of respondents to disclose as to what disqualification is suffered by petitioners-Directors so as to attract Section 164 (2) of Act, 2013 and the consequences provided in Section 167 of Act, 2013.

68. Chart of various petitions would show that petitioners are Directors in more than one Companies except a few one where petitioner is Director in single company. For example, in Writ Petition No.15270 of 2018 petitioner-2 Jaspal Singh is Director in only one Company i.e. New waves India Estate Management Services Pvt Ltd. In all these writ petitions one of the Company in which petitioners are Directors, has been struck off under Section 248 of Act, 2013.

69. Section 248 of Act, 2013 confers power upon ROC, where it has reasonable cause to believe that a company has failed to commence its business within one year of its incorporation or is not carrying on any business or operation for a period of two immediately preceding Financial Years and has not made any application within such period for obtaining status of a dormant company under Section 455, to serve notice upon Company and all its Directors giving them opportunity to make representation to striking off name of such company from the register of companies and publish notice in the official gazette. Section 248 of Act, 2013 reads as under :

248. Power of Registrar to remove name of company from register of companies.-(1) Where the Registrar has reasonable cause to believe that-

(a) a company has failed to commence its business within one year of its incorporation, or

(b) the subscribers to the memorandum have not paid the subscription which they had undertaken to pay within a period of one hundred and eighty days from the date of incorporation of a company and a declaration under sub-section (1) of Section 11 to this effect has not been filed within one hundred and eighty days of its incorporation; or

(c) a company is not carrying on any business or operation for a period of two immediately preceding financial years and has not made any application within such period for obtaining the status of a dormant company under Section 455,

he shall send a notice to the company and all the directors of the company, of his intention to remove the name of the company from the register of companies and requesting them to send their representations along with copies of the relevant documents, if any, within a period of thirty days from the date of the notice.

(2) Without prejudice to the provisions of sub-section (1), a company may, after extinguishing all its liabilities, by a special resolution or consent of seventy-five per cent members in terms of paid-up share capital, file an application in the prescribed manner to the Registrar for removing the name of the company from the register of companies on all or any of the ground specified in sub­section (1) and the Registrar shall, on receipt of such application, cause a public notice to be issued in the prescribed manner;

Provided that in the case of a company regulated under a special Act, approval of the regulatory body constituted or established under that Act shall also be obtained and enclosed with the application.

(3) Nothing is sub-section (2) shall apply to a company registered under Section 8.

(4) A notice issued under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) shall be published in the prescribed manner and also in the Offical Gazette for the information of the general public.

(5) At the expiry of the time mentioned in the notice, the Registrar may, unless cause to the contrary is shown by the company, strike off its name from the register of companies, and shall publish notice thereof in the Offical Gazette, and on the publication in the Official Gazette of this notice, the company shall stand dissolved.

(6) The Registrar, before passing an order under sub-section (5), shall satisfy himself that sufficient provision has been made for the realisation of all amount due to the company and for the payment or discharge of its liabilities and obligations by the company within a reasonable time and, if necessary, obtain necessary undertakings from the managing director, director or other persons in charge of the management of the company:

Provided that notwithstanding the undertakings referred to in this sub-section, the assets of the company shall be made available for the payment or discharge of all its liabilities and obligations even after the date of the order removing the name of the company from the register of companies.

(7) The liability, if any, of every director, manager or other officer who was exercising any power of management, and of every member of the company dissolved under sub-section (5), shall continue and may be enforced as if the company had not been dissolved.

(8) Nothing in this section shall affect the power of the Tribunal to wind up a company the name of which has been struck off from the register of companies.”

(emphasis added)

70. Section 248 of Act, 2013, therefore, does not talk of disqualification, which a Director would suffer so as to incur disqualification under Section 164 (2) read with Section 167 of Act, 2013. Thus the mere fact of striking off of a Company by itself can not prejudice a Director for the purpose of Sections 164 (2) and 167 (1) of Act, 2013.

71. Non application of mind on the part of ROC is writ large from the fact that some petitioners are Directors in Companies which are Limited Liability Partnership (LLP). For example, petitioner-1 Dr. Niraj Agrawal in Writ Petition no.34503 of 2018 is Director in Vashishtha Vatsalya Real Estates LLP. Similarly, petitioner-Kuldeep Singh in Writ Petition No.1189 of 2019 is Director in Omnis Lifecare LLP and Omnis Engineering LLP. In Writ Petition No.12494 of 2019, petitioner-Manjeet Singh is Director in Vedic Media Creations Pvt Ltd which was incorporated on 23.10.2013 and already struck off while other Company is a LLP i.e. Manita City Motors LLP. Learned Additional Solicitor General of India admitted that provisions of Act, 2013 are not applicable to companies which are LLP since, LLP is governed by Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008 (hereinafter referred to as ‘Act, 2008′) and therefore, is beyond the purview of Act, 2013. Still in a mechanical manner, order of disqualification and consequences provided in Section 167 (1) (a) of Act, 2013 in respect of petitioners have been notified by ROC in all the companies including LLP. It cannot be doubted that when petitioners’ entitlement or capacity to function as Director is disabled or restricted or restrained by referring to Section 164 (2) read with Section 167(1) (a) of Act, 2013, they are greatly prejudiced as they cannot function as Directors of such company having been declared disqualified. This also prejudices the management of Company and all stake holders are bound to suffer adversely.

72. As we have already said that if conditions precedent to attract Section 164 (2) of Act, 2013 is established to exist, consequences are by operation of law but the condition precedent is that the condition of disqualification actually exists and for this purpose, in our view, a bare minimum requirement of notice to such Directors would be necessary to verify, whether such condition exists or not.

73. We could have examined all these writ petitions individually, provided respondents would have given and disclosed details of disqualification suffered by petitioners-Directors necessary to attract Section 164 (2) read with Section 167 (1) (a) of Act, 2013, but unfortunately that has not been done. On the contrary, argument is that three consecutive Financial Years would commence from Financial Year 2013-14. This stand of respondents clearly shows that what is not permissible to attract Section 164(2) (a) of Act, 2013 has been considered, applied and followed by ROC in publishing orders disqualifying petitioners and suspending their DIN and DSC. We have already held that to attract Section 164 (2) (a) of Act, 2013, Financial Year would commence from 2014-15 and not 2013-14. However, what has been pleaded in the counter affidavit of W.P.-I, if applied in all other cases, apparently it can be said that for only two valid Financial Years there is failure in submission of Annual Statements etc and that being so, requirement under Section 164 (2) (a) of Act, 2013, is not satisfied and, hence, declaration of petitioners-Directors as disqualified to be Director of all companies, is erroneous.

74. Thus, we reiterate that the fact whether there is such failure as contemplated and provided by Section 164(2)(a) of Act, 2013 to attract disqualification there under and also to incur consequences provided under Section 167(1) (a) of Act, 2013, it has to be established, as a matter of fact, that there is such failure. For this purse, in our view, a notice would be necessary to find out whether the alleged disqualification which according to ROC has been incurred by any Director, is an undisputed fact or if disputed, opportunity to concerned person has to be given to establish otherwise.

75. We may also notice that if any Director, despite having incurred disqualification, continues to work as Director, such an act of Director has not been allowed to remain immune from any action, instead it is provided in Section 167 of Act, 2013 that any person, if continuing to function as Director though office of Director has become vacant on account of any disqualification specified under Section 167 (1) of Act, 2013, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which shall be extended to one year or fine which shall not be less than Rs.1 lakh extendable upto Rs.5 lakhs or with both. Hence, a Director if knowing well that he has incurred disqualification, continued, he will incur further penalty. Therefore, it cannot be said that continuance of a person as Director though under law he has suffered disqualification and he knows it, and office of Director has become vacant, will remain unpunished but he has to suffer further penalty also. It is, however, true that even this consequence will arise only when basic facts of incurring disqualification are established. This has to be established by an Authority who is responsible for monitoring and ensuring compliance of various provisions of Statute. To this limited extent, in our view, a notice is necessary on the part of ROC to concerned Director, unless Director himself has informed about disqualification it has incurred and that will attract further consequences.

76. The issue of application of principles of natural justice for Sections 164 and 167 of Act, 2013, has been considered and negatived by Gujarat High Court in Gaurang Balvantlal Shah (supra), Delhi High Court in Mukut Pathak (supra), Karnataka High Court in Yashodhara Shroff (supra) and Telangana High Court in Venkata Ramana Tadiparthi (supra), while Madras High Court in Bhagavan Das Dhananjaya Das (supra) has taken a different view.

77. We have examined all the aforesaid authorities in depth and with great respect to the view taken in the aforesaid judgments, we find that a complete embargo on principles of natural justice would not be justified, particularly when to attract disqualification and consequences under aforesaid provisions, certain basic facts, whether exist or not, had to be established and for this purpose at least a notice to concerned person was necessary to be given by ROC. We, therefore, answer Question-3 accordingly.

78. The Fourth Question is “Whether there is any provision empowering Registrar of Companies to de-activate “DIN” of petitioners who were allotted DIN under Section 154 of Act, 2013?”

79. We need not go into this aspect in detail for the reason that various High Courts have examined relevant statutory provisions on this aspect and have taken a common view that there is no provision which empowers ROC to de-activate DIN, only on the ground that a Director has incurred disqualification under Section 164(2) (a) or his Office has become vacant under Section 167(1) (a). In this regard relevant extract of the judgments of different High Courts may be reproduced as under :

(1) Delhi High Court’s judgment in Mukut Pathak (supra), paragraphs 106, 108, 109 and 110:

“106. Neither any of the provisions of the Companies Act nor the Rules framed thereunder stipulate cancellation or deactivation of DIN on account of a director suffering a disqualification under Section 164(2) of the Act. It is relevant to note that Rule 11 of the Company (Appointment and Qualification of Directors) Rules, 2014 was amended with effect from 05.07.2018 to provide for deactivation of DIN in the event of failure to file Form DIR-3-E-KYC within the period as stipulated under Rule 12A of the said Rules. The amendment so introduced also does not empower the Central Government to cancel or deactivate the DIN of disqualified directors.

108. It is important to note that whereas a DIN is necessary for a person to act as a director; it is not necessary that a person who has a DIN be appointed as a director. Section 164 (2) only provides for temporary disqualification for a period of five years for a person to be appointed/re-appointed as a director. Thus, it is not necessary that the DIN of such person to be deactivated.

109. It is also material to note that sub-section (2) of section 167 of the Act provides for a punishment for any person who functions as a director knowing that his office has become vacant on account of his disqualification as specified in Section 167 (1) of the Act. Thus, Section 167 includes a mechanism for enforcing the rigors of Section 167 (1) of the Act. In the present case, the respondents have sought to cancel/deactivate the DIN of directors disqualified under Section 164 (2) of the Act. This has been done to enforce the provisions of Section 167 (1) of the Act. Clearly, this is not supported by any statutory provision. This Court is of the view that the Central Government having framed the rules specifying the conditions in which a DIN may be cancelled, cannot cancel the same on any other ground and without reference to such rules.

110. Similarly, there is also no provision supporting the respondents action of cancelling the DSC of various directors. The said action is therefore unsustainable.”

(2) Gujarat High Court in Gaurang Balvantlal Shah (supra), Paragraphs 29 to 31:

“29. This takes the Court to the next question as to whether the respondents could have deactivated the DINs of the petitioners as a consequence of the impugned list? In this regard, it would be appropriate to refer to the relevant provisions contained in the Act and the said Rules. Section 152 (3) provides that no person shall be appointed as a Director of a company, unless he has been allotted the Director Identification Number under Section 154, Section 153 requires every individual intending to be appointed as Director of a company to make an application for allotment of DIN to the Central Government in such form and manner as may be prescribed. Section 154 states that the Central Government shall within one month from the receipt of the application under Section 153 allot a DIN to an applicant in such manner as may be prescribed. Section 155 prohibits any individual, who has already been allotted a DIN under Section 154 from applying for or obtaining or possessing another DIN. Rules 9 and 10 of the said Rules of 2014 prescribe the procedure for making application for allotment and for the allotment of DIN, and further provide that the DIN allotted by the Central Government under the said Rules would be valid for the lifetime of the applicant and shall not be allotted to any other person.

30. Rule 11 provides for cancellation or surrender or deactivation of DIN. Accordingly, the Central Government or Regional Director or any authorized officer of Regional Director may, on being satisfied on verification of particulars of documentary proof attached with an application from any person, cancel or deactivate the DIN on any of the ground mentioned in Clause (a) to (f) thereof. The said Rule 11 does not contemplate any suo motu powers either with the Central Government or with the authorised officer or Regional Director to cancel or deactivate the DIN allotted to the Director, nor any of the clauses mentioned in the said Rule contemplates cancellation or deactivation of DIN of the Director of the “struck off company” or of the Director having become ineligible under Section 164 of the said Act. The reason appears to be that once an individual, who is intending to be the Director of a particular company is allotted DIN by the Central Government, such DIN would be valid for the lifetime of the applicant and on the basis of such DIN he could become Director in other companies also. Hence, if one of the companies in which he was Director is “struck off”, his DIN could not be cancelled or deactivated as that would run counter to the provisions contained in the Rule 11, which specifically provides for the circumstances under which the DIN could be cancelled or deactivated.

31. In that view of the matter, the Court is of the opinion that the action of the respondents in deactivating the DINs of the petitioners-Directors along with the publication of the impugned list of Directors of “struck off” companies under Section 248, also was not legally tenable. Of course, as per Rule 12 of the said Rules, the individual who has been allotted the FIN, in the event of any change in his particulars stated in Form DIR-3 has to intimate such change to the Central Government within the prescribed time in Form DIR-6, however, if that is not done, the DIN could not be cancelled or deactivated. The cancellation or deactivation of the DIN could be resorted to by the concerned respondents only as per the provisions contained in the said Rules.”

(3) Telangana High Court in Venkata Ramana Tadiparthi (supra), Paragraphs 28 and 30

“28. Clauses (a) to (f) of Rule 11, extracted above, provides for the circumstances under which the DIN can be cancelled or deactivated. The said grounds, are different from the ground envisaged under Section 164 (2) (a) of the Act. Therefore, for the alleged violation under Section 164 of the Act, DINs cannot be cancelled or deactivated, except in accordance with Rule 11 of the Rules.

30. In view of the above facts and circumstances and the judgment referred to supra, the deactivation of the DINs of the petitioners for alleged violations under Section 164 of the Act, cannot be sustained.”

80. This Court (Lucknow Bench) also in Tariq Siddiqui (supra) been quoted in ex tensio, the view taken by Gujarat High Court and has allowed writ petition. Operative part of judgment in para 7 reads as under :

“7. In view of above, the writ petitions for challenge to the deactivation of the Director Identification Number are allowed. It was de-activated on account of dis-qualification in one company effecting Director Identification Number for the other companies. The opposite parties are directed to activate the Director Identification Number of use for other company. The opposite parties would however be at liberty to take legal action against the petitioners for any statutory default or non-compliance of the provisions of the Act of 2013. It would obviously be in accordance with the provisions of law.”

81. Question-4 is, therefore, answered in favour of petitioners. We hold that in absence of any provision to deactivate DIN of petitioners if they have incurred disqualification under Section 164 of Act, 2013, the action of respondents and in particular of ROC, in deactivating DIN of petitioners, cannot be sustained.

82. The above discussion leads to the consequence that all writ petitions have to be allowed partly and action of respondents in deactivating DIN of petitioners is to be quashed.

83. We accordingly allow writ petitions partly. We also quash the list published by ROC, declaring petitioners in all these writ petitions as disqualified to be Directors of companies and debarment of being Director for a period of five years.

84. ROC, now, shall be at liberty to give a notice to petitioners to verify and establish the facts whether disqualification alleged to have been suffered by petitioners-Directors so as to attract Section 164 (2) of Act, 2013, actually exist or not. After giving them opportunity and being satisfied that such disqualification has occured, it will proceed further in accordance with law.

85. Parties are left to bear their own costs.

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