Calculate your House Rent Allowance (HRA) exemption know HRA exemption Calculation Formula and download HRA Calculator in excel format for easy calculation of exempt HRA Allowance out of Total HRA received by Salaried Assessee.

Employees generally receive a house rent allowance (HRA) from their employers. This is a part of the salary package, in accordance with the terms and conditions of employment. HRA is given to meet thse cost of a rented house taken by the employee for his stay.The Income Tax Act allows for deduction in respect of the HRA paid to employees. The exemption on HRA is covered under Section 10(13A) of the Income Tax Act and Rule 2A of the Income Tax Rules. It is to be noted that the entire HRA is not deductible. HRA is an allowance and is subject to income tax.

House Rent Allowance (HRA) Taxbility & Calculation

An employee can claim exemption on his House Rent Allowance (HRA) under the Income Tax Act if he stays in a rented house and is in receipt of HRA from his employer. In order to claim the deduction, an employee must actually pay rent for the house which he occupies.

HRA Calculation: House Rent Allowance (HRA)

The rented premises must not be owned by him. In case one stays in an own house, nothing is deductible and the entire amount of HRA received is subject to tax. As long as the rented house is not owned by the assessee, the exemption of HRA will be available up to the the minimum of the following three options:

1. Actual House Rent Allowance (HRA) received from your employer

2. Actual house rent paid by you minus 10% of your basic salary

3. 50% of your basic salary if you live in a metro or 40% of your basic salary if you live in a non-metro

This minimum of above is allowed as income tax exemption on house rent allowance.

Salary here means basic salary which includes dearness allowance if the terms of employment provide for it, and commission based on a fixed percentage of turnover achieved by the employee. The deduction will be available only for the period during which the rented house is occupied by the employee and not for any period after that.

Meaning of Salary for calculation the exemption of HRA

  • Salary means (Basic + D.A + Commission based on fixed percentage on turnover).
  • Salary is to be taken on due basis in respect of the period during which the period accommodation is occupied by the employee in the previous year.

Examples for calculation of exemption/deduction of HRA

X has received following amount during the previous year.

1. Basic Salary – Rs. (5000*12) – Rs. 60,000/-

2. Dearness Allowance (D.A) – Rs. (1000*12) – Rs. 12000/-

3. House Rent Allowance (H.R.A.) – Rs. (2000*12) – Rs. 24000/-

4. Actual Rent Paid – Rs.(2000*12) – Rs. 24000/-

Calculation

The minimum of the following amount shall be exempt

  • Actual HRA received (2000*12) – Rs. 24000/-
  • Rent Paid in excess of 10% of salary ( 24000-7200) – Rs. 16800
  • 40% of Salary – Rs. 28800/-

Therefore, Rs. 16800 shall be exempt and the balance Rs. 7200 shall be included in gross salary.

Frequently Asked Questions on House Rent Allowance (HRA):-

1. How is HRA accounted for in the case of a salaried individual and a self-employed professional?

HRA (house rent allowance) is accounted for in the case of salaried people under Section 10 (13A) of Income Tax Act, 1961, in accordance with rule 2A of Income Tax Rules (HRA Exemption Rules). On the other hand, self-employed professionals cannot be considered for HRA exemption under this act, as they do not earn a salary. However, they can claim benefits on the house rent expenses incurred under section 80GG, which resembles section to 10(13A) but is subject to certain conditions.

2. What are the dependent factors in calculating HRA for the salaried individual?

When you are calculating HRA for tax exemption, you take into consideration four aspects which includes salary, HRA received, the actual rent paid and where you reside, i.e., if it is a metro or non-metro. If these aspects remain constant through the year, then tax exemption is calculated as a whole annually, if this is subject to change, as in a rent hike, pay hike or shift in residence etc., then it is calculated on a monthly basis. It is usually rare for all the values to remain constant in a financial year.

The place of residence is significant in HRA calculation as for a metro the tax exemption for HRA is 50% of the basic salary while for non-metros it is 40% of the basic salary. This holds true especially when you work at a metro and reside at a non-metro. In this case, your city of residence only will be considered for calculating your HRA.

3. Can I pay rent to my parents or spouse to avail HRA benefits?

You can pay rent to your parents, however, they need to pay tax on the same or account the same in calculating their taxable income.

On the other hand, you cannot pay rent to your spouse. In view of the relationship when you take up residence together, you are expected to do so and hence such a transaction does not bear merit under tax laws. Sham transactions can only spell trouble under scrutiny, so steer clear of these.

4. Do I need to submit any proof for my HRA claim?

You need to submit proof of rent paid through rent receipts, for which only two need to be submitted, one for the beginning of the year and one towards the end of the financial year. It should have a one rupee revenue stamp affixed with the signature of the person who has received the rent, along with other details such as the rented residence address, rent paid, name of the person who rents it etc.

5. Can I simultaneously avail tax benefits on my home loan and HRA?

The tax benefits for home loan and HRA are two separate entities and have no direct bearing on each other. As long as you are paying rent for an accommodation, you can claim tax benefits on the HRA component of your salary, while also availing tax benefits on your home loan. This could be the case if your own home is rented out or you work from another city etc.

EXTRACT OF RULE 2A OF INCOME TAX RULES I.E. HRA EXEMPTION RULES

[Limits for the purposes of section 10(13A) .

2A. The amount which is not to be included in the total income of an assessee in respect of the special allowance referred to in clause (13A) of section 10 shall be—

(a) the actual amount of such allowance received by the assessee in respect of the relevant period; or

(b) the amount by which the expenditure actually incurred by the assessee in payment of rent in respect of residential accommodation occupied by him exceeds one-tenth of the amount of salary due to the assessee in respect of the relevant period; or

(c) an amount equal to—

(i) where such accommodation is situate at Bombay, Calcutta, Delhi or Madras, one-half of the amount of salary due to the assessee in respect of the relevant period; and

(ii) where such accommodation is situate at any other place, two-fifth of the amount of salary due to the assessee in respect of the relevant period,]

whichever is the least.

Explanation : In this rule—

(i) “salary” shall have the meaning assigned to it in clause (h) of rule 2 of Part A of the Fourth Schedule;

(ii) “relevant period” means the period during which the said accommodation was occupied by the assessee during the previous year.]

Image courtesy of Salvatore Vuono at FreeDigitalPhotos.net

(Republished with amendments)

House Rent Allowance (HRA) Taxability & calculation

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440 Comments

  1. Rajendra says:

    I have recieved arrears of salary (basic, da, hra) of previous years in fy 2018-19. Whether this is to be included/excluded for calculating hra exemption?

  2. Madhukar says:

    If I am paying rent for multiple house properties occupied by me and my parents (dependents), then, can I claim exemption u/s 10(13A) regarding rent paid for multiple house properties.

  3. Mr.SACHIN PATEL says:

    I got only 6 month hra Rs.30797 in F.Y. 2018-19. My Basic is Rs.64100 and city is Z class. I have paid actual Rent Rs.36000.am I eligible for hra exemption? if yes then how much?

  4. Golam Shajahan Ahmed says:

    Sir I availed Govt qtr and also i got HRA for my family who leave far away from my place of posting.
    Sir whether HRA what ever got towards my family will be deducted from gross salary after putting rent receipt on TDS

  5. vinod says:

    My Taxable salary in 518920
    Rent 84000/p.a living in pune for employement but in FORM16 employer not shown HRA how much can i claim HRA

    1. Peeyush says:

      There are different parameters for claiming HRA, for that i needed some more details, for exact amount of deduction and how to claim it, you can contact me on 9619817557, CA Peeyush

  6. cheriankunju says:

    what is the procedure for calculation of Income Tax by adding rent receieved from house let out along with salary/pension income

    1. Peeyush says:

      There are different parameters and different ITR, based on your income and quantum you need to select one ITR and accordingly you can show your both income, you can contact me on 9619817557, CA Peeyush

  7. Sarika Mahale says:

    Sir,
    Thanks for the valuable information. I understand the concept of Rent paid to parents is allowed but my question is that in which mode of payment is allowed under income tax mean rent paid by cash, cheque or bank transfer etc allowed for deduction

  8. DK Jain says:

    Sir,

    I have taken loan from my employer at 0% interest (10 years) and I am paying the Tax on the differential amount of Interest rate with SBI as on last date of the FY. Please confirm can I take any benefit under Income Tax on the differential Interest amount calculated or tax part on the Interest Calculation which is being added in my Income and on which I have to pay Income Tax.

    Beside this I am also claiming HRA as per rules.

    Regards,

  9. vishnu says:

    I joined government job in August 2018. Can I HRA of 1 lakh for these 7 months or Is it like 1 lakh for 12 months or for financial year with any number of months?

  10. Govind REDDY says:

    I am a state government employee and now our salary has hiked to equivalent central government employees with retrospective effect. If my arrears calculated and i got HRA arrears. The difference HRA paid and Arrears received. under this statutory deduction is compulsory or wave up available.

  11. Vishal Sharma says:

    I wish to pay ret to my mother (she is non working) ,

    the residence for which I need to pay rent is co -owned by “mother and father” ,

    can I pay my rent to my mother only , as she is half owner of the property

  12. Amit Bansal says:

    Dear Sir,

    The article is very nicely explained, but I have a question If I am already availing the benefit u/s 24 amounting 200000/-, Should I take advantage of 50% HRA paid by my company.

  13. HARIPRIYA G says:

    What about central government employees? Are the same rules applicable? Kindly, at the earliest, guide through with the exemptions available for central government employees.

  14. RAMAKRISHNA says:

    SIR MY BASIC WAS RS 20000.00 AND DA OF RS 8650.00 AND HRA WAS 2000.00 AND I AM PAYING THE RENT RS 4500.00 P/M

    NOW I DO NOT WANT CLAIM SEC 10(13) BUT I WANT TO CLAIM UNDER SECTION 80GG

  15. Dravidamani says:

    10% of Basic salary + DA was higher than HRA paid. Government salary. HRA Exemption eligible or not?
    Rent received. : 20,100
    Rent paid. : 45,000
    10% of Basic + DA : 53,000

  16. R K MISHRA says:

    we are manufacturing Tool and dies for OEM(s) but as a contract the cost of tooling is to be capitalised at our own. only components will be sold. Now the tooling is our assests till business carried, after closure of transaction being our property we have liberty to dispose off.Now before capitalization how can be Generate GST invoice and pay GST. Please suggest method of capitalization and invoicing system.
    regards
    R K Mishra

  17. vidya sagar bansal says:

    my employer says that contribution of NPS by the employer is to be added in the salary. after adding in the salary deduction u/s 80c will be admisable on both the parts (employer and employee) Is it wright or wrong ?

  18. CA. S.C.Podder says:

    Read carefully the article in respect of HRA calculation and update/ claim for HRA exemption ,
    writer has given clarified in details .

  19. CA Suresh Jain says:

    I have read a few of your articles on income tax exemption s for individuals. You have written each item in detail and have linked earlier articles with each other. Great work. Keep it up.

  20. R Chandrasekhar says:

    Sir,
    How to calculate HRA ..Our Pm Salary is Rs. 5Lacks (Basic + DA) + his Hra is 199000 and he is paying rent for his house is Rs.1.20 lacs for 12 months.
    Kindly how much hra is allowed to my PM

  21. Vishal bhadra says:

    I m living in rented house and i have salary income but my compeny can not give me HRA and it does not saws in form 16 so can i claim my rented house exp.

  22. K M MANOJ says:

    Instead of staying in house, I propose to put up in a service apartment/hotel. Is the amount paid to the service apartment/hotel claimable as exemption?

  23. ravi says:

    i have stayed in house on rent only for 4 months in the year 2016-17 and hence paid rent of 4 months. so to get the tax benefit on rent paid, calculation to be done considering whole year or only the duration mentioned above? please reply

  24. Melvin says:

    Sir
    While calculating the Rent Paid in excess of 10% of salary, I am getting a negative value.
    My basic pay in a month is 177100. I am paying 15000 as rent per month.
    What is the methodology to adopt for calculating the amount exempted under HRA. Please advice.

  25. SK.ABDUL KHAYUM says:

    Sir,I am a state government employee.Ihave taken Housing Loan on 2012.I am working out of station to my own house.I am residing in rented house of Rs.6000/-pm.My own house was not given rent purpose.
    Hence,i have eligible for exemption house rent and housing loan interest ? Please clarify.

    1. SK.ABDUL KHAYUM says:

      Sir,I am a state government employee.Ihave taken Housing Loan on 2012.I am working out of station to my own house.I am residing in rented house of Rs.6000/-pm.My own house was not given rent purpose.
      Hence,i have eligible for exemption house rent and housing loan interest ? Please clarify. – See more at: https://taxguru.in/income-tax/house-rent-allowance-hra-taxability-and-workingcalculation-of-taxable-hra.html?replytocom=1947407#respond

  26. govindarajan says:

    iam paying a rent of Rs.42369/- per annum for the govt quarters occupied and receiving Rs.3200/- pm towards rent How much i get hra rebate

  27. govindarajan says:

    iam occupying govt quarters and iam paying Rs.42369/- towards rent and iam receiving Rs.3200/- as rent per month. How hra rebate can be claimed

  28. Johnson says:

    Sir,
    I am living in a rented house.As of now I need no HRA exemption as my income do not cross the taxable limit after considering 80 C and 80 D exemptions.Please tell me whether I need to submit
    rent receipt now to avail HRA exemption in future in case of revision in salary.

  29. Rekha says:

    Hi sir…I need one information…I am working in an institution for 11 and half months…I am paying 8000/month…can I claim for 11and half months or complete 11 months

  30. Bipul Das says:

    I am in occupant of a govt quarter and for maintainence of my family I kept them in a rented house at other state for which I am paying rent.
    I do not receive any house rent. Can I claim HRA.

    1. Rajeshwar says:

      Sir,
      I am a government servant getting hra in my salary. Iam residing in my working place paying rent. At the same time due to educational reasons my spouse residing in another town with my children in a rented house which is more than my rent. Can i claim hra exemption on my spouse house rent payment.

    2. govindarajan says:

      iam occupying govt rental quarters and iam paying Rs 48262/- per annum and iam receiving Rs.3200 per month towards HRA. How can i claim hra rebate

    3. Melvin Koshy says:

      You will not be entitled for HRA as you have availed Government accommodation. It is immaterial whether spouse is staying in rented accommodation or not. HRA doesn’t have any bearing on yours or spouse’s location. It depends on whether you are availing government accommodation or not.

  31. Shashi says:

    I am govt. employee living in govt. quarters so not getting HRA
    1. Parents are living in rented house
    2. Spouse living in rented house
    3. Having own house
    at different places
    can i get exemption under 80GG
    or any other source ?

  32. Jitesh Kumar Sharma says:

    Hi, I have a quarry. After 7th pay commission, my monthly basic salary is 47000 approx..DA is 0, HRa is 1820. I am paying Rs. 5500/-per month house rent.. I am living in z class city. What would be my HRA exemption under the Income Tax Rules.. Please

  33. WELLINGTON says:

    ENNGA STREETLA ORUTHAN IRRUGA AVAN NAME KADAR. AVANNUKKU ORU HOUSE 1.25 LAKHS VARRUMANUM VARRUTHU SIR . AVANNUKU INCOME TAX ILLLAYA. STREET NAME . MELA CHINTHAMANI

  34. antony george says:

    My parents stay in rented house, and my sister pays the rent for this house. However, my sister stays few days with parents and few days of week is staying with her husband in their own flat in same city. Can my sister claim HRA tax benefits?

    1. Prakash says:

      Myself Mr. Prakash proprietor of M/s. ABC staying in a rental house paying rent 30000/- per month. am paying the rent through company’s cheque.
      Shall I deduct TDS @ 10% and pay the rent and also can I avail the rental benefit.

      1. Vishal Sharma says:

        Mr Prakash
        Since you are self employed you cannot take the benefit of HRA.
        As far as deducting TDS is concerned, since you are using the house for your residential purpose and not for your business, you need not deduct TDS.

  35. n.d says:

    I have stayed in Govt quarter till june 2015,and feb
    2016 onwards i am staying outside by rented house.So whether i can get tax exemption for three month for last financial year til march 2016? and how i can claim for that? becoz there is no option in online eflling tax return? pls tell me?

  36. Balachandran Thekkalakkal says:

    I have stayed in Govt quarter till dec 2015,and january 2016 onwards i am staying outside by rented house.So whether i can get tax exemption for three month for last financial year til march 2016? and how i can claim for that? becoz there is no option in online eflling tax return? pls tell me?

  37. Prakash Rana says:

    (HRA) I have job in Himacha Pradesh and paying rent 96000 per year. My family staying at Gujrata and i am paying 120000 rent per year. Can i claim both rent as HRA?

  38. Kaushik says:

    My friend is a central govt. employee but his wife is state govt. employee, then what would be the house rent rule for their?

  39. SAIPRASAD P M says:

    I don’t think relocation is covered in the non taxable category Like LTA and medical. Since the company paid you extra money they would tax you accordingly.

  40. Kuruvanal Mathew Mathew says:

    HRA Issue: There must be quite a lot of people who would come under the category that I am going to discuss. ie. those who stay in their own house and do not pay rent but receive the HRA from the company where he / she works. In this case they are not eligible for any deduction – right?
    Now my question is what about the society charges they pay. what about the municipal corporation tax. Why these should not be treated under or as rent or some sort of rebate should be provided. do you agree?

  41. Kamlesh says:

    Hi
    I do not own house but live with ma parents..we have taken loan for home on the name of mother. I do contribute in home loan repayment . Can I get any deduction under income tax act.
    Please suggest any other alternatives if available.
    Thanka
    Kamlesh

  42. paresh says:

    my Room Rent is 1800/Month. now the Account Dept. asking for Pan card Copy of land load. and land load Don’t this. Does pan card Copy is Mandatory? Kindly Suggest.

      1. jibby says:

        My account dept. says, it is mandatory to pay rent by cheque and provide the copies of same also the rent receipt and PAN copies to get exemption, I pay 6000/month. Is it mentioned on any of govt. websites or on incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in regarding the same? And I can take a print and upgrade my accounts dept.

  43. gajra nanda associates says:

    hello,
    Please help us on How to Save the capital gain Tax

    I purchase flat on 24-03-2003 purchase cost of flat is Rs. 6.37.150
    I sold that flat in feb 2016 sale cost is 45,00,000

    Indexation cost in 2002-03 447 and in 14-15 1081
    637150*1081/447 = 1540848
    So Long term capital gain is Rs. 29,59.152

    what should be done to save capital gain tax of Rs. 29,59,152

  44. anupam says:

    Hi,

    Please see the below details and help me out.

    Home loan taken on August 2015, In December-2015 I got the possesion of my new house.

    Earlier I was living on rent, now moved to my new house in Jan 2016

    Can I claim tax benefit on: 1. HRA for period April-2015 to November-2015 (8 Months) 2. Sum of Principal Amount from the EMI which I will pay from December-2015 to March-2016 (4 Months)

    3. Sum of Interest Amount from the EMI which I will pay from April-2015 to March-2016 (12 months),

  45. Shrey Shah says:

    I am a fixed salaried person. In my salary sleep only final figure of salary is mentioned. How can I claim House Rent. I am leaving in rented house.. Kindly guide me.

  46. Dimpy Sharma says:

    By your logic.. what ever money that you spend, should be non-taxable.. That is not true. Relocation is taxable if it is getting reimbursed.

  47. Karnika says:

    My Annual HRA is 100,000 so I am entitled monthly HRA of 8333.33
    I am staying in PG accommodation where I am paying 6000/month which is less than the HRA what I get from my company.So if I show 6000/month rent will I get tax exemption?

  48. Sher Singh says:

    Can I claim HRA TAX benefits along with Home Loan ? As I am staying in different city on rent alone i.e. Delhi and my family is staying in my Home in a different city i.e. Gurgaon, which is registered to my wife name. My wife is house wife and she is primary applicant of Loan and I am co-applicant. Please advise.

  49. Amitesh says:

    Hi ,I am working in Lucknow but my family is staying in a rented accommodation in Delhi .Can I claim HRA as I am also staying on rent in Lucknow

    1. Prateek jain says:

      If the annual rent paid by you exceed Rs 100000 in one financial year,then the landlord’s pan details need to be provided and otherwise not

  50. Vinod says:

    I was in Noida and joined new company in PUNE. During relocation expense I spent 70000/- almost from my pocket including Household shifting, Travelling with family from Noida to PUNE by flight & Car shifting.
    Company promised me to reimburse the amount and after I joined I submitted the actual bills and statement. With in 2 months, I got full payment.

    now company is putting the reimbursement paid amount as my INCOME.
    I believe it should not be TAXABLE, because I paid from my pocket which is already tax deducted source and now when I got my money back then again it cannot and should not be taxable.

    For justification, I gave the clause of 10 (14) 2BB & 17 (3) of Income Tax 1961-62.

  51. Akshat says:

    I have stayed on rented house for 2 or 3 months before shifting to my house. So can I claim for those 2, 3 months and Home loan interest both. I have got the possession in march 15

  52. Vilas NANGARE says:

    Can I apply for tax benifit home loan availed from two different bank for same home. One is home loan and another is home repairing loan.

  53. Banu says:

    hi ,

    I have the pan card of my landlord , but i dont have the photocopy of the same , is that suffice to submit the documetn with the photocopy of the landlord .

  54. vikash says:

    If pay rise is given with retrospective effect there by amounting to arrears HRA payout for the period which has already lapse, i.e. for instance payrise given effective Jul’15 in Oct’15 (3 months arrears)should arrears HRA be reconsidered for calculating monthly HRA for the periods Jul’15 to Sep’15 which was already calculated earlier.

  55. Sukhdeo Prasad says:

    Our Kids stay in our own house. I stay with my wife in rented house. kids stay separately as it is small house for study. Can I avail HRA exemption/deduction ?

    please reply

  56. Sukhdeo Prasad says:

    Can I avail HRA Exemption/Deduction for me as I stay with my wife in rented house. Our Kids stay in my own house. we stay separately due to Kids study as it is very small House.

    1. Ragfhvendra says:

      Sir,

      I am working in Dehradun but my family is living in Meerut at Rent for Rs 15000 per month. However I am also paying rent in Dehradun Rs 7000 per month.

      I presented rent receipts to my employer of Meerut house he refused to accept it and gave me the plea that rent receipt must be of either dehradun or nearby.

      Kindly guide me the right way to claim exemption for HRA

  57. Neel says:

    HI ,
    I dont have own house,I am staying with my father ( as house is on his name ) & paying rent of 12000 to them ,there by showing the same as income in father’s IT return ( income from other source ) .
    I have two questions as below

    1 ) Now I have also taken mediclaim policy & paid premium of 9000 INR for my parents to whom i am paying house rent .Now can i take deduction of 9000 TINR the same in sec 80 ( parents are non-senior citizen ) ? Please advice .
    2 ) We all have also travel then can i put parents tickets to claim LTA exemption ?? please advise separately.
    Thank you ,

  58. ratnesh says:

    Have taken an employment with a U.S company. It is currently not registered in
    India.
    However I work from India and my employer pays my lump sum salary in Indian currency into my Indian account.

    Given that my income is in the tax bracket, wanted to know on the tax implications and how can I get tax benefit ,HRA,MADIClAM

  59. Prabhakar says:

    Hi Sir, I’ve received a salary breakup details from an organisation mentioned that HRA is 3 times of basic salary. By seeing this structure itself I got a doubt that is it possible that HRA is more than basic. And in this case HRA is three times of basic.

    Can you please clarify the doubt that “Is HRA more than basic is allowed?”

  60. Gayana says:

    Hi, If I ve joined a company from mid of a financial year(say for 6 months only), then in the above calculation should we considered the actual basic salary received(i.e for 6 months) or should we consider the annual basic salary(12 months)?

    Regards
    Gayana

  61. Pavithra says:

    Dear sir,
    I am residing in a Government allotted quarters. I will get HRA in my salary but my entire HRA will be deducted again under deductions and it will go back to Government. Since HRA is completely deducted from my salary, am I eligible to claim exemption for complete HRA? If yes, please mention the reference section under which I can claim exemption

    Thank you

    1. Ashish Kumar says:

      HRA exemption limit is not Proved Dear.We will calculate Our Exemption Limit.
      For Example :-
      Your salary(50000*12)=600000
      Dearness Allowance(2000*12)=24000
      House Rent Allowance (10000*12)=120000
      Actual Rent Paid By You(12000*12)=144000
      Then We will Calculate Our Exemption Limit:-
      Actual HRA Rec.=120000
      Rent Paid in excess (144000-62400)=81600
      If U Living In Metro City then 50% = 312000
      81600 is Exemption Limit & 38400 (120000-81600) is Add Back in your salary.
      I hope you can understand.

  62. anurag says:

    Hello,

    1. I am residing in a rented flat with rent of Rs. 12000 p.m. with my parents. My current basic is 23000 p.m. and hra is 11500 p.m.
    2. I have booked a house with home loan. EMI shall be 25000 pm with 18000 p.m. being interest. Possession shall come in december’15. My mother is a co-owner in the property and my father is working with a private company.
    3. I have changed a job and shall change the city as well from Octoberr’15. I will be residing in a rented flat with house rent of Rs. 12000 p.m. and my salary will be basic 37565 and hra – rs. 18783 per month. The owned flat in current city shall be occupied by my parents.

    Can you help me with the tax planning for maximum HRA and housing loan benefit

  63. Ravikumar S Chintakrindi says:

    Sir If my Basic Salary is 12000 and HRA 4000 and I am paying actual rent of rs 8000 per month what would be the deduction i can get from income tax. Please reply so that i can file my income tax return accordingly

  64. Bhanu says:

    Basic Salary :- 16,666.00
    HRA:- 20,833.00

    1.How much(max) amount i can declare for hose rent.i am staying in NCR noida.
    can i get the tax benefit on 13k per month rent(156000/-)

    2. After declaring of 1lac 50k in 80c still 1,397.00 is getting deducted as income tax. what i need to do so it not get deducted.

    1. Amol says:

      HRA Max – 99,996 annually.

      Other tax saving options: medical insurance for self and/or parents, Conveyance Allowance, medical bills (15,000 max), LTA, loot at NPS, Rajiv Gandhi Equity Savings Scheme

  65. Saurabh says:

    Hi,

    I bought a commercial property whose value was above Rs.50 lac & I paid 1% TDS on behalf of the seller on my share, which is reflecting in Form 26 AS.

    Now I am filling online return, please could you guide me where do I need to mention this TDS paid amount while filling online return.

    Thanks in advance.

  66. Ashraf Khalid says:

    hi,

    the author keeps ignoring multiple queries regarding HRA claim for people paying rent for 2 houses at the same time – one being self occupied, and another being occupied by parents (in the same town, or in other town).

    There is no clarity on this subject in any forums.

    Request the author, or anyone who knows to reply conclusively.

    Many Thanks!

    1. Jain says:

      I have the same query – Can HRA be claimed if i am paying rent for 2 houses one for myself and another for my family. Mr Sudarshan, anyone else can you pl clarify

  67. RAVINDER SINGH says:

    MY TOTAL INCOME FROM SALARY is997127 which after 80cc deductionis868359. Ipaid 36000 as house rent How much HRA EXEMPTION Ican get?

  68. Nitin says:

    Hi

    Can you please let me know whether a salaried person can claim benefit of HRA exemption at the time of filling his/her return.

    Issue is that a Mr.X has left a organisation while leaving he had submitted his HRA proof to HR department. HR doesn’t consider that proof but deducted & paid the tax on the whole salaried income & issue the form 16 & 26AS.

    Now Mr.X can claim HRA exemption while filling his return.

  69. SB Mahajan says:

    Sir,

    I have built home taking company loan, at Bardoli 35 Kms. from Surat. I am living in Surat where my office is situated. Up till I lived in Company Leased Agreement. Now I discontinue the company lease agreement & paying rent of Rs. 6500/- Now I would get Approx. Rs. 5000/- (30% of Salary) WHAT IS TA IMPLICATIONS?

    SB Mahajan

  70. vivek tiwari says:

    sir i am from jhansi . now jhansi comes in Y class cities .but my factory BHEL SITUATED 20 KM AWAY FROM JHANSI CITIY .CAN BE GET 20% HRA OR NOT

  71. Vishwanathan says:

    Hi,

    I am paying rent for two houses, one for myself and one for my parents. I was wondering if I could claim HRA tax rebate for both the houses? Any suggestions from you would be very valuable.

    Many thanks…

  72. Pallavi Dasgupta says:

    Hi, I’m Pallavi and I have a question. Could you please tell me if i can claim exemption on HRA? The situation is I stay with my parents in a rented house and my father pays the rent. Can I still claim exemption on HRA??

    IF so then what does my father have to do while filing his tax returns?
    I’m Quite new to all this.

  73. Swetapadma says:

    Dear Sir,

    This is very helpful article. I have some doubts. I received the arrears in the same financial year. Its incremental DA. Will it be included for calculating the HRA deduction?
    I received once in April and 2nd time in October.

    Thanks.

  74. s sudarshana says:

    Mr.R.K.Agarwal: Yes; you can claim the HRA exemption in respect of the House Rent you are paying. Regarding the own house you are not using you can claim the exemption if you are having rental income from that property. No exemption you can get if the property is un-used and idle.

  75. Murtuza says:

    Hi,

    My family resides in Bangalore and I am paying rent over there. I have recently got a new job and have moved to Mumbai where I am staying with my parents but my wife and kids continue to stay in the rented apartment in Bangalore.

    Can I claim HRA exemption for that rented apartment in Bangalore or not??

  76. R K Agarwal says:

    Sir,
    I am paying rent for hired accomodation in non-metro city. Also I am getting possession of a purchased home in the same town but not intending to reside in the same being in remote locality.

    Can I claim HRA exemption alongwith interest & principle exemption under section 80C and section 24.

    Pl reply either on above e-mail ID.

    Thanks and Regards

  77. Shyamal Mandal says:

    I am working as a state government employee and my basic pay is Rs. 20740.I am residing in government rental housing. I am not getting my house rent@15% =3111 per month. Can I calculate my income tax excluding this HRA?

  78. Karan says:

    Sir

    I am getting 60880/pm salary (Salary break up Basic-36528/-, HRA-18264/-, Conveyance-3044/-, Medical-3044/-) & actual Rent Paid of Rs.8000/pm
    How many amount will exempted in Income tax

  79. V Balakumar says:

    The HRA Slab defined by the Govt is absolutely looting money from middle man like me.

    The calucation as per Govt HRA Slab as under:

    Basic Salary 300000
    HRA 150000
    40% HRA on Basic Salary 120000
    Actual HRA Paid 96000
    Exemption available 66000 Being Non Metro
    Taxable HRA 84000

    Correction required on the above Slab as under:

    Correction required in Slab
    HRA 150000
    Exemption available 96000 Minimum of HRA, 40% on Basic Pay & Actual HRA Paid
    Taxable HRA 54000

    If I go for calculation of HRA benefit available, I understand that I am getting benefit only for Rs. 12000/- as HRA Exemption as per below calculation

    Actual HRA Paid Rs.96000/-
    Taxable HRA is Rs.84000/- instead of Rs.54000/-
    Benefit what I am getting from HRA is only for Rs.12000/- on furnishing House Rent Receipts, instead of Rs.42000/-

    According to above correction, the rufund of TAXABLE HRA should be as under:

    More Taxable HRA 30000 Excess Tax to be refundable

    If Govt is not able to provide this, then the benefit of 80C to be enhanced from 150000/- to 250000/- considering increasing expenses especially on Vegitables, MILK, Tution Fees as every year Schools and Colleges are increasing Tution Fees but taxable limit is only Rs.24000/- per two children if I have to pay Tution Fees more than Rs.24000/- for an example Rs.36000/- per two children.

  80. V Balakumar says:

    The HRA Slab defined by the Govt is very horrible for middle man like me.

    The calucation as per Govt HRA Slab as under:

    Basic Salary 300000
    HRA 150000
    40% HRA on Basic Salary 120000
    Actual HRA Paid 96000
    Exemption available 66000 Being Non Metro
    Taxable HRA 84000

    Correction required on the above Slab as under:

    Correction required in Slab
    HRA 150000
    Exemption available 96000 Minimum of HRA, 40% on Basic Pay & Actual HRA Paid
    Taxable HRA 54000

    If I go for calculation of HRA benefit available, I understand that I am getting benefit only for Rs. 12000/- as HRA Exemption as per below calculation

    Actual HRA Paid Rs.96000/-
    Taxable HRA is Rs.84000/- instead of Rs.54000/-
    Benefit what I am getting from HRA is only for Rs.12000/- on furnishing House Rent Receipts, instead of Rs.42000/-

    According to above correction, the rufund of TAXABLE HRA should be as under:

    More Taxable HRA 30000 Excess Tax to be refundable

    If Govt is not able to provide this, then the benefit of 80C to be enhanced from 150000/- to 250000/- considering increasing expenses especially on Vegitables, MILK, Tution Fees as every year Schools and Colleges are increasing Tution Fees but taxable limit is only Rs.24000/- per two children if I have to pay Tution Fees more than Rs.24000/- for an example Rs.36000/- per two children.

  81. s sudarshana says:

    Mr. Saurabh: Self employed and those who are not in receipt of any HRA can claim HRA exemption to an extent of Rs.2000 pm. A flat rate.

  82. Saurabh says:

    Hi,

    I am a self employed personnel, staying with my dad in a property which is not under his name but its part from the family settlement. Now can I pay rent to my dad, if yes then this income will be considered as his income?
    OR There is any limit which I can pay and He may not have to take that amount as income? Please advise.

    Thanks

  83. GS says:

    If HRA is received for part of a financial year and rent is also paid for the same period. (nine months for example). How would the 10% of salary be calculated?

    How would the return be filed to claim a refund in this case?

  84. Koteswara Rao says:

    Employee worked first 10 days in one company and hra received proportionately and 15 days another company(Company changed ) and hra recs proportionately. My question is can he claim hra in both the companies proportionately for that month.

  85. Rovin (RV) says:

    Months Basic Pay AGP DA TA HRA DA-TA GROSS ATD* NET Salary
    April 15600 6000 21600 3200 6480 3200 56080 2000 54080
    May 10568 4064 14632 2168 4390 2167 37989 2000 35989
    Ju+July 35729 13742 49471 4129 14841 4129 122041 4000 118041
    Aug 15600 6000 25363 3283 6480 3282 60008 2000 58008
    Sep 15600 6000 23112 3200 6480 3424 57816 2000 55816
    Oct 15600 6000 23112 3200 6480 3224 57616 2000 55616
    Nov 8840 3400 16121 2037 3672 2165 36235 2000 34235
    Dec 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
    Jan 12580 4839 18638 5341 5226 0 46624 0 46624
    Feb 15600 6000 23112 3200 6480 3124 57516 0 57516
    March 15600 6000 23112 3200 6480 3124 57516 0 57516
    G.Total 161317 62045 238273 32958 67009 27839 589441 16000 573441
    ATD*= Advance Tax Deducted by employer
    HR Paying 8000 pm (8000*12)=96000
    PPF Saving =100000
    Calculate net tax payable in this year

  86. Mahesh Bansal says:

    My employer is seeking original rent receipts for considering exemption under section 10(13A) for the purpose of deduction of tax at my salary. I have produced copies of rent receipts but he is not satisfied and has told me that exemption can not be considered else I produce original rent receipts. However, in my view, if I furnish original rent receipts to the employer and my case comes under scrutiny in future, how shall I be able to furnish the originals to the department. Please guide me.

  87. Abhi says:

    I have a query in regards to the HRA claim for different cities. My company’s base location is Bangalore and I am working on a project which is based out of Korea. The project is such that we travel for 3 weeks in Korea and spend 1 week in India, during that course of period I generally go to Delhi either on vacation or at times I work from Delhi (from home) as well. The company doesn’t have any office in Delhi.

    Can I claim HRA from Delhi considering the income would be shown under my landlord’s name as other income since I am not claiming it for Bangalore?

  88. P P says:

    Hi,

    As per my company policy for HRA exemption that, i need to submit rent agreement for exempting the tax and my rent is less than 1 lacs per annum.
    So if it not mentioned in form 16 during filing TDS, Can I file HRA in Tax return.

    thanks,
    P P

  89. s sudarshana says:

    Dear Suchanthi,Both are possible. When you are getting HRA and not paying any rent means you are staying in self-occupied property and HRA is taxable. Rebate u/s 24B is the negative income arising out of interest payment net of rent received if let out, and whole of it if no rental income.

  90. Rudraksha Suchanti says:

    Sir,

    My question is can I avail both HRA and Interest if both houses are in the same locality (in the same apartment).

    Do I need to show the house on which I am paying EMI as let out to avail the deduction of interest?.

  91. S Sudarshana says:

    MrAnup: If the rent paid in excess of 10% of salary is negative, whole of HRA received is taxable. The meaning of the rule is 10% of the salary one is supposed to pay as rent. In case you are not paying even 10% of salary as rent whole of HRA is taxable.

  92. Anup says:

    Sir,
    H.R.exception limit illustration as given in your post as under
    X has received following amount during the previous year.
    Basic Salary – Rs. (5000*12) – Rs. 60,000/-
    Dearness Allowance (D.A) – Rs. (1000*12) – Rs. 12000/-
    House Rent Allowance (H.R.A.) – Rs. (2000*12) – Rs. 24000/-
    Actual Rent Paid – Rs.(2000*12) – Rs. 24000/-
    Calculation
    The minimum of the following amount shall be exempt
    Actual HRA received (2000*12) – Rs. 24000/-
    Rent Paid in excess of 10% of salary ( 24000-7200) – Rs. 16800
    40% of Salary – Rs. 28800/-
    Therefore, Rs. 16800 shall be exempt and the balance Rs. 7200 shall be included in gross salary.
    Here some basic data of Mr. Y received from employer. please calculate H.R. exemption limit of Mr.Y.
    Basic salary:- Rs.20,180 x 12 month= Rs.2,42,160.
    D.A.:-Rs. 11,503 x 12 month = Rs.1,38,036.
    C.A.:- Rs.325 x 12 month = Rs.3,900.
    The minimum of the following amount shall be exempt in case of Mr.Y.
    Actual H.R. received by Mr.Y : Rs.2,000 x 12 month = Rs.24,000.
    Rent Paid in excess of 10% of salary(Basic + D.A. + C.A.)=
    [Rs. 24,000 –Rs.38,410] = (-) Rs.14,410.
    40% of Salary – Rs.1,53,638.
    Since figure of Rent Paid in excess of 10% of salary(Basic + D.A. + C.A.) is negative , what amount to be H.R. excepted of Mr.Y.

  93. S Sudarshana says:

    Mr.RBRai, You are eligible for double HRA or accommodation in lieu of HRA.? Civil servants are eligible for extra facility and same may be true for you. Whenever you occupy govt accommodation no HRA is paid.

  94. R B Rai says:

    Sir,
    I am an officer in Assam Rifles under Ministry for Home Affairs. Pay and perks is at par with the other Central Police Organisations. This organisation has been fighting NE insurgency since from its inception. NE Region of the country is our home and hearth. We seldom get posted to other part of the country. I am presently posted in Dimapur, Nagaland since from last one year and a half. My wife stays at home because of there is no one to look after my house if she joins me. I have not been occupying my authorised government accommodation e.i. Type IV quarter in my present station instead I have been staying in a Single Officer Accommodation on a sharing basis with another fellow officer. Do I qualify to claim HRA? If, yes, then under which particular rule it is covered. Waiting for your enlightening. Regards!

  95. Gaurav says:

    I have a query :-
    Sir I’m in state govt. teaching department. I’m posted in a interior hilly village. So my family(Housewife+children) lives in the city on rent for education of children. I have a room in village too. So can I get the HRA exemption for the rent paid by me in the city. Please also guide about the categories of cities other than 50% and 40% of salary for the exemption.

  96. s sudarshana says:

    Mr.Ravikumar, Use the thumb rule. Whatever is used for granting HRA, use that component to compute exemption/rebate. When the HRA is granted based on percent of Basic, basic pay is the salary.

  97. RAVI KUMAR says:

    i am comes under the New Pension Scheme(NPS) for the calculation HRA exemptions what will be the salary includes? either take basic+DA+Grade pay or only basic? please clarify this

  98. S Sudarshana says:

    Mr.Ashish Jay: As are an employee of Thane no need to change the filing of IT to Gwalior. Your income is from Thane. 2). If you are getting HRA and have the authority to work from home away from Thane, and if your employer is satisfied with the expenses towards rent at Gwalior he can allow exemption as per Section 10(13). If you are not getting HRA you cannot claim any exemption on rent.

  99. Ashish Jai says:

    I also wanted to know that before shifted to Gwalior i am paying income tax under Thane juridiction. as my office in Thane and now i am leaving in Gwalior which is my area of juridiction to pay tax.. and so My AO(Accessing Officer) is from which city (ward). Thane or Gwalior ?

  100. Ashish Jai says:

    Sir,
    Till last year i am staying in rented flat in thane and company also in thane. They gave me HRA.
    But since 1st April 2014, I am staying in Gwalior with parents and give rent to parents and my office still in Thane. I am work from home. Do i entitled to received HRA from employer? As i am not in the same city where office is … Is there any such rule that rented house and office must be in same city?

  101. S Sudarshana says:

    Mr.Rajesh Sheel: For claiming the rebate you must be staying in the rented house. Also you are already in rent free accommodation. You cannot claim rebate strictly. Assuming you dont have rent free accommodation and paying rent and staying in the house your claim will be rent minus 10%, i.e. rent received which works out to Rs.2500 – 1791.

  102. Rajesh Sheel says:

    Sir, I am working in PSU and my Basic Pay w.e.f. 1/4/2014 till 31/03/2015 is Rs.17910/-. I am residing in non-family accommodation (rent free) of my company and company is recovering Rs.100/- as quarter recovery for this accommodation. Being residing in non-family accommodation (rent free) I am getting House Rent @10% = Rs. 1791/-Per Month from the company. But, regarding my child education my family is residing at Shimla on rent and I am paying Rs.2500/- Per Month to the Owner of House under proper agreement and rent payment receipts. I shall be highly thankful if your goodself will advise me that as I am residing in non-family accommodation (rent free) of the company and paying rent more than the HRA amount (HRA received Rs.1791/-Per Month & House Rent paid Rs. 2500/-Per Month), therefore can I save tax on the amount paid for rented accommodation if so how much of amount shall I save in tax. Regards

  103. S Sudarshana says:

    Mr.Puneeth: It is enough. HRA is not received and hence no income. Between taxable income of 2.5 lalk to 2.70 lakh no income tax is payable.

  104. puneet says:

    Dear Sir,

    I am a contractual staff working in a govt. research organization in Delhi. My current salary is 2300+30% HRA, Office has alloted me a quarter so for that reason I am not eligible to recive HRA with my salary.

    Wanted to know that whether income tax will be calculated on total amount of 23000+30%HRA*12 or only at total amount of 23000*12. also I have LIC & Health policy for which i have paid amount of 18000/-. Please suggest me is this enough saving to save my tax or I should have to have some more savings in order to save tax.

  105. U S Prasad says:

    Sir, I am working in central government as Clerk. My Office has allotted me a BSNL Quarter after making agreement between my central government office and BSNL Office. I am getting HRA Rs.2500/- per month but I am paying Rs.3400/- per month to BSNL as per agreement. I have already calculate the exempted HRA in my case which comes to Rs.8500/-. My question is as follows:
    Do I entitle to get deduction of whole amount i.e. Rs.3400/- under HRA, as this is a BSNL quarter (comes under government)?

    Mob.7588180641

  106. U S Prasad says:

    Sir, I am working in central government as Clerk. My Office has allotted me a BSNL Quarter after making agreement between my central government office and BSNL Office. I am getting HRA Rs.2500/- per month but I am paying Rs.3400/- per month to BSNL as per agreement. I have already calculate the exempted HRA in my case which comes to Rs.8500/-. My question is as follows:
    Do I entitle to get deduction of whole amount i.e. Rs.3400/- under HRA, as this is a BSNL quarter (comes under government)?

  107. leo says:

    I am staying in metro and paying rent, as well as I am paying rent for my dependent parents in other town…
    Can I claim rent exemption in HRA rule for both rental premises.

  108. s sudarshana says:

    Mrs.Tammy: For non salary people one can claim income tax rebate of not more than Rs.2000/- pm. Collect the rent receipt for Rs.800/= and get full tax exemption.!

  109. Tammy says:

    Hi,My husband handles all maintenance for a property owner of 36 rentals The owner gives us free rent of a rental property he owns but at the end of the year owner always adds the 800.00 per month rent to my husbands earned income my husband is a contractor and this makes him go into a higher tax bracket when you take 800×12 = 9,600 rent that we actually didnt make? Should my husband be able to exclude this as earned income? Thanks for advice and direction for answers.

  110. S Sudarshana says:

    Mr.SamH: One have to have the rent receipt to claim exempt as per calculation. In your case, house on lease, you have to collect the fair market value from the municipal/local body of your place who will decide based on the location, house taken on lease.

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