Explore the benefits and eligibility criteria for the Section 16 deduction under the Income Tax Act. Understand how salaried employees can claim relief and reduce taxable income.

Exemption under Section 16 of the Income Tax Act: Understanding Benefits and Eligibility Criteria – The Income Tax Act of 1961 provides various exemptions to taxpayers to reduce their taxable income and save taxes. One such benefit is available under Section 16 of the Income Tax Act, which allows employees to claim deductions from salary income. In this article, we will discuss the benefits of Chapter 16 relief and the criteria for claiming this relief.

Section 16 Income Benefits – Section 16 of the Income Tax Act allows employees to claim the following benefits:

1. Standard Reduction: Rs. 50,000 or the salary amount, whichever is less, can be exempted from taxable income. This discount applies to all salaried employees.

2. Entertainment Allowance: Rs. 5,000 or 1/5th of pay (excluding any allowance, allowance or other benefits), whichever is less, can be claimed as relief by government employees.

3. Profession Tax: The amount of business tax paid in a financial year can be claimed as a deduction.

Criteria for Eligibility for Section 16 deduction- A taxpayer must meet the following criteria to claim section 16 deduction-

1. The taxable person must be an employee.

2. The taxpayer must have received a salary during the financial year.

3. The taxpayer must have paid business tax during the financial year.

4. In the case of representative subsidy, only government employees can claim this discount.

It is important to note that income under Chapter 16 can be claimed by individual taxpayers and not by Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs) or other taxpayers.

How to claim a Section 16 deduction -The taxpayer has to file an Income Tax Return (ITR) and show the details of the income claimed in the return.


Payment under Section 16 of the Income Tax Act protects salaried taxpayers from paying higher taxes by reducing their taxable income. The criteria for claiming this deduction is simple and taxpayers can easily claim this deduction by filing their income tax returns. So, if you are a salaried employee, take advantage of this deduction and reduce your tax liability.

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February 2024