The Hon’ble Uttarakhand Authority for Advance Rulings (UAAR), in the matter of M/s. Midas Foods (P.) Ltd. [Application No. 05 of 2020-21 dated October 15, 2020], held that Overseas Commission Agent is covered within the definition of the term ‘intermediary’ under Section 2(13) of the Integrated Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 (the IGST Act). Service received by the assessee from Overseas Commission Agent do not fall within the meaning of term ‘import of services’ under Section 2(11) of the IGST Act as place of supply is outside India, hence the assessee is not required to pay GST on Reverse Charge Mechanism (RCM) basis under Section 5(3) of the IGST Act on commission paid to Overseas Commission Agent. (OCA)

Facts:

M/s. Midas Foods (P.) Ltd. (“the Applicant”) is a supplier of goods and carries on business of supply of seasoning, spices, premixes and similar food products to its customers located within and outside India. The Applicant entered into an agreement with OCA located outside India to arrange supply of the Applicant’s goods outside India.

For such facilitation, the Applicant would pay commission to OCA, ranging from 10-15% on the basis of Free on Board (“FOB”) value of the consignment exported outside India.

The Applicant has sought an advance ruling on classification and determination of liability to pay tax on supply of services.

GST alphabet on money background

Issue:

  • Whether OCA is covered within the definition of the term ‘intermediary’ as provided under Section 2(13) of the IGST Act?
  • Whether services received by Applicant from OCA falls within the meaning of the term ‘import of services’ as provided under Section 2(11) of the IGST Act?
  • Whether the Applicant is required to pay Goods and Services Tax (“GST”) on RCM basis under Section 5(3) of the IGST Act on commission paid to the OCA?

Held:

The Hon’ble Uttarakhand Authority for Advance Rulings (“AAR”) in Application No. 05 of 2020-21 dated October 15, 2020, held as under:

  • Observed that, any person who enables the supply of goods/services between two persons, is considered as intermediary. As per the provisions of Section 2(13) of the IGST Act, OCA falls within the definition of ‘intermediary’.
  • Further observed that, as per the provisions of the Section 2(11) of the IGST Act, the services received by the Applicant is out of the ambit of “import of services” read with the provisions of Section 13(8) (b) of IGST Act as place of supply of service is out of India since the location of OCA, a intermediary, is UAE.
  • Noted that, intermediary services provided by the OCA is out of ambit of ‘import of services’ as per the provisions of Section 2(11) of the IGST Act, accordingly GST under RCM is not payable by the Applicant under provisions of Section 5(3) of the IGST Act on the commission paid for intermediary services to the OCA.
  • Held that, OCA is covered within the ambit of term ‘intermediary’ as per the provisions of section 2(13) of the IGST Act.
  • Further held that, services received by the Applicant from the OCA do not fall within the meaning of the term ‘import of services’ as provided under Section 2(11) of the IGST Act as place of supply is outside India. Accordingly, the Applicant is not required to pay GST on RCM basis under section 5(3) of the IGST Act on commission paid to the OCA.

Relevant Provisions:

Section 2(11) of the IGST Act:

“(11) ‘‘import of services” means the supply of any service, where––

(i) the supplier of service is located outside India;

(ii) the recipient of service is located in India; and

(iii) the place of supply of service is in India.”

Section 2(13) of the IGST Act:

“(13) “intermediary” means a broker, an agent or any other person, by whatever name called, who arranges or facilitates the supply of goods or services or both, or securities, between two or more persons, but does not include a person who supplies such goods or services or both or securities on his own account.”

Section 5(3) of the IGST Act:

“Levy and collection

5(3) The Government may, on the recommendations of the Council, by notification, specify categories of supply of goods or services or both, the tax on which shall be paid on reverse charge basis by the recipient of such goods or services or both and all the provisions of this Act shall apply to such recipient as if he is the person liable for paying the tax in relation to the supply of such goods or services or both.”

Section 13(8)(b) of the IGST Act:

“Place of supply of services where location of supplier or location of recipient is outside India. 

13(8) The place of supply of the following services shall be the location of the supplier of services, namely:––

(b) intermediary services.”

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DISCLAIMER: The views expressed are strictly of the author and A2Z Taxcorp LLP. The contents of this article are solely for informational purpose. It does not constitute professional advice or recommendation of firm. Neither the author nor firm and its affiliates accepts any liabilities for any loss or damage of any kind arising out of any information in this article nor for any actions taken in reliance thereon.

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