Case Law Details

Case Name : National Steel & Agro Industries Limited Vs Principal Commissioner, Central Goods & Service Tax & Central Excise(CESTAT Delhi)
Appeal Number : Excise Appeal No. 51303 of 2019
Date of Judgement/Order : 25/05/2021
Related Assessment Year :

National Steel & Agro Industries Limited Vs Principal Commissioner, Central Goods (CESTAT Delhi)

Rule 6(3A) proportionately divide the credit taken on common input services and credit attributable to exempted service was denied

Conclusion: Rule 6(3A) can only be used to only proportionately divide the credit taken on common input services and deny credit to the extent it is attributable to the exempted service viz., trading. The adjudicating authority had erred in taking the total turnover of traded goods as the value of trading service instead of following Explanation 1(c) to Rule 6 to calculate the value of trading service and it had also erred in reckoning the total credit taken instead of credit on common input services in calculating the amount of credit required to be reversed.

Held: Assessee-company had manufactured CR coils, CR galvanized sheets, CR galvanized color coated coils, etc., falling under Chapter 72 of the First Schedule to the Central Excise Tariff Act, 1985 and had been discharging Central Excise duty on the manufactured goods. It also traded in similar sheets. It availed CENVAT credit of duty paid on inputs and service tax paid on input services under the provisions of CENVAT Credit Rules, 2004. In the present appeals, assessee had taken no credit on inputs or input services used exclusively for exempted services and had taken credit only on the inputs and input services used in manufacture of dutiable goods. The only dispute was regarding the credit on common input services used in their headquarters which was transferred to the field units through ISD invoices. This credit could not be attributed wholly to either the dutiable goods manufactured or the exempted service rendered viz., trading. This should therefore, be apportioned. Adjudicating Authority, therefore, erred in taking the total credit taken (including credit taken on inputs and input services used exclusively for manufacture of dutiable goods) to calculate the amount of CENVAT credit that must be reversed under Rule 6(3A). For the period April 2016 to June 2017, this was clearly, against the explicit rule position as laid down in Rule 6(3A)(b). It was held since assessee had followed Rule 6(2) and had not taken any CENVAT credit on the input services which were used exclusively for providing exempted services, the formula under Rule 6(3A) can only be used to only proportionately divide the credit taken on common input services and deny credit to the extent it is attributable to the exempted service viz., trading during the periods relevant to both appeals, viz., 2015-16 and April 2016 to June 2017. To sum up, the main basis on which the demands were raised in both the Show Cause Notices had already been dropped by the adjudicating authority since assessee had reversed proportionate amount of credit attributable to exempted services. The adjudicating authority had erred in (a) taking the total turnover of traded goods as the value of trading service instead of following Explanation 1(c) to Rule 6 to calculate the value of trading service; the adjudicating authority has erred in reckoning the total credit taken instead of credit on common input services in calculating the amount of credit required to be reversed. The impugned orders, therefore, could not be sustained.

FULL TEXT OF THE CESTAT JUDGEMENT

Both these appeals have been filed against the impugned orders dated February 22, 2019 and November 20, 2019 and since they relate to the same issues, they are being disposed of together.

2. The appellant manufactures CR coils, CR galvanized sheets, CR galvanized color coated coils, etc., falling under Chapter 72 of the First Schedule to the Central Excise Tariff Act, 1985 and has been discharging Central Excise duty on the manufactured goods. The appellant also trades in similar sheets. The appellant avails CENVAT credit of duty paid on inputs and service tax paid on input services under the provisions of CENVAT Credit Rules, 20041.

3. Revenue felt that the appellant availed inadmissible credit on input services used for exempted services, viz., trading of goods and issued Show Cause Notice dated 27 March, 2018 demanding payment of an amount of Rs. 13,84,44,474/- for the period 2015­2016 under Rule 6(3)(i) of Cenvat Rules. This demand was partly confirmed to the tune of Rs. 6,21,72,263/- by the Order-in-Original dated February 22, 2019, which is impugned in Appeal No. E/51303/2019.

4. Another Show Cause Notice dated March 18, 2019 was issued covering the period from April 2016 to June 2017 demanding an amount of Rs. 21,35,06,000/- under Rule 6(3)(i) of Cenvat Rules. This demand was partly confirmed to the tune of Rs. 7,57,07,862/- by Order-in-Original dated November 20, 2019. This order is impugned in Appeal No. E/50236/2020-DB.

5. Learned counsel for the appellant submits that this dispute first arose during audit of the appellant‘s records for the period 2011-12 to 2012-13 conducted during February 2013 and July 2013. The appellant manufactures the goods and also trades in them and the latter activity is undisputedly, an exempted service. They have not availed CENVAT credit on the input services used exclusively for trading. However, there are common input services such as those used in their head office in Indore which cannot be attributed wholly to either manufacture or to the exempted service (trading). Their Head office is registered as an Input Service Distributor (ISD) and passes on the CENVAT credit of the services used in the head office to various units by issuing ISD invoices.

6. Earlier, for the period 2009-10 to 2013-14, audit raised an objection that since they had availed CENVAT credit on common input services, they have to pay an amount equal to 5%/6% of the value of the traded goods, in terms of Rule 6(3)(i) of the Cenvat Rules. They responded by instead, reversing proportionate amount of the amount of CENVAT credit attributable to the trading activity along with interest. Not agreeing with the reversal, the department issued show cause notices demanding amount under Rule 6(3)(i) which were confirmed. On appeal, the Tribunal, by Final Order dated 9.11.2017, allowed the appeal and set aside the demands.

7. They had similarly, reversed proportionate amount of credit for the subsequent year 2014-15 and the department again raised a demand which was also confirmed by the adjudicating authority and set aside by the Tribunal by Final Order dated 9.1.2018.

8. The present demands are for the subsequent periods 2015-16 and April 2016 to June 2017.

9. Learned counsel submits that Rule 3 of the Cenvat Rules allows CENVAT credit on all inputs and input services and capital goods received by the manufacturer. However, if the manufacturer also renders exempted services, Rule 6 of Cenvat Rules curtails the credit on inputs and input services used in rendering exempted services. This Rule provides different options to be followed by the manufacturer. Rule 6(2) provides for maintenance of separate accounts for receipt, consumption and inventory of various input services. If the manufacturer does not opt for it, Rule 6(3) provides for two alternatives:

a) Rule 6(3)(i) requires an amount equivalent to 6% /7% of the value of the exempted services to be paid;

b) Rule 6(3)(ii) provides for payment of an amount determined under Rule 6(3A) which is a methodology for calculating the proportionate credit inadmissible to the manufacturer which must be reversed.

10. Insofar as the input services used exclusively for provision of exempted service were concerned, they have maintained separate records as required under Rule 6(2) and not have not taken credit on such input services. In respect of the common input services, of the three options, the appellant opted the third, i.e., Rule 6(3)(ii) and paid an amount determined as per Rule 6(3A) even before the show cause notices were issued. However, the department issued show cause notices demanding an amount under Rule 6(3)(i) which is ex facie erroneous. It is for the assessee to chose any option he pleases and it is not open to the department to thrust any option upon them.

11.  If the assessee does not choose any of the options under rule 6(3), the availment of CENVAT credit will be irregular and, therefore, the department can issue a notice to disallow and recover the irregularly availed CENVAT credit. Even in such a case, the department cannot demand that assessee should follow a particular option under Rule 6(3) as has been held by the High Court of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh Tiara Advertising vs Union of India [2019 (10) TMI 27- Telangana and Andhra Pradesh High Court].

12. Once the proportionate amount of CENVAT credit is reversed, it is as good as non-availment of the CENVAT credit as has been held by the Supreme Court in Chandrapur Magnets Pvt Ltd. vs CCE [1996 (810 ELT 3 (SC)].

13. In the impugned orders, the Principal Commissioner agreed with this contention of the appellant but has re-worked the proportionate credit attributable to the exempted services and therefore, the demands confirmed are different and much smaller than the demands proposed in the show cause notices. In other words, he did not confirm the demand under Rule 6(3)(i) raised in the show cause notices but has only re-calculated the demand reversed by the appellant under Rule6 (3)(ii). This re-calculation was done by the adjudicating authority on the following two counts:

a) He considered the total CENVAT credit (including the credit which was availed exclusively with respect to manufacture of dutiable goods) and not the common input service credit;

b) He considered the total trading turnover as the value of exempted services rendered ignoring the Explanation I(c) to Rule 6(3) which clarifies that in case of trading, the value of the service shall be taken as 10% of the value of the goods traded.

14. Learned counsel submits that the adjudicating authority has, in the impugned order, included credit of even services which are exclusively used for manufacture of dutiable goods for calculating the amount of credit which is required to be reversed. Such credit is available in its entirety to the appellant in terms of Rule 3. This violates the very intent of Rule 6(1) which says that credit shall not be allowed on the input services used in exempted services- it does not say that anyone who provides exempted services also loses some of the credit otherwise admissible to him for manufacture of dutiable goods.

15. In order to bring parity with the underlying objective of Rule 6, Rule 6(3A) was amended by notification dated 1.3.2016 effective from 1.4.2016 by substituting Rule 6(3A)(b)(ii) to consider only the common input services and not the total input service credit for the purpose of computing the amount to be reversed.

16. Board has issued Circular dated 29.2.2016 in which it was clarified that the purpose of Rule 6 is to ―deny credit of such part of the total credit taken as is attributable to the exempted services and under no circumstances can be greater than the whole credit.‖

15. Learned counsel relies on CCE &ST, Rajkot vs Reliance Industries Ltd. [2019 (3) TMI 784 –CESTAT Ahmedabad] in which, in a case dealing with the unamended Rule, it was held that total CENVAT credit availed does not include the input services used exclusively for manufacture of dutiable goods.

16. Learned counsel submits that another anomaly in the impugned order for the period April 2016 to June 2017 (appeal no. E /50236/2020) is that it pertains to the period after amendment and the demand was confirmed in the impugned order relying on the unamended rules.

17. Learned Counsel also submitted that as far as the value of the exempted service (i.e., trading) reckoned in the impugned orders for calculating the amount to be reversed is concerned, the adjudicating authority has erroneously considered the total value of the goods traded as the value of the exempted service instead of the service element in it which should be only 10% of the goods traded or the difference between sale price and cost price as per Explanation 1(c) to Rule 6(3A).

18. Learned authorized representative of the department strongly supports the impugned orders.

19. We have considered the arguments on both sides.

20. The two show cause notices were issued demanding an amount equal to 6%/7% of the value of the exempted services which, according to the learned counsel was not required once proportionate amount of CENVAT credit of common input services attributable to the exempted services is reversed. This issue was settled in the orders of this Bench of the Tribunal for previous periods. This argument has also been accepted by the adjudicating authority in the impugned orders. Therefore, this is not a point of dispute to be decided.

21. The demands were partly confirmed only on the ground that the computation of the reversal was incorrect. The two issues which resulted in the dispute regarding the computation are:

a) What is the value of service in case of trading?

b) What should be considered as the value of credit taken- is it only the credit taken on the common input services or the entire credit taken on the input services? (for the pre 2016 period covered by the first appeal E 51303/2019 and the post 2016 period covered by E 50236/2020)?

22. During the period 2015 to 2016, Rule 6 was as follows: 2015 to 2016

RULE 6. Obligation of a manufacturer or producer of final products and a provider of output service.

(1) The CENVAT credit shall not be allowed on such quantity of input used in or in relation to the manufacture of exempted goods or for provision of exempted services, or input service used in or in relation to the manufacture of exempted goods and their clearance upto the place of removal or for provision of exempted services, except in the circumstances mentioned in sub-rule (2):

Provided that the CENVAT credit on inputs shall not be denied to job worker referred to in rule 12AA of the Central Excise Rules, 2002, on the ground that the said inputs are used in the manufacture of goods cleared without payment of duty under the provisions of that rule.

Explanation 1. – For the purposes of this rule, exempted goods or final products as defined in clauses (d) and (h) of rule 2 shal  include non-excisable goods cleared for a consideration from the factory.

Explanation 2. – Value of non-excisable goods for the purposes of this rule, shall be the invoice value and where such invoice value is not available, such value shall be determined by using reasonable means consistent with the principles of valuation contained in the Excise Act and the rules made thereunder.

(2) Where a manufacturer or provider of output service avails of CENVAT credit in respect of any inputs or input services and manufactures such final products or provides such output service which are chargeable to duty or tax as well as exempted goods or services, then, the manufacturer or provider of output service shall maintain separate accounts for –

(a) the receipt, consumption and inventory of inputs used –

(i) in or in relation to the manufacture of exempted goods;

(ii) in or in relation to the manufacture of dutiable final products excluding exempted goods;

(iii) for the provision of exempted services;

(iv) for the provision of output services excluding exempted services; and

(b) the receipt and use of input services —

(i) or in relation to the manufacture of exempted goods and their clearance upto the place of removal;

(ii) in or in relation to the manufacture of dutiable final products, excluding exempted goods, and their clearance upto the place of removal;

(iii) for the provision of exempted services; and

(iv) for the provision of output services excluding exempted services,

and shall take CENVAT credit only on inputs under sub-clauses (ii) and (iv) of clause (a) and input services under sub-clauses (ii) and (iv) of clause (b).

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-rules (1) and (2), the manufacturer of goods or the provider of output service, opting not to maintain separate accounts, shall follow any one of the following options, as applicable to him, namely :-

(i) pay an amount equal to six per cent of value of the exempted goods and seven per cent of value of the exempted services; or

(ii) pay an amount as determined under sub-rule (3A); or

(iii) maintain separate accounts for the receipt,

consumption and inventory of inputs as provided for in clause (a) of sub-rule (2), take CENVAT credit only on inputs under sub-clauses (ii) and (iv) of said clause (a) and pay an amount as determined under sub-rule (3A) in respect of input services. The provisions of sub-clauses (i) and (ii) of clause (b) and sub-clauses (i) and (ii) of clause (c) of sub-rule (3A) shall not apply for such payment:

Provided that if any duty of excise is paid on the exempted goods, the same shall be reduced from the amount payable under clause (i):

Provided further that if any part of the value of a taxable service has been exempted on the condition that to CENVAT credit of inputs and input services, used for providing such taxable service, shall be taken then the amount specified in clause (i) shall be seven per cent of the value so exempted.

Provided also that in case of transportation of goods or passengers by rail the amount required to be paid under clause (i) shall be an amount equal to 2 per cent. of value of the exempted services.

Explanation I. – If the manufacturer of goods or the provider of output service, avails any of the option under this sub-rule, he shall exercise such option for all exempted goods manufactured by him or, as the case may be, all exempted services provided by him, and such option shall not be withdrawn during the remaining part of the financial year.

Explanation II. For removal of doubt, it is hereby clarified that the credit shall not be allowed on inputs used exclusively in or in relation to the manufacture of exempted goods or for provision of exempted services and on input services used exclusively in or in relation to the manufacture of exempted goods and their clearance upto the place of removal or for provision of exempted services.

Explanation III. – No CENVAT credit shall be taken on the duty or tax paid on any goods and services that are not inputs or input services.

(3A) For determination and payment of amount payable under clause (ii) of sub-rule (3), the manufacturer of goods or the provider of output service shall follow the following procedure and conditions, namely :-

(a) while exercising this option, the manufacturer of goods or the provider of output service shall intimate in writing to the Superintendent of Central Excise giving the following particulars, namely :-

(i) name, address and registration No. of the manufacturer of goods or provider of output service;

(ii) date from which the option under this clause is exercised or proposed to be exercised;

(iii) description of dutiable goods or 9[output] services;

(iv) description of exempted goods or exempted services;

(v) CENVAT credit of inputs and input services lying in balance as on the date of exercising the option under this condition;

(b) the manufacturer of goods or the provider of output service shall, determine and pay, provisionally, for every month, –

(i) the amount equivalent to CENVAT credit attributable to inputs used in or in relation to manufacture of exempted goods, denoted as A;

(ii) the amount of CENVAT credit attributable to inputs used for provision of exempted services (provisional). (B/C) multiplied by D, where B denotes the total value of exempted services provided during the preceding financial year, C denotes the total value of dutiable goods manufactured and removed plus the total value of output services provided plus the total value of exempted services provided, during the preceding financial year and D denotes total CENVAT credit taken on inputs during the month minus A;

(iii) the amount attributable to input services used in or in relation to manufacture of exempted goods and their clearance upto the place of removal or provision of exempted services (provisional) = (E/F) multiplied by G, where E denotes total value of exempted services provided plus the total value of exempted goods manufactured and removed during the preceding financial year, F denotes total value of output and exempted services provided, and total value of dutiable and exempted goods manufactured and removed, during the preceding financial year, and G denotes total CENVAT credit taken on input services during the month;

(c) the manufacturer of goods or the provider of output service, shall determine finally the amount of CENVAT credit attributable to exempted goods and exempted services for the whole financial year in the following manner, namely :-

(i) the amount of CENVAT credit attributable to inputs used in or in relation to manufacture of exempted goods, on the basis of total quantity of inputs used in or in relation to manufacture of said exempted goods, denoted as H;

(ii) the amount of CENVAT credit attributable to inputs used for provision of exempted services = (3/K) multiplied by L, where 3 denotes the total value of exempted services provided during the financial year, K denotes the total value of dutiable goods manufactured and removed plus the total value of output services provided plus the total value of exempted services provided, during the financial year and L denotes total CENVAT credit taken on inputs during the financial year minus H;

(iii) the amount attributable to input services used in or in relation to manufacture of exempted goods and their clearance upto the place of removal or provision of exempted services = (M/N) multiplied by P, where M denotes total value of exempted services provided plus the total value of exempted goods manufactured and removed during the financial year, N denotes total value of output and exempted services provided, and total value of dutiable and exempted goods manufactured and removed, during the financial year, and P denotes total CENVAT credit taken on input services during the financial year;

(d) the manufacturer of goods or the provider of output service, shall pay an amount equal to – the difference between the aggregate amount determined as per condition (c) and the aggregate amount determined and paid as per condition (b), on or before the 30th June of the succeeding financial year, where the amount determined as per condition (c) is more than the amount paid;

(e) the manufacturer of goods or the provider of output service, shall, in addition to the amount short- paid, be liable to pay interest at the rate of twenty-four per cent. per annum from the due date, i.e., 30th June till the date of payment, where the amount short-paid is not paid within the said due date; where the amount determined as per condition (c) is less than the amount determined and paid as per condition (b), the said manufacturer of goods or the provider of output service may adjust the excess amount on his own, by taking credit of such amount;

(f) where the amount determined as per condition (c) is less than the amount determined and paid as per condition (b), the said manufacturer of goods or the provider of output service may adjust the excess amount on his own, by taking credit of such amount;

(g) the manufacturer of goods or the provider of output service shall intimate to the jurisdictional Superintendent of Central Excise, within a period of fifteen days from the date of payment or adjustment, as per condition (d) and (f) respectively, the following particulars, namely :-

(i) details of CENVAT credit attributable to exempted goods and exempted services, month wise, for the whole financial year, determined provisionally as per condition (b),

(ii) CENVAT credit attributable to exempted goods and exempted services for the whole financial year, determined as per condition (c),

(iii) amount short paid determined as per condition (d), alongwith the date of payment of the amount short-paid,

(iv) interest payable and paid, if any, on the amount short-paid, determined as per condition (e), and

(v) credit taken on account of excess payment, if any, determined as per condition (f);

(h) where the amount equivalent to CENVAT credit attributable to exempted goods or exempted services cannot be determined provisionally, as prescribed in condition (b), due to reasons that no dutiable goods were manufactured and no output service was provided in the preceding financial year, then the manufacturer of goods or the provider of output service is not required to determine and pay such amount provisionally for each month, but shall determine the CENVAT credit attributable to exempted goods or exempted services for the whole year as prescribed in condition (c) and pay the amount so calculated on or before 30th June of the succeeding financial year.

(i) where the amount determined under condition (h) is not paid within the said due date, i.e., the 30th June, the manufacturer of goods or the provider of output service shall, in addition to the said amount, be liable to pay interest at the rate of twenty four per cent. per annum from the due date till the date of payment.

(3B) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-rules (1), (2) and (3), a banking company and a financial institution including a non-banking financial company, engaged in providing services by way of extending deposits, loans or advances shall pay for every month an amount equal to fifty per cent. of the CENVAT credit availed on inputs and input services in that month.

(3C)

(3D) Payment of an amount under sub-rule (3) shall be deemed to be CENVAT credit not taken for the purpose of an exemption notification wherein any exemption is granted on the condition that no CENVAT credit of inputs and input services shall be taken.

Explanation I. – “Value” for the purpose of sub-rules (3) and (3A), —

(a) shall have the same meaning as assigned to it under section 67 of the Finance Act, read with rules made thereunder or, as the case may be, the value determined under section 3, 4 or 4A of the Excise Act, read with rules made thereunder;

(b) in the case of a taxable service, when the option available under sub-rules (7), (7A), (7B) or (7C) of rule 6 of the Service Tax Rules, 1994, has been availed, shall be the value on which the rate of service tax under section 66B of the Finance Ad, read with an exemption notification, if any, relating to such rate, when applied for calculation of service tax results in the same amount of tax as calculated under the option availed;

(c) in case of trading, shall be the difference between the sale price and the cost of goods sold (determined as per the generally accepted accounting principles without including the expenses incurred towards their purchase) or ten per cent. of the cost of goods sold, whichever is more;

(d) in case of trading of securities, shall be the difference between the sale price and the purchase price of the securities traded or one per cent. of the purchase price of the securities traded, whichever is more;

(e) shall not include the value of services by way of extending deposits, loans or advances in so far as the consideration is represented by way of interest or discount.]

Explanation II. – The amount mentioned in sub-rules (3), (3A) 7[and (3B)], unless specified otherwise, shall be paid by the manufacturer of goods or the provider of output service by debiting the CENVAT credit or otherwise on or before the 5th day of the following month except for the month of March, when such payment shall be made on or before the 31st day of the month of March.

Explanation III. – If the manufacturer of goods or the provider of output service fails to pay the amount payable under sub-rules (3), (3A) 8[and (313)], it shall be recovered, in the manner as provided in rule 14, for recovery of CENVAT credit wrongly taken.

(6) Any notice issued but not adjudged by any of the Central Excise Officer administering the Act or rules made thereunder immediately before the date of grant of acceptance by the “[Principal Chief Commissioner of Central Excise or Chief Commissioner of Central Excise, as the case may be], Large Tax Payer Unit, shall be deemed to have been issued by Central Excise officers of the said Unit.

(7) Provisions of these rules, insofar as they are not inconsistent with the provisions of this rule shall mutatis mutandis apply in case of a large tax payer.]‖

23. During the period from April 2016 to June 2017, the Rule 6 is as follows:

RULE 6. 0bligation of a manufacturer or producer of final products and a ‘provider of output service (1) The CENVAT credit shall not be allowed on such quantity of input as is used in or in relation to the manufacture of exempted goods or for provision of exempted services, or input service as is used in or in relation to the manufacture of exempted goods and their clearance upto the place of removal or for provision of exempted services and the credit not allowed shall be calculated and paid by the manufacturer or the provider of output service, in terms of the provisions of sub-rule (2) or sub-rule (3), as the case may be :

Provided that the CENVAT credit on inputs shall not be denied to job worker referred to in rule 12AA of the Central Excise Rules, 2002, on the ground that the said inputs are used in the manufacture of goods cleared without payment of duty under the provisions of that rule.

Explanation 1. – For the purposes of this rule, exempted goods or final products as defined in clauses (d) and (h) of rule 2 shall include non-excisable goods cleared for a consideration from the factory.

Explanation 2. – Value of non-excisable goods for the purposes of this rule, shall be the invoice value and where such invoice value is not available, such value shall be determined by using reasonable means consistent with the principles of valuation contained in the Excise Act and the rules made thereunder.

Explanation 3. – For the purposes of this rule, exempted services as defined in clause (e) of rule 2 shall include an activity, which is not a ‘service’ as defined in section 65B(44) of the Finance Act, 1994 1provided that such activity has used inputs or input services.

Explanation 4. – Value of such an activity as specified above in Explanation 3, shall be the invoice/agreement/contract value and where such value is not available, such value shall be determined by using reasonable means consistent with the principles of valuation contained in the Finance Act, 1994 and the rules made thereunder.

(2) A manufacturer who exclusively manufactures exempted goods for their clearance upto the place of removal or a service provider who exclusively provides exempted services shall pay the whole amount of credit of input and input services and shall, in effect, not be eligible for credit of any inputs and input services.

(3) (a) A manufacturer who manufactures two classes of goods, namely :-

(i) non-exempted goods removed;

(ii) exempted goods removed;

or

(b) a provider of output service who provides two classes of services, namely :-

(i) non-exempted services;

(ii) exempted services,

shall follow any one of the following options applicable to him, namely

(i) pay an amount equal to six per cent. of value of the exempted goods and seven per cent. of value of the exempted services subject to a maximum of the sum total of opening balance of the credit of input and input services available at the beginning of the period to which the payment relates and the credit of input and input services taken during that period;

or

(ii) pay an amount as determined under sub-rule (3A) :

Provided that if any duty of excise is paid on the exempted• goods, the same shall be reduced from the amount payable under clause (i) :

Provided further that if any part of the value of a taxable service has been exempted on the condition that no CENVAT credit of inputs and input services, used for providing such taxable service, shall be taken then the amount specified in clause (i) shall be seven per cent. of the value so exempted :

Provided also that in case of transportation of goods or passengers by rail, the amount required to be paid under clause (i) shall be an amount equal to two per cent. of value of the exempted services.

Explanation 1. – If the manufacturer of goods or the provider of output service, avails any of the option under this sub-rule, he shall exercise such option for all exempted goods manufactured by him or, as the case may be, all exempted services provided by him, and such option shall not be withdrawn during the remaining part of the financial year.

Explanation 2. – No CENVAT credit shall be taken on the duty or tax paid on any goods and services that are not inputs or input services.

Explanation 3. – For the purposes of this sub-rule and sub-rule (3A),-

(a) “non-exempted goods removed” means the final products excluding exempted goods manufactured and cleared upto the place of removal;

(b) “exempted goods removed” means the exempted goods manufactured and cleared upto the place of removal;

(c) “non-exempted services” means the output services excluding exempted services.

(3A) For determination of amount required to be paid under clause (ii) of sub-rule (3), the manufacturer of goods or the provider of output service shall follow the following procedure and conditions, namely-

(a) the manufacturer of goods or the provider of output service shall intimate in writing to the Superintendent of Central Excise giving the following particulars, namely :-

(i) name, address and registration number of the manufacturer of goods or provider of output service;

(ii) date from which the option under this clause is exercised or proposed to be exercised;

(iii) description of inputs and input services used exclusively in or in relation to the manufacture of exempted goods removed or for provision of exempted services and description of such exempted goods removed and such exempted services provided;

(iv) description of inputs and input services used exclusively in or in relation to the manufacture of non-exempted goods removed or for the provision of non-eixempted services and description of such non-exempted goods removed and non-exempted services provided;

(v) CENVAT credit of inputs and input services lying in balance as on the date of exercising the option under this condition;

(b) the manufacturer of final products or the provider of output service shall determine the credit required to be paid, out of this total credit of inputs and input services taken during the month, denoted as T, in the following sequential steps and provisionally pay every month, the amounts determined under sub-clauses (i) and (iv), namely :-

(i) the amount of CENVAT credit attributable to inputs and input services used exclusively in or in relation to the manufacture of exempted goods removed or for provision of exempted services shall be called ineligible credit, denoted as A, and shall be paid;

(ii) the amount of CENVAT credit attributable to inputs and input services used exclusively in or in relation to the manufacture of non-exempted goods removed or for the provision of non- exempted services shall be called eligible credit, denoted as B, and shall not be required to be paid;

(iii) credit left after attribution of credit under sub-clauses (i) and (ii) shall be called common credit, denoted as C and calculated as,-

C = T – (A + B);

Explanation. – Where the entire credit has been attributed under sub-clauses (i) and (ii), namely ineligible credit or eligible credit, there shall be left no common credit for further attribution.

(iv) the amount of common credit attributable towards exempted goods removed or for provision of exempted services shall be called ineligible common credit, denoted as D and calculated as follows and shall be paid, –

D = (E/F) x C;

where E is the sum total of —

(a) value of exempted services provided; and

(b) value of exempted goods removed, during the preceding financial year;

where F is the sum total of –

(a) value of non-exempted services provided,

(b) value of exempted services provided,

(c) value of non-exempted goods removed, and

(d) value of exempted goods removed, during the preceding financial year :

Provided that where no final products were manufactured or no output service was provided in the preceding financial year, the CENVAT credit attributable to ineligible common credit shall be deemed to be fifty per cent. of the common credit;

(v) remainder of the common credit shall be called eligible common credit and denoted as G, where,-

G=C-D;

Explanation.- For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that out of the total credit T, which is sum total of A, B, D, and G, the manufacturer or the provider of the output service shall be able to attribute provisionally and retain credit of B and G, namely, eligible credit and eligible common credit and shall provisionally pay the amount of credit of A and D, namely, ineligible credit and ineligible common credit.

(vi) where manufacturer or the provider of the output service fails to pay the amount determined under sub-clause (i) or sub-clause (iv), he shall be liable to pay the interest from the due date of payment till the date of payment of such amount, at the rate of fifteen per cent. per annum;

(c) the manufacturer or the provider of output service shall determine the amount of CENVAT credit attributable to exempted goods removed and provision of exempted services for the whole of financial year, out of the total credit denoted as T (Annual) taken during the whole of financial year in the following manner, namely :-

(i) the CENVAT credit attributable to inputs and input services used exclusively in or in relation to the manufacture of exempted goods removed or for provision of exempted services on the basis of inputs and input services actually so used during the financial year, shall be called Annual ineligible credit and denoted as A(Annual);

(ii) the CENVAT credit attributable to inputs and input services used exclusively in or in relation to the manufacture of non-exempted goods removed or for the provision of non-exempted services on the basis of inputs and input services actually so used shall be called Annual eligible credit and denoted as B(Annual);

(iii) common credit left for further attribution shall be denoted as C(Annual) and calculated as, –

C(Annual) = T(Annual) – [A(Annual) + B(Annual)];

(iv) common credit attributable towards exempted goods removed or for provision of exempted services shall be called Annual ineligible common credit, denoted by D(Annual) and shall be calculated as, –

D(Annual) = (H/I) x C(Annual);

where H is sum total of-

(a) value of exempted services provided; and

(b) value of exempted goods removed; during the financial year;

where I is sum total of –

(a) value of non-exempted services provided,

(b) value of exempted services provided,

(c) value of non-exempted goods removed; and

(d) value of exempted goods removed;

during the financial year;

(d) the manufacturer or the provider of output service shall pay on or before the 30th June of the succeeding financial year, an amount equal to difference between the total of the amount of Annual ineligible credit and Annual ineligible common credit and the aggregate amount of ineligible credit and ineligible common credit for the period of whole year, namely, (A(Annual) + D(Annual)) – (A+D) aggregated for the whole year), where the former of the two amounts is greater than the later;

(e) where the amount under clause (d) is not paid by the 30th June of the succeeding financial year, the manufacturer of goods or the provider of output service, shall, in addition to the amount of credit so paid under clause (d), be liable to pay on such amount an interest at the rate of fifteen per cent. Per annum, from the 30th June of the succeeding financial year till the date of payment of such amount;

(f) the manufacturer or the provider of output service, shall at the end of the financial year, take credit of amount equal to difference between the total of the amount of the aggregate of ineligible credit and ineligible common credit paid during the whole year and the total of the amount of annual ineligible credit and annual ineligible common credit, namely, (A+D) aggregated for the whole year) –

A(Annual) t D(Annual), where the former of the two amounts is greater than the later;

(g) the manufacturer of the goods or the provider of output service shall intimate to the jurisdictional Superintendent of Central Excise, within a period of fifteen days from the date of payment or adjustment, as per the provisions of clauses (d), (e) and (0 , the following particulars, namely :-

(i) details of credit attributed towards eligible credit, ineligible credit, eligible common credit and ineligible common credit, month-wise, for the whole financial year, determined as per the provisions of clause (b);

(ii) CENVAT credit annually attributed to eligible credit, ineligible credit, eligible common credit and ineligible common credit for the whole of financial year, determined as per the provisions of clause (c);

(iii) amount determined and paid as per the provisions of clause (d), if any, with the date of payment of the amount;

(iv) interest payable and paid, if any, determined as per the provisions of clause (e); and

(v) credit determined and taken as per the provisions of clause (f), if any, with the date of taking the credit

(3AA) Where a manufacturer or a provider of output service has failed to exercise the option under — sub-rule (3) and follow the procedure provided under sub-rule (3A), the Central Excise Officer competent to adjudicate a case based on amount of CENVAT credit involved, may allow such manufacturer or provider of output service to follow the procedure and pay the amount referred to in clause (ii) of sub-rule (3), calculated for each of the months, mutatis-mutandis in terms of clause (c) of sub-rule (3A), with interest calculated at the rate of fifteen per cent. per annum from the due date for payment of amount for each of the month, till the date of payment thereof.

(3AB) Assessee who has opted to pay an amount under clause (ii) or clause (iii) of sub-rule (3) in the financial year 2015-16, shall pay the amount along with interest or take credit for the said financial year in terms of clauses (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), (h) or (i) of sub-rule (3A), as they prevail on the day of publication of this notification and for this purpose these provisions shall be deemed to be in existence till the 30th June, 2016.]

(3B) A banking company and a financial institution including a non-banking financial company, engaged in providing services by way of extending deposits, loans or advances, in addition to options given in sub-rules (1), (2) and (3), shall have the option to pay for every month an amount equal to fifty per cent. of the CENVAT credit availed on inputs and input services in that month.]

3(3C) * *

(3D) Payment of an amount under sub-rule (3) shall be deemed to be CENVAT credit not taken for the purpose of an exemption notification wherein any exemption is granted on the condition that no CENVAT credit of inputs and input services shall be taken.

Explanation I. – “Value” for the purpose of sub-rules (3) and (3A), —

(a) shall have the same meaning as assigned to it under section 67 of the Finance Act, read with rules made thereunder or, as the case may be, the value determined under section 3, 4 or 4A of the Excise Act, read with rules made thereunder;

(b) in the case of a taxable service, when the option available under sub-rules (7), (7A), (7B) or (7C) of rule 6 of the Service Tax Rules, 1994, has been availed, shall be the value on which the rate of service tax under section 66B of the Finance Act, read with an exemption notification, if any, relating to such rate, when applied for calculation of service tax results in the same amount of tax as calculated under the option availed;

(c) in case of trading, shall be the difference between the sale price and the cost of goods sold(determined as per the generally accepted accounting principles without including the expenses incurred towards their purchase) or ten per cent. of the cost of goods sold, whichever is more;

(d) in case of trading of securities, shall be the difference between the sale price and the purchase price of the securities traded or one per cent. of the purchase price of the securities traded, whichever is more;

(e) shall not include the value of services by way of extending deposits, loans or advances in so far as the consideration is represented by way of interest or discount.]

Explanation II. – The amount mentioned in sub-rules (3), (3A) 1[and (3B)], unless specified otherwise, shall be paid by the manufacturer of goods or the provider of output service by debiting the CENVAT credit or otherwise on or before the 5th day of the following month except for the month of March, when such payment shall be made on or before the 31st day of the month of March.

Explanation III. – If the manufacturer of goods or the provider of output service fails to pay the amount payable under sub-rules (3), (3A) 2jand (3B)], it shall be recovered, in the manner as provided in rule 14, for recovery of CENVAT credit wrongly taken.

Explanation IV. – In case of a manufacturer who avails the exemption under a notification based on the value of clearances in a financial year and a service provider who is an individual or proprietary firm or partnership firm, the expressions, “following month” and “month of March” occurring in sub-rules (3) and (3A) shall be read respectively as “following quarter” and “quarter ending with the month of March”.

(4) No CENVAT credit shall he allowed on capital goods used exclusively in the manufacture of exempted goods or in providing exempted services for a period of two years from the date of commencement of the commercial production or provision of services, as the case may be, other than the final products or output services which are exempt from the whole of the duty of excise leviable thereon under any notification where exemption is granted based upon the value or quantity of clearances made or services provided in a financial year:

Provided that where capital goods are received after the date of commencement of commercial production or provision of services, as the case may be, the period of two years shall be computed from the date of installation of such capital goods.]

[5 ) *

(6) The provisions of sub-rules (1), (2), (3) and (4) shall not be applicable in case the excisable good removed without payment of duty are either –

(i) cleared to a unit in a special economic zone or to a developer of a special economic zone for their authorised operations; or]

(ii) cleared to a hundred per cent. export-oriented undertaking; or

(iii) cleared to a unit in art Electronic Hardware Technology Park or Software Technology Park; or

(iv) supplied to the United Nations or an international organization for their official use or supplied to projects funded by them, on which exemption of duty is available under notification of the Government of India in the Ministry of Finance (Department of Revenue) No. 108 /95-Central Excise, dated the 28th August, 1995, number G.S.R. 602(E), dated the 28th August, 1995; or

(iva) supplied for the use of foreign diplomatic missions or consular missions or career consular offices or diplomatic agents in terms of the provisions of Notification No. 12/2012-Central Excise, dated the 17th March, 2012, number GS.R. 163(E), dated the 17th March, 2012]; or]

(v) cleared for export under bond in terms of the provisions of the Central Excise Rules, 2002; or

(vi) gold or silver falling within Chapter 71 of the said First Schedule, arising in the course of manufacture of copper or ![zinc by smelting; or]

(vii) all goods which are exempt from the duties of customs leviable under the First Schedule to the Customs Tariff Act, 1975 (51 of 1975) and the additional duty leviable under sub-section (1) of section 3 of the said Customs Tariff Act when imported into India and are supplied, —

(a) against International Competitive Bidding; or

(b) to a power project from which power supply has been tied up through tariff based competitive bidding; or

(c) to a power project awarded to a developer through tariff based competitive bidding,

in terms of Notification No. 12/2012-Central Excise, dated the 17th March, 2012];

(viii) supplies made for setting up of solar power generation projects or facilities.]

(ix) Ethanol produced from molasses generated from cane crushed in the sugar season 2015-16 i.e. 1st October, 2015 onwards, for supply to the public sector oil marketing companies, namely, Indian Oil Corporation Ltd., Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd. or Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd., for the purposes of blending with petrol, in terms of the provisions of S. No. 40A of the Table in Notification No. 12/2012-Central Excise, dated the 17th March, 2012, number G.S.R. 163(E), dated that 17th March, 2012.

(6A) The provisions of sub-rules (1), (2), (3) and (4) shall not be applicable in case the taxable services are provided, without payment of service tax, to a unit in a Special Economic Zone or to a developer of a Special Economic Zone for their authorised operations.]

[(7) The provisions of sub-rules (1), (2), (3) and (4) shall not be applicable in case the taxable services are provided, without payment of service tax, to a unit in a Special Economic Zone or to a developer of a Special Economic Zone for their authorised operations or when a service is exported lor when a service is provided or agreed to be provided by way of transportation of goods by a vessel from customs station of clearance in India to a place outside India.]

(8) For the purpose of this rule, a service provided or agreed to be provided shall not be an exempted service when :-

(a) the service satisfies the conditions specified under rule 6A of the Service Tax Rules, 1994 and the payment for the service is to be received in convertible foreign currency; and

(b) such payment has not been received for a period of six months or such extended period as may be allowed from time-to-time by the Reserve Bank of India, from the date of provision :

Provided that if such payment is received after the specified or extended period allowed by the Reserve Bank of India but within one year from such period, the service provider shall be entitled to take the credit of the amount equivalent to the CENVAT credit paid earlier in terms of sub-rule (3) to the extent it relates to such payment, on the basis of documentary evidence of the payment so received.‖

24. Undisputedly, trading is a form of service and no service tax is leviable on it and hence it is an exempted service. Usually the amount one pays to a service provider is the value of the services. For example, what one pays a doctor, dentist, lawyer, hair dresser, etc. represents the value of their services. Unlike other services, the amount transacted in trading represent not only the service rendered by trader but also the value of the goods delivered. The service element cannot be the total turnover of the goods traded but is only a small fraction of the turnover. This turnover represents the value of the goods plus the value of the service rendered by the trader. For example, if a trader buys a sack of rice for Rs. 4,500 and sells it for Rs.5,000 the buyer is paying Rs. 5,000 for getting the rice at a place convenient to him and not for the service of the trader alone. The trader is only rendering the service of bringing the rice from the wholesaler and making it available to the consumer. The trader renders the service of convenience to the buyer and buys the rice for Rs. 4,500 and sells it for Rs. 5,000 and Rs. 500 is the value of his service. This special nature of the trading as a service has been taken into account in Rule 6. Explanation I(c) to this Rule for both the relevant periods (2015-16 and April 2016 to June 2017) clearly specifies that in case of trading service, the value of the service is the difference between the buying and selling price or 10% of the traded goods whichever is higher. The adjudicating authority erred in not taking this Explanation into account while calculating the amount required to be reversed as per Rule 6(3A) and reckoning the total trading turnover as the value of the exempted services rendered.

25. The next question to be considered is whether only the CENVAT credit taken on common input service should be considered or the entire CENVAT credit taken should be considered for calculating the proportionate amount of CENVAT to be reversed as per Rule 6(3A). For the period April 2016 to June 2017, Rule 6 (3A)(b) lays down the procedure as follows:

(b) the manufacturer of final products or the provider of output service shall determine the credit required to be paid, out of this total credit of inputs and input services taken during the month, denoted as T, in the following sequential steps and provisionally pay every month, the amounts determined under sub-clauses (i) and (iv), namely :-

(i) the amount of CENVAT credit attributable to inputs and input services used exclusively in or in relation to the manufacture of exempted goods removed or for provision of exempted services shall be called ineligible credit, denoted as A, and shall be paid;

(ii) the amount of CENVAT credit attributable to inputs and input services used exclusively in or in relation to the manufacture of non-exempted goods removed or for the provision of non- exempted services shall be called eligible credit, denoted as B, and shall not be required to be paid;

(iii) credit left after attribution of credit under sub-clauses (i) and (ii) shall be called common credit, denoted as C and calculated as,-

C = T – (A + B);

Explanation. – Where the entire credit has been attributed under sub-clauses (i) and (ii), namely ineligible credit or eligible credit, there shall be left no common credit for further attribution.

(iv) the amount of common credit attributable towards exempted goods removed or for provision of exempted services shall be called ineligible common credit, denoted as D and calculated as follows and shall be paid, –

D = (E/F) x C;

where E is the sum total of —

(a) value of exempted services provided; and

(b) value of exempted goods removed, during the preceding financial year;

where F is the sum total of –

(a) value of non-exempted services provided,

(b) value of exempted services provided,

(c) value of non-exempted goods removed, and

(d) value of exempted goods removed, during the

(e) preceding financial year

26. It is clear from the above, that the final amount to be debited as inadmissible CENVAT credit under Rule 6(3A) is D=(E/F)xC where, E represents the sum of value of exempted goods and exempted services, F represents the sum of value of exempted and dutiable goods as well as exempted and non-exempted services. ‘C‘ is calculated as C = T –(A+B) where T is the total credit taken, A is the credit on inputs and input services used exclusively in the exempted goods and exempted services and hence ineligible and B represents the credit on inputs and input services used exclusively in dutiable goods and non-exempted services. In other words, C represents only the credit taken on the common inputs and input services.

27. In the present appeals, the appellant has taken no credit on inputs or input services used exclusively for exempted services and had taken credit only on the inputs and input services used in manufacture of dutiable goods. The only dispute is regarding the credit on common input services used in their headquarters which was transferred to the field units through ISD invoices. This credit cannot be attributed wholly to either the dutiable goods manufactured or the exempted service rendered viz., trading. This should therefore, be apportioned. The adjudicating authority, therefore, erred in taking the total credit taken (including credit taken on inputs and input services used exclusively for manufacture of dutiable goods) to calculate the amount of CENVAT credit that must be reversed under Rule 6(3A). For the period April 2016 to June 2017, this was clearly, against the explicit rule position as laid down in Rule 6(3A)(b) discussed above.

28. Insofar as the period 2015- 2016 is concerned, during the relevant period, Rule 6(3A) (c) (iii) read as follows:

(iii) the amount attributable to input services used in or in relation to manufacture of exempted goods and their clearance upto the place of removal or provision of exempted services = (M/N) multiplied by P, where M denotes total value of exempted services provided plus the total value of exempted goods manufactured and removed during the financial year, N denotes total value of output and exempted services provided, and total value of dutiable and exempted goods manufactured and removed, during the financial year, and P denotes total CENVAT credit taken on input services during the financial year;

29. In this formula, there is no dispute regarding the values of M (the value of exempted services and exempted goods) and N (total of exempted and non-exempted services and dutiable and exempted goods). The dispute is regarding ‘P‘ which, according to the Revenue, is ‘the total CENVAT Credit taken on input services‘, i.e., it should include not only the credit taken on common input services but also credit taken on input services used in manufacture of dutiable goods. According to the appellant only the CENVAT credit taken on common input services should be considered as the total CENVAT Credit taken since that is the credit in dispute which can be disallowed in proportion to the value of the exempted services to the total turnover.

30. To appreciate this issue, Rule 6 must be read as a whole while interpreting this formula. Rule 6(1) prohibits any credit on inputs and input services used in or in relation to exempted goods or exempted services. The rationale of this provision is evident. CENVAT credit enables one to use the credit to reduce duty or tax liability on the output goods or services. If they are not chargeable to duty or tax, one cannot take credit either. However, there are those who produce both dutiable and exempted goods and taxable and exempted services. Rule 6(2) deals with such situations and requires such a person to maintain separate records and take credit only the inputs and input services which are used for manufacture of dutiable goods or provision of taxable services. However, if one produces both dutiable and exempted goods and provides both taxable and exempted services and chooses not maintain separate records, Rule 6(3) gives different options of paying an amount as a percentage of the value of the exempted goods and services or reversing an amount of credit taken. In the factual matrix of this case, the appellant has followed Rule 6(2) and maintained separate records and has not taken credit on the inputs and input services used in provision of exempted service viz., trading and has taken credit only on the inputs and input services used in manufacture of dutiable goods.

31. However, there are some services used in the headquarters office of the appellant which cannot be attributed completely to either the manufacture of dutiable goods or to the provision of exempted services viz., trading. The only option in respect of such services is to divide the credit on such input services in proportion to the value of the dutiable goods and exempted services and deny credit to the extent it is attributable to the exempted services using the formula under Rule 6(3A). Therefore, the total credit taken in the formula under Rule 6(3A) can only refer to such credit as is not covered by Rule 6(2), i.e., credit on common input services. Only such an interpretation is harmonious with the restriction on credit laid down under Rule 6(1) and the provision for maintenance of separate records under Rule 6(2). We do not find anything in the CENVAT Rules which prohibits an assessee from following Rule 6(2) in respect of the inputs and input services where it is feasible to maintain separate records and follow Rule 6(3A) in case of such inputs or input services where it is not feasible to do so. It would have been a different situation if the appellant had not followed Rule 6(2) at all and took credit on all the inputs and input services regardless of whether they are attributable to the manufacture of dutiable goods or provision of exempted services. Then the total CENVAT credit taken during a year would have included all the CENVAT credit taken.

32. We concur with a similar view taken by a coordinate Bench at Ahmedabad in Reliance Industries Paragaph 8 of the decision is reproduced below:

―8. From the reading of Rule 6(1), it is clear that only in respect of input or input service used in exempted goods are not allowed. That means input or input service used in taxable service/dutiable goods, CENVAT credit is allowed. Sub-rule (2) of Rule 6 is only as an option that if any input or input services used in exempted goods, credit should not be allowed and only with this intention some mechanisms for expunging CENVAT credit attributed only to the exempted goods are provided. As per clause (b) (ii) & (iv), it is clearly provided that entire credit in respect of receipt and use of inputs/ input service is allowed when such input and input service is used in dutiable final products and taxable service. However, nowhere in Rule 6 it is provided that the input or input service used in dutiable goods shall not be allowed. The Revenue is only interpreting the term ―total CENVAT creditprovided under the formula. If the whole Rule 6(1)(2)(3) is read harmoniously and conjointly, it is clear that ―Total CENVAT Creditfor the purpose of formula under Rule 6(3A) is only total CENVAT credit of common input service and will not include the CENVAT credit on input/ input service exclusively used for the manufacture of dutiable goods. If the interpretation of the Revenue is accepted, then the CENVAT credit of part of input service even though used in the manufacture of dutiable goods, shall stand disallowed, which is not provided under any of the Rule of CENVAT Credit Rules, 2004.

(emphasis supplied)

33. Since the appellant has followed Rule 6(2) and has not taken any CENVAT credit on the input services which were used exclusively for providing exempted services, the formula under Rule 6(3A) can only be used to only proportionately divide the credit taken on common input services and deny credit to the extent it is attributable to the exempted service viz., trading during the periods relevant to both appeals, viz., 2015-16 and April 2016 to June 2017.

34. To sum up, the main basis on which the demands were raised in both the Show Cause Notices have already been dropped by the adjudicating authority since the appellant had reversed proportionate amount of credit. Only the computation of the amount to be reversed is in dispute. The adjudicating authority has erred in (a) taking the total turnover of traded goods as the value of trading service instead of following Explanation 1(c) to Rule 6 to calculate the value of trading service; (b) For the periods covered in both appeals, the adjudicating authority has erred in reckoning the total credit taken instead of credit on common input services in calculating the amount of credit required to be reversed. The impugned orders, therefore, cannot be sustained.

35. Both the appeals are allowed and the impugned orders are set aside with consequential relief, if any. The Cross-Objection is rejected

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