MSME stands for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises. In a developing country like India, MSME industries are the backbone of the economy.
This article is an attempt to clear the confusions.
What are MSME?
As per the ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’ scheme announced on 13th May, 2020-
*The definition of Investment and Annual Turnover are yet to be notified.
|Atma Nirbhar Bharat: Part-1: Businesses including MSMEs||https://taxguru.in/finance/aatmanirbhar-bharat-abhiyaan-support-indian-economy.html|
|Atma Nirbhar Bharat: Part-2: Poor, including migrants and farmers||https://taxguru.in/finance/atma-nirbhar-bharat-part-2-poor-including-migrants-and-farmers.html|
The Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme (CGS) for Micro and Small Enterprises was launched by the GOI to make available collateral-free credit to the micro and small en-terprise sector. Both the existing and the new enterprises are eligible to be covered under the scheme. The Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, Government of India and Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI), established a Trust named Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGTMSE) to implement the Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme for Micro and Small Enterprises.
Under this scheme, new technology is provided to the business owners to replace their old and obsolete tech-nology. A capital subsidy is given to the business to upgrade and have better means to do their business. The small, micro and medium enterprises can directly approach the banks for these subsidies.
This scheme helps innovators with the implementation of their new design, ideas or products. Under this from 75% to 80% of the project cost can be financed by the government. This scheme promotes new ideas, designs, products etc.
Rate of Interests are lower for the registered ones as compared to other enterprises. Public sector banks are permitted to categorize their MSME general banking branches as specialized MSME branches having 60% or more of their advances to MSME sector. This is to provide for a better service to this sector as a whole.
New Benefits under “Atmanirbhar Bharat Scheme”
How to become a MSME?
-Any existing functioning or new business set up fulfilling the eligibility criteria can apply for MSME registration through https://udyogaadhaar.gov.in/ , national portal for registration of MSME.
Before starting the process, ensure that you have an Aadhar Card. Aadhar Card is compulsory in the registration of MSME. In case you do not have one, an application is to be filled online .
A sample of Udyog aadhaar memorandum(UAM) is attached .
Q 1.Can Trading Enterprises register under MSME?
Ans: No. MSME covers only manufacturing and service industries. Trading companies are not covered by the scheme.
One of the schemes for the benefit of MSME was -”Interest Subvention Scheme to MSMEs 2018” which was implemented for FY 2018-19 and FY 2019-20 ,whereby 2% relief was given to MSME on interest on outstanding loan. This benefit was extended to trading activities without Udyog Aadhar Number also- RBI circular No. RBI/2019-20/155 dated Feb 5,2020
The above benefit should not be confused with the basic parameter for registration. Only manufacturing and service sectors are covered for MSME registration.
Q 2.What are the activities specifically excluded from coverage under MSME?
Ans: Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) has clarified as per notification S.O 2576 (E) dated 18.09.2015 and subsequent notification no S.O 85(E) dated 10.1.2017, activities that would be specifically not included in the manufacturing or service sector.
NIC CODE Activity
02 Forest and Logging
03 Fishing and aquaculture
45 Wholesale, retail trade and repair of motor vehicle and motorcycles
46 Wholesale trade except for motor vehicles and motorcycles.
47 Retail Trade Except of Motor Vehicles and motor cycles
97 Activities of households as employees for domestic personnel
98 Undifferentiated goods and services producing activities of private house-holds for own
99 Activities of extraterritorial organizations and bodies
*All the views expressed above are subjected to the first series of Atmanirbhar Bharat Scheme. Further development and clarifications, if notified, may affect the opinion of the Author.