Although there are many laws governing wages of blue collar workers, there is no specific law for remuneration or salary of top managerial level personnel. The Managerial personnel are generally paid on the basis of their experience and their worth to management, so their remuneration package are generally high and consist of other perquisites also. Sometimes, even when organization has not incurred profits, managerial level is paid high remuneration irrespective of its burden on company financial conditions. There are many cases, where the top management have taken the advantaged of their place for their own personal benefit at the cost of company’s long run growth and functioning.
The Companies Act, 2013 has a provision to keep a tab on such type of malpractices under section 197 read with other applicable rules and schedule. Kindly note that this provision if applicable to only public companies. Now let us go through its important points to be notes and kept in mind while fixing a remuneration of managerial personnel:-
If the company has Profits during the Financial Year:-
(A) The total managerial remuneration payable by a public company, to its directors, including managing director and whole-time director, and its manager in respect of any financial year shall not exceed eleven per cent (11%). of the net profits of that company for that financial year computed in the manner laid down in section 198.
(B) The company may by passing Special resolution in general meeting, the below given limits can be exceeded:-
(A) one per cent (1%) of the net profits of the company, if there is a managing or whole-time director or manager;
(B) three per cent (1%) of the net profits in any other case.
Note:– For the purpose of Point (B), the prior approval before General Meeting, is required if company has defaulted in payment of dues any bank or public financial institution or non-convertible debenture holders or any other secured creditor.
(C) The remuneration payable to managerial personnel as per point (A) and (B) shall exclude the remuneration paid for services rendered by them in professional capacity and then again it is approved by Nomination and Remuneration Committee, if any.
(D) A director has to refund the sums of amount which he has received in excess of remuneration allowed under this provision within two years.
Provided further that this amount can be waived off if company has passed special resolution and also received the prior approval from bank public financial institution concerned or the non-convertible debenture holders or other secured creditor, if any default exists.
If the company has no or inadequate Profits during the Financial Year:-
During a financial year, if a company has no or inadequate profits in that case company need to prior approval from members of the company by way of ordinary resolution as below for payment of remuneration:-
|Where the effective capital is||Limit of yearly remuneration payable shall not exceed (Rupees)|
|Negative or less than 5 crores||60 Lakhs|
|5 crores and above but less than 100 crores||84 Lakhs|
|100 crores and above but less than 250 crores||120 Lakhs|
|250 crores and above||120 lakhs plus 0.01% of the effective capital in excess of Rs. 250 crores|
If a company wants to pay remuneration to managerial remuneration in excess of above limits given in table, it can by passing special resolution in general meeting and needs to be approved by Nomination and Remuneration Committee, if any.
If any person makes any default in complying with the provisions of this section, he shall be liable to a penalty of one lakh rupees and where any default has been made by a company, the company shall be liable to a penalty of five lakh rupees
DISCLAIMER:- The above article is extract and takeout of content of provision of managerial remuneration under The Companies Act, 2013. There are other important aspects which the author was unable to include in this article, the readers are required to go through full provision once, before coming to conclusion. The interpretation is purely based on the existing information, any further amendments in provision may lead to change in its interpretation accordingly.
(The Author is Corporate Consultant provide varied array of services including secretarial, financial, intellectual property, start-ups, taxation, Audit, GST, Book keeping and other ancillary advisory service and can be contacted through email id:- [email protected])