If yes, then there is a way to claim the refund or carry forward loss and set-off thereof of earlier previous year(s) (PY) of which the income tax return(s) were not filed from your end subject to certain conditions.
In exercise of the powers u/s 119(2)(b) of the Income-tax Act, 1961 (“the Act”), the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) issued Circular No. 9/2015 (“the Circular”) dated June 9, 2015 under which an assessee can apply to the appropriate authority for the condonation of delay in filing the returns to claim the following reliefs in case of genuine reasons for the delay:
Vide this Circular CBDT has empowered following authorities on the basis of limit of claims made by the assessee by application addressed to these authorities:
|S. No.||Limit of claims made by the Assessee (Rs.)||Authorities to which have been empowered or to whom application to be made|
|1||<= 10 lakhs||Principal Commissioners of Income-tax/ Commissioners of Income-tax (Pr.CsIT/ CsIT)|
|2||> 10 lakhs but <= 50 lakhs||Principal Chief Commissioners of Income-tax/ Chief Commissioners of Income-tax (Pr.CCsIT/ CCsIT)|
|3||> 50 lakhs||CBDT itself|
The basic conditions to grant the condonation are as follows subject to any direction(s) by the appropriate authority to the jurisdictional officer to make necessary inquiry or scrutiny:
1. The income/ loss declared and/ or refund claimed is correct and genuine; and
2. The case is of genuine hardship on merits i.e. the delay in filing was due to reasonable cause.
However, in case of supplementary claim of refund (claim of additional amount after completion of assessment for the year) following are the additional conditions along with as stated above:
1. Income of the assessee not assessable in hands of any other person,
2. No interest will be admissible on belated claim of refunds ; and
3. Refund has arisen due to excess TDS/ TCS/ Advance Tax payment/ Self-assessment Tax as per the provisions of the Act.
The relief(s) can be claimed only within 6 years from the end of the relevant AY for which application/ claim has been made. So, if we read it as the other way round we can claim such relief for last 6 AYs. For example, if we are applying for such relief(s) in April 2018, then we can apply for the AY 2012-13 and later AYs.
The said application can be submitted to the respective appropriate authorities. Alternatively, an assessee can submit the application in the Aaykar Seva Kendra (ASK) which seems to be much convenient procedure.
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