In this article the author discusses concept of Capital Gain Account Scheme. This article will cover types of accounts, banks in which we can Capital Gain Scheme account, how to open the account, how to withdraw money from this account and how to close the account.

The Query

Mr Chaudhury has just sold his old ancestral house for a lump sum consideration of Rs.20,00,000. He has now set his eyes on a new apartment which is due for possession within the next two years. Mr. Chaudhury is in a dilemma, he is aware that the amount he has received is a Capital Gain in his hands and is liable to tax. His intention is to use this fund towards paying for his new abode. What are his options?

What is Capital Gains Account Scheme?

The Income Tax Act of India had foreseen such an eventuality and has thus launched the Capital Gains Account Scheme (CGAS) in 1988. As per the provisions of this scheme, Mr Chaudhury can park his funds in this account and keep them outside the ambit of taxation if he opens the Capital Gains Account within the last date of filing his income tax returns. Thus, assuming that he made the sale in the financial year 2013-14, Mr Chaudhury has to open the account and deposit the unutilized sum by 31st July 2014. In fact as per the provisions of the act anyone can save tax on Long Term Capital gains provided:

♦ A residential property is purchased within 2 years of the sale having been effected.

♦ A residential property is constructed within 3 years of the sale having been effected.

Modalities of Capital Gains Account Scheme?

Having come to know about this scheme, Mr Chaudhury is feeling relaxed, but he still needs to know more before he can actually accomplish his primary task of saving tax on Capital Gains.

Where can the Capital Gains Account Scheme- CGAS account be opened?

The account under Capital Gains Accounts Scheme cannot be opened in all the branches and with all the banks. The government has identified the following 28 banks to accept the deposit under Capital Gains Accounts Scheme 1988.  These banks are: State Bank of India, Central Bank of India, Bank of India, Punjab National Bank, Bank of Baroda, UCO Bank, Canara Bank, United Bank of India, Dena Bank, Syndicate Bank, Union Bank of India, Allahabad Bank, Indian Bank, Bank of Maharashtra , Indian Overseas Bank, Andhra Bank, Corporation Bank, New Bank of India, Oriental Bank of Commerce, Punjab & Sind Bank & Vijaya Bank. All branches of these banks except the rural branches are authorized to receive the deposit and maintain account under Capital Gains Accounts Scheme, 1988. Other than the above, no other bank is authorized to accept the deposit under Capital Gains Accounts Scheme.

What are the types of deposits which can be made in Capital Gains Account Scheme?

1. Capital Gains Account – Type A – Savings Account:

 This is like a normal savings account and the interest payable on this account is the same as the rate of interest paid on any normal savings account by that particular bank.

2. Capital Gains Account -Type B – Term Deposit Account: 

This resembles a fixed deposit account, wherein the amount is deposited for a fixed period of time. The interest rate on this account is equivalent to the interest paid on fixed deposits by the bank. As Type B accounts are same as Fixed Deposits Account, any withdrawal from this type of account attracts a penalty for pre-maturity withdrawal.

Interests earned from both the accounts are liable to be taxed and attract TDS.

If Mr Chaudhury has to make the final payment for his apartment at one go then he would be better served by opening the Type B account. For those who are constructing a house, Type A account would be a better option as this would provide the flexibility of multiple withdrawals.

> How to open the Capital Gains Account in bank?

Every depositor who is desirous of opening an account or accounts, as the case may be, under this Scheme for the first time, shall apply to the deposit office in Form A in duplicate.

Further, the amount of deposit payable shall be made by the depositor either in cash or by crossed cheque or by draft along with the application.

In the case of deposit under account-A, the deposit office shall issue a pass book to the depositor wherein all amounts of deposits, withdrawals, together with interest due, shall be entered over the signature of the authorised officer of the deposit office.

In the case of deposit under account-B, deposit office shall issue a deposit receipt wherein the principal amount of deposit, date of deposit, date of maturity of deposit, shall be entered over the signature of the authorised officer of the deposit office.

> How to withdraw funds from Capital Gains Account Scheme?

Further, an assessee will be entitled to withdraw the amount in accordance with the provisions of the scheme.

The withdrawals from Deposit Account A can be made through a prescribed form. In case of Deposit Account B, a depositor will first have to transfer the amount to Deposit Account A, and then make the withdrawal. As and when the money is required to be withdrawn for the purposes of making payment for the residential property, the assessee shall apply in form No C.  After receiving the application the bank shall permit the withdrawal of the amount. It may also be noted here that where the amount of withdrawal exceeds Rs 25,000, the bank will make the payment by way of crossed demand draft drawn in favour of the person to whom the depositor intends to make the payment.  Tax payers should also note that other than the initial withdrawal later on when the withdrawals are made by the tax payers, they shall furnish in Form No D in duplicate, the details regarding the manner and the extent of utilizing of the amount in respect of the immediately preceding withdrawal. The bank after receiving two copies of Form D from the account holder will retain one copy and return the other copy to the tax payer.

The amount so withdrawn needs to be utilized within 60 days from the date of such withdrawal and only for the specific purpose for which such withdrawal was made. The unutilised amount has to be re-deposited immediately.

> How to close the Capital Gain Account Scheme – CGAS account?

Finally, when the property has been purchased or the construction has been completed and now the tax payer desires to close his Capital Gains Account Scheme then he shall make an application with the approval of the assessing officer. The application for closure of the account will be in Form G.

Other Salient Features of the Capital Gains Account Scheme

  • The amount deposited in the Capital Gains Account is inadmissible as a security for any loan or guarantee.
  • The taxpayer can also appoint nominees to this account by making an application in Form E.
  • Whenever you are contemplating to make a deposit in respect of Capital Gains Account Scheme, either by way of a savings account or a fixed deposit account , then please remember that you do not open the normal savings bank account or a normal saving bank deposit but specifically fill up Form No A and then make the deposit with the concerned bank under the Capital Gains Accounts Scheme.

The various subtleties associated with the Capital Gains Account Scheme have been demystified and discussed threadbare in the hope that individuals like Mr Chaudhury can now confidently go ahead and transform their realty plans into reality.

The author is Ramalingam.K an MBA (Finance) and certified financial planner. He is the Director & Chief Financial Planner of holistic investment planners (www.holisticinvestment.in) a firm that offers Financial Planning and Wealth Management. He Can be reached at ramalingam@holisticinvestment.in

(Republished with Amendments)

Author Bio

Qualification: MBA
Company: Holistic Investment Planners Private Limited
Location: Chennai, Tamil Nadu, IN
Member Since: 01 Dec 2017 | Total Posts: 242
Ramalingam is the Founder and Director of Holistic Investment Planners Private Limited (WEBSITE - https://www.holisticinvestment.in/). As the creator and architect of the 3-Dimensional Holistic Investment Approach, he has advised hundreds of clients including affluent business owners, corporate e View Full Profile

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4 Comments

  1. K S Prakash says:

    Sir, My sister sold a plot and received 35 lacs as sale proceeds and the capital gains work out to 22 lacs. She wanted to invest in NHAI Bonds before 6 months from the date of sale. Due to delay in opening DMat account, the purchase of Bonds is being delayed by 2 months. However, her IT Return has been processed and received Refund order for TDS deducted by the buyer. She will deposit the cap gains now. Will it have any implications post receipt of Refund for IT purposes.

  2. VSR MURTHY says:

    I want to invest major portion of sale proceeds of my current residential house, in a big residential plot and build a small 400 sft tiled house on it by operating a Capital Gains Account – Type A…. The idea is simple—I have a 95 sq yards house in the heart of the city. I want to sell it for a crore of and buy a 400 sq land in suburbs of the city and build a 1 BHK tiled house and move to it, and hope that my son, some day will build a good house there

    1. VISHNU says:

      Yes, you can do like that and the sale proceeds will not come under the provision of tax as per sec 54 of the income tax act , 1961. But there is one condition that the construction should be completed in a span of three years. If it is not done all the capital gain you earned previously will be taxable.

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