“Learn how to calculate HRA (House Rent Allowance) exemption under the Income Tax Act. Understand the factors like basic salary, actual rent paid, and HRA received. A comprehensive guide for employees to ensure accurate tax planning.”

House Rent Allowance (HRA) is a salary component provided by many employers to their employees to help them with the payment of rent for their accommodation. The amount of HRA received by an employee is partially or fully exempted from tax under Section 10(13A) of the Income Tax Act, 1961. In this blog, we will discuss how to calculate HRA under the Income Tax Act.

Calculation of HRA under Income Tax Act

The calculation of HRA under the Income Tax Act is based on the following factors:

1. Basic Salary: Basic Salary is the fixed amount of salary paid to an employee every month. HRA is generally a percentage of the basic salary.

2. Actual rent paid: This is the actual amount of rent paid by the employee for the accommodation he or she is living in.

3. HRA received: This is the amount of HRA received by the employee from his or her employer.

4. Place of residence: The place where the employee lives also plays a crucial role in the calculation of HRA.

The calculation of HRA is based on the lowest of the following three amounts:

1. Actual HRA received from the employer

2. 50% of the basic salary if the employee is living in a metro city (Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, or Chennai) or 40% of the basic salary if the employee is living in a non-metro city.

3. Actual rent paid minus 10% of the basic salary

The formula for calculating the amount of HRA exempted from tax is as follows:

HRA Exemption = (Actual HRA Received) – [(Actual Rent Paid – 10% of Basic Salary) or (50% of Basic Salary or 40% of Basic Salary)]


Let us assume that Mr. A, who lives in Delhi, has a basic salary of Rs. 50,000 per month and pays a monthly rent of Rs. 20,00hra0. His employer provides him with an HRA of Rs. 25,000 per month.

Based on the above-mentioned factors, the calculation of HRA for Mr. A is as follows:

1. 50% of basic salary = Rs. 25,000 (since Mr. A lives in a metro city)

2. Actual rent paid minus 10% of basic salary = Rs. 20,000 – (10% of Rs. 50,000 = Rs. 5,000) = Rs. 15,000

3. Actual HRA received = Rs. 25,000

Since the amount arrived at by applying the formula (2) is the lowest, it will be considered for tax exemption. Therefore, Mr. A’s HRA exemption will be Rs. 15,000.


HRA is an essential component of an employee’s salary, and it is important to understand the calculation of HRA under the Income Tax Act to ensure that you receive the correct tax exemption. The calculation of HRA is based on factors such as basic salary, actual rent paid, HRA received, and place of residence. By understanding these factors, you can calculate your HRA exemption accurately and plan your taxes accordingly.

Author Bio

Qualification: CA in Practice
Company: Prabhakar Gupta and Co., www.indiantaxupdate.com, Professional Branding, Suresoft Tax Professionals Pvt Ltd.
Location: DELHI, Delhi, India
Member Since: 25 Jan 2018 | Total Posts: 5
Providing Due Dates, Tax Updates, and festival Greetings with your professional and personal details specially designed for Chartered Accountants, Company Secretaries, CMA, advocates, Tax Professionals, and Tax consultants. These images are suitable for sharing on all social media platforms su View Full Profile

My Published Posts

Join Taxguru’s Network for Latest updates on Income Tax, GST, Company Law, Corporate Laws and other related subjects.

Join us on Whatsapp

taxguru on whatsapp GROUP LINK

Join us on Telegram

taxguru on telegram GROUP LINK

Download our App


More Under Income Tax

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Search Posts by Date

February 2024