Waybill compliance has been a nightmare for suppliers in the pre- GST era. Supply of goods cannot take place without obtaining these ‘waybills’ from VAT authorities. Waybill is nothing but a physical document that allows movement of goods. The compliance around waybills has caused restricted movement of goods across states. And this is one anomaly we hope GST will rectify.
The CBEC has released electronic way bill or e-way bill rules in the post- GST era. Though, it is still in draft form, but have already become a source of tension in the industry.
What is an e-way bill?
E-way bill is an electronic way bill for movement of goods which can be generated on the GSTN (common portal). A ‘movement’ of goods of more than Rs. 50,000 in value cannot be made by a registered person without an eway bill.
E-way bill will also be allowed to be generated or cancelled through SMS.
When an eway bill is generated a unique eway bill number (EBN) is allocated and is available to supplier, recipient, and the transporter.
When should an e-way bill be generated?
E-way bill will be generated when there is movement of goods (both GST and non- GST goods) –
What is a ‘supply’ in case of e-way bill?
A supply may be –
Basically supply means –
Sale– sale of goods and payment made
Transfer– say branch transfers
Barter/ Exchange– Payment by goods instead of money.
Therefore, e-way bills must be generated on the common portal for all types of movements.
Who can generate e-way bill?
An e-way bill can be generated by
|Every Registered person under GST||Before movement of goods||Fill Part A||Form GST INS-1|
|Registered person is consignor or consignee (mode of transport may be owned or hired) OR is recipient of goods||Before movement of goods||Fill Part B||Form GST INS-1|
|Registered person is consignor or consignee and goods are handed over to transporter of goods||Before movement of goods||Fill Part A & Part B||Form GST INS-1|
|Transporter of goods||Before movement of goods||Fill form GST INS-1 if consignor does not.|
|Unregistered person under GST and recipient is registered.||Compliance to be done by Recipient as if he is the Supplier.|
A registered person may submit a tax invoice in Form GST INV-1 on the common portal. If a registered person has uploaded the invoice, information in Part A of Form GST INS-1 is auto populated from GST INV-1.
Information in Part A of Form GST INS-01 is used for preparing GSTR-1.
Validity of an e-way bill
|Distance||Valid from||Valid for|
|Less than 100km||Date & time at which e-way bill is generated||1 day|
|100km to 300km||Date & time at which e-way bill is generated||3 days|
|300km to 500km||Date & time at which e-way bill is generated||5 days|
|500km to 1000km||Date & time at which e-way bill is generated||10 days|
|1000km or more||Date & time at which e-way bill is generated||15 days|
An e-way bill is valid for periods as listed below, which is based on the distance traveled by the goods. Validity is calculated from the date and time of generation of eway bill-
The Commissioner may extend the validity period of e-way bill for certain categories of goods.