Case Law Details

Case Name : Deputy Commissioner Vs Nidhi Madhogaria (Calcutta High Court)
Appeal Number : MAT 1331 of 2021
Date of Judgement/Order : 18/02/2022
Related Assessment Year :

Deputy Commissioner Vs Nidhi Madhogaria (Calcutta High Court)

In this matters the petitioner filed two writ petitions before the Hon’ble Single Judge of Calcutta High Court by challenging the impugned detention orders passed U/s. 129 by the WBGST authority. The petitioner came before Calcutta High Court after exhausting appellate forum. At the time of appeal the petitioner paid 10% pre deposit in terms of Section 107(6)(b) of WBGST Act on disputed demand and since no GST tribunal is available therefore the petitioner had only option to challenge the impugned appeal order before Calcutta High Court.

At the time of hearing before Hon’ble Single Judge of Calcutta High Court, the petitioner submitted that if there is a GST Tribunal, in that case the disputed demand will be stayed subject to a payment of further 20% on the balance disputed demand in terms of Section 112(8) of WBGST Act.

Upon considering the same the Hon’ble Single Judge of Calcutta High Court was pleased to pass an order by directing the petitioner to pay further 20% on the balance disputed demand and upon such payment the respondent authorities shall release the goods in question, as an interim relief.

Thereafter  direction for filing affidavit in opposition and affidavit in reply was made. The petitioner paid the same amount and communicated the same with the concerned respondent authorities. After doing all formalities the respondent authority did not release the goods in question and filed an appeal against the order of the Ld. Single Judge before the Hon’ble Division Bench.

The Hon’ble division bench upon hearing both the parties was pleased to upheld the order of the Ld. Single Judge and directed the respondent to comply with the order of the Ld. Single Judge.

We have uploaded Single Bench Order, Order of Hon’ble Division Bench of Calcutta High Court and Addendum to order of Hon’ble Division Bench of Calcutta High Court.

FULL TEXT OF THE CALCUTTA HIGH COURT ORDER

This appeal has been filed by the State challenging the order dated 07.12.2021 in WPA 17612 of 2021 (Nidhi Madhogaria vs. Assistant Commissioner, Bureau of Investigation, South Bengal, Durgapur Zone).

In the above writ petition, the petitioner Mrs. Nidhi Madhogoria was the wife of late Mohit Madhogoria, who was a registered dealer under the GST Act.

Calcutta HC stays GST demand on payment of 20% of Balance Disputed demand

The writ petition has been filed challenging the order of detention passed by the authority detaining two trucks containing consignment of steel and other products. The order impugned before us is the interim order issued by the learned Single Judge directing release of the goods alongwith vehicle taking note of the fact that the appellant who is the wife of the deceased dealer has paid 20% of the disputed tax and further 10% of the disputed tax. The prima facie conclusion arrived at by the learned Single Judge was on account of the fact that as of now the GST Tribunal is not functional and had the avenue of appeal been available to the appellant, the appellant would have been required to pay 100% of the balance disputed tax and 10% of the disputed tax for her appeal to be entertained.

Furthermore, it appears that the learned Single Judge took note of the fact that the consignment along with the vehicle have been detained since September, 2021.

Learned counsel for the State strenuously contends that in terms of Section 129 of the CGST Act, 2017, the penalty will be 200% of the tax and since the appellant is not a registered dealer, the revenue cannot take steps to recover the balance and, therefore, the appellant should be put on further terms by directing her to execute a bond and also other means to secure the interest of revenue.

Learned counsel for the respondent submits that the respondent’s husband was a registered dealer under the GST Act and he had an untimely death and the respondent is taking steps to register herself as a dealer in the place of her husband and as on date she has stepped into the shoes of her husband.

Learned counsel has drawn our attention to Section 93 of the W.B.GST Act, 2017 which speaks of the liability of the legal representatives of the other persons in the case of death of a registered dealer.

In our considered view, the technical objection raised by the appellant has to be agitated before the learned Single Judge as the appellant has been given an opportunity to file an affidavit-in-opposition. All that is required to be seen is whether the interest of revenue has been reasonably safeguarded. In our considered view, the respondent having paid the 100% of the disputed tax and further 10% of the disputed tax, the interest of revenue has been safeguarded, for the present.

We make it clear that this order should not be treated as a precedent as this court has not interpreted the provisions of Section 129 of the Act and rendered this decision. The decision is based on facts after noting that the respondent is the wife of the deceased dealer and also that she is yet to be formally recognized as a dealer by substituting her name in the Registration Certificate for which specified procedure has to be followed. Therefore, this order shall not be treated as laying down a legal principle or treated as a precedent.

In the light of the above, the instant appeal and the connected application are dismissed. The appellant is directed to comply with the order passed by the learned Single Judge not later than 3 P.M. on 22.02.2022.

The appellant is entitled to raise all issues in the writ petition wherein liberty has been granted to file affidavit-in-opposition. Equally, the respondent is also entitled to file reply thereto.

Download Judgment/Order

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