Features of Private Limited Company

  • Separate Legal Status
  • Capacity to borrow
  • Easy Transfer of shares
  • Minimum number of Members : 2 ;  Maximum number of Members : 200
  • Minimum Capital : Nil {omitted by Companies (Amendment) Act, 2015}
  • Limited Liability
  • Minimum number of Directors : 2
  • Foreign investment permitted (subject to applicable Sectoral Cap as per FDI guidelines)
  • Capacity to sue or to be sued

Procedure for Incorporation of Company

  • Obtain Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) for the proposed Director / Promoter not having DSC;
  • Obtain Directors Identification Number (DIN) for proposed Director / Promoter not having DIN by applying to Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) in Form DIR-3;

Requirements for Form DIR-3

⇒ Passport Size Photograph

⇒Identity Proof: PAN (mandatory) duly attested by Practicing Chartered Accountant / Practicing Company Secretary / Practicing Cost Accountant

⇒Address Proof: Passport / Aadhar / Telephone Bill / Electric Bill (not older than 2 Months) duly attested by Practicing Chartered Accountant / Practicing Company Secretary / Practicing Cost Accountant

⇒Educational Qualification

⇒ Email Id and Mobile Number

  • Apply for Reservation of Name in Form INC-1 along with the prescribed fees
  • On approval of Name of the proposed Company is received, the following Forms need to be filed;

⇒ Form INC-7

⇒ Form INC-22

⇒ Form DIR-12

  • On scrutiny and examination of the aforesaid forms, the concerned Registrar of Companies (ROC) shall issue Certificate of Incorporation of Company along with Corporate Identification Number (CIN).

Note: Certificate of Commencement of business is not required to be filed in Form INC-21 as the same has been omitted by the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2015.

Requirements for Form INC-7, Form INC-22, Form DIR-12

  • Memorandum of Association & Articles of Association (MOA & AOA) along with subscribers sheet
  • INC-8 duly notarized
  • INC-9 duly notarized
  • INC-10 duly verified by Banker or notarized
  • Affidavit for non – acceptance of deposit
  • Full address of Police Station under whose jurisdiction the registered office is situated
  • Utility Bill (not older than two months) of the registered office premise
  • Conveyance/Lease deed/Rent Agreement
  • NOC from the owner of the premise, if taken on lease
  • Form DIR-2
  • Directors Directorship details in other Companies / LLPs, if any.

Note: For Incorporation fees please refer Table of Fees Rules and Stamp duty will be levied as per prevailing stamp rate of the concerned State.

Taxation of Companies

Direct Tax

Corporate Tax Rates

Particulars

Domestic Company

Rate of Tax

30% of the Total Income

Surcharge

·      5% of Income Tax, if taxable income exceeds Rs. 1 crore upto Rs. 10 crore

·      10% of Income Tax, if taxable income exceeds Rs. 10 crore

Education Cess 2%
S.H.E.C. 1%

 Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) @ 18.5% on Book Profits plus surcharge and cess, as applicable.

Due date for filing of returns: September 30 of the relevant Assessment year

Note: Maximum of MAT or Income Tax should be considered.

Indirect Tax

Service Tax

Service Tax Registration is mandatory if the annual turnover exceed Rs. 9 Lakhs Service Tax is charged at 14% (notified) plus 2% Swachh Bharat Cess (not yet notified) as per Finance Act, 2015.

VAT

VAT is levied on goods sold by the Company. The criteria for registration and charging VAT varies from State to State based on the rules and regulations formulated by the concerned state.

Mandatory Compliances

  • Quoting of CIN on all letterheads, invoices, notices etc.
  • Printing of share certificate and MOA & AOA
  • Opening Bank Accounts
  • Maintaining Books of Accounts
  • Appointment of First Statutory Auditor
  • Board Meeting Compliances as per Companies Act, 2013 and rules made thereunder
  • Maintaining Minutes Book
  • Annual General Meeting every year
  • Annual Filings with the MCA
  • Appointment of Company Secretary in whole-time employment if paid up capital exceeds Rs. 5 Crore
  • Maintaining Statutory Registers
  • Keeping Books of Accounts and Statutory Registers at the Registered Office of the Company

Parth SharmaParth Sharma

Sharma Financial Services

+91 8080 75927; +91 99690 07526

sharmafinancialserices@gmail.com

Disclaimer: The article has been prepared considering the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and the rules made thereunder. The contents of the article are personal views of the author and the readers are requested to cross-check the provisions before acting upon the same. The author is not responsible for any damages or penalties caused.

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Category : Company Law (3567)
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Tags : Companies Act (2037) Companies Act 2013 (1809)

0 responses to “Incorporation of Private Limited Company”

  1. Parth Sharma says:

    For incorporation of Share Trading Company, you need to register with SEBI and follow the relevant guidelines aswell.

    Thanks & Regards
    Parth Sharma, 8080759275

  2. Parth Sharma says:

    @ Mr. Vijaykant,you need to follow the above processo only. Incase of further guidance you can contact me.

    Thanks & Regards
    Parth Sharma, 8080759275

  3. Parth Sharma says:

    @ Dilipkumarswarnkar, It is mandatory to attest proof of identity & proof of address from PCA/PCS/PCMA when applying for DIN.

    Thanks & Regards
    Parth Sharma, 8080759275

  4. vijaykant says:

    Very helpful information.
    Is this the same process to incorporate a private ltd Holding company..?
    I want to incorporate a pvt ltd holding company with my friends for trading in share market as in business of my company is this possible & HOW please guide.

  5. Dilipkumarswarnkar says:

    Dear Sir,

    Is it mandatory to certify Proof of Identity and Proof of Residence from PCS/PCA/PCMA?

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