(Human is a natural person, whereas company is a legal person)

1. What is a company?

Company is nothing but simply a type of business organization to conduct business /trade/ commerce. Company has its origin from two Latin words (com) means together and (pany) means bread, that is to say “come together and earn bread”. Company can sue others and can be sued by others and also ability to acquire, hold, dispose of and alienates property/assets. Company as a business organization is mostly preferable because of its incomparable advantages

2. Advantages of company

*Separate legal entitycompany and its owners are altogether different persons; neither the company nor the members are liable for each other at all. No acts of the company bounds the members, vice versa.

*incorporated association-company is not a natural person; it starts to exist from the day of its incorporation.

*limited liabilityIt is the main advantage of company which attracts the investors towards itself. Members of the company are only liable for the amount unpaid on the shares held by them, irrespective of the amount of debt and dues of the company.

*Flexibility in conversion-a company is allowed to convert in other form of business organization subject to the provisions of applicable laws, rules and regulations.

*minimum requirements-one can incorporate a private limited company with even only two people. It is also pertinent to note that, there is no minimum capital requirement to incorporate a company which enables the promoters to proceed according to their needs, requirements and availability

*perpetual succession-life of company will not be disturbed due to death, demise or health of its members unlike in the case of proprietorship , partnership

*transferability of ownership-ownership of the company depends on shares, so, one can become the owner of company by mere purchase of shares and get register his name as the owner of the shares in register of member of the company.

3. Disadvantages of company

*entry and exit-incorporation of a company is a time consuming and complex process which makes it difficult to take entry. Since the business under company form of business organization are mostly operates on big scale, showing interest of large number of stakeholders which makes it difficult to take exit.

*Misuse of separate legal entity-this concept is often misused by owners of the company; they used to do illegal and unlawful activities and use the company as veil to protect themselves from the consequences.

*Multiple laws, rules and regulations– In order to ensure best corporate governance government of India has enacted a plethora of laws rules and `regulations.

4. Incorporation of a company.

MCA (Ministry of corporate affairs) Government of India in its continuing endeavor has introduced a new web based form SPICE+ (Simplified Performa For Incorporating a Company Electronically Plus). Introduction of SPICE+ is a most welcome step which makes incorporation of company very efficient and effective. It is worth to note that India has comes 13 places up in ease of doing business index after introduction of SPICE+. So, we can now incorporate a company using SPICE+ service on MCA portal in more effective manner.Spice + Service

5. STEPS to incorporate a company

  • Log In On MCA Portal →Click  On MCA Services →Click On Company Services → Click On Spice+
  • Click On Fresh Application → Part A Of The Form Will Enable →Fill It →Click On Save And Continue
  • Now We Have Two Options ,Either To Fill Part B Immediately Or To Fill Part B Later On
  • If Want To Fill Immediately → Click On Proceed → Fill The Form +Attach Necessary Documents and Submit It
  • Download The Form In PDF  Format To Affix DSC
  • Affix DSC And Upload It On MCA Portal
  • After Successful Upload , SRN Will Generate
  • Check Application Status With The Help Of SRN

6. Documents requirement for incorporation of company:

a. For  name reservation

i) Unique name

ii) NOC from trademark owner

iii) Detailed objects

iv) Board resolution of holding company in case of incorporation of subsidiary company

b .for DSC application

i) Pan

ii) Email id & phone no.

iii) Aadhar card

iv) Passport size photo

c. for DIN

i) Pan

ii) Id proof

iii) Address proof

iv) Place of birth

v) Occupation and educational qualification duration of stay on current address

d.for company incorporation

i) Address and id proof of subscribers/promoters/shareholders

ii) Detailed objects of company

iii) Authorized capital and proportion of shareholders

iv) Utility bill of registered address office(not older than 2 months)

v) Following information of directors

*address proof and id proof

*passport size photograph

*mobile & email Id


Article by: Aman – Team Complianceship

Author Bio

Qualification: Student - CA/CS/CMA
Company: N/A
Location: WEST DELHI, New Delhi, IN
Member Since: 10 Jul 2020 | Total Posts: 4
It is my passion and interest to read laws and to interpret them and to draft articles & notes in easy language on such laws, so that the public at large can understand it. My objective is first to gain knowledge and second to share knowledge. View Full Profile

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March 2021