Introduction- Finance Minister inserted a new section 80EE relating to the additional deduction in respect of interest on loan taken for residential house property. Assessee can avail the benefits of this section in two A.Y. 2014-15 & 2015-16. Purpose of this section is to promote house ownership & give a fillip to a number of industries like steel, cement, brick, wood etc. besides jobs to thousands of construction workers. However as per new 80EE section, the deduction is available for A.Y 2017-18 and in subsequent years until the loan is repaid.
Applicability- Benefit of this section 80EE can be availed by Individual assessee. Deduction under this section is not available for any other assessee (like HUF, firm etc.). Individual can claim benefit under this section only when all the following conditions are satisfied, these are-
U/s 80EE (4) – Provides that where a deduction under this section is allowed for any interest payable on loan only when deduction shall not be allowed in respect of such interest under any other provisions of the Act for the same or any other assessment year.
Quantum of Deduction- The Assessee can claim deduction under section 80EE on interest payable on home loan. The amount deduction shall be the interest payable or Rs 50,000,whichever is less.The deduction is available for A.Y 2017-18 and subsequent assessment years till the loan is repaid.
Example- Assessee has taken a loan for the purpose of residential house property & interest payable on loan Rs. 90000/- for the A.Y.2017-18. In this case assessee can claim deduction 50000/- in A.Y.2017-18 and in the subsequent years till the loan is repaid
Clarification of Section 24 and Section 80EE-
Where the property has been acquired, constructed, repaired, renewed or reconstruction with borrowed capital, the amount of any interest payable on such capital is deductible under section 24(b), subject to the prescribed conditions.
As per Sub Section 4 section 80EE, assessee can avail deduction in respect of interest payable on loan only when assessee does not claim any deduction in respect of such interest in any other provisions of the Act.
[Deduction in respect of interest on loan taken for residential house property.
80EE. (1) In computing the total income of an assessee, being an individual, there shall be deducted, in accordance with and subject to the provisions of this section, interest payable on loan taken by him from any financial institution for the purpose of acquisition of a residential property.
(2) The deduction under sub-section (1) shall not exceed fifty thousand rupees and shall be allowed in computing the total income of the individual for the assessment year beginning on the 1st day of April, 2017 and subsequent assessment years.
(3) The deduction under sub-section (1) shall be subject to the following conditions, namely:—
(i) the loan has been sanctioned by the financial institution during the period beginning on the 1st day of April, 2016 and ending on the 31st day of March, 2017;
(ii) the amount of loan sanctioned for acquisition of the residential house property does not exceed thirty-five lakh rupees;
(iii) the value of residential house property does not exceed fifty lakh rupees;
(iv) the assessee does not own any residential house property on the date of sanction of loan.
(4) Where a deduction under this section is allowed for any interest referred to in sub-section (1), deduction shall not be allowed in respect of such interest under any other provision of this Act for the same or any other assessment year.
(5) For the purposes of this section,—
(a) “financial institution” means a banking company to which the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (10 of 1949) applies, or any bank or banking institution referred to in section 51 of that Act or a housing finance company;
(b) “housing finance company” means a public company formed or registered in India with the main object of carrying on the business of providing long-term finance for construction or purchase of houses in India for residential purposes.]
1) Deduction available to individual only not to other persons.
2) Deemed owner concept does not apply in respect of such deduction.
3) Spouse would not disqualify for relief Under Section 80EE in case of residential house purchased in joint names.
4) Assessee can purchase house for both purpose .i.e. it can be for self occupied or can be Non self occupied.
5) Interest includes “any service fee or other charges in respect of money borrowed or processing fees”.
6) Date of make application to loan irrelevant but date of sanction of loan is relevant.
( Author is a CA Student and can be reached at E-Mail-: firstname.lastname@example.org)
(Article was First Published on 02.07.2018)