Relief to start-ups in carrying forward and setting off of losses- Budget 2023

Section 79 of the Act restricts carrying forward and setting off of losses in cases of companies, other than the companies in which the public is substantially interested. It prohibits setting off of carried forward losses if there is change in shareholding. The carried forward loss is set off only if at least 51% shareholding (as on the last date of the previous year) remains same with the company on the last date of the previous year to which the loss belongs.

2. However, some relaxation has been provided in case of an eligible start-up as referred to in section 80-IAC of the Act. The condition of continuity of at least 51% shareholding is not applicable to the eligible start-up, if all the shareholders of the company as on the last day of the year, in which the loss was incurred, continue to hold those shares on the last day of the previous year in which the loss is set off. There is an additional condition that the loss is allowed to be set off, under this relaxation, only if it has been incurred during the period of seven years beginning from the year in which such company is incorporated.

Relief to start-ups

3. In order to align this period of seven years with the period of ten years contained in sub-section (2) of section 80-IAC of the Act, the time period for loss of eligible start-ups to be considered for relaxation is proposed to be increased from seven years to ten years from the date of incorporation.

4. It is therefore proposed to amend the proviso to sub-section (1) of section 79 of the Act so that the carried forward loss of eligible start-ups shall be considered for set off under this proviso, if such loss has been incurred during the period of ten years beginning from the year in which such company was incorporated.

5. This amendment will take effect from 1st day of April, 2023 and will accordingly apply to the assessment year 2023-2024 and subsequent assessment years.

[clause 35]

Extract of relevant clause of Finance Bill 2023

Clause 35 of the Bill seeks to amend section 79 of the Income-tax Act relating to carry forward and set off of losses in case of certain companies.

Sub-section (1) of the said section provides that where a change in shareholding has taken place during the previous year in the case of a company, not being a company in which the public are substantially interested, no loss incurred in any year prior to the previous year shall be carried forward and set off against the income of the previous year, unless on the last day of the previous year, the shares of the company carrying not less than fifty-one percent. of the voting power were beneficially held by persons who beneficially held shares of the company carrying not less than fifty-one per cent. of the voting power on the last day of year or years in which the loss was incurred.

Proviso to sub-section (1) provides that even if the said condition is not satisfied in case of an eligible start-up as referred to in section 80-IAC, the loss incurred in any year prior to the previous year shall be allowed to be carried forward and set off against the income of the previous year if all the shareholders of such company who held shares carrying voting power on the last day of the year or years in which the loss was incurred, continue to hold those shares on the last day of such previous year and such loss has been incurred during the period of seven years beginning from the year in which such company is incorporated.

It is proposed to amend the said proviso so as to increase the period from seven years to ten years.

This amendment will take effect from 1st April, 2023 and will, accordingly, apply in relation to the assessment year 2023-2024 and subsequent assessment years.

Extract of Relevant Amendment Proposed by Finance Bill, 2023

35. Amendment of section 79.

In section 79 of the Income-tax Act, in sub-section (1), in the proviso, for the word “seven”, the word “ten” shall be substituted.

*****

Source : Finance Bill 2023 / Union Budget 2023

Join Taxguru’s Network for Latest updates on Income Tax, GST, Company Law, Corporate Laws and other related subjects.

Join us on Whatsapp

taxguru on whatsapp GROUP LINK

Join us on Telegram

taxguru on telegram GROUP LINK

Download our App

  

More Under Income Tax

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Search Posts by Date

February 2024
M T W T F S S
 1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
26272829