The eighth meeting of the goods and services tax (GST) council held on Wednesday yet again ended on an uncertain note, effectively ruling out the possibility of implementation of GST from 1 April. In this two-day meeting the outcome came out to be insignificant as the litigious issue of sharing of administrative powers was not taken up at all.

Further a new issue was raised by States of Kerala, Delhi, West Bengal, Karnataka, Meghalaya and Tamil Nadu of a rate split under GST. Instead of equally dividing the GST tax rate as determined initially by the centre, these states are now demanding that the split in the tax rate should be in the ratio of 60:40. Where 60% shall go to states and only 40% remains with the centre.

Since new issues are cropping up in each and every council meeting and no matter reaching its conclusion, the self imposed timeline of 1st April 2017 seems to be a farfetched dream. With this it is more rational to assume that the roll out dates shall either be 1 June or 1 July and if the roadblock continues it may further shift to 1st September. However, GST needs to be implemented before 16th September, 2017 because the Centre and States have been given powers to impose taxes on goods and services under current laws only upto 16th September, 2017 after which there will be no taxes by Centre or State on goods and services. The amendments made in the Constitution makes it mandatory to implement GST before 16th September, 2017. But, according to section 20 of the Constitution (One Hundred and First Amendment) Act, 2016, President has been given power to remove any difficulty and so it appears that even if the GST is not implemented by 16th September, 2017, the imposition of taxes on goods and services will continue.

It is pertinent to mention that the migration of existing assessees to GST regime is in full swing as migration of VAT assessees has already been done for many States and the migration of Service Tax assessees is to commence from 09.01.2017. The taxpayers have been brought in an ironical situation wherein they are being compelled to migrate to the GST regime whereas even the date of implementation of the new GST law has not yet finalized due to various issues pending to be resolved. It’s worth pondering that assessees have been migrated to a law whose legal enforcement is still pending. We hope that this dispute of control between Centre and States comes to an end and a clear picture emerges in the next council meeting to be held on 16th January.

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January 2021