MEANING: The Enterprises which are engaged in the manufacture or production, processing or preservation of goods or the enterprises which are engaged in providing or rendering of services, up to a specified limit, are known as Micro or Small or Medium Enterprises, as per their respective limits as given below:

Interpretation

It mean only those enterprises are considered eligible for Udyam Registration which are either in manufacturing or production or processing or preservation of Goods OR in the providing or rendering of services. In other words, the enterprises which are engaging only in trading i.e. buying, selling importing, exporting of Goods are not even eligible for applying for Udyam Registration.

Udyam Registration

INTRODUCTION OF UDYAM REGISTRATION

In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) read with sub-section (9) of section 7 and sub-section (2) read with sub-section (3) of section 8, of the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act, 2006, (27 of 2006), hereinafter referred to as the said Act, and in supersession of the notifications of the Government of India in the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises number S.O.1702 (E), dated the 1st June, 2020, S.O. 2052 (E), dated the 30th June, 2017, S.O.3322(E), dated the 1st November, 2013 and S.O.1722 (E), dated the 5th October, 2006, published in the Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II, Section 3, Sub-Section (ii), except as respects things done or omitted to be done before such supersession, the Central Government, after obtaining the recommendations of the Advisory Committee in this behalf, hereby notifies certain criteria for classifying the enterprises as micro, small and medium enterprises and specifies the form and procedure for filing the memorandum (hereafter in this notification to be known as “Udyam Registration”), with effect from the 1st day of July, 2020, namely:–

Type of Enterprises Micro Enterprise Small Enterprise Medium Enterprise
Manufacturing OR Services Sector, Both Investment upto ₹ 1 Cr AND Turnover upto ₹ 5 Cr Investment upto ₹ 10 Cr AND Turnover upto ₹ 50 Cr Investment upto ₹ 50 Cr AND Turnover upto ₹ 250 Cr

Interpretation

The Union Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) had made the announcement regarding the new process of classification and registration of MSME Enterprises which was launched on July 1, 2020 under the name of ‘Udyam registration’ through a notification on June 26. The MSME Ministry launched a new portal for Udyam Registration-www.udyamregistration.gov.in. The portal will help guide the entrepreneurs step by step as to what they should know, what they should do. The Central Government, after obtaining the recommendations of the Advisory Committee in this behalf, hereby notifies certain criteria for classifying the enterprises as micro, small and medium enterprises as mentioned in the above table.

The above said notification dated 26th June, 2020 suppress all the notifications issued earlier on following dates:

a. Notification No. S.O.1702 (E), dated the 1st June, 2020 – New criteria for classification of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises

b. Notification No. S.O. 2052 (E), dated the 30th June, 2017 – Mandatory filing of Udyog Aadhaar Memorandum by all MSMEs

c. Notification No. S.O.3322(E), dated the 1st November, 2013 – Extension of the non-tax benefits to Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises for 3 years

d. Notification No. S.O.1722 (E), dated the 5th October, 2006 – The cost of some items are to be excluded while calculating Investment in Plant & Machinery

BASIS OF CALCULATION:

A. Investment In Plant & Machinery or Equipment

1. The calculation of investment in plant and machinery or equipment will be linked to the Income Tax Return (ITR) of the previous years filed under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

2. In case of a new enterprise, where no prior ITR is available, the investment will be based on self-declaration of the promoter of the enterprise and such relaxation shall end after the 31st March of the financial year in which it files its first ITR.

3. The expression “plant and machinery or equipment” of the enterprise, shall have the same meaning as assigned to the plant and machinery in the Income Tax Rules, 1962 framed under the Income Tax Act, 1961 and shall include all tangible assets (other than land and building, furniture and fittings).

4. The purchase (invoice) value of a plant and machinery or equipment, whether purchased first hand or second hand, shall be taken into account excluding Goods and Services Tax (GST), on self-disclosure basis, if the enterprise is a new one without any ITR.

5. The cost of certain items specified in the Explanation I to sub-section (1) of section 7 of the Act shall be excluded from the calculation of the amount of investment in plant and machinery.

B. Turnover

1. Exports of goods or services or both, shall be excluded while calculating the turnover of any enterprise whether micro, small or medium, for the purposes of classification.

2. Information as regards turnover and exports turnover for an enterprise shall be linked to the Income Tax Act or the Central Goods and Services Act (CGST Act) and the GSTIN.

3. The turnover related figures of such enterprise which do not have PAN will be considered on self-declaration basis for a period up to 31st March, 2021 and thereafter, PAN and GSTIN shall be mandatory.

C. Composite criteria of investment & Turnover for classification

1. A composite criterion of investment and turnover shall apply for classification of an enterprise as micro, small or medium.

2. If an enterprise crosses the ceiling limits specified for its present category in either of the two criteria of investment or turnover, it will cease to exist in that category and be placed in the next higher category but no enterprise shall be placed in the lower category unless it goes below the ceiling limits specified for its present category in both the criteria of investment as well as turnover.

3. All units with Goods and Services Tax Identification Number (GSTIN) listed against the same Permanent Account Number (PAN) shall be collectively treated as one enterprise and the turnover and investment figures for all of such entities shall be seen together and only the aggregate values will be considered for deciding the category as micro, small or medium enterprise.

Interpretation

The amount of investment in plant and machinery or equipment as filled in Udyam Registration Portal should be same as filled in the Income Tax Return (ITR) of the previous year filed under the Income Tax Act, 1961. In case of a new enterprise, where no prior ITR is available, the investment will be based on self-declaration of the promoter of the enterprise and such relaxation shall end after the 31st March of the financial year in which it files its first ITR. The expression “plant and machinery or equipment” of the enterprise, shall have the same meaning as assigned to the plant and machinery in the Income Tax Rules, 1962 framed under the Income Tax Act, 1961 and shall include all tangible assets (other than land and building, furniture and fittings).

The purchase (invoice) value of a plant and machinery or equipment, whether purchased first hand or second hand, shall be taken into account excluding Goods and Services Tax (GST), on self-disclosure basis, if the enterprise is a new one without any ITR.

The cost of certain items i.e. the cost of pollution control, research and development, industrial safety devices and such other items as specified in the Explanation I to sub-section (1) of section 7 of the Act shall be excluded from the calculation of the amount of investment in plant and machinery.

Exports of goods or services or both, shall be excluded while calculating the turnover of any enterprise whether micro, small or medium, for the purposes of classification.

The amount of turnover as filled in Udyam Registration Portal should be same as filled in the Income Tax Return the GST Return of the previous year. The turnover related figures of such enterprise which do not have PAN will be considered on self-declaration basis for a period up to 31st March, 2021 and thereafter, PAN and GSTIN shall be mandatory.

A composite criterion of investment and turnover shall be applicable. It means If an enterprise crosses the ceiling limits specified for its present category in either of the 2 criteria of investment or turnover, it will cease to exist in that category and be placed in the next higher category but no enterprise shall be placed in the lower category unless it goes below the ceiling limits specified for its present category in both the criteria of investment as well as turnover.

Illustration: If an enterprise is having its investment in plant and machinery for an amount of Rs. 9 crore and also having turnover of Rs. 45 crore. In this case, the enterprise shall be classified as a ‘Small Enterprise’. Suppose, its turnover is increase more than Rs. 50 crore but investment in plant and machinery remains same to Rs. 9 crore. In that case, its category as Small Enterprise will cease to exist and will shifted in the next higher category i.e. as a ‘Medium Enterprise’. But please note that in the said, if turnover is decrease to Rs. 4.5 crore (which is below Rs. 5 crore), the enterprise shall not be shifted to lower category i.e. as Micro Enterpriseunless the investment in plant and machinery is also reduced below Rs. 1 crore.

BENEFITS ON GETTING REGISTERED AS UDYAM:

  • Udyam registration helps in getting government tenders
  • Due to the Udyam, the bank loans become cheaper as the interest rate is very low (Upto 1.5% lower than interest on regular loans
  • There are various tax rebates available for Udyam
  • Becomes easy to get licenses, approvals and registrations, irrespective of field of business as business registered under Udyam are given higher preference for government license and certification.
  • They get easy access to credit in lower interest rates
  • Registered Udyams gets tariff subsidies and tax and capital subsidies
  • Once registered the cost getting a patent done, or the cost of setting up the industry reduces as many rebates and concessions are available.

Interpretation

By getting registered under Udyam Registration Portal, the enterprises will get preference while issuing Government tenders, get benefits of financial assistance at lower interest rates, tax rebates and many other privileges as well as exemptions.

PROCESS AND DOCUMENTATION OF GETTING REGISTERATION AS UDYAM:

1. The form for registration shall be as provided in the Udyam Registration portal.

2. There will be no fee for filing Udyam Registration.

3. Aadhaar number shall be required for Udyam Registration.

4. The Aadhaar number shall be of the proprietor in the case of a proprietorship firm, of the managing partner in the case of a partnership firm and of a karta in the case of a Hindu Undivided Family (HUF).

5. In case of a Company or a Limited Liability Partnership or a Cooperative Society or a Society or a Trust, the organisation or its authorised signatory shall provide its GSTIN and PAN along with its Aadhaar number.

6. In case an enterprise is duly registered as an Udyam with PAN, any deficiency of information for previous years when it did not have PAN shall be filled up on self-declaration basis.

7. No enterprise shall file more than one Udyam Registration: Provided that any number of activities including manufacturing or service or both may be specified or added in one Udyam Registration.

8. Whoever intentionally misrepresents or attempts to suppress the self-declared facts and figures appearing in the Udyam Registration or updation process shall be liable to such penalty as specified under section 27 of the Act.

(Some special points for Existing enterprises)

  • All existing enterprises registered under EM–Part-II or UAM shall register again on the Udyam Registration portal on or after the 1st day of July, 2020.
  • All enterprises registered till 30th June, 2020, shall be re-classified in accordance with this notification.
  • The existing enterprises registered prior to 30th June, 2020, shall continue to be valid only for a period up to the 31st day of March, 2021.
  • An enterprise registered with any other organisation under the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises shall register itself under Udyam Registration.

Interpretation

For New Enterprises, Aadhaar number shall be required for Udyam Registration, of the proprietor in the case of a proprietorship firm; of the managing partner in the case of a partnership firm; of a karta in the case of a Hindu Undivided Family (HUF); of authorised signatory in case of a Company or a Limited Liability Partnership or a Cooperative Society or a Society or a Trust.

There is an additional requirement in case of a Company / LLP / Cooperative Society / Society / Trust that its authorised signatory shall provide GSTIN and PAN of the Company / LLP / Cooperative Society / Society / Trust along with his own Aadhaar number.

Whoever intentionally misrepresents or attempts to suppress the self-declared facts and figures appearing in the Udyam Registration or updation process, shall be punishable—

a. in the case of the first conviction, with fine which may extend to rupees one thousand; and 

b. in the case of any second or subsequent conviction, with fine which shall not be less than rupees one thousand but may extend to rupees ten thousand.

For Existing Enterprises, All existing enterprises registered under EM–Part-II or UAM shall register again on the Udyam Registration portal on or after the 1st day of July, 2020. Those enterprises which are already registered till 30th June, 2020, shall be re-classified in accordance with this notification and those enterprises which are registered prior to 30th June, 2020, shall continue to be valid only for a period up to the 31st day of March, 2021. Therefore, the due-date for getting registration under Udyam Registration Portal for existing enterprise id 31st March, 2021.

UPDATION OF INFORMATION AND TRANSITION PERIOD IN CLASSIFICATION

1. An enterprise having Udyam Registration Number shall update its information online in the Udyam Registration portal, including the details of the ITR and the GST Return for the previous financial year and such other additional information as may be required, on self-declaration basis.

2. Failure to update the relevant information within the period specified in the online Udyam Registration portal will render the enterprise liable for suspension of its status.

3. Based on the information furnished or gathered from Government’s sources including ITR or GST return, the classification of the enterprise will be updated.

4. In case of graduation (from a lower to a higher category) or reverse-graduation (sliding down to lower category) of an enterprise, a communication will be sent to the enterprise about the change in the status.

5. In case of an upward change in terms of investment in plant and machinery or equipment or turnover or both, and consequent reclassification, an enterprise will maintain its prevailing status till expiry of one year from the close of the year of registration.

6. In case of reverse-graduation of an enterprise, whether as a result of re-classification or due to actual changes in investment in plant and machinery or equipment or turnover or both, and whether the enterprise is registered under the Act or not, the enterprise will continue in its present category till the closure of the financial year and it will be given the benefit of the changed status only with effect from 1st April of the financial year following the year in which such change took place

Interpretation

An enterprise having Udyam registration Number (URN) shall have to update its information on Udyam Registration Portal, including the details of ITR and GST returns for the previous year. In case enterprise fails in providing information to Udyam Portal, then it may lead to suspension of its status. Based on the information filed by the enterprise, the classification of the enterprises will be updated and a communication in change of classification will be sent to the enterprise.

FACILITATION AND GRIEVANCE REDRESSAL OF ENTERPRISES

1. The Champions Control Rooms functioning in various institutions and offices of the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises including the Development Institutes (MSME-DI) shall act as Single Window Systems for facilitating the registration process and further handholding the micro, small and medium enterprises in all possible manners.

2. The District Industries Centers (DICs) will also act as Single Window facilitation Systems in their Districts.

3. Any person who is not able to file the Udyam Registration for any reason including for lack of Aadhaar number, may approach any of the above Single Window Systems for Udyam Registration purposes with his Aadhaar enrolment identity slip or copy of Aadhaar enrolment request or bank photo pass book or voter identity card or passport or driving license and the Single Window Systems will facilitate the process including getting an Aadhaar number and thereafter in the further process of Udyam Registration.

4. In case of any discrepancy or complaint, the General Manager of the District Industries Centre of the concerned District shall undertake an enquiry for verification of the details of Udyam Registration submitted by the enterprise and thereafter forward the matter with necessary remarks to the Director or Commissioner or Industry Secretary concerned of the State Government who after issuing a notice to the enterprise and after giving an opportunity to present its case and based on the findings, may amend the details or recommend to the Ministry of Micro, Small or Medium Enterprises, Government of India, for cancellation of the Udyam Registration Certificate.

Interpretation

Any person who is not able to file the Udyam Registration for any reason including for lack of Aadhaar number, may approach any of the above Single Window Systems for Udyam Registration purposes with his Aadhaar enrolment identity slip or copy of Aadhaar enrolment request or bank photo pass book or voter identity card or passport or driving license and the Single Window Systems will facilitate the process including getting an Aadhaar number and thereafter in the further process of Udyam Registration.

In case of any discrepancy or complaint, the General Manager of the District Industries Centre of the concerned District shall undertake an enquiry for verification of the details of Udyam Registration submitted by the enterprise and thereafter forward the matter with necessary remarks to the Director or Commissioner or Industry Secretary concerned of the State Government who after issuing a notice to the enterprise and after giving an opportunity to present its case and based on the findings, may amend the details or recommend to the Ministry of Micro, Small or Medium Enterprises, Government of India, for cancellation of the Udyam Registration Certificate.

Disclaimer: Nothing contained in this document is to be construed as a legal opinion or view of either of the authors whatsoever and the content is to be used strictly for educative purposes only.

Author Bio

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Location: New Delhi, New Delhi, IN
Member Since: 30 Jun 2020 | Total Posts: 2
I Suppose that Justice Delayed Justice Denied. Practicing in Delhi District Courts, Tribunals and Delhi High Court in Civil, Corporate and IPR Litigation. Contact No. 9211732975 Email Id: Advocatemanishmakkar@gmail.com View Full Profile

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49 Comments

  1. Russel says:

    I have already applied for Udyam Registration and I have received the Certificate.\

    I wrote a wrong spelling for the name, I want to correct it but I cant find any option to make amendments in the Certificate on the Udyam Registration website . Please help. Do they have a customer care number where our queries can be resolved.

  2. vijay gaur says:

    sir,
    we have two company, one is already registered in msme and another company is now coming under new classification
    but when we are using adhar no. for udhyam registration message show you are already registered.
    how can we registered under one adhar

  3. subhasree says:

    Respected sir,
    I tried to apply for MSME Registration, I couldnt submit the form as it was showing the error invalid verification code, eventhough i filled properly the verification code.
    Kindly guide

  4. BHAWNA says:

    Sir earlier i have registered under udhyog aadhar as service unit but i have not commence the activity. now i am going to open manufacturing unit and i already applied for gst registration now my question is which enterprises name should apply for udhyam registration.

  5. sucheta gupta says:

    Dear Sir,

    I have got a Registration no. UDYAM-BR-29-0000080 but still not got the certificate so plz let me know how can i check what is the status of this Reg. No. and how can i get my certificate

  6. Vitrag Shah says:

    Sir, i have planned to start my own business and i will be launching my own website, do i need to get my business register and then start or i can start it without any registration, as i am the only owner of my business, and lastly if i can start my business online without registration can i hire someone to help me manage the business and i can issue him offer letter /formal letter in the letterhead of the company name which i have chosen.

    1. Manish Makkar says:

      Dear Vitrag Shah, your query is actually not concerned with UDYAM Registration. But still I can help you in this. To have a discussion on your query, you can call on 9211732975.

      Thanks & Regards
      Manish Makkar (Advocate)
      9211732975.

  7. P GOVINDRAJ says:

    Respected sir I have apply for Udyog Aadhaar last week. When I cheak in MSME portal still showing under processing. Y sir how much time will be taken for udyam certificate print after apply.

  8. Valsur velabhai kalabhai says:

    Respected sir I want wholesale grocery starte I am fresh I want loan msme so msme will give loan I beong schedule caste

    1. Manish Makkar says:

      Let me clear you It’s nothing to do with your caste or community. To get advantages as an MSME you just require to be in manufacturing or service providing business. As you deal in grocery on wholesale basis, it seems to be trading business. So Mr. Valsur, you are not eligible for this MSME Regiatration.

  9. Rashika says:

    Dear Sir,
    i have applied for udyam Registration but i realised that i have entered wrong name of enterprise. Please tell how can i correct the name . On this updated website i havn’t found any way to correct it ..Please Reply as soon as possible

    1. Manish Makkar says:

      These days the registration certificate has not been issued to anyone as all certificate issuance are pending.
      Only after you got the certificate, you can modify/ make changes in your registration.

  10. Navdeep Saronwala says:

    Dear sir,
    I have applied for udyam registration with UAM NO. for a Partnership firm but they said “please revisit us after a few days to complete the process certificate. your details are being confirmed. How many days does it take for further steps? Thanks

    1. Manish Makkar says:

      This is a technical glitch that “please revisit us after a few days to complete the process certificate. Your details are being confirmed”. These days the site is not responding properly as it’s an initiative taken by the government. You just need to wait for some time.

  11. VIKRANT GOEL says:

    Sir i am owner of two firms. I have successfully applied for Udyam registration for one of the firms but when i enter my aadhaar card details to register my second firm i get following message
    “There is already Udyog Aadhaar Registration has done through this Aadhaar Number”. Please tell how to register my second firm?

      1. Manish Makkar says:

        This kind of message must not be shown. You just check once that your second firm is already registered on previous Udyog Aadhaar Portal. To get this you can also check the inbox of your mail you are entering while registration of second firm.

      2. Aashima Patni says:

        I am also facing the same problem. What steps are to be taken if we want to obtain Udyam registration for more than one concern with same Aadhaar Number. Please guide.

    1. Manish Makkar says:

      This kind of message must not be shown. You just check once that your second firm is already registered on previous Udyog Aadhaar Portal. To get this you can also check the inbox of your mail you are entering while registration of second firm.

  12. ANGA PRABHU DEVA says:

    Dear sir,
    Sir, I have applied for udyam registration on 3rd july with UAM NO.for a Partner ship company but they said “please revisit us after few days to complete the process certificate.your details are being confirmed How many days does it take for further step .please i hope that expecting reply

    1. Manish Makkar says:

      As I replied above to Navdeep Saronwala, This is a technical glitch that “please revisit us after a few days to complete the process certificate. Your details are being confirmed”. These days the site is not responding properly as it’s an initiative taken by the government. You just need to wait for some time.

  13. rohan shinde says:

    Dear Sir,
    I apply for udyam registration on 2/07/2020 but its still not received upto the date 13/7/2020.
    Need to know the how much its will take to get certificate ?

    1. Manish Makkar says:

      These days the registration certificate has not been issued to anyone as all certificate issuance are pending. So in this situation you can do nothing but wait.

  14. priya says:

    Sir, I have applied for udyam registration on 3rd july for a public limited company but the certificate is yet not generated. How many days does it take ?

  15. Ponibass says:

    Very useful content for MSME and small business owners. I Appreciate your fantastic services.
    A.Ponibass and Co., Chartered Accountants

  16. Dr Rajkumar Desai says:

    In March 2020, I registered my Homoeopathic Clinic, as Consultant in udyog aadhar, forgot to take printout of Udyog aadhar registration certificate. I only got A Udyog aadhar memorandum and Udyog aadhar Acknowledgement in e-mail, now I am trying, but as it was updated to Udyam Registration, how can I take print? I even tried re registered into Udyam Registration, do I get new udyam registration certificate? And how much time it takes to get?

    Thank you.

    1. Manish Makkar says:

      To go with Udyam registration, you don’t need print of Udyog Aadhaar Regn. certificate. You just enter your UAM No. in the Udyam Registration application and proceed with the same.

      Thanks & Regards
      Manish Makkar (Advocate)
      9211732975

  17. Yash says:

    Is Udhyam Registration compulsory / mandatory? As many advisor are pushing business to register for the same through them with their fees by saying it’s compulsory to register business under Udhyam.

    1. Manish Makkar says:

      The registration is not at all compulsory/ mandatory. The MSMED Act seeks to facilitate the development of these enterprises as also enhance their competitiveness.

      Thanks & Regards
      Manish Makkar (Advocate)
      9211732975

  18. Shivani says:

    I want to know, from where will get to know. .. my UAM (Udyog adhar reg. number), if I lost and I haven’t any details of it. While registering on udyam portal , It is showing that you’re already registered, kindly re-register it. but at the time of re-registering, they’re asking for uam number, but I don’t have. Please help me , to move out from this.

    1. Manish Makkar says:

      If your UAM (Udyog adhar reg. number) is lost, you may get a copy from concerned District Industries Centre in case they maintain stock file. In worst case scenario DIC will be having atleast EM Part -II number in their database collect that and quote in UAM application.

      Or else you can simply apply for UAM (Udyog Aadhaar Memorandum) as it can be filed by the enterprises which already obtained EM Part II (MSME registration) and SSI registration. It is free of cost and can be obtained on the spot by applying online.

  19. GIRI GATTUPALLI says:

    respected sir . thanks for valid information.
    i like to know that whether medical hospitals and clinics and diagnostic centers eligible for udyam registration or not please tell
    thanking you

    1. Manish Makkar says:

      Yes of course. The medical hospitals and clinics and diagnostic centers are eligible for UDYAM registration as they are providing services. However, the criteria of Investment in Equipment or Turnover should not be crossed beyond the limits mentioned in the Article.

      Thanks & Regards
      Advocate Manish Makkar
      9211732975
      advocatemanishmakkar@gmail.com.

  20. Rajesh says:

    If the a person is proprietor and a managing partner in another firm, and if the Turnover combine crosses 250 Cr. Do he need to register under Udhyam,

    secondly, In case of service industry if the Turnover is more then 250 cr but investment in plant and machinery is less than one crore in which category it will fall

    1. Manish Makkar says:

      Firstly, the rule of combining the Investment or turnover shall be applicable only when a single enterprise is manufacturing goods or providing services from more than one place. It is not applicable to person who is working in more than two enterprises.
      So, in your case you need not to combine the turnover and if the respective turnover of both the enterprises is less than 250 crores, then you are absolutely eligible to get both the enterprises registered under UDYAM
      (Refer.. sub-point 3 of Point C of BASIS OF CALCULATION)

      Secondly, It shall not fall in any category as it fall out of the criteria of UDYAM Registration. So, it will not be eligible to get registered.

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