Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) is the need of hour. Almost all the businesses have this Intangible Property in Form of IPR. The topic of the Article signifies when is the right time to take the IPR and Why we should take the IPR? Without wasting more time, let’s get into it.
What is IPRs?
IPR is reserving the property created intellectually.
Type of IPRs?
IPR is divided into two parts:-
1. Industrial Property;
2. Copyright and related rights
||Copyright and Related Rights-
We have understood what is IPRs and Types of IPRs. Now get into the benefits of obtaining IPRs i.e., Why IPRs.
When to protect your Intellectual Property?
Let us understand it with the example of Patent.
In case you are seeking for registration of Patent. It is possible when it is new i.e., novelty should be there.
PATENT – Technology and Innovation
As per the Patent Act in India to seek registration in Patent it is required to fulfill below mentioned 4 criteria. If they fulfill the criteria then it is the right time to seek registration.
Criteria for getting Patent
1. Novelty- New
2. Not Obvious – Unique, one having ordinary skill in the relevant art
3. Utility- Useful
Fully Described- One having ordinary skill in the art should be able to reproduce the invention without undue experimentation is not a substantive but a procedural criteria for patentability
TRADEMARK – Mark or word for brand
As per the Trademark Act in India, when it is adequate to file Trademark Application.
COPYRIGHT – Artistic work, literary work and sound work
It is advisable to seek for the Copyright registration as soon as you create a Copyrightable work.
GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATIONS – Sign or mark of a region
When there are one or more characteristics which are results from their Geographical Origins.
INDUSTRIAL DESIGNS– aesthetic feature of product (visually protect the design the product)
When the Design is new or Original.
LAYOUT DESIGNS OF SEMI-CONDUCTOR ICS – Microchip or Integrated Circuits
Criteria of registration of Integrated Circuits or Microchip under Semi-Circuits- Layout Designs Act, 2000
PLANT VARIETIES & FARMER’S RIGHTS- protect new variety of plant
There are 4 criteria when you are eligible for the Registration of Plant Variety.
1. Novelty- It should be new;
2. Uniformity- Essential characteristics of plant variety should remain the same
3. Stability- Plant Variety should be stable when it is produced repeatedly
4. Distinctiveness– It should be distinct from existing plant varieties
TRADE SECRET– which is not easily accessible
Any information which is required to be kept secret is covered under this. These days business has many secrets which have commercial value and it is required to be protected them.
Registration procedure of all IPRs are different for all the IPRs domestically and internationally. With different IPRs different rights are attached. Government has introduced many schemes for the benefit of Start-Up as well as for attorney holders.
Hope you have enjoyed reading the Article and maybe the idea regarding different IPRs has also get cleared. I would like to hear your feedback or queries on [email protected]
Disclaimer : –The entire contents of this article are solely for information purpose and have been prepared on the basis of relevant provisions and as per the information existing at the time of the preparation by the Author. Kindly consider this article for informative purpose. There is no Professional Advise is given to anyone. In no event I shall be responsible for any loss or damage in any circumstances whatsoever resulting from or arising out of or in connection with the use of aforesaid information.