RBI/2010-11/485
DBOD.No.BP.BC. 87/21.04.048/2010-11

April 21, 2011

The Chairman and Managing Director/ Chief Executive Officer
All Scheduled Commercial Banks
(Excluding RRBs)

Dear Sir/ Madam

Provisioning Coverage Ratio (PCR) for Advances

Please refer to the circular DBOD.No.BP.BC.64/21.04.048/2009-10 dated December 1, 2009, in terms of which a Provisioning Coverage Ratio (PCR) of 70 percent of gross NPAs was prescribed, as a macro-prudential measure, with a view to augmenting provisioning buffer in a counter-cyclical manner when the banks were making good profits.

2. Majority of the banks have since achieved the PCR of 70 percent and have been representing to RBI whether the prescribed PCR is required to be maintained on an ongoing basis.

3. The matter has been examined by us and till such time RBI introduces a more comprehensive methodology of countercyclical provisioning taking into account the international standards as are being currently developed by Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) and other provisioning norms, banks are advised that  :

  1. the PCR of 70 percent may be with reference to the gross NPA position in banks as on September 30, 2010;
  2. the surplus of the provision under PCR vis-a-vis as required as per prudential norms should be segregated into an account styled as “countercyclical provisioning buffer”, computation of which may be undertaken as per the annexed format; and
  3. this buffer will be allowed to be used by banks for making specific provisions for NPAs during periods of system wide downturn, with the prior approval of RBI.

4. Some of the banks that had been granted extension of time beyond the stipulated date i.e. September 30, 2010 for achieving the PCR of 70 percent on their request, should calculate the required provisions for 70 percent PCR as on September 30, 2010 and compute the shortfall therefrom. This shortfall should be built up at the earliest and these banks should reassess the further time required beyond March 31, 2011, if any, to build up the buffer and seek approval from RBI.

5. As hitherto, the PCR should be disclosed in the Notes to Accounts to the Balance Sheet.

Yours faithfully

(B. Mahapatra)
Chief General Manager-in-Charge

Annex

Format for Computing Countercyclical Provisioning Buffer

Amount in Rs. in Crores
Computing Countercyclical Provisioning Buffer as on September 30, 2010
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Gross
NPA @ Plus
Tech
nical / Prud
ential Write-off *
Specific Provisions
for NPAs held/
required
Provisions for diminution in fair value of the restructured accounts calssified as NPAs Technical write-off Total
(4+5+6)
Ratio of (7) to (3)
1. Sub-Standard Advances
2. Doubtful Advances (a+b+c)
a < 1 year
b 1-3 Years
c >3 years
3. Advances classified as Loss Assets
4. Total
5. Floating Provisions for Advances (only to the extent they are not used as Tier II Capital)
6. DICGC / ECGC claims received and held pending adjustment
7. Part payment received and kept in Suspense Account or any other similar account
8. Total
(Sum of column 7 of Row 4+ Row 5 + Row 6+ Row 7)
9. Provision Coverage Ratio
{(Row 8/Total of Column 3 of Row 4)*100}
10. If PCR < 70%, shortfall in provisioning to achieve PCR of 70% ( 70% of Column 3 of Row 4 – Row 8)
11.a Countercyclical Provisioning Buffer, if bank has achieved PCR of 70% – Floating Provisions for advances to the extent not used as Tier II capital (Row 5)
11.b Countercyclical Provisioning Buffer, if bank has not achieved PCR of 70% – Floating Provisions for advances to the extent not used as Tier II capital (Row 5) +  Shortfall in provisioning to achieve PCR of 70%, if any (Row 10) which needs to be built up at the earliest.

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